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With a collection of over 375 sources, each accompanied by an introductory essay and review questions, this two-volume primary source reader emphasizes the intellectual history and values of the Western tradition. Sources are grouped around important themes in European history--such as religion, education, and art and culture--so that students can analyze and compare multiple documents. The ninth edition features additional sources by and about women, completely revised chapters on modern Europe and its place in the contemporary world, and updates to introductions and review questions.
- Chapter 1, “The Rise of Modernity,” now contains a section dealing with several aspects of the Atlantic slave trade. Added to Chapter 4 are three new selections: Arthur Young’s account of the plight of French peasants prior to the Revolution, an edict by a French district calling for dechristianization, and Madame de Staël’s scathing criticism of Napoleon. Chapter 6 now includes a selection featuring two excerpts that deal with the spread of liberal ideals from revolutionary France to tsarist Russia.
- Chapter 7 now includes an excerpt from Émile Zola’s “The Experimental Novel.” A passage from Jeanne Bouvier’s memoirs describing the pains of poverty in late nineteenth-century France has been added to the Chapter 8 section “The Lower Classes.” In Chapter 9, the section “European Rule in Africa” has been broadened by a selection from Ndabaningi Sithole, an anti-imperialist African who notes imperialism’s positive achievements for Africans.
- In Chapter 10, the section “The Political Potential of the Irrational” has been enhanced by the inclusion of a passage from the works of Vilfredo Pareto, a prominent sociologist. Complementing the section “Pan-Serbism: Nationalism and Terrorism” in Chapter 11 is the inclusion of a memorandum from the Austrian ambassador to Serbia after the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand calling for crushing the Serbs.
- In Chapter 12, the section “Soviet Indoctrination” now includes a clever and humorous attack on censorship published in Moscow. A new section, “The Fledgling Weimar Republic,” has been added to Chapter 12 and contains two new readings; one illustrates the pervasive anti-democratic thought of the time; the other depicts the trauma caused by the inflation. An eyewitness description of the monster rallies staged at Nuremberg has been added to Chapter 12 in the section “The Nazification of Culture and Society.”
- In Chapter 13, a thoughtful passage by a German veteran of the Stalingrad campaign has been added to the section “Stalingrad: A Turning Point.” Chapter 14 contains a new selection by Ho Chi Minh calling for Vietnam’s independence from France.
- Chapter 15 has been considerably revised. Added to the section “Globalization: Patterns and Problems” is a selection by Thomas L. Friedman, who argues that a country’s economic success depends more on the quality of its education than the abundance of its natural resources. Both selections in the brand new section “War in the 21st Century” maintain that, contrary to the prevailing view, violent conflicts are now in decline. Also added to Chapter 15 is a new section dealing with ethnic cleansing and genocide in Rwanda. A new account of sex trafficking, a horrific and expanding abuse that is becoming increasingly more profitable for organized criminal elements, enhances the section “Female Oppression.”
- The “Examining Primary Sources” prologue helps students succeed at the task of reading and interpreting primary sources.
- This two-volume reader features over 375 sources, including 17 new documents in Volume I and 27 in Volume II.
- Detailed introductions and review questions put each source in its historical context and provide reinforcement for students.
- Sources are grouped together around important themes in European history--such as religion, education, and art and culture--so that students can analyze and compare multiple documents.
1. The Rise of Modernity.
1. The Humanists’ Fascination with Antiquity. 2. Human Dignity. 3. Break with Medieval Political Theory. 4. The Lutheran Reformation. 5. Justification of Absolute Monarchy by Divine Right. 6. A Secular Defense of Absolutism. 7. The Triumph of Constitutional Monarchy in England: The Glorious Revolution. 8. The Atlantic Slave Trade.
2. The Scientific Revolution.
1. The Copernican Revolution. 2. Galileo: Confirming the Copernican System. 3. Prophet of Modern Science. 4. The Autonomy of the Mind. 5. The Mechanical Universe. 6. The Limitations of Science.
3. The Enlightenment.
1. The Enlightenment Outlook. 2. Political Liberty. 3. Attack on Religion. 4. Epistemology. 5. Compendium of Knowledge. 6. Rousseau: Political Reform. 7. Humanitarianism. 8. Literature as Satire: Critiques of European Society. 9. Madame du Châtelet: A Woman of Brilliance. 10. On the Progress of Humanity.
Part II: MODERN EUROPE.
4. Era of the French Revolution.
1. Abuses of the Old Regime. 2. The Role of the Philosophes. 3. Liberty, Equality, Fraternity. 4. Expansion of Human Rights. 5. The Jacobin Regime. 6. Napoleon: Destroyer and Preserver of the Revolution.
5. The Industrial Revolution.
1. Early Industrialization. 2. The New Science of Political Economy. 3. The Dark Side of Industrialization. 4. Factory Discipline. 5. The Capitalist Ethic. 6. Reformers.
6. Romanticism, Reaction, Revolution.
1. Romanticism. 2. Conservatism. 3. Liberalism. 4. The Spread of Liberal Ideals to Russia. 5. Rise of Modern Nationalism. 6. Repression. 7. 1848: The Year of Revolutions.
7. Thought and Culture in an Age of Science and Industry.
1. Realism in Literature. 2. Theory of Evolution. 3. The Socialist Revolution. 4. The Evolution of Liberalism.
8. Politics and Society, 1845-1914.
1. The Lower Classes. 2. Feminism and Antifeminism. 3. German Racial Nationalism. 4. Anti-Semitism: Regression to the Irrational.
9. European Imperialism.
1. The Spirit of British Imperialism. 2. European Rule in Africa. 3. Chinese Resentment of Western Imperialism. 4. Imperialism Debated.
10. Modern Consciousness.
1. The Futility of Reason and the Power of the Will. 2. The Overman and the Will to Power. 3. The Unconscious. 4. The Political Potential of the Irrational.
Part III: WESTERN CIVILIZATION IN CRISIS.
11. World War I.
1. Militarism. 2. Pan-Serbism: Nationalism and Terrorism. 3. War as Celebration: The Mood in European Capitals. 4. Trench Warfare. 5. Women at War. 6. The Paris Peace Conference. 7. The Bolshevik Revolution. 8. The War and European Consciousness.
12. Era of Totalitarianism.
1. Modernize or Perish. 2. Forced Collectivization. 3. Famine in Ukraine. 4. Soviet Indoctrination. 5. Stalin’s Terror. 6. The Rise of Italian Fascism. 7. The Fledgling Weimar Republic. 8. The Rise of Nazism. 9. The Leader-State. 10. The Nazification of Culture and Society. 11. Persecution of the Jews. 12. The Anguish of the Intellectuals.
13. World War II.
1. Remilitarization of the Rhineland. 2. The Anschluss, March 1938. 3. The Munich Agreement. 4. World War II Begins. 5. The Fall of France. 6. The Battle of Britain. 7. Nazi Propaganda: For Volk, Führer, and Fatherland. 8. Stalingrad: A Turning Point. 9. The Holocaust. 10. Resistance. 11. D-Day, June 6, 1944. 12. The End of the Third Reich. 13. The Defeat of Japan.
14. Europe: A New Era.
1. The Aftermath: Devastation and Demoralization. 2. The Cold War. 3. Communist Repression. 4. The New Germany: Economic Miracle and Confronting the Past. 5. The Twilight of Imperialism. 6. The Soviet Union: Restructuring and Openness.
Part IV: THE CONTEMPORARY WORLD.
15. The West in an Age of Globalism.
1. The Collapse of Communism. 2. Globalization: Patterns and Problems. 3. War in the 21st Century. 4. Ethnic Cleansing: Genocide in Rwanda. 5. Female Oppression. 6. Radical Islamic Terrorists. 7. Islam in Europe: Failure of Assimilation. 8. Resurgence of Anti-Semitism. 9. In Defense of European Values.
“The principal virtue of SOURCES OF THE WESTERN TRADITION is that it provides a wide selection of primary documents that enable students to grasp the lived experience of people in the past. As an intellectual historian, I am particularly pleased by the number of texts by thinkers and public intellectuals. The wide array of sources offers a full-bodied approach to Western history.”
“Strengths include the wide breadth of readings across time. Readings also include multiple perspectives. Assigned in tandem, this can offer fine opportunities for class discussion.”