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Consisting of an assortment of landmark essays and the best in contemporary scholarship, this anthology delves deeply into the most pressing environmental issues of our times. Articles included in this anthology are distinguished for their relevance to real-life policy making and for their ability to promote rich and lively discussion about controversial matters. In addition, the editors' careful organization of the topics and illuminating section previews keep students focused on the most essential points of current environmental debates.
- Along with section previews written by the editors, this volume includes a glossary, a time chart, and a guide to Internet-based and other environmental resources.
- Expanded coverage includes a range of new topics including: marine environmental ethics, genetically modified foods, transgenic organisms, the impact of fast food production, patenting life, Judaism and environmental ethics, diverse Christian environmental ethics, traditional ecological knowledge, and evolution and the place of humans.
I. AN INTRODUCTION TO ETHICAL THEORY.
1. Moral Argument and Ethical Theory. 2. Influential Ideas and Theories.
II. WESTERN RELIGIOUS AND CULTURAL PERSPECTIVES.
3. Preview. 4. The Historic Roots of Our Ecologic Crisis, Lynn White, Jr. 5. For God So Loved the World, Andrew Linzey. 6. Judaism and the Environment, Robert Gordis. 7. Stewardship vs. Exploitation, Robin Attfield. 8. The World as God''s Body, Sallie McFague. 9. Of God and Pelicans, Jay B. McDaniel. 10. Everyone Needs a Stone: Alternative Views of Nature, Nina Rosenstand. 11. Traditional Ecological Knowledge, R.E. Johannes. 12. Why Bad Things Happened to Good Creatures, David P. Barash.
III. THE OTHER ANIMALS.
13. Preview. 14. Good Natured---The Orgins of Right and Wrong in Humans and Other Animals, Frans de Waal. 15. Animal Liberation, Peter Singer. 16. The Case for Animal Rights, Tom Regan. 17. Interspecific Justice, Donald VanDeVeer. 18. The Prospect for Consensus and Convergence in the Animal Rights Debate, Gary Varner. 19. The Little Things That Runs the World, E.O. Wilson. 20. Sidelight: Parachuting Cats and Interconnectedness.
IV. CONSTRUCTING AN ENVIRONMENTAL ETHIC.
A. The Broader, Biotic Community.
21. Preview. 22. On Being Morally Considerable, Kenneth Goodpaster. 23. Should Trees Have Standing?---Toward Legal Rights for Natural Objects, Christopher Stone. 24. The Ethics of Respect for Nature, Paul Taylor. 25. The Land Ethic, Aldo Leopold. 26. The Conceptual Foundations of the Land Ethic, J. Baird Callicott. 27. Marine Environmental Ethics, Elliot Norse. 28. Integration or Reduction: Two Approaches to Environmental Values, Bryan Norton.
B. Deep Ecology and Social Ecology.
29. Preview. 30. Deep Ecology, Bill Devall and George Sessions. 31. Self-Realization: An Ecological Approach to Being in the World, Arne Naess. 32. Will Ecology Become "The Dismal Science?", Murray Bookchin. 33. Sidelight: Do What''s Natural, You Say?
34. Preview. 35. The Power and Promise of Ecological Feminism, Karen J. Warren. 36. Development, Ecology, and Women, Vandana Shiva. 37. How Feminism is Ecofeminism?, Victoria Davion.
V. ECONOMICS, ETHICS, AND ECOLOGY.
A. Letting the Market Decide.
38. Preview. 39. The Ethical Basis of the Economic View of the Environment, A. Myrick Freeman III. 40. At the Shrine of Our Lady Fatima, or Why Political Questions Are Not All Economic, Mark Sagoff.
B. Cost-Benefit Analysis.
41. Preview. 42. Cost-Benefit Analysis: An Ethical Critique, Stephen Kelman. 43. Cost-Benefit Analysis Defended, Herman B. Leonard and Richard J. Zeckhauser. 44. Sidelight: Cost-Benefit Analysis: A Tool for All Seasons? 45. Earth in the Balance Sheet, Robert Repetto.
C. From the Commons to Property.
46. Preview. 47. The Tragedy of the Commons, Garrett Hardin. 48. The Tragedy of Enclosure, George Monbiot. 49. The Creation of Property, John Locke. 50. Property Rights in Natural Resources, Kristin Shrader-Frechette. 51. Takings, Just Compensation, and the Environment, Mark Sagoff.
D. Human Population and Pressure on "Resources".
52. Preview. 53. An Essay on Principle of Population, Thomas Robert Malthus. 54. Sidelight: If Earth Could Speak. 55. Lifeboat Ethics, Garrett Hardin. 56. Can the Supply of Resources Really Be Infinite? Yes!, Julian Simon. 57. Population, Poverty, and the Local Environment, Partha S. Dasgupta.
E. Future Generations and Sustainability Questions.
58. Preview. 59. Future Generations, Ernest Partridge. 60. Sidelight: The Nuclear Train to the Future, Richard (Routley) Sylvan and Val (Routley) Plumwood. 61. Sustainability: An Economist''s Perspective, Robert M. Solow. 62. Sustainability, Rober M. Goodin.
VI. ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS AND POLICIES.
A. Preserving Biodiversity.
63. Preview. 64. The Diversity of Life, E.O. Wilson. 65. What Is a Species?, Stephen Jay Gould. 66. What do Species Matter?, Lilly-Marlene Russow. 67. Why Species Matter, Holmes Rolston III.
B. Food and Agriculture.
68. Preview. 69. A Plant''s-Eye View of the World, Michael Pollan. 70. Patenting Life, Claudia Mills. 71. Brute-Force Genetic Engineering, Stephen R. Palumbi. 72. Genes in the Food!, Richard Lewontin. 73. Nature as the Measure for a Sustainable Agriculture, Wes Jackson. 74. What''s in the Meat?, Eric Schlosser.
C. Wilderness and Forests.
75. Preview. 76. Radical American Environmentalism and Wilderness Preservation: A Third World Critique, Ramachandra Guha. 77. Tropical Forests and Their Species: Going Going...?, Norman Myers. 78. The Mismanagement of the National Forests, Perri Knize. 79. Forest Service Policy, Bryan G. Norton.
D. Corporate Responsibility.
80. Preview. 81. Environmental Racism, Karl Grossman. 82. Consumption and the Environment, Herman Daly. 83. Consumption as a Theme in the North-South Dialogue, Luis Camacho. 84. The Chainsaws of Greed: The Case Pacific Lumber Company, Lisa Newton. 85. Why Shouldn''t Corporations Be Morally Responsible?, Christopher Stone. 86. "I Am No Greenpeacer, But..." or Environmentalism, Risk Communication, and the Lower Middle Class, Mark Sagoff.
E. Sliding To Global Catastrophe.
87. Preview. 88. Silent Spring, Rachel Carson. 89. The Case That the World Has Reached Limits, Robert Goodland. 90. The Climate-Change Debacle: The Perils of Politicizing Science, Patrick J. Michaels. 91. A Response, Michael Flavin. 92. Climate Change: The National Academy of Sciences. 93. Sidelight: Let''s Transform the Military, David T. Suzuki.
VII. VARIETIES OF ACTIVISM.
94. Preview. 95. Strategic Monkey Wrenching, David Foreman. 96. The Sea Shepherds: Bringing Justice to the High Seas, Rik Scarce. 97. Apologia for Activism, Kristin Shrader-Frechette. 98. Involuntary Simplicity: Changing Dysfunctional Habits of Consumption, Guy Claxton. 99. Sidelight: A Resistance Movement of One''s Own.
VIII. LEARNING AND RESEARCH TOOLS.
100. Glossary. 101. Time Chart. 102. Internet and Other Environmental Resources. 103. Bibliography.
"The volume’s three main strengths are (1) good selection of articles, (2) comprehensive range of topics, and (3) good organization."
"This text is among two or three of the best in this area...The editors are well-respected scholars who obviously have put a great deal of thought and work into this project."
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