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Sources of the Western Tradition: Volume 1: From Ancient Times to the Enlightenment, Brief Edition 1st Edition

Marvin Perry

  • Published
  • 288 Pages


This brief, two-volume primary source reader emphasizes the history of ideas. Based on the full-length Sources of the Western Tradition, 6/e, this text allows instructors to introduce a limited number of documents in Western Civilization and present an affordable option to students. While this reader works as an accompaniment to any Western Civilization course, it makes an ideal companion for Perry's Western Civilization, 7/e, or Western Civilization: A Brief History, 5/e.

Marvin Perry, Baruch College, City University of New York

Marvin Perry, now retired, taught history at Baruch College, City University of New York. He has published several successful Cengage Learning texts, including WESTERN CIVILIZATION: IDEAS, POLITICS, AND SOCIETY (senior author and general editor); WESTERN CIVILIZATION: A BRIEF HISTORY; the leading Western Civilization reader, SOURCES OF THE WESTERN TRADITION; AN INTELLECTUAL HISTORY OF MODERN EUROPE; SOURCES OF EUROPEAN HISTORY SINCE 1900 (senior editor); HUMANITIES IN THE WESTERN TRADITION (senior author and general editor); and WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: A CONCISE HISTORY. His scholarly work includes ARNOLD TOYNBEE AND THE WESTERN TRADITION (1996); coauthor of ANTISEMITISM: MYTH AND HATE FROM ANTIQUITY TO THE PRESENT (2002); coeditor of ANTISEMITIC MYTHS: A HISTORICAL AND CONTEMPORARY ANTHOLOGY (2008); and coeditor of THE THEORY AND PRACTICE OF ISLAMIC TERRORISM: AN ANTHOLOGY (2008). Dr. Perry's scholarly work focuses on the history of ideas.
  • Each source is accompanied by an introductory essay and review questions.
  • A thematic table of contents in each volume groups documents under broad categories such as "Religion," "Government and Politics, " "Art, Culture, and Education," "Women," and more.
  • The "How to Read Sources" prologue helps students succeed at the difficult task of reading and interpreting primary sources.
I. The Ancient World
1. The Ancient Near East
1. Mesopotamian Protest Against Death
Epic of Gilgamesh
2. Mesopotamian Concepts of Justice
Code of Hammurabi
3. Divine Kingship in Egypt
Hymns to the Pharaohs
Guidelines for the Ruler
4. Religious Inspiration of Akhenaten
Hymn to Aton
5. The Myth-Making Outlook of the Ancient Near East
Personification of Natural Objects
Enuma Elish: The Babylonian Genesis
6. God''s Greatness and Human Dignity
Psalm 8
7. Humaneness of Hebrew Law
Exodus: The Ten Commandments
Leviticus: Neighbor and Community
Deuteronomy: Judges, Witnesses, and Justice
8. The Age of Classical Prophecy
Amos and Isaiah: Social Justice
Isaiah: Peace and Humanity
2. The Greeks
1. Homer: The Educator of Greece
Homer: The Iliad
2. The Expansion of Reason
Hippocrates: The Sacred Disease: The Separation of Medicine from Myth
Thucydides: Method of Historical Inquiry
Critias: Religion as a Human Invention
3. Greek Drama
Sophocles: Antigone
4. Athenian Greatness
Thucydides: The Funeral Oration of Pericles
5. The Status of Women in Classical Greek Society
Euripides: Medea
Aristophanes: Lysistrata
The Peloponnesian War
Thucydides: The Melian Dialogue
7. Socrates: The Rational Individual
Plato: The Apology
8. Plato: The Philosopher-King
Plato: The Republic
9. Aristotle: Science, Politics, and Ethics
Aristotle: History of Animals, Politics, and Nicomachean Ethics
10. Hellenistic Culture: Universalism and Individualism
Plutarch: Cultural Fusion
Epicurus: Self-Sufficiency
3. The Romans
1. Rome''s March to World Empire
Polybius: The Roman Army
Livy: The Second Punic War: The Threat from Hannibal
2. The Spread of Greek Philosophy to Rome
Cicero: Advocate of Stoicism
Cato the Elder: Hostility to Greek Philosophy
3. Roman Slavery
Diodorus Siculus: Slaves: Torment and Revolt
4. Women in Republican Society
Quintus Lucretius Vespillo: A Funeral Eulogy for a Roman Wife
5. The Decline of the Republic
Plutarch: Tiberius Gracchus
Cicero: Justifying Caesar''s Assassination
Sallust: Moral Deterioration
6. The Roman Peace
Aelius Aristides: The Roman Oration: The Blessings of the Pax Romana
Tacitus: The Other Side of the Pax Romana
7. Imperial Culture
Virgil: The Aeneid
Juvenal: The Satires
8. Roman Law
Justinian: Corpus Iurius Civilis
9. The Demise of Rome
Salvian: Political and Social Injustice
Jerome: The Fate of Rome
Pope Gregory I: The End of Roman Glory
4. Early Christianity
1. The Teachings of Jesus
The Gospel According to Saint Mark
The Gospel According to Saint Matthew
2. Christianity and Greco-Roman Learning
Tertullian: What Has Jerusalem to Do with Athens?
Clement of Alexandria: In Defense of Greek Learning
3. Monastic Life
Saint Jerome: The Agony of Solitude in the Desert
Saint Benedict of Nursia: The Benedictine Rule
4. Christian Way of Life
Saint Benedict of Nursia: The Virtuous Christian
5. Christian Demonization of Jews
Saint John Chrysostom: Discourses Against Judaizing Christians
6. The Christian World-View
St. Augustine: The City of God
II. The Middle Ages
5. The Early Middle Ages
1. The Byzantine Cultural Achievement
Theophylact Simocattes: The Value of Reason and History
2. Islam
Muhammed: The Koran
3. Islam and Greek Learning
Avicenna: Love and Learning
4. Converting the Germanic Peoples to Christianity
Bede: History of the English Church and People
Einhard: Forcible Conversion Under Charlemagne
5. The Carolingian Renaissance
Einhard: Charlemagne''s Appreciation of Learning
Charlemagne: An Injunction to Monasteries to Cultivate Letters
6. The Feudal Lord: Vassal and Warrior
Galbert of Bruges: Commendation and the Oath of Fealty
Fulbert, Bishop of Chartres: Obligations of Lords and Vassals
6. The High and Late Middle Ages
1. The Revival of Trade and the Growth of Towns
How to Succeed in Business
2. Theological Basis for Papal Power
Pope Gregory VII: The Second Letter to Bishop Herman of Metz and the Dictatus Papae
3. The First Crusade
Robert the Monk: Appeal of Urban II to the Franks
4. Religious Dissent
Emperor Frederick II: Heretics: Enemies of God and Humanity
5. Medieval Learning: Synthesis of Reason and Christian Faith
Saint Thomas Aquinas: Summa Theologica
6. Jews in the Middle Ages
Albert of Aix-la-Chapelle: Massacre of the Jews of Mainz
The Libel of Ritual Murder
Maimonides: Jewish Learning
7. Troubadour Love Songs
Love as Joyous, Painful, Humorous
8. The Status of Women in Medieval Society
Christine de Pisan: The City of Ladies
9. The Fourteenth Century: An Age of Adversity
Jean de Venette: The Black Death
10. The Medieval World-View
Lothario dei Segni (Pope Innocent III): On the Misery of the Human Condition
The Vanity of This World
Dante Alighieri: The Divine Comedy
III. Early Modern Europe
7. The Renaissance and Reformation
1. The Humanists'' Fascination with Antiquity
Petrarch: The Father of Humanism
Leonardo Bruni: Study of Greek Literature and a Humanist Educational Program
2. Human Dignity
Pico della Mirandola: Oration on the Dignity of Man
3. Break with Medieval Political Theory
Niccolò Machiavelli: The Prince
4. The Ideal Gentleman
Baldassare Castiglione: The Book of the Courtier
5. The Lutheran Reformation
Martin Luther: On Papal Power, Justification by Faith, the Interpretation of the Bible, and the Nature of the Clergy
Ulrich von Hutten: Resentment of Rome
6. The Calvinist Reformation
John Calvin: The Institutes, Ecclesiastical Ordinances, and the Obedience Owed Rulers
7. The Catholic Response to Protestantism
Canons and Decrees of the Council of Trent
8. Religious Persecution
Chronicle of King Francis I: Burning of Protestants in Paris
The Persecution of Anabaptists: The Examination of Elizabeth Dirks
8. Early Modern Society and Politics
1. Toward the Modern Economy: The Example of Holland
William Carr: The Dutch East India Company
2. The Atlantic Slave Trade
Seventeenth-Century Slave Traders: Buying and Transporting Africans
Malachy Postlethwayt: Slavery Defended
John Wesley: Thoughts Upon Slavery
3. The Court of Louis XIV
Duc de Saint-Simon: An Assessment of Louis XIV
4. Justification of Absolute Monarchy
James I: "...Kings Are God''s Lieutenants Upon Earth..."
Thomas Hobbes: Leviathan
5. The Triumph of Constitutional Monarchy in England: The Glorious Revolution
The English Declaration of Rights
8. Intellectual Revolutions
1. Expanding the New Astronomy
Galileo Galilei: The Starry Messenger
Galileo Galilei: Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina and Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems--Ptolemaic and Copernican
2. The Autonomy of the Mind
René Descartes: Discourse on Method
3. The Mechanical Universe
Isaac Newton: Principia Mathematica
4. Political Liberty
John Locke: Second Treatise on Government
Thomas Jefferson: Declaration of Independence
5. Attack on Religion
Voltaire: A Plea for Tolerance and Reason
Thomas Paine: The Age of Reason
6. Compendium of Knowledge
Denis Diderot: Encyclopedia
7. Humanitarianism
Caesare Beccaria: On Crime and Punishments
Denis Diderot: Encyclopedia: "Men and Their Liberty Are Not Objects of Commerce..."
8. Literature as Satire: Critiques of European Society
Denis Diderot: Supplement to the Voyage of Bouganville