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Major Problems in the History of American Families and Children 1st Edition

Anya Jabour

  • Published
  • 544 Pages


Part of the Major Problems in American History series, this text for courses in family history or history of childhood balances its discussion of marriage and gender relations with coverage on children and childhood. Offering a thorough treatment of race, ethnicity, and class from colonial times to the present, this edition grants sustained attention to Native Americans and Latinos. Relating history to larger political events, the text narrative balances coverage of public policy toward families with coverage of the experiences of family life.

Anya Jabour, University of Montana

1. Studying Families and Children in Historical Perspective
John Demos, Digging Up Family History: Myths, Realities, and Works-in-Progress
Stephanie Coontz, Mythology and History in the Study of the American Family
Joseph M. Hawes and N. Ray Hiner, Reflections on the History of Children and
Childhood in the Postmodern Era
2. Marriage, Family, and Kinship in Early America
Three Europeans Comment on Native American Marriage, Gender, and Kinship, 1600s-1700s: John Smith Describes the "Naturall Inhabitants of Virginia," 1608; Roger Williams Discusses Marriage and Divorce Among New England Indians, 1643; Robert Beverley Defends the Morality of Virginia''s Native Americans, 1705
James Mooney Records Traditional Cherokee Myths, 1900
Plymouth Colony Requires All Persons to Live in Families, 1669
Puritan Minister Cotton Mather Describes "a Family Well-Ordered," 1699
Slaves Escape in Search of Family Members, 1750s-1760s
Theda Perdue, Matrilineal Kinship Among the Cherokee Indians in the American Southeast
Lisa Wilson, Patriarchy and Marriage in Colonial New England
Allan Kulikoff, Slavery and Family Life Among African Americans in Eighteenth-Century Maryland
3. Children and Childrearing in a Developing Democracy
Colonial Legislatures Permit Harsh Punishment for Disobedient Children, 1642, 1646, 1654
A Colonial Mother Describes the Custom of Breeching, 1679
English Philosopher John Locke Recommends a Rational Approach to Childrearing, 1693
Laura Wirt''s Parents Offer Instruction and Advice, 1810
The Reverend Francis Wayland Describes Discipline, 1831
John J. C. Abbott Gives Advice to Mothers, 1834
Lucy Larcom Remembers the Pangs of Conscience, 1889
Philip Greven, Breaking Wills in Colonial America
Anne Scott MacLeod, Developing Character in Antebellum America
4. Marriage and Family in Victorian America
Eliza Southgate Expresses Her Opinion of Love Matches, 1800
Emma Willard Gives Marital Advice, 1815
Caroline Gilman Recommends Wifely Submission, 1838
Martha Hunter Hitchcock Complains of Loneliness and Illness, 1840-1846
Lizzie Neblett Describes Marriage and Motherhood in Texas, 1860
E. Anthony Rotundo, Men, Women, and Marriage in the Nineteenth-Century North
Anya Jabour, Marriage and Family in the Nineteenth-Century South
5. Families in Bondage
Slave Husbands and Wives Correspond, 1840s-1850s
Frederick Douglass Describes Separation and Sexual Abuse, 1845
Harriet Jacobs Remembers Growing Up a Slave, 1861
Fanny Kemble Reports on Slave Women''s Health, 1863
Former Slaves Recall Family Life, 1930s
Brenda Stevenson, Marriage in Slavery
Stephanie J. Shaw, Motherhood in Slavery
6. Fathers and Children in the Civil War Era
A Confederate Father Writes to His Daughter, 1861-1864
A Popular Poem Mourns a Soldier-Father''s Death, 1865
Children Play at War, 1863
A Southern Girl Records Her Brothers'' Eagerness to Fight, 1861-1862
A Union Veteran Remembers Military Drills and Farewells, 1909
James Marten, Fatherhood in the Confederacy
Reid Mitchell, Coming of Age in the Union Army
7. Families on the Frontier
Harriet Taylor Upton Recalls Pioneer Life, ca. 1870
Margaret Bell Describes Children''s Work on the Montana Frontier, ca. 1910
Esperanza Montoya Padilla Details Her Mother''s Home and Community Work in the 1920s
Socorro Félix Delgado Describes Family and Religion in Arizona, ca. 1930
The U.S. Government Makes Contradictory Proposals for Educating Indian Children, 1940s
Elliott West, Children on the Plains Frontier
Sarah Deutsch, Women, Work, and Community in Hispanic New Mexico and Colorado
Katherine M. B. Osburn, Fatherhood and Assimilation Among the Southern Utes
8. Children and Child-Savers in Progressive-Era America, 1880-1920
William P. Letchworth Visits the New York Catholic Protectory, 1876
The Reinhard Committee Investigates Child Labor, 1896
Judge Ben Lindsey Encounters Youthful Criminals, 1894
Psychologist G. Stanley Hall Defines Adolescence, 1904
Sociologists Describe Juvenile Delinquency Among Polish Immigrants, 1918
Linda Gordon, Child Abuse and Child Protection in Boston, 1880-1910
Mary E. Odem, Female Sexuality and Juvenile Delinquency in Early Twentieth-Century California
9. Families and the State: Origins of the Modern Welfare System in the Early Twentieth Century
Jewish Charitable Organizations Recommend Supporting Mothers and Children at Home, 1910
The New York Commission on Relief for Widowed Mothers Demands Government Aid for Poor Women and Children, 1914
The U.S. Children''s Bureau Praises "Home Life," 1919
The White House Conference on Child Health and Protection Defines Child Welfare as a Community Responsibility, 1930
The International Society of Crippled Children Issues a "Bill of Rights" for Disabled Children, 1931
Joanne L. Goodwin, Mothers'' Pensions in Chicago, 1911-1931
Kriste Lindenmeyer, The Children''s Bureau and Child Welfare During the Great
10. The Homefront: American Families During World War II
A Nisei Daughter Describes Family Life in a Detention Camp, 1942
A Japanese-American Student Recalls the Relocation Order, 1942
A Resident of Manzanar Internment Camp Looks Back on Her Wartime and Postwar Experiences, 1940s
Wartime Newlyweds Exchange Love Letters, 1943-1945
A Women War Worker Describes Work and Family Life, 1944
A Child Care Worker Discusses Her Trials and Triumphs, 1944-1946
Valerie Matsumoto, Japanese Families and Japanese American Daughters in World War II Detention Camps
William M. Tuttle, Jr., Children and Families During World War II
11. The 1950s: Family Life in Modern America
Dr. Benjamin Spock Offers Advice to New Parents, 1946
Americans Describe Marriage and Family as Necessary to Happiness, 1960
Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan Bemoans the Breakdown of the Black Family, 1965
Adrienne Rich Recalls Cultural Promotion of Motherhood in Cold War-Era America, 1976
Marge Piercy Describes a Woman''s Response to an Unplanned Pregnancy Before Roe v. Wade, 1982
Elaine Tyler May, Visions of Family Life in Postwar America
Rickie Solinger, Illegitimacy and Adoption: Black and White Teen Mothers, 1945-1965
12. The New Immigrant Family, 1965 to the Present
An Immigrant Daughter Describes Population Control in Puerto Rico in the 1950s
A Puerto Rican Remembers the Move to New York City, 1951
An Elderly Vietnamese Man Despairs of Parent-Child Relations in the United States, 1989
Ba That Explains Changing Power Dynamics in the Vietnamese American Family, 1989
Maura I. Toro-Morn, Puerto Rican Women and Their Families in Chicago
Nazli Kibria, Vietnamese Parents and Children in Philadelphia
13. Family Politics in Late-Twentieth-Century America
The U.S. Supreme Court Defines Women''s Right to Choose Abortion, 1973
The National Right to Life Committee Opposes Abortion, 1974
Sociologists Make Predictions About Family Life in the Next Millennium, 1988
Robert Bly Proposes a Cure for Modern Men''s "Softness," 1990
Judith Stacey Relates "The Family Values Fable," 1999
Kristin Luker, Abortion and the Politics of Motherhood
Robert L. Griswold, Patriarchy and the Politics of Fatherhood
14. Families and Children in Contemporary America
Two Gay Men Describe Their Relationship, 1989
Kellen Kaiser-Klimist and Her Two Moms Discuss Marriage and Family, 1989, 1991
The U.S. Census Reveals Change and Continuity in Family Life, 2000
Sociologist Michael Kimmel Comments on School Shootings, 2000
Christian Parents Turn to Home-Schooling, 2001
A Toddler''s Mother Criticizes "Toymania," 2003
Nancy F. Cott, The Meaning(s) of Marriage in Postmodern America
Gary Cross, Conspicuous Toy Consumption and Modern Childhood