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Major Problems in Atlantic History: Documents and Essays 1st Edition

Alison Games, Adam Rothman

  • Published
  • 512 Pages


Designed to encourage critical thinking about history, the Major Problems Series introduces students to both primary sources and analytical essays on important topics in US history. The Atlantic Ocean and the interactions between the continents that make up the Atlantic rim, North America, South America, Africa, and Europe, have all figured largely into the history of both the United States and the world. Major Problems in Atlantic History covers the history and evolution of this area, with special attention to such topics as the origins of the Atlantic world, migrations throughout the Atlantic world, European interactions, Atlantic economies, slavery, and independence.

Alison Games, Georgetown University

Adam Rothman, Georgetown University

Adam Rothman, Associate Professor of History at Georgetown University, earned his B.A. from Yale University in 1993 and his Ph.D. from Columbia University in 2000. Rothman teaches courses on the history of the Atlantic World, slavery and abolition, and the United States from the Revolution to the Civil War. His first book, Slave Country: American Expansion and the Origins of the Deep South, was published by Harvard University Press in 2005. He is currently working on a study of New Orleans in the 19th century. Rothman lives in Washington, D.C., with his wife Marian and their dog Mel.
  • Carefully selected and organized readings ask students to evaluate primary sources, test the interpretations of distinguished historians, and draw their own conclusions.
  • The proven Major Problems format delivers 14-15 chapters per volume, documents and essays, chapter introductions, headnotes, and suggested readings.
Note: Each chapter concludes with "Further Reading."
1. What Is Atlantic History?
Martin W. Lewis, Inventing Oceans
Alfred W. Crosby, The Discovery of the Atlantic
David Armitage, The Varieties of Atlantic History
2. Origins of the Atlantic World
1. The Vikings Explore North America, c. 1010
2. Castilian Law Incorporates Slaves and Others Before 1492
3. The Pope Supports Portugal''s Conquest of Ceuta, 1436
4. A Portuguese Expedition Meets Resistance in Gambia, 1455
5. Columbus Arrives in the "Indies," October 11, 1492
6. Leo Africanus Describes a West African World of Trade, ca. 1515
7. Two Atlantic Inhabitants Explain the Origins of the Sea, 1490s and 1590
David Northrup, The Portuguese-African Encounter
Philip D. Curtin, Sugar Comes to the Atlantic Islands
3. Iberian Expansion
1. A Spanish Jurist Explains the Legitimacy of Conquest, 1510
2. Cortés Marvels at a World of Wonders, 1518-1520
3. The Tupi Indians Capture a German Gunner, 1550
4. Two Spaniards Debate the Conquest and the Nature of Americans, 1547-1553
5. Mexica Nobles Protest the Burdens of Spanish Rule, 1556, 1560
6. A Conquistador Praises Malinche, circa 1570
7. An Epic Poet Celebrates Portuguese Exploration, 1572
8. A Priest Explains the Origins of the People of New Spain, 1581
Inga Clendinnen, The Culture of Conquest
Susan Migden Socolow, How Conquest Shaped Women''s Lives
4. European Challenges to Iberian Hegemony
1. Anne Askew Meets Her Fate, 1546
2. A French Expedition Trades with Hostile Indians on the Brazilian Coast, 1557
3. Montaigne Reflects on the Meaning of Barbarism, 1580
4. Walter Ralegh Justifies the Voyage to Guiana, 1596
5. Piet Heyn Captures the Spanish Fleet, 1628, 1847
6. English Colonization Liberates Indians, 1629
7. An Indian Describes the French Alliance, 1633
8. Dutch and Africans Triumph in Angola, 1647
Wim Klooster, Northern Europeans Invade the Americas
Benjamin Schmidt, The Dutch Rebels and America
5. The Columbian Exchange
1. A Priest Accounts for the Plants and Animals of New Spain, 1590
2. Rats Invade Bermuda, 1617-1618
3. Two Governors Describe the New England Smallpox Epidemic, 1633-1634
4. Indians Respond to Epidemics in New France, 1638, 1640
5. Indians Complain About Animal Trespass, 1656-1664
6. William Dampier Wrestles with His Worm, 1676
7. Governor Clarkson Describes the Gardens of Sierra Leone, 1792
8. Joseph Dupuis Complains About the Fevers of the Gold Coast, 1824
Alfred W. Crosby, Europe''s Biological Conquest
Marcy Norton, Acquiring the Taste for Chocolate
Donald R. Wright, The Peanut Revolution
6. Migrations
1. ''Let Them Come and Leave that Misery'': Andrés Chacón Writes Home to Spain, 1570
2. Colonial Investors Lure Servants Overseas 1618, 1664
3. Marie of the Incarnation Finds Clarity in Canada, 1652
4. Two Germans Debate the Merits of Pennsylvania, 1684, 1738
5. Slaves Endure the Middle Passage, 1693
6. Peter Kolb Explains Why He Migrated to the Cape of Good Hope, and Then Returned Home, 1704, 1713
7. Elizabeth Sprigs Begs for Help, 1756
8. An Afro-British Abolitionist Recalls His Childhood Captivity, 1787
Alison Games, Adaptation and Survival
John Thornton, The Mental World of the Captive
7. Atlantic Economies
1. Creatures Become Commodities, 1516, 1634
2. Jean de Léry Describes the Brazilwood Trade, 1578
3. Richard Whitbourne Praises the Newfoundland Fishery, 1622
4. Indians Toil in Guatemala, 1648
5. Sugar Planters Transform Barbados, 1647-1650
6. An English Trader Scouts for Opportunities on the Slave Coast, 1682
7. Louis XIV Regulates Slavery in the Colonies, 1685
8. Two Political Economists Evaluate the Discovery of America, 1776, 1867
Dennis O. Flynn and Arturo Giráldez, What Did China Have to Do with American Silver?
J. H. Galloway, What Did the Dutch Have to Do with Sugar in the Caribbean?
8. Pirates, Runaways, and Rebels
1. Pirates Sail under the Jolly Roger, 1684, 1743
2. A Spanish Priest Among the Pueblo Indians Complains of Harassment and Danger, 1696
3. Employers Advertise of the Return of Runaways in Pennsylvania, 1739-1753
4. Silver Miners Revolt in New Spain, 1766
5. Lady Anne Barnard Praises the Swift Punishment of a Slave, 1797
6. Manoel da Silva Ferreira''s Slaves Propose a Treaty in Brazil, 1806
Peter Linebaugh and Marcus Rediker, The Atlantic''s Working Class
Pauk Lokken, Resistance on the Margins
9. Religion, Culture, and Society
1. Africans and Afro-Caribbean People Convert to Christianity, 1491, 1736
2. John Rolfe Explains Why He Wants to Marry Pocahontas, 1614
3. Christians Discover "Heathen" Ideas of the Afterlife, 1636, 1777
4. The Dutch West India Company Recruits Jews to the "Wild Coast" of America, 1657
5. Artists Depict Three Visitors to London, 1710, 1750
6. A Christian Convert Celebrates Her Faith, 1768-70
7. John Stedman Describes Paramaribo, 1770s
8. Hector St. John de Crèvecoeur Contrasts Americans and Europeans, 1782
Nancy M. Farriss, Catholic Saints Among the Maya
James H. Sweet, Parallel Belief Systems in Kongo
10. Imperial Contests
1. Samuel Winthrop Deplores the French Attack on Antigua, 1667
2. A Dutch West India Company Official Defends the Company''s Fort System in West Africa, 1717
3. Imperial Wars Challenge Colonial Subjects, 1738-1757
4. Spain Reasserts Control over Colonial affairs, 1768, 1770
5. Joseph Sewall Praises God for English Success, 1762
6. Colonial Subjects Resist Reform, 1765, 1781
7. Lady Anne Barnard Praises the Strategic Value of the Cape, 1797
Pamela Voekel, Constraints on Reform
J. R. McNeill, Constraints on War
11. Empires and Independence
1. Tom Paine Justifies American Independence, 1776
2. The United States and Haiti Declare Independence, 1776, 1804
3. Refugees Flee from Revolutions, 1779-1809
4. Irish Revolutionaries Adopt a Radical Catechism, 1797
5. A British Officer Recommends the Use of Black Soldiers in the British West Indies, 1801
6. Our Lady of Pueblito Supports the Crown, 1801
7. A South American Revolutionary Looks to the Future, 1815
8. Brazil Becomes an Independent Monarchy, 1815, 1822
Benedict Anderson, Where Did American Nationalism Come From?
Andrew Jackson O''Shaughnessy, Why Did the British West Indies Remain Loyal?
12. Social Revolution
1. Francisco de Miranda Comments on Republican Manners, 1783-1784
2. Free Citizens of Color Claim their Rights, 1789
3. Women in the United States Assert Themselves, 1793, 1795
4. France Devises a New Republican Calendar, 1793
5. New Nations Define Citizenship, 1776-1847
6. A Radical Priest Marches in New Spain, 1810
7. African-American Exiles Declare Independence in Liberia, 1847
Alfred F. Young, How a Shoemaker Became a Citizen
John K. Thornton, What Were the Africans in St. Domingue Fighting For?
13. Twilight of Slavery
1. Thomas Jefferson Wrestles with Slavery, 1785
2. The King of Asante Explains the Importance of the Slave Trade, 1820
3. A British Magistrate Oversees Freedom in St. Vincent, 1835-1838
4. Two Slaves Learn to Read, 1839, 1845
5. Alexis de Tocqueville Advocates Emancipation in the French West Indies, 1843
6. A Brazilian Slave Escapes to Freedom in New York, 1847
7. Slavery Crumbles in the United States and Brazil, 1864, 1888
8. Thomas Phipson Condemns Polygamy and Slavery in Natal, 1876
Martin Klein, How Did Atlantic Slavery come to an End?
Diana Paton and Pamela Scully, What Does Gender Have to Do with Emancipation?
14. An Age of "Free" Migration
1. President Boyer of Haiti Appeals to Free Blacks in the United States, 1821-24
2. Matilda Skipwith Meets with Sorrow in Liberia, 1848-1858
3. Thomas Phipson Asks for Migrants, Labor, and Hedges in Natal, 1849
4. A Journalist Describes an Immigrant Vessel , 1849-1850
5. The British Empire Welcomes Chinese Workers, 1862-1864
6. The Transatlantic Cable Connects the Continents, 1866
7. Polish Immigrants Describe Opportunities in Brazil, 1891
8. Jewish Immigrants Celebrate Independence Day in Argentina, 1910
David Northrup, Freedom and Consent in the Recruitment of African Labor
Monica Schuler, Deception and Coercion in the Recruitment of African Labor
15. Legacies
1. Spain and the United States Celebrate Columbus, 1892-1893
2. Canada Recognizes Aboriginal Rights, 1982
3. American Indians Respond to the Columbian Quincentennial, 1990
4. Pan-African Activists Demand Reparations for Slavery, 1993
5. The British House of Lords Debates Reparations for Slavery, 1996
6. Matthew Coon Come Condemns the Economic Status of First Nations People, 2001
7. Sara Baartmann Goes Home, 2002
8. An American President Commemorates the Slave Trade, 2003
James Axtell, Did Europeans Commit Genocide in the Americas?
Martha Biondi, How the Movement for Slave Reparations Has Gone Global