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Macro Systems in the Social Environment 2nd Edition

Dennis D. Long, Marla C. Holle

  • Published
  • Previous Editions 1997
  • 240 Pages


By using social-psychological literature and sociological theory to examine infancy through later adulthood, this text challenges students to probe the larger social context when viewing the complexities of human development. Long and Holle examine and emphasize the importance of organizations, communities, society, and global influences in assessing human behavior in the social environment. To facilitate the integration of theory and content, the authors use different theoretical orientations to organize the chapters. These are followed by an analysis of developmental issues, a case example, a section in which macro-level influences are highlighted, a reintegration of theory section, and suggested activities.

Dennis D. Long, Xavier University

Dr. Dennis D. Long is a Professor and Chairperson of the Social Work Department at Xavier University (Cincinnati, Ohio). He teaches courses in macro practice, human behavior and the social environment, and research. Dr. Long received his B.A. from Ohio Northern University, a MSW from The Ohio State University, and his Ph.D. from the University of Cincinnati. His research interests involve the importance of larger social systems in social work practice. Dr. Long has authored numerous articles in professional journals as well as co-authored another text published by Brooks/Cole, MACRO SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE: A STRENGTHS PERSPECTIVE. He is a site visitor for the Council on Social Work Education, and currently serves as a board member for both Oesterlen Services for Youth Inc. and the Butler County Mental Health Board.

Marla C. Holle,

Marla Christianson Holle earned an MSW degree from Wayne State University School of Social Work, Detroit, MI and is a graduate of Capital University in Columbus, OH. She is the wife of a Lutheran clergyman and the mother of two adult children. Marla was a school social worker in Michigan and Ohio, later an instructor of social work at Baldwin-Wallace College, Berea, OH. She was employed by Our Lady of Providence Center, Northville, MI serving as social worker to developmentally disabled girls and women. After a move to the Lansing area, she worked with the Association for Children's Mental Health. Now retired, she is currently enjoying volunteer opportunities in church and community.
  • Updated chapters explore contemporary themes such as home ownership, public transportation, daycare, and education.
  • The authors have given increased prominence to informational materials examining pressing macro social and professional issues of our time, such as immigration, refugee status, social security reform, language issues, the No Child Left Behind Act, family preservation services, multiracial identification, Medicare prescription drug coverage, multicultural organizational development, and cultural competence.
  • The new "Reflection on Diversity" feature provides thought-provoking content and paradigms for examining diversity in relationship to specific developmental time periods.
  • At the beginning of each chapter, the authors introduce various life-cycle topics by way of a brief discussion of a well-known media figure or fictional character. Throughout the book, readers are encouraged to critically analyze real-life persons, events, and occurrences, thus giving the material a "real-world" feel.
  • Each case example, which reflects a blend of years of social work practice and selective creativity by the authors, was developed with these two objectives in mind--consistency with chapter themes and portrayal of realistic situations.
  • "Time to Think" sections encourage the student to examine the relevance of organizations, communities, society, and global influences in case examples.
  • Chapters conclude with several suggested activities designed to encourage experiential learning about social systems.
  • The authors pay special attention to the theme of social justice and empowerment, particularly as it relates to gender, racial and ethnic minorities, sexual orientation, the disabled, and the elderly.
  • Noteworthy concepts and phrases are in bold type and defined.
  • Theoretical orientations are provided early in each chapter to promote deductive reasoning and revisited at the end of chapters to encourage students to integrate chapter content and the case example with theory.
  • By integrating social theory and current research with case examples, attention is directed toward probing the larger social context and away from individual pathology and family disequilibrium.
1. Macro Systems: Their Importance and Usefulness to the Social Worker.
2. Infancy.
3. Preschool Children.
4. Children of School Age.
5. Adolescence.
6. Young Adulthood.
7. Middle Adulthood.
8. Later Adulthood.
9. Achieving Social Justice and Empowerment.

"The authors do a masterful job emphasizing the importance of macro-level practice and its integration into daily, micro-level social work. Throughout each of the developmental stages, they show the relevance of macro-concepts, rooted in applicable theory, and the impact it has on each respective stage. It bridges the gap between micro and macro practice and enhances traditional HBSE texts by doing so."