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Medieval Worlds: An Introduction to European History, 300-1492 1st Edition

Jo Ann Hoeppner Moran Cruz, Richard Gerberding

  • Published
  • 640 Pages


This text, designed for use in one- and two-term medieval history courses, is based on a political framework that includes social and cultural history. It emphasizes both high and popular culture, exploring what life was like in the court, the city, the countryside, and academia. The text primarily focuses on Europe, but also gives extensive attention to the areas that affected Europe, such as Byzantium and the Islamic world.

Jo Ann Hoeppner Moran Cruz, Georgetown University

Richard Gerberding, University of Alabama, Huntsville

Introduction: The Birth of Europe and the Mentality of Medieval People
"Middle Ages"
The Body
I. The Transformation of the Roman World, A.D. 100-751
1. The Roman Foundations of Medieval Europe, 100-500
Early Rome: From Republic to Empire
The Reforms of Diocletian and Constantine
The Fourth and Fifth Centuries
Continuities and Crises in the West
2. Early Christianity: From Sect to State Religion, 30-500
The Beginnings of Christianity
The Christians Conquer Rome
Rome Conquers the Christians
The Fathers of the Church
3. Barbarians Enter the Empire, 275-640
Migrating Peoples: Political Disruption
Two Kingdoms in the West: Ostrogoths and Franks
Barbarian Culture in a Late Antique World
4. Two Eastern Mediterranean Empires: Byzantines and Arabs, 300-800
Byzantium: A New Rome
Muhammad and the Religion of Islam
An Empire Rises from Arabia
II. The Early Middle Ages, A.D. 751-910
5. The Early Medieval Church in the West, 500-800
Popes, Priests, Monks, and Nuns: A Spiritual Hierarchy Emerges
The Growth and Expansion of the Church
The Cultural Consequences of Christianization
6. An Early Medieval Empire in the West: The Carolingians, 600-900
The Rise of the Carolingians
The Royal Administration
The Carolingian Cultural Revival
The Later Carolingians, 814-911
Carolingian Life
7. The British Isles: Celts, Anglo-Saxons, and Vikings, 407-980
The Early Anglo-Saxons, 407-597
The Conversion of the Anglo-Saxons to Christianity, 597-730
The Struggle for Political Control, 730-974
Anglo-Saxon Society
8. New Influences: Vikings, Arabs, and Peoples of the Steppe and Eastern Europe, 800-1000
Slavs, Bulgars, Khazars, and Magyars: Turmoil in the East
The Vikings: Raiders and Traders from the North
Arab Conquests in the Western Mediterranean
III. The Quickening of Europe, 900-1050
9. Land and People
Popular Conceptions of the Middle Ages
Rural Society: Life at the Local Level
Economic Revival: Technology, Towns, and Trade
10. Rulers and Religion
Political Formation on the Christian Frontiers
Anglo-Saxon England After Alfred
Italian Politics, the Papacy, and Rome
From East Francia to the German Empire
Late Carolingian and Capetian France
Religion and Society
IV. Reformation and Renewal, 1050-1200
11. Religious Revival and Reform, 1050-1200
A Rebirth of Christian Fervor
Papal Reform and Monastic Renewal
Heretical Movements and the Persecution of Minorities
12. The Crusades
Origins of the Crusades
The First Crusade, 1095-1099
Life in the Holy Land
Subsequent Crusades and Reactions Against Crusading
The Larger Impact of the Crusades
13. The Development of Royal Government, 1050-1200
Authority and Constraint: Emperors, Kings, Communal Values, and Laws
Anglo-Normans, Civil War, and the Angevin Empire
The German Empire, 1106-1190
The Capetians, 1060-1179
Monarchies on the Frontiers of Europe
14. The New Learning, 1050-1200
The Rise of Schooling
Changing Mentalities
Books and Literacy
V. The Height of Medieval Culture, 1100-1300
15. Medieval Society, 1100-1300
Peasant Society
The Rise of a Knightly Culture
The Emergence of an Urban Society
The Clergy
Non-Christians and Non-Latins
16. Church and State in the Thirteenth Century
Pope and Emperor
Emerging Nation-States: France, England, and Spain
Pressures on the Periphery of Eastern Europe
Wealth, the Appeal of Poverty, and Responses to Heresy
17. High Culture and Popular Culture in the Thirteenth Century
Encounters with "The Other"
Intellectual Trends
The Culture of Lay Society
Religious Culture
VI. The Later Middle Ages, 1300-1492
18. Economic and Political Crisis, 1300-1450
Europe in Crisis, 1300-1348
The Black Death
Urban and Rural Economies and the Politics of Revolt
Family Life and Courtly Culture
The Hundred Years'' War
Nation-States and Parliaments
Stability and Instability on the Frontiers of Europe
19. Institutional and Intellectual Developments, 1300-1450
The Papacy, 1300-1378
Schism and Conciliarism
Nominalism, Mysticism, and the Devotio Moderna
Late Medieval Heresy and the Beginnings of Witchcraft Trials
Dante and Chaucer: Literary Endings and Beginnings
Epilogue: The Italian Renaissance, 1300-1492
Art and Architecture
Appendices: Lists of Popes and Rulers of the Middle Ages