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Compiled by three of the most influential authors in the field, CLASSICS OF ORGANIZATION THEORY, Eighth Edition is a collection of the most enduring works in organization theory. To help students grasp important themes, perspectives, and theories, the authors describe what organization theory is, how it has developed, and how its development has coincided with events and changes in other fields. This highly acclaimed reader is not simply a retelling of the history of organization theory; its evolution is told through the words of the distinguished theorists themselves. The readings in this edition have been thoroughly reviewed and updated.
- Nine new readings written by the most influential authors in the field—William G. Scott & Elton Mayo; Henry Mintzberg; Elinor Ostrom; Geert Hofstede, Gert Jan Hofstede, & Michael Minkov; Wayne Baker; Mitchell F. Rice & Audrey L. Mathews; Paul Light; and David Billis—enhance this edition.
- A few new bodies of theory (which will become classics over time) have been added.
- Many readings have been condensed to make them more manageable for students.
- A revised Foreword by John Meyer has been added.
- A compelling Introduction explains why there are competing perspectives for grouping theories of organization.
- A chronology of organization theory helps students visualize the development and progression of the field.
- Chapter-opening pages identify central themes and issues, contrast perspectives, and summarize contributions of the articles to the field.
- Each chapter focuses on one major school of thought, allowing perspectives to be absorbed one at a time.
- A bibliography of the most important books and articles from the perspectives is included in each chapter.
Introduction: A Chronology of Organization Theory.
1. CLASSICAL ORGANIZATION THEORY.
Socrates Discovers Generic Management, Xenophon (1869). Of the Division of Labour, Adam Smith (1776). Superintendent’s Report, Daniel C. McCallum (1856). The Engineer as Economist, Henry R. Towne (1886). General Principles of Management, Henri Fayol (1916). The Principles of Scientific Management, Frederick Winslow Taylor (1916). Bureaucracy, Max Weber (1922). Notes on the Theory of Organization, Luther Gulick (1937).
2. NEOCLASSICAL ORGANIZATION THEORY.
Chester Barnard and the Guardians of the Managerial State: The Moral Obligations of the Elite, William G. Scott (1992).The Proverbs of Administration, Herbert A. Simon (1946). Foundations of the Theory of Organization, Philip Selznick (1948).
3: HUMAN RESOURCE THEORY, OR THE ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR PERSPECTIVE.
The Hawthorne Experiment. Western Electric Co., Elton Mayo (1933). A Theory of Human Motivation, Abraham H. Maslow (1943). The Human Side of Enterprise, Douglas Murray McGregor (1957). Groupthink: The Desperate Drive for Consensus at Any Cost, Irving L. Janis (1971).
4: “MODERN” STRUCTURAL ORGANIZATION THEORY.
The Concept of Formal Organization, Peter M. Blau & W. Richard Scott (1962). Organizational Choice: Product versus Function, Arthur H. Walker & Jay W. Lorsch (1968). Structure in 5’s: A Synthesis of the Research on Organization Design, Henry Mintzberg (1980).
5. ORGANIZATIONAL ECONOMICS THEORY.
The Economics of Organization: The Transaction Cost Approach, Oliver E. Williamson (1981). Learning from Organizational Economics, Jay B. Barney & William G. Ouchi (1986). An Institutional Approach to the Study of Self-Organization and Self-Governance, Elinor Ostrom (1990).
6. POWER AND POLITICS ORGANIZATION THEORY.
The Bases of Social Power, John R. P. French Jr. & Bertram Raven (1959). The Power of Power, James G. March (1966). Power Failure in Management Circuits, Rosabeth Moss Kanter (1979). Power Game and the Players, Henry Mintzberg (1983).
7. THEORIES OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE AND CHANGE.
The Concept of Organizational Culture: Why Bother?, Edgar H. Schein (2004). Cultures and Organizations: Pyramids, Machines, and Families: Organizing Across Nations, Geert Hofstede, Gert Jan Hofstede, & Michael Minkov (2010). Appreciative Inquiry, David L. Cooperrider & Diana Whitney (2005).
8. THEORIES OF ORGANIZATIONS AND ENVIRONMENTS.
Organizations and the System Concept, Daniel Katz & Robert L. Kahn (1966). Organizations in Action, James D. Thompson (1967). Institutionalized Organizations: Formal Structure as Myth and Ceremony, John W. Meyer & Brian Rowan (1977). External Control of Organizations: A Resource Dependence Perspective, Jeffrey Pfeffer & Gerald R. Salancik (1978). The Network Organization in Theory and Practice, Wayne Baker (1992).
9. THEORIES OF ORGANIZATIONS AND SOCIETY.
Gendering Organizational Theory, Joan Acker (1992). A New Kind of Public Service Professional, Mitchell F. Rice & Audrey L. Mathews (2012). Corporate Citizenship: Social Responsibility, Responsiveness, and Performance, Archie B. Carroll & Ann K. Buchholtz (1989). The Search for Social Entrepreneurship, Paul Light (2008).Towards a Theory of Hybrid Organizations, David Billis (2010).