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Offering a variety of innovative teaching tools, INTRODUCTION TO LEARNING AND BEHAVIOR, 4e equips students with a clear introduction to the basic principles of learning and behavior. Designed to apply learning theory and principles to the presentation of learning, it vividly illustrates how learning principles work in both animals and people. Throughout the book, the authors clearly demonstrate how the study of learning helps solve practical problems, such as improving study skills, improving relationships, raising children, and effectively stopping smoking. It reflects the latest research from the field and includes an all-new chapter on "Comparative Cognition". Helping students maximize their understanding and retention of key concepts, the authors include numerous opportunities for review and self-testing. In addition, the text includes the widely popular SNIFFY THE VIRTUAL RAT LITE CD-ROM, which simulates a wide range of learning phenomena.
- An all-new Chapter 13, "Comparative Cognition", covers such topics as numerical ability, categorization, relational decision-making, and tool-use and tool-making across a range of species.
- The Fourth Edition adjusts the order of some chapters to ensure the best progression of topics: Chapter 11 now covers "Observational Learning, Language, and Rule-Governed Behavior" and Chapter 12 is now "Biological Dispositions in Learning", which can more easily flow into the comparative cognition material in Chapter 13.
- A new "And Furthermore" feature in Chapter 5, "Classical Conditioning: Underlying Processes and Practical Applications", discusses evidence that contradicts the recent claim that the true identity of Watson's Little Albert has been discovered.
- Chapter 8, "Extinction and Stimulus Control", includes an "And Furthermore" discussion of the ability of dogs and Giant African Pouched Rats to detect landmines and discriminate the presence of cancer and/or tuberculosis in human patients.
- Reflecting current practice, the Fourth Edition informs students that SR+ and SR– are regarded by many as acceptable symbols for positive and negative reinforcers, respectively.
- Inspired by real and fictional people, "Advice to the Lovelorn" inserts help connect students' real-life concerns to learning and conditioning research. Examples include a Skinnerian perspective on infatuation vs. love and a melioration explanation of why more isn't necessarily better in a relationship.
- Available with this text, the popular SNIFFY, THE VIRTUAL RAT software simulates a wide range of learning phenomena that are typically discussed in learning. Sniffy, a digital rat in an operant chamber (Skinner Box), helps users explore the principles of operant conditioning. The software includes a Lab Manual that walks users through the steps necessary to set up classical and operant conditioning experiments. It also provides instructions on how to print or e-mail results, so that Sniffy can become part of students' homework assignments and term papers.
- INTRODUCTION TO LEARNING AND BEHAVIOR, 4e devotes more material on the contributions of evolutionary theory to behavior and learning. Chapter 1 contains an entire section on Darwin's theory of evolution as a contributing factor toward the rise of behaviorism, along with an extended discussion of the principle of natural selection. Chapter 5 offers an expanded discussion of the compensatory-response model of conditioning, especially as it applies to drug tolerance and addiction, with a more detailed and accurate presentation of the underlying process.
- Pedagogical features such as chapter outlines, opening vignettes, and quotations help organize the material while truly engaging students.
- Extensive review and self-testing features help students maximize their study time and course success. Within each chapter, Quick Quizzes include fill-in-the-blank questions to help students process and retain the information. End-of-chapter review materials include summaries, 15-20 study questions covering the basic concepts, and concept reviews that list all the key terms and definitions in the chapter.
- "And Furthermore" boxes offer interesting and thought-provoking topics that expand upon material presented in the preceding section (for example, "Was Sigmund Freud a Behavior Analyst?"). These boxes feature unique topics not often covered by texts on learning.
2. Research Methods.
3. Elicited Behaviors and Classical Conditioning.
4. Classical Conditioning: Basic Phenomena and Various Complexities.
5. Classical Conditioning: Underlying Processes and Practical Applications.
6. Operant Conditioning: Introduction.
7. Schedules and Theories of Reinforcement.
8. Extinction and Stimulus Control.
9. Escape, Avoidance, and Punishment.
10. Choice, Matching, and Self-Control.
11. Observational Learning and Rule-Governed Behavior.
12. Biological Dispositions in Learning.
13. Comparative Cognition.
Cengage provides a range of supplements that are updated in coordination with the main title selection. For more information about these supplements, contact your Learning Consultant.
Online Instructor's Manual with Test Bank
Streamline and maximize the effectiveness of your course preparation using such resources as teaching suggestions, solutions, blooper explanations, a midterm review, a final exam review, chapter test banks, unit tests, chapter quizzes, and many other classroom support materials.