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Brief and basic in its coverage, GRAMMAR TO GO offers students a unique focus on sentence diagramming that helps them visualize and understand how words connect. Perfect as a primary text or as a supplement for courses with an emphasis on learning basic grammar and punctuation skills, this edition incorporates a wide range of new material to help students hone their skills, including additional traditional practice sets, more integrated assignments, increased opportunities for writing practice, and expanded discussions of each chapter's content on the book-specific website. A new feature, "GrammarSpeak," provides guidance on common errors in daily speech and writing.
- Exercises throughout the text allow students to practice their grammar skills while learning about topics ranging from English literature to professional sports and the space program.
- A new feature, "GrammarSpeak," focuses on common errors in speech and writing. This edition includes new and revised practice sets, as well as additional integrated assignments.
- The text's student-friendly layout separates "quick tips," parts of speech, and common misunderstandings into easy-to-read boxes for quick reference.
- This edition includes access to expanded information on the companion website, including a step-by-step guide to the more complex diagramming of verbals and clauses.
- A quick diagramming guide appears on the inside front cover of the text for easy reference.
- Each chapter of the text concludes with two writing exercises. "Ready to Write" exercises require students to identify specific elements in a short passage, while "Write Now" activities reinforce the lesson by giving students the opportunity to practice what they've learned in their own composition.
- Unlike a handbook, this book helps students understand how language works, emphasizing understanding over memorization so that concepts and patterns become automatic as students move from simple to complex concepts.
- The authors teach students how to "see" the various parts of the sentence through the use of diagramming, enabling them to understand how words relate and connect based on their position and function on the diagram frame.
- Each chapter allows students to participate in the discovery of each rule through a process of reasoning and evaluating as they construct sentences within particular patterns.
- The authors minimize the amount of memorization students need to do at any one time, parceling information out as needed for each part of the process.
1. Getting Started.
Parts of Speech. Nouns. Pronouns. Verbs. Adjectives. Adverbs. Prepositions. Conjunctions. Interjections. Parts of Sentences. Verbs. Subjects.
2. Sentence Patterns.
Sentence Pattern 1: Subject/Verb. Diagramming Subject/Verb Sentence Patterns. Sentence Pattern 2: Subject/Verb/Direct Object. Diagramming Subject/Verb/Direct Object Sentence Patterns. Sentence Pattern 3: Subject/Verb/Indirect Object/Direct Object. Diagramming Subject/Verb/Indirect Object/Direct Object Sentence Patterns. Sentence Pattern 4: Subject/Verb/Direct Object/Object Complement. Diagramming Subject/Verb/Direct Object/Object Complement Sentence Patterns. Sentence Pattern 5: Subject/Linking Verb/Subject Complement. Diagramming Subject/Linking Verb/Subject Complement Sentence Patterns.
3. Adjectives and Adverbs.
Adjectives. Articles. Possessives. Parts of Speech. Proper Adjectives. Demonstrative Adjectives. Indefinite Adjectives. Interrogative Adjectives. Relative Adjectives. Numerical Adjectives. Predicate Adjectives. Adding Adjectives to the Diagram. Adverbs.
Prepositional Phrases. Prepositional Phrases as Adjectives and Adverbs. Adjective Phrases. Adverb Phrases. Adding Prepositional Phrases to the Diagram. Verb Phrases. Diagramming Verb Phrases. Appositive Phrases.
5. Verbals and Verbal Phrases.
Participles. Gerunds. Infinitives. Infinitives as Nouns. Infinitives as Adjectives. Infinitives as Adverbs.
6. Word Order Variations.
Questions. There is/are and There was/were. Commands and Requests.
Independent Clauses. Dependent Clauses. Adverb Clauses. Adjective Clauses. Noun Clauses.
8. Types of Sentences.
Classifying Sentences According to Structure. Simple Sentences. Compound Sentences. Compound Subjects and Verbs. Complex Sentences. Compound-Complex Sentences. Coordination and Subordination.
PART II: PUTTING THE BASICS TO WORK.
9. Sentence Fragments and Run-on Sentences.
11. Other Punctuation and Capitalization.
12. Pronoun Usage.
14. Modifier Usage.
15. Sentence Coherence: Logic, Parallelism, and Shifts.
16. Parts of Speech: Reference and Review.
Selected Answers to Chapter Exercises.