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Using her unique M-A-P approach (Model-Analysis-Practice), Susan Fawcett’s books have guided hundreds of thousands of students through the writing process, from foundations of grammar, mechanics, and spelling, through writing clear sentences and well-organized paragraphs. Her inductive approach; plentiful, high-interest student models and practices; and contemporary readings engage and motivate students. This edition of GRASSROOTS features improved grammar coverage and emphasizes proofreading, with a new Chapter 6 that teaches specific proofreading strategies and shows students how to recognize their personal “error patterns,” track, and correct them. Every subsequent chapter offers a proofing strategy for the concept being taught. Full-color illustrations, including 45 photos, cartoons, and artworks, plus a new design, help students visualize and understand key concepts.
- New Chapter 6, “Proofreading to Correct Your Personal Error Patterns,” emphasizes the importance of proofreading and teaches students six specific proofreading strategies; the chapter also enables students to identify and prepare a chart of their own “Personal Error Patterns” and learn to more effectively watch for and correct their most common errors.
- A new “Proofreading Strategy” feature in every subsequent chapter introduces a proofreading technique specific to the error addressed, and a “Writing and Proofreading Assignment” lets students practice that technique.
- In response to feedback from instructors around the country, the author has rebalanced many grammar chapters, adding more material on prepositions early in the text, new charts showing the meanings of conjunctions; recast practice exercises to have fewer write-on lines and more variety; and added a number of new practices, for example in the coordination and preposition chapters.
- More than forty new, diverse practice exercises, student paper excerpts, and end-of-text reading selections provide exciting, thought-provoking topics that motivate students to produce their own writing.
- More than 45 full-color photographs, including advertisements, movie clips, paintings, cartoons, and screen shots, teach students to evaluate visual media. Author Susan Fawcett has extensively studied and presented on how the brain uses this “dual verbal and visual coding” to reinforce learning.
- Additional graphics (figures, charts, and visual representations of concepts) plus a new visual design help visual learners understand key concepts.
- New “Learning Styles Tips” in the Annotated Instructor’s Edition provide suggestions for maximizing student learning and retention according to individual learning styles.
- Susan Fawcett’s books utilize a MAP (model-analysis-practice) strategy for student learning: students first read an example of the concept being taught (model), the concept is analyzed through bulleted questions (analysis), and then students have a hands-on opportunity to practice with a variety of paced exercises (practice). This signature inductive approach has made GRASSROOTS (and the paragraph-essay level text, EVERGREEN) the most effective and imitated texts in developmental writing.
UNIT 1: WRITING EFFECTIVE PARAGRAPHS.
Each chapter in Unit 1 includes end-of-chapter features Chapter Highlights and Exploring Online.
1. Exploring the Writing Process.
A. The Writing Process. B. Subject, Audience, and Purpose. C. Guidelines for Submitting Written Work.
2. Prewriting to Generate Ideas.
A. Freewriting. B. Brainstorming. C. Clustering. D. Keeping a Journal.
3. Developing Effective Paragraphs.
A. Defining the Paragraph and the Topic Sentence. B. Narrowing the Topic and Writing the Topic Sentence. C. Generating Ideas for the Body of the Paragraph. D. Selecting and Dropping Ideas. E. Arranging Ideas in a Plan or an Outline. F. Writing and Revising the Paragraph. G. Writing the Final Draft.
4. Improving Your Paragraphs.
A. More Work on Support: Examples. B. More Work on Arranging Ideas: Coherence. C. More Work on Revising: Exact and Concise Language. D. Turning Assignments into Paragraphs.
5. Moving from Paragraph to Essay.
A. Defining the Essay and the Thesis Statement. B. The Process of Writing an Essay.
6. Proofreading to Correct Your Personal Errors.
A. Identifying and Tracking Your Personal Error Patterns. B. Proofreading Strategies. Unit 1. Writing Assignments.
Unit 1. Review.
Unit 1. Writers’ Workshop: Discuss Your Name.
UNIT 2: WRITING COMPLETE SENTENCES.
Each chapter in Unit 2 includes end-of-chapter features Chapter Highlights, Proofreading Strategy, Writing and Proofreading Assignments, Chapter Review, and Exploring Online.
7. Subjects and Verbs.
A. Defining and Spotting Subjects. B. Spotting Singular and Plural Subjects. C. Spotting Prepositional Phrases. D. Defining and Spotting Action Verbs. E. Defining and Spotting Linking Verbs. F. Spotting Verbs of More Than One Word.
8. Avoiding Sentence Fragments.
A. Writing Sentences with Subjects and Verbs. B. Writing Sentences with Complete Verbs. C. Completing the Thought.
Unit 2. Writing Assignments.
Unit 2. Review.
Unit 2. Writers’ Workshop: Discuss an Event That Influenced You.
UNIT 3: USING VERBS EFFECTIVELY.
Each chapter in Unit 3 includes end-of-chapter features Chapter Highlights, Proofreading Strategy, Writing and Proofreading Assignments, Chapter Review, and Exploring Online
9. Present Tense (Agreement).
A. Defining Agreement. B. Troublesome Verb in the Present Tense: TO BE. C. Troublesome Verb in the Present Tense: TO HAVE. D. Troublesome Verb in the Present Tense: TO DO (+ NOT). E. Changing Subjects to Pronouns. F. Practice in Agreement. G. Special Problems in Agreement.
10. Past Tense.
A. Regular Verbs in the Past Tense. B. Irregular Verbs in the Past Tense. C. Troublesome Verb in the Past Tense: TO BE. D. Review.
11. The Past Participle in Action.
A. Defining the Past Participle. B. Past Participles of Regular Verbs. C. Past Participles of Irregular Verbs. D. Using the Present Perfect Tense. E. Using the Past Perfect Tense. F. Using the Passive Voice. G. Using Past Participles as Adjectives.
12. Progressive Tenses (TO BE + -ING Verb Form).
A. Defining and Writing the Present Progressive Tense. B. Defining and Writing the Past Progressive Tense. C. Using the Progressive Tenses. D. Avoiding Incomplete Progressives.
13. Fixed-Form Helping Verbs and Verb Problems.
A. Defining and Spotting the Fixed-Form Helping Verbs. B. Using the Fixed-Form Helping Verbs. C. Using CAN and COULD. D. Using WILL and WOULD. E. Writing Infinitives. F. Revising Double Negatives.
Unit 3. Writing Assignments.
Unit 3. Review.
Unit 3. Writers’ Workshop: Tell a Family Story.
UNIT 4: JOINING IDEAS TOGETHER.
Each chapter in Unit 4 includes end-of-chapter features Chapter Highlights, Proofreading Strategy, Writing and Proofreading Assignments, Chapter Review, and Exploring Online
A. Defining and Using Subordinating Conjunctions. B. Punctuating Subordinating Conjunctions.
16. Avoiding Run-Ons and Comma Splices.
17. Semicolons and Conjunctive Adverbs.
A. Defining and Using Semicolons. B. Defining and Using Conjunctive Adverbs. C. Punctuating Conjunctive Adverbs.
18. Relative Pronouns.
A. Defining and Using Relative Pronouns. B. Punctuating Ideas Introduced by WHO, WHICH, or THAT.
19. -ING Modifiers.
A. Using –ING Modifiers. B. Avoiding Confusing Modifiers.
Unit 4. Writing Assignments.
Unit 4. Review.
Unit 4. Writers’ Workshop: Describe a Detour off the Main Highway.
UNIT 5: CHOOSING THE RIGHT NOUN, PRONOUN, ADJECTIVE, ADVERB, OR PREPOSITION.
Each chapter in Unit 5 includes end-of-chapter features Chapter Highlights, Proofreading Strategy, Writing and Proofreading Assignments, Chapter Review, and Exploring Online
A. Defining Singular and Plural. B. Signal Words: Singular and Plural. C. Signal Words with OF.
A. Defining Pronouns and Antecedents. B. Referring to Indefinite Pronouns. C. Referring to Collective Nouns. D. Referring to Special Singular Constructions. E. Avoiding Vague and Repetitious Pronouns. F. Using Pronouns as Subjects, Objects, and Possessives. G. Choosing the Correct Case After AND or OR. H. Choosing the Correct Case in Comparisons. I. Using Pronouns with -SELF and –SELVES.
22. Adjectives and Adverbs.
A. Defining and Writing Adjectives and Adverbs. B. A Troublesome Pair: GOOD/WELL. C. Writing Comparatives. D. Writing Superlatives. E. Troublesome Comparatives and Superlatives. F. Demonstrative Adjectives: THIS/THAT and THESE/THOSE.
A. Defining and Working with Prepositional Phrases. B. Troublesome Prepositions: IN, ON, and LIKE. C. Prepositions in Common Expressions.
Unit 5. Writing Assignments.
Unit 5. Review.
Unit 5. Writers’ Workshop: Tell How Someone Changed Your Life.
UNIT 6: REVISING FOR CONSISTENCY AND PARALLELISM.
Each chapter in Unit 6 includes end-of-chapter features Chapter Highlights, Proofreading Strategy, Writing and Proofreading Assignments, Chapter Review, and Exploring Online.
24. Consistent Tense.
25. Consistent Person.
A. Writing Parallel Constructions. B. Using Parallelism for Special Effects.
Unit 6. Writing Assignments.
Unit 6. Review.
Unit 6. Writers’ Workshop: Shift Your Audience and Purpose.
UNIT 7: MASTERING MECHANICS.
Each chapter in Unit 7 includes end-of-chapter elements Chapter Highlights, Proofreading Strategy, Writing and Proofreading Assignments, Chapter Review, and Exploring Online.
A. Commas After Items in a Series. B. Commas After Introductory Phrases. C. Commas for Direct Address. D. Commas to Set Off Appositives. E. Commas for Parenthetical Expressions. F. Commas for Dates. G. Commas for Addresses. H. Commas for Coordination and Subordination.
A. Using the Apostrophe for Contractions. B. Defining the Possessive. C. Using the Apostrophe to Show Possession (in Words That Do Not Already End in –S). D. Using the Apostrophe to Show Possession (in Words That Already End in -S).
30. Direct and Indirect Quotations.
A. Defining Direct and Indirect Quotations. B. Punctuating Simple Direct Quotations. C. Punctuating Split Quotations. D. Ending Direct Quotations.
31. Putting Your Proofreading Skills to Work.
Unit 7. Writing Assignments.
Unit 7. Review.
Unit 7. Writers’ Workshop: Explain a Cause or an Effect.
UNIT 8: IMPROVING YOUR SPELLING.
Each chapter in Unit 8 includes end-of-chapter features Chapter Highlights, Proofreading Strategy, Writing and Proofreading Assignments, Chapter Review, and Exploring Online.
A. Suggestions for Improving Your Spelling. B. Computer Spell Checkers. C. Spotting Vowels and Consonants. D. Doubling the Final Consonant (in Words of One Syllable). E. Doubling the Final Consonant (in Words of More Than One Syllable). F. Dropping or Keeping the Final E. G. Changing or Keeping the Final Y. H. Choosing IE or EI. I. Commonly Misspelled Words.
Unit 8. Writing Assignments.
Unit 8. Review.
Unit 8. Writers’ Workshop: Examine Positive (or Negative) Values.
UNIT 9: READING SELECTIONS AND QUOTATION BANK.
Reading Selections. Effective Reading Strategies for the Writer. Diane Sawyer, “Daring to Dream Big”. Maya Angelou, “Mrs. Flowers”. Sherman Alexie, “Superman and Me”. Firoozeh Dumas, “Hot Dogs and Wild Geese”. Leonard Pitts Jr., “Beauty Is Not Just Smaller Than Life”. Beve Stevenson, “A Day in the Life of an Emergency Room Nurse”. Ana Veciana-Suarez, “You Can Take This Job and . . . Well, It Might Surprise You”. Courtland Milloy, “The Gift”. Michaela Angela Davis, “Quitting Hip-Hop”. Richard Rodriguez, “Stuff”. Dave Barry, “Another Road Hog with Too Much Oink”. Rosa Parks, “Montgomery, Alabama, 1955”. Shoba Narayan, “In This Arranged Marriage, Love Came Later”. Malcolm X, “A Homemade Education”. Jack Riemer, “Playing a Violin with Three Strings”. Gary Soto, “The Jacket”. Amy Tan, “Four Directions”. Liza Gross, “The Hidden Life of Bottled Water”. Leo Buscaglia, “Papa, the Teacher”. Daniel Goleman, “Emotional Intelligence”. Quotation Bank.
APPENDIX 1: Parts of Speech Review.
APPENDIX 2: Some Guidelines for Students of English as a Second Language.
Index of Rhetorical Modes.
Index to the Readings.
Rhetorical Index to the Readings.
Cengage provides a range of supplements that are updated in coordination with the main title selection. For more information about these supplements, contact your Learning Consultant.
Grassroots with Readings: The Writer’s Workbook, 11th: Instructor’s Resource Manual with Test Bank
Streamline and maximize the effectiveness of your course preparation with this Instructor’s Resource Manual and Test Bank. The Manual includes unit and chapter-specific teaching suggestions and ideas, as well as suggestions for teaching the readings in Unit 9. The Test Bank includes two quizzes for every unit and chapter, plus diagnostic and mastery tests.
Cengage Learning Testing, powered by Cognero Instant Access
Cengage Learning testing powered by Cognero is a flexible, online system that allows you to author, edit, and manage test bank content from multiple Cengage Learning solutions (including the test banks already available for Grassroots). Multiple test versions can be created in an instant, and tests can be delivered from your LMS or your classroom.
Grassroots with Readings: The Writer’s Workbook, 11th: Student Answer Key
The Student Answer Key provides answers to all of the Practices in the text, so you have the option to use it to check student work (instead of the Annotated Instructor's Edition) or provide some answers to students for self-study.