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Modern East Asia 2nd Edition

Conrad Schirokauer, Donald Clark

  • Published
  • 512 Pages


This compelling text explores the development of China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam from their traditions and commonalties in 1600, through industrialization and state building, to each country's response to modernization in a global environment. This author team combines strong research with extensive classroom teaching experience to offer a clear, consistent, and highly readable text that is accessible to students with no previous knowledge of the history of East Asia.

Conrad Schirokauer, City University of New York

Conrad Schirokauer currently serves as Senior Scholar and Adjunct Professor at Columbia University as well as Professor Emeritus at the City University of New York. In addition to A BRIEF HISTORY OF CHINESE AND JAPANESE CIVILIZATIONS (and its separate volumes on China and Japan), he has published articles on Song intellectual history and served as co-editor (with Robert Hymes) of ORDERING THE WORLD: APPROACHES TO STATE AND SOCIETY IN SUNG DYNASTY CHINA and as translator of CHINA'S EXAMINATION HELL, by Miyazaki Ichisada.

Donald Clark, Trinity University

Donald Clark is Professor of History and Director of International Programs at Trinity University in San Antonio, Texas. He earned his Ph.D. in East Asian history at Harvard University and is a leader in the field of Korean Studies. His publications include CHRISTIANITY IN MODERN KOREA (1986), CULTURE AND CUSTOMS OF KOREA (2000), and LIVING DANGEROUSLY IN KOREA, 1900-1950 (2003) as well as contributions to THE KWANGJU UPRISING (1988), the Asia Society's Korea Briefing series, and the CAMBRIDGE HISTORY OF CHINA.
  • This new edition of Modern East Asia has been updated to include primary source features in each chapter as well as new maps and illustrations, all of which showcase the expanded social history coverage.
  • The new four-color design features many illustrations, including maps, timelines, and other photos.
Note: Each chapter concludes with Notes.
I. Early Modern/Late Traditional
1. Foundations, Traditions, Commonalities
Geographical Parameters
Material Culture
Theories of the Natural Order
Language and Writing
2. Qing China
Society and the State
The Fall of the Ming
The Founding of the Qing
Early Qing Thinkers and Painters
The Reign of Kangxi
Eighteenth-Century Governance
Eighteenth-Century Literati Culture
A Buoyant Economy
Dynastic Decline
3. Choson Korea
The Choson Dynasty: Foundations
The Enlightened Reign of King Sejong (r. 1418-1450)
Choson Society
The Problem of Legitimacy
Intellectual Flowering in the Sixteenth Century
The Imjin War and the Manchu Invasions
Struggles within the Yangban Class
Korea in the Eighteenth Century
The Cultural Environment of Late Choson
The Crisis of the Nineteenth Century
4. Tokugawa Japan: Background, Establishment, and Middle Years
Unification (1573-1600)
Consolidation of the Tokugawa Order (1600-1651)
Bakufu-Han Relations
Economic and Social Change
Classes and Values
The Aesthetic Culture of the Aristocracy
Genroku Urban Culture
The Print
Theater and Literature
Intellectual Currents: Confucianism
Historiography and Nativism
Dutch Learning
Eighteenth-Century Art and Literature
Reform and Its Limits
5. East Asia and Modern Europe: First Encounters
The Portuguese in East Asia
The Jesuits in Japan
The Impact of Other Europeans
The "Closing" of Japan
The Jesuits in Vietnam
The Jesuits in China
The Rites Controversy
The Decline of Christianity in China
Trade with the West and the Canton System
II. The Nineteenth Century
6. Vietnam and China: Internal Crises and Western Intrusion
I. Vietnam
Historical Background:The Later Le Dynasty (1428-1788)
The Tay Son Uprising (1771-1802)
The Nguyen as Rulers of All Vietnam (1802-1867)
Scholarship and Literature
The Loss of Independence
II. China
The Opium War (1839-1841) and Its Causes
The Treaty of Nanjing and the Treaty System
Internal Crisis
The Taiping Rebellion (1850-1864)
Zeng Guofan and the Defeat of the Taipings
China and the World from the Treaty of Nanjing to the End of the Taiping Rebellion
7. Japan from Tokugawa to Meiji: 1787-1873
Economy and Society: Pressures and Strains
The Bakufu: 1787-1841
The Bakufu: Mizuno Tadakuni''s Reforms
The Domains
Intellectual Currents
The Opening of Japan
Domestic Politics
Mixed Responses to the West
Last Years of the Shogunate: 1860-1867
Formation of a New Government: The Meiji Restoration
The Charter Oath
Dismantling the Old Order
Disaffection and Opposition
The Crisis of 1873
The Meaning of the Restoration
8. The Emergence of Modern Japan: 1874-1894
Political Developments
Formation of Parties
The Emperor and the Constitution
Western Influences on Values and Ideas
"Civilization and Enlightenment"
Social Darwinism
The Arts
Conservatism and Nationalism
Modernizing the Economy
The Zaibatsu
The Military
9. China and Korea: 1870-1894
I. China
The Post-Taiping Revival
Self-Strengthening and the Empress Dowager
Economic Self-Strengthening
The Traditional Economic Sector
Missionary Efforts and Christian Influences
Self-Strengthening--The Theory
Old and New Wine in Old Bottles
II. Korea
The Politics of Reform
The Incursion of the Powers
Gradualists versus Advocates of "Enlightenment"
Christianity and Western Thought
The Tonghak Rebellion and the Sino-Japanese War
The Treaty of Shimonoseki (1895)
III. Continental East Asia and Imperial Japan: 1895-1945
10. China: Endings and Beginnings, 1895-1927
I. The Last Years of the Last Dynasty
The New Reformers
The Scramble for Concessions
The Boxer Rising
Winds of Change
Stirrings of Protest and Revolution
Eleventh-Hour Reform
The Revolution of 1911
II. From Yuan Shikai to Chiang Kai-Shek
Yuan Shikai
The Warlord Era
Intellectual Ferment
Intellectual Alternatives
Cultural Alternatives
Marxism in China: The Early Years
The Guomindang and Sun Yat-sen (1913-1923)
GMD and CCP Cooperation (1923-1927)
The Break
Establishment of the Nationalist Government
11. Imperial Japan: 1895-1931
I. Late Meiji: 1895-1912
Foreign Policy and Empire Building
Economic and Social Developments
Literature and the Arts
II. The Taisho Period (1912-1926) and the Twenties
The Taisho Political Crisis: 1912-1913
Japan during World War I
Parliamentary Government: 1918-1924
Parliamentary Government: 1924-1931
Popular Culture
Fine Arts
Intellectual Trends
12. Vietnam, Korea, and Taiwan under Colonial Rule
I. Vietnam under the French
Economic Policy
Social Change
New Stirrings of Opposition
Ferment Intensified:The Twenties and Thirties
The Rise of Ho Chi Minh
II. Korea under Japanese Colonial Rule
Setting the Stage for Conquest
The Japanese Takeover
Japanese Colonial Rule
The Independence Movement
The Origins of Korean Communism
The Nineteen-Thirties
World War II in Korea
Effects and Legacies of Japanese Rule
III. Taiwan
13. East Asia: The Thirties and World War II
The Manchurian Incident and Its Consequences
Japanese Politics and the Road to War
China:The Nanjing Decade--An Uneasy Peace
The Nanjing Decade--Domestic Policies
The Chinese Communists, 1927-1934
The Long March
United Front and War
Expansion of the War into a Pacific War
The Course of the War
China at War
Japan at War
Colonial East Asia during the War
The End of the War
IV. East Asia in the Second Half of the Twentieth Century
14. The Aftermath of World War II
I. China: Civil War and Communist Triumph, 1946-1949
II. Japan: The Occupation, 1945-1952
Ends and Means
Social Policies
Economic Policy
The End of the Occupation
III. Korea: Liberation, Division, and War, 1945-1953
Liberation and Division
The Birth of Rival Republics
The North-South Civil War
International Intervention in the Korean Civil War
The Korean Armistice
IV. The Vietnamese Struggle for Independence, 1939-1956
Vietnam during World War II
The 1945-1950 Period
The Defeat of France in Indochina
The Geneva Conference on Indochina
The United States and Ngo Dinh Diem
15. China under Mao
I. Consolidation and Construction Soviet Style, 1949-1958
Government and Politics
Foreign Relations and the Korean War
Economic Policies
Thought Reform and Intellectuals
II. The Revolution Continued, 1958-1976
The Great Leap Forward
The Sino-Soviet Split
"Back from the Brink," 1961-1965
The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution: The Radical Phase, 1966-1969
The Winding Down, 1969-1976
16. The Chinese World since Mao
Deng Xiaoping and the Four Modernizations
The Four Cardinal Principles
Intellectual Life and the Arts in the Eighties
Tiananmen (The June 4th Movement)
State, Economy, and Society in the Nineties and Beyond
The Environment
The Revival of Religion
Foreign Relations and Hong Kong
Intellectuals and Artists in the Nineties and Beyond
17. The New Japan
I. The New Japan, 1952-1989
The Economy
Government and Politics
The Seventies and Eighties
II. Society, Thought, and the Arts
Social Change and Quality of Life
Intellectual Life and Literature
The Visual Arts
III. The Nineties and Beyond, 1989-2006
18. The Two Koreas and Vietnam
I. Korea
Aftermath of the Korean War in the Republic of Korea (South Korea)
Military Rule and Economic Development in the Republic of Korea
The Republic of Korea since 1987
The Democratic People''s Republic of Korea (North Korea) under Kim Il-sung
The Problem of North-South Relations
II. Vietnam
The Regime of Ngo Dinh Diem
The Fall of Diem and American Escalation, 1963-1968
Maintaining a Society at War: South Vietnam
Maintaining a Society at War: The D.R.V.
The Vietnam War: The Final Phase
The Socialist Republic of Vietnam: The First Decade, 1976-1986
Doi Moi, 1986-Present
Nationalist Tensions
Economic Globalization
Cultural Globalization