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With carefully crafted instruction, engaging student models, and plentiful practice exercises, this best-selling text continues to provide the most effective paragraph-essay level writing instruction available. EVERGREEN is structured around Susan Fawcett's proven MAP (model-analysis-practice) format--a careful, guiding pedagogy featuring minimal inductive instruction followed by varied practice designed to improve students' confidence and learning outcomes. Known for its superior essay coverage, EVERGREEN demonstrates each of the nine rhetorical patterns with two student sample essays (one in the third person, and one in the first person), and a graphic organizer. New to the Tenth Anniversary Edition is coverage of personal error tracking, including a new chapter, pull-out chart, and integrated exercises for each grammar and spelling chapter to help students identify, track and correct their own errors. The new edition also features an even stronger emphasis on critical thinking, with more exercises on critical thinking and viewing, and many more Teaching Tips designed to prompt critical thinking. Five new readings include selections by Jhumpa Lahiri, Malcolm Gladwell, and Ellen Goodman. Available with InfoTrac® Student Collections http://gocengage.com/infotrac.
- A new method for personal error tracking includes a chapter on proofreading techniques and tools for tracking individual errors. A removable error-pattern chart for student use and targeted proofreading strategies for every grammar and spelling chapter encourage students to identify and avoid their own most frequently made errors.
- Five new, high-interest reading selections by diverse, well-respected authors include Ellen Goodman on multitasking, Malcolm Gladwell on the role of hard work in success, and Jhumpa Lahiri on her experience of moving between two cultural worlds.
- InfoTrac® Student Collections are specialized databases expertly drawn from the Gale Academic One library. Each InfoTrac® Student Collection enhances the student learning experience in the specific course area related to the product. These specialized databases allow access to hundreds of scholarly and popular publications - all reliable sources - including journals, encyclopedias, and academic reports. Learn more and access at: http://gocengage.com/infotrac.
- Thorough and engaging critical-thinking coverage includes more Thinking and Writing Together activities, now called "Teamwork: Critical Thinking and Writing" and "Teamwork: Critical Viewing and Writing" to emphasize the role of visual analysis in critical literacy. The AIE also offers additional Teaching Tips focusing on critical thinking.
- More third-person and objective models and assignments promote college and career success. Each writing pattern now includes one third-person and one first-person sample student essay.
- Additional photos in the margins and updated images throughout help students hone their visual literacy and keep them engaged.
- Evergreen is easy to teach from for new instructors while offering flexibility to experienced ones. Clear organization, rich practices, and marginal ESL and Teaching Tips in the AIE help both adjuncts and veterans keep it fresh.
- Susan Fawcett's tested MAP format (Model-Analysis-Practice) first provides an example of the concept presented, then discusses the concept, and immediately provides an opportunity for hands-on practice.
- Numerous student models provide students with real, attainable examples of paragraphs and essays in the writing patterns.
- EVERGREEN provides the most thorough and engaging essay coverage, with student models for each writing pattern and graphic organizer diagrams that lead students through the process of writing an essay.
- Superior ESL coverage includes integrated practice opportunities for grammar and spelling, an ESL Appendix that focuses on particular ESL stumbling blocks, ESL Tip annotations in the AIE that suggest how and when to provide ESL instruction, and a separate Guide to Teaching Evergreen with ESL Students that provides specific assistance in teaching English language learners.
1. Exploring the Writing Process.
The Writing Process. Subject, Audience, and Purpose.
2. Prewriting to Generate Ideas.
Freewriting. Brainstorming. Clustering. Asking Questions. Keeping a Journal. Unit 1 Writers'' Workshop: Using One or Two of Your Five Senses, Describe a Place.
UNIT 2: DISCOVERING THE PARAGRAPH.
3. The Process of Writing Paragraphs.
Defining and Looking at the Paragraph. Narrowing the Topic and Writing the Topic Sentence. Generating Ideas for the Body. Selecting and Dropping Ideas. Arranging Ideas in a Plan or an Outline. Writing and Revising the Paragraph.
4. Achieving Coherence.
Coherence Through Order. Coherence Through Related Sentences. Unit 2 Writers'' Workshop: Discuss the Pressures of Living in Two Worlds.
UNIT 3:. DEVELOPING THE PARAGRAPHS.
Teamwork: Critical Thinking and Writing. Checklist: The Process of Writing an Illustration Paragraph. Suggested Topic Sentences for Illustration Paragraphs.
Teamwork: Critical Thinking and Writing. Checklist: The Process of Writing a Narrative Paragraph. Suggested Topics for Narrative Paragraphs.
Teamwork: Critical Viewing and Writing. Checklist: The Process of Writing a Descriptive Paragraph. Suggested Topics for Descriptive Paragraphs.
Teamwork: Critical Thinking and Writing. Checklist: The Process of Writing a Process Paragraph. Suggested Topics for Process Paragraphs.
Single-Sentence Definitions. The Definition Paragraph. Teamwork: Critical Thinking and Writing. Checklist: The Process of Writing a Definition Paragraph. Suggested Topics for Definition Paragraphs.
10. Comparison and Contrast.
The Contrast and the Comparison Paragraphs. Teamwork: Critical Thinking and Writing. Checklist: The Process of Writing a Comparison or Contrast Paragraph. Suggested Topics for Contrast or Comparison Paragraphs. The Comparison and Contrast Paragraph. Suggested Topics for Comparison and Contrast Paragraphs.
Teamwork: Critical Thinking and Writing. Checklist: The Process of Writing a Classification Paragraph. Suggested Topics for Classification Paragraphs.
12. Cause and Effect.
Teamwork: Critical Thinking and Writing. Checklist: The Process of Writing a Cause and Effect Paragraph. Suggested Topics for Cause and Effect Paragraphs.
Teamwork: Critical Viewing and Writing. Checklist: The Process of Writing a Persuasive Paragraph. Suggested Topics for Persuasive Paragraphs. Unit 3 Writers'' Workshop: Give Advice to College Writers.
UNIT 4: WRITING THE ESSAY.
14. The Process of Writing an Essay.
Looking at the Essay. Writing the Thesis Statement. Generating Ideas for the Body. Organizing Ideas into an Outline. Ordering and Linking Paragraphs in the Essay. Writing and Revising Essays. Checklist: The Process of Writing an Essay. Suggested Topics for Essays.
15. The Introduction, the Conclusion, and the Title.
The Introduction. The Conclusion. The Title.
16. Types of Essays I.
The Illustration Essay. Student Essays. Critical Viewing and Writing: Illustration. Planning and Writing the Illustration Essay. The Narrative Essay. Student Essays. Critical Viewing and Writing: Narrative. Planning and Writing the Narrative Essay. The Descriptive Essay. Student Essays. Critical Viewing and Writing: Description. Planning and Writing the Descriptive Essay. The Process Essay. Student Essays. Critical Viewing and Writing: Process. Planning and Writing the Process Essay. The Definition Essay. Student Essays. Critical Viewing and Writing: Definition. Planning and Writing the Definition Essay.
17. Types of Essays II.
The Comparison and the Contrast Essay. Student Essays. Critical Viewing and Writing: Comparison Contrast. Planning and Writing the Comparison and the Contrast Essay. The Classification Essay. Student Essays. Critical Viewing and Writing: Classification. Planning and Writing the Classification Essay. The Cause and Effect Essay. Student Essays. Critical Viewing and Writing: Cause and Effect. Planning and Writing the Cause and Effect Essay. The Persuasive Essay. Student Essays. Critical Viewing and Writing: Persuasion. Planning and Writing the Persuasive Essay.
18. Summarizing, Quoting, and Avoiding Plagiarism.
Avoiding Plagiarism. Writing a Summary. Checklist: The Process of Writing a Summary. Using Direct and Indirect Quotation (Paraphrase).
19. Strengthening an Essay with Research.
Improving an Essay with Research. Finding and Evaluating Outside Sources: Library and Internet. Adding Sources to Your Essay and Documenting Them Correctly.
20. Writing Under Pressure: The Essay Examination.
Budgeting Your Time. Reading and Understanding the Essay Question. Choosing the Correct Paragraph or Essay Pattern. Writing the Topic Sentence or the Thesis Statement. Checklist: The Process of Answering an Essay Question. Unit 4 Writers'' Workshop: Analyze a Social Problem.
UNIT 5: IMPROVING YOUR WRITING.
21. Revising for Consistency and Parallelism.
Consistent Tense. Consistent Number and Person. Parallelism.
22. Revising for Sentence Variety.
Mix Long and Short Sentences. Use a Question, a Command, or an Exclamation. Vary the Beginnings of Sentences. Vary Methods of Joining Ideas. Avoid Misplaced and Confusing Modifiers. Review and Practice.
23. Revising for Language Awareness.
Exact Language: Avoiding Vagueness. Concise Language: Avoiding Wordiness. Fresh Language: Avoiding Triteness. Figurative Language: Similes and Metaphors.
24. Putting Your Revision Skills to Work.
Unit 5 Writers'' Workshop: Examine Something That Isn''t What It Appears to Be.
UNIT 6: REVIEWING THE BASICS.
25. Proofreading to Correct Your Personal Error Patterns.
Identifying and Tracking Your Personal Error Patterns. Create a Personal Error Patterns Chart. Proofreading Strategies.
26. The Simple Sentence.
Defining and Spotting Subjects. Spotting Prepositional Phrases. Defining and Spotting Verbs. Proofreading Strategy.
27. Coordination and Subordination.
Coordination. Subordination. Semicolons. Conjunctive Adverbs. Teamwork: Critical Thinking and Writing. Review. Proofreading Strategy.
28. Avoiding Sentence Errors.
Avoiding Run-Ons and Comma Splices. Proofreading Strategy. Avoiding Fragments. Proofreading Strategy.
29. Present Tense (Agreement).
Defining Subject-Verb Agreement. Three Troublesome Verbs in the Present Tense: To Be, To Have, To Do. Special Singular Constructions. Separation of Subject and Verb. Sentences Beginning with There and Here. Agreement in Questions. Agreement in Relative Clauses. Proofreading Strategy.
30. Past Tense.
Regular Verbs in the Past Tense. Irregular Verbs in the Past Tense. A Troublesome Verb in the Past Tense: To Be. Troublesome Pairs in the Past Tense: Can/Could, Will/Would. Proofreading Strategy.
31. The Past Participle.
Past Participles of Regular Verbs. Past Participles of Irregular Verbs. Using the Present Perfect Tense. Using the Past Perfect Tense. Using the Passive Voice (To Be and the Past Participle). Using the Past Participle as an Adjective. Proofreading Strategy.
Defining Singular and Plural. Signal Words: Singular and Plural. Signal Words with _of_. Proofreading Strategy. Teamwork: Critical Thinking and Writing.
Defining Pronouns and Antecedents. Making Pronouns and Antecedents Agree. Referring to Antecedents Clearly. Special Problems of Case. Using Pronouns with -self and –selves. Proofreading Strategy.
Working with Prepositional Phrases. Prepositions in Common Expressions. Proofreading Strategy.
35. Adjectives and Adverbs.
Defining and Using Adjectives and Adverbs. The Comparative and the Superlative. A Troublesome Pair: Good/Well. Proofreading Strategy.
36. The Apostrophe.
The Apostrophe for Contractions. The Apostrophe for Ownership. Special Uses of the Apostrophe. Proofreading Strategy.
37. The Comma.
Commas for Items in a Series. Commas with Introductory Phrases, Transitional Expressions, and Parentheticals. Commas for Appositives. Commas with Nonrestrictive and Restrictive Clauses. Commas for Dates and Addresses. Minor Uses of the Comma. Proofreading Strategy.
Capitalization. Proofreading Strategy. Titles. Direct Quotations. Proofreading Strategy. Minor Marks of Punctuation.
39. Putting Your Proofreading Skills to Work. Proofreading Strategy.
Unit 6 Writers'' Workshop: Adopt a New Point of View.
UNIT 7: STRENGTHENING YOUR SPELLING.
Suggestions for Improving Your Spelling. Computer Spell Checkers. Spotting Vowels and Consonants. Doubling the Final Consonant (in Words of One Syllable). Doubling the Final Consonant (in Words of More Than One Syllable). Dropping or Keeping the Final E. Changing or Keeping the Final Y. Adding -S or –ES. Choosing IE or EI. Spelling Lists. Proofreading Strategy.
41. Look-Alikes/Sound-Alikes. Proofreading Strategy.
Unit 7 Writers'' Workshop: Discuss a Time When You Felt Blessed.
UNIT 8: READING SELECTIONS.
Reading Strategies for Writers. What Your Supermarket Knows About You, Martin Lindstrom. Multitasking or Mass ADD? Ellen Goodman. Only Daughter, Sandra Cisneros. A Brother''s Murder, Brent Staples. My Two Lives, Jhumpa Lahiri. Driving While Stupid, Dave Barry. When Greed Gives Way to Giving, Ana Veciana-Suarez. 10,000 Hours, Malcolm Gladwell. The Flip Side of Internet Fame, Jessica Bennett. How Not to Raise a Bully: The Early Roots of Empathy, Maia Szalavitz. Good Grammar Gets the Girl, Elissa Englund. On the Rez, Ian Frazier. Four Types of Courage, Karen Castellucci Cox. Book War, Wang Ping. A Risk-Free Life, Leonard Pitts, Jr. Dear Dads: Save Your Sons, Christopher N. Bacorn. Why the M Word Matters to Me, Andrew Sullivan. The Case for Torture, Michael Levin. Beauty: When the Other Dancer Is the Self, Alice Walker.
Appendix: Some Guidelines for Students of English as a Second Language.
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