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This volume in the Major Problems in American History series chronicles the history of Mexican-Americans from the pre-Colonial era through the present.

Zaragosa Vargas, University of California at Santa Barbara

Note: Each chapter concludes with Further Reading.
1. Interpreting the Chicano Past
Gilbert G. González and Raúl Fernández, Alternative Approaches to Chicano History
Alex M. Saragoza, Recent Approaches to Chicano History
David G. Gutiérrez, Chicano/a Historians and the Revision of Western History
2. The Precolonial Period
A Franciscan Friar Describes the Land and People of New Mexico, 1541
Spain Asserts Control over the Indians of Nueva Galicia, Mexico, 1570
The Pueblo Indian''s Call for War, 1680
Teodoro de Croix Reports on Pacifying the Indians in California, 1781
Colonel Don Antonio Cordero Describes the Apaches, 1796
Carlos G. Vélez-Ibáñez, Cultural Roots of Ancient Southwest Indians
Carroll L. Riley, The Indians of the Southwest in 1492
Antonia I. Castañeda, Sexual Violence and the Politics of Conquest in Alta California
3. Early Mexicano Communities on the Northern Frontier, the Spanish Colonial Period to 1821
Bishop Tamarón Visits New Mexico, 1760
Captain Pierre Marie Françoois de Pagès Reports on Early Settlements in Texas, 1767
Survivor María Ana Montielo Recounts the Uprising at Yuma, Arizona, 1781
Jean François La Pérouse Describes the Mission Indians of Carmel, California, 1786
Justice of the Peace Cornelio Vigil Restores a Land Grant to New Mexican Citizens, 1842
Antonia I. Castañeda, Gender, Race, and Culture in the History of the California Frontier
Gerald E. Poyo and Gilbert M. Hinojosa, Spanish Texas and Borderlands Historiography
4. Early Mexicano Life and Society in the Southwest, 1821-1846
Eulalia Pérez Recalls Early California, 1823
Captain Frederick W. Beechy Describes the California Missions, 1826
General Manuel Mier y Terán Reports on the Texas-Coahuila Territory, 1828-1829
Eulalia Yorba Gives an Eyewitness Account of the Siege of the Alamo, 1836
Olibama López Recalls Pioneer Life in Colorado''s San Luis Valley in the Early Nineteenth Century
Joshua Gregg Paints a Picture of La Tules
Ralph Emerson Twitchell Offers an Opinion of La Tules
David J. Weber, Mythmaking and the Texas Revolution
Holly Beachley Brear, Creating the Myth of the Alamo
Deena J. González, La Tules of Image and Reality
5. Mexican Americans After the Mexican War, 1848-1860
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Establishes Borders, 1848
Secretary of State James Buchanan Reacts to the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, 1848
John Rollin Ridge Reflects on the Life of Joaquín Murieta, 1850
A California Newspaper Condemns Violence Against Mexicans, 1856
William W.H. Davis Comments on the Customs of the Spanish-speaking New Mexicans, 1857
John Hittel Reviews Mexican Land Claims in California, 1857
Juan Cortina Calls Texas Mexicans to Armed Resistance, 1859
Leonard Pitt, The Origins of Nativism in California
Antonia I. Castañeda, Anglo American Stereotypes of Californianas
Arnoldo De León, Life for Mexicans in Texas After the 1836 Revolution
6. Conflict and Community Among Mexican Americans in the Southwest, Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries
Mexico''s Investigative Commission Reports on Violence and Theft Along the Texas-Mexico Border, 1873
Miguel Antonio Otero Remembers New Mexico, 1880
Las Gorras Blancas Announce Their Platform, 1890
The Californio "First Families" Are Recalled, 1891
Gregorio Cortez Is Immortalized in Song, 1901
Deena J. González, The Unmarried Women of Santa Fe, 1850-1880
Sara Deutsch, Chicano/a Frontier and Regional Communities in the Southwest
7. Struggle and Strife: Social Conditions of Mexican Americans, 1910-1917
Victor S. Clark Comments on Changes in Mexican Immigration to the United States, 1908
The Reverend Pedro Grado Addresses El Congreso Mexicanista, 1911
Flores de Andrade Recalls Her Revolutionary Activity as an Immigrant in El Paso, Texas, 1911
Samuel Bryan Analyses Increases in Mexican Immigration, 1912
"Los sediciosos" (The Seditionists) Commemorates Mexican American Resistance in South Texas, 1915
Mario T. García, Mexican Immigrant Women in El Paso, Texas
Emilio Zamora, Mexican Voluntary Organizations of South Texas
8. The Mexican Immigrant Experience, 1917-1928
The Reverend Robert N. McLean Assesses Protestant Religious Work Among Mexicans, 1923
The Reverend Robert N. McLean Reports on Colorado Mexicans, 1924
Anita Edgar Jones Surveys Mexican Life in Chicago, 1928
Ernesto Galarza Defends Mexican Immigrants, 1929
Merton E. Hill Outlines a Program for Americanizing the Mexicans, 1931
Elisa Silva Describes Mexican Immigrant Life in Los Angeles, 1920s
Zaragosa Vargas, Mexican Immigrants in the Midwest
Vicki L. Ruiz, The Acculturation of Young Mexican American Women
9. Mexican Americans in the Great Depression, 1929-1941
U.S. Commissioner General of Immigration Reports on Mexican Immigration, 1931
Carey McWilliams Assails Mexican Repatriation from California, 1933
Frank C. McDonald Recounts Events Leading to Mediation of the California Cotton Pickers Strike, 1933
Elsie Chavez Chilton Recalls Relatives Working with the Civilian Conservation Corps Near Las Cruces, New Mexico, 1930s
Susana Archuleta Looks Back at Jobs with the Civilian Conservation Corps and the National Youth Administration in Northern New Mexico, 1930s
Bert Corona Remembers the Civil Works Administration Camps in El Paso, Texas, 1934
Philip Stevenson Describes the Deportation of Jesús Palleres, 1936
Emma Tenayuca Reminisces About Labor Organizing in San Antonio, Texas, 1936-1938
Devra Anne Weber, Oral History and Mexicana Farmworkers
María E. Montoya, The Civilian Conservation Corps in Northern New Mexico
10. Mexican Americans and World War II, 1941-1945
Raúl Morín Discusses Mexican Americans in Military Service, 19421
The Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs Applauds the Mexican American War Effort, 1943
Los Angeles Times Appeals for and End to the Zoot Suit wars, 1943
The Citizen''s Committee for the Defense of Mexican American Youth Reports on the Sleepy Lagoon Case, 1943
Beatrice Morales Clifton Recalls Her Experiences at a California Lockheed Plane Factory, 1944
Carlos E. Castañeda Testifies on Job Discrimination Against Mexican Americans in War Defense Industries, 1945
Stuart Cosgrove, An Interpretation of the Causes of the Zoot-Suit Wars
Richard A. Santillán, The Contributions of Mexican American Women Workers in the Midwest to the War Effort
11. Mexican Americans in the Cold War Years, 1945-1960
Méndez et al. v. Westminister School District Addresses School Segregation, 1946
Isabel González Offers a Dismal Report on Mexican Americans, 1947
Beatrice W. Griffith Analyzes Eduardo Roybal''s Election to the Los Angeles City Council, 1949
Hart Stilwell Warns of the Problem of Undocumented Mexican Immigration, 1949
The American GI Forum and the Texas State Federation of Labor Condemn Undocumented Mexican Immigration, 1953
Mario T. García, The Asociación Nacional México-Americana (ANMA)
Kitty Calavita, The U.S. Government''s Unofficial Role in the Bracero Program
12. The Struggle for Chicano Power, 1965-1974
María Moreno Remembers Farmworker Life, 1965
Ernest Vigil Opposes Induction to Fight in Vietnam, 1968
Reies Lopez Tijerina Writes an Open Letter from the Santa Fe Jail, 1969
The Chicano Coordinating Council on Higher Education Discusses the Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlán (MECHA), 1969
Armando Rendon Recalls the Winter Garden Project of the Mexican American Youth Organization (MAYO), 1969
César Chávez Speaks with Bob Fitch About La Causa, 1970
Lea Ybarra and Nina Genera Report on Chicano Mobilization Against the Vietnam War, 1972
Armando Navarro, The Mexican American Youth Organization
Margaret Rose, The Significant Role of Chicanas in the United Farm Workers'' Boycott
13. The Gaining of Power: Chicano Political Empowerment, 1964-1980
Grape Workers Issue Boycott Day Proclamation , 1969
José Angel Gutiérrez Calls for Political Action, 1970
La Raza Unida Convention Announces Its Priorities, 1972
Dolores Huerta Recalls Democrat and Republican Response to the Farmworker Issue, 1972
Vilma S. Martínez Testifies Before the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights About the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund (MALDEF), 1975
Juan Vásquez Discusses Willie Velásquez and the Southwest Voter Registration Education Project (SVREP), 1979
Ignacio M. García, The 1972 Campaign of Ramsey Muñiz for Governor of Texas
Tony Castro, Gaining the Mexican American Vote in the 1972 Presidential Elections
14. The Chicano Experience in Contemporary America
Journalist Frank del Olmo Characterizes Southern California''s Latinos as "A People Living on the Bridge Between Two Worlds," 1983
Lety Martínez González Writes About Life as an Undocumented Mexican in California, 1990
Marta López-Garza Chronicles the Chicano Quest for Power in Los Angeles, 1992
Nina Schuyler Reports on the Mothers of East Los Angeles and Their Struggle for Their Community, 1992
George Ramos and Tracy Wilkinson Analyze the Los Angeles Riots, 1992
Rubén Martínez Describes the Fight Against Proposition 187, 1995
Frank del Olmo Explains What Latinos Have to Lose by Proposition 209, 1996
Mary S. Prado, Mexican American Women''s Activism in East Los Angeles
Rodolfo F. Acuña, The Struggle for Control of Los Angeles Government
Elizabeth Martínez, Latina Liberation