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Written in an informal, first-person writing style that makes abstract concepts easier to understand, PRINCIPLES OF ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS transforms the way students learn thermodynamics. While continuing to provide strong coverage of fundamental principles and applications, the book asks students to explore how changes in a particular parameter can change a device's or process' performance. This approach helps them develop a better understanding of how to apply thermodynamics in their future careers and a stronger intuitive feel for how the different components of thermodynamics are interrelated. Throughout the book, students are encouraged to develop computer-based models of devices, processes, and cycles and to take advantage of the speed of Internet-based programs and computer apps to find thermodynamic data, just as practicing engineers do.
- Well-placed and practical examples in every chapter help students understand the use of thermodynamics in solving engineering problems.
- The author uses a methodical approach (clear explanations, real world examples, and a wealth of exercises) to help students learn a process for solving problems.
- Software is used to develop graphs and show trends, helping students develop engineering judgment.
- The book is software-neutral so students can use any package they are familiar with or that their instructor chooses (for example, MATLAB or Mathcad).
- Steam tables are included in the appendix, but the emphasis is on using software to solve thermodynamic problems.
Basic Concepts: Systems, Processes, and Properties. An Introduction to Some Common Properties. Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics. Phases of Matter. Summary.
2. THE NATURE OF ENERGY.
What is Energy? Types of Energy. Transport of Energy. Heat Transfer. Work Transfer. Energy Transfer via Mass Transfer. Analyzing Thermodynamics Systems and Processes. Platform for Performing Thermodynamics Analysis. Summary.
3. THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AND EQUATIONS OF STATE.
Phase Diagrams. The State Postulate. Internal Energy, Enthalpy and Specific Heats. Equations of State for Ideal Gases. Incompressible Substances. Property Determination for Water and Refrigerants. Summary.
4. THE FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS.
Conservation of Mass. First Law of Thermodynamics in Open Systems. First Law of Thermodynamics in Closed Systems. Thermal Efficiency of Heat Engines, Refrigerators, and Heat Pumps. Summary.
5. INTRODUCTION TO THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS.
The Nature of the Second Law of Thermodynamics. Summary of Some Uses of the Second Law. Classical Statements of the Second Law. Reversible and Irreversible Processes. A Thermodynamic Temperature Scale. Carnot Efficiencies. Perpetual Motion Machines.
Entropy and the Clausius Inequality. Entropy Generation. Evaluating Changes in the Entropy of a System. The Entropy Balance. Isentropic Efficiencies. Consistency of Entropy Analyses. Entropy Generation and Irreversibility. Summary.
7. POWER CYCLES.
Introduction. The Ideal Carnot Power Cycle. The Rankine Cycle. Gas (Air) Power Cycles and Air Standard Cycle analysis. Brayton Cycle. Otto Cycle. Diesel Cycle. Dual Cycle. Summary.
8. REFRIGERATION CYCLES.
Introduction. The Vapor-Compression Refrigeration Cycle. Absorption Refrigeration. Reversed Brayton Refrigeration Cycle. Summary.
9. IDEAL GAS MIXTURES.
Introduction. Defining the Composition of a Gas Mixture. Ideal Gas Mixtures. Solutions of Thermodynamics Problems Incorporating Ideal Gas Mixtures. Introduction to Real Gas Mixture Behavior. Summary.
10. PSYCHROMETRICS: THE STUDY OF "ATMOSPHERIC AIR."
Introduction. Basic Concepts and Terminology of Psychrometrics. Methods of Determining Humidity. Comfort Conditions. Cooling and Dehumidifying of Moist Air. Combining the Cooling and Dehumidifying Process with Refrigeration Cycles. Heating and Humidifying Air. Mixing of Moist Air Streams. Cooling Tower Applications. Summary.
11. COMBUSTION ANALYSIS.
Introduction. The Components of the Combustion Process. A Brief Description of the Combustion Process. Balancing Combustion Reactions. Methods of Characterizing the Reactant Mixture. Determination of Reactants from Known Products. Enthalpy of a Compound and the Enthalpy of Formation. Further Description of the Combustion Process. Heat of Reaction. Adiabatic Flame Temperature. Entropy Balance for Combustion Processes. The Gibbs Function. Fuel Cells. Introduction to Chemical Equilibrium. The Water-Gas Shift Reaction and Rich Combustion. Summary and the Limitations of Combustion Analysis.
"...the author's strength is his informal, first-person writing style. It is an easy read for students."
"Nice presentation pace, and the examples are well placed and numerous."
"I really like the methodical approach teaching the student to use a "process" for solving the problems. I really like how you use the software to develop graphs and show trends. This develops the engineering judgment that we desire for our students to have."
"Good use of practical examples overall. Good flow from one topic to another. I really like the clarity of the writing. Overall, the easiest-to-read Thermo text that I have seen."
"The nature of topics is well presented with concepts from one chapter as a building block for the concepts in the following chapter. The author has provided many practical examples to illustrate the theory. The material is well written and up to the point."
Cengage provides a range of supplements that are updated in coordination with the main title selection. For more information about these supplements, contact your Learning Consultant.
Instructor's Companion Website
The password-protected Companion Site contains free helpful instructor-only resources, including a customizable set of PowerPoint Slides for classroom use with figures, tables, and examples from the textbook, as well as a set of PowerPoint Slides containing Lecture Notes for instructors. The Instructor's Solutions Manual is also available for download from this secure website.