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EVERGREEN combines carefully crafted instruction, high-interest readings and student models, and plentiful practice exercises to provide the most effective paragraph-to-essay-level Developmental Writing text on the market. The Ninth Edition includes expanded and revised coverage of writing essays, including an additional essay chapter and numerous additional student models. The new sections follow author Susan Fawcett's *MAP* (model-analysis-practice) format, which provides an example of a concept followed by clear description and analysis, and then the opportunity for immediate hands-on practice. Photographs and a colorful design, as well as high-interest readings by diverse authors, engage and motivate students and have special appeal to the visual learner. This edition is available with an interactive eBook that includes audio and video segments and online exercises. An Annotated Instructor's Edition provides answers for every exercise as well as teaching tips and ESL tips. An impressive suite of print and online supplements includes an instructor's manual, comprehensive test bank with diagnostic and mastery tests, a special teaching manual for using EVERGREEN with ESL students, and creative classroom exercises. Resources for students include additional practice exercises, student models, and information on avoiding plagiarism.

Susan Fawcett, Bronx Community College

Susan Fawcett is the author of two market-leading college composition textbooks: EVERGREEN: A GUIDE TO WRITING (11th Edition) and GRASSROOTS: THE WRITER'S WORKBOOK (12th Edition). Both texts have won the peer-juried McGuffey Award for sustained excellence, presented by the Text and Academic Authors Association. Ms. Fawcett holds degrees in English Literature from Ohio University and Columbia University; her honors include a Fulbright Fellowship to Birkbeck College, University of London and a Woodrow Wilson Fellowship. She found her calling as a Professor of English and Director of the Writing Lab at Bronx Community College, City University of New York, where, dismayed that existing textbooks didn't help her students learn, she began creating her own worksheets that soon became GRASSROOTS. Ms. Fawcett gave up her tenure to write full time--textbooks, poetry and articles on education and health. She has led faculty workshops throughout the United States and in South Africa.
  • Expanded coverage of essay writing includes a new chapter on Types of Essays; additional student models for each writing pattern; and graphic organizer diagrams that lead students through the process of writing an essay.
  • Additional content for the visual learner includes 20 new photographs to challenge and engage students, a color-coded essay template, and a colorful design that draws attention to main points and key features.
  • New student models throughout the text and in the Writer's Workshops at the ends of each unit provide realistic models for students' own writing.
  • New Learning Styles annotations in the Annotated Instructor's Edition point out how information about a student's learning style can be used to facilitate learning.
  • Seven new Reading Selections in Unit 8 feature diverse topics and authors, with high-interest selections such as Jessica Bennett's "The Flip Side of Internet Fame," Wang Ping's "Book War," and Andrew Sullivan's "Why the M Word Matters to Me."
  • Susan Fawcett's tested MAP format (Model-Analysis-Practice) first provides an example of the concept presented, then discusses the concept, and immediately provides an opportunity for hands-on practice.
  • Numerous student models provide students with real, attainable examples of paragraphs and essays in the writing patterns.
  • Full-color photographs and diagrams reinforce learning and help students learn to study and analyze visual images.
  • Superior ESL coverage includes integrated practice opportunities for grammar and spelling, an ESL Appendix that focuses on particular ESL stumbling blocks, ESL Tip annotations in the AIE that suggest how and when to provide ESL instruction, and a separate Guide to Teaching Evergreen with ESL Students that provides specific assistance in teaching English language learners.
1. Exploring the Writing Process.
The Writing Process. Subject, Audience, and Purpose.
2. Prewriting to Generate Ideas.
Freewriting. Brainstorming. Clustering. Asking Questions. Keeping a Journal. Unit 1 Writers'' Workshop: Using One or Two of Your Five Senses, Describe a Place.
3. The Process of Writing Paragraphs.
Defining and Looking at the Paragraph. Narrowing the Topic and Writing the Topic Sentence. Generating Ideas for the Body. Selecting and Dropping Ideas. Arranging Ideas in a Plan or an Outline. Writing and Revising the Paragraph.
4. Achieving Coherence.
Coherence Through Order. Coherence Through Related Sentences. Unit 2 Writers'' Workshop: Discuss the Pressures of Living in Two Worlds.
5. Illustration.
Thinking and Writing Together. Checklist: The Process of Writing an Illustration Paragraph. Suggested Topic Sentences for Illustration Paragraphs.
6. Narration.
Thinking and Writing Together. Checklist: The Process of Writing a Narrative Paragraph. Suggested Topics for Narrative Paragraphs.
7. Description.
Thinking and Writing Together. Checklist: The Process of Writing a Descriptive Paragraph. Suggested Topics for Descriptive Paragraphs.
8. Process.
Thinking and Writing Together. Checklist: The Process of Writing a Process Paragraph. Suggested Topics for Process Paragraphs.
9. Definition.
Single-Sentence Definitions. The Definition Paragraph. Thinking and Writing Together. Checklist: The Process of Writing a Definition Paragraph. Suggested Topics for Definition Paragraphs.
10. Comparison and Contrast.
The Contrast and the Comparison Paragraphs. Thinking and Writing Together. Checklist: The Process of Writing a Comparison or Contrast Paragraph. Suggested Topics for Contrast or Comparison Paragraphs. The Comparison and Contrast Paragraph. Suggested Topics for Comparison and Contrast Paragraphs.
11. Classification.
Thinking and Writing Together. Checklist: The Process of Writing a Classification Paragraph. Suggested Topics for Classification Paragraphs.
12. Cause and Effect.
Thinking and Writing Together. Checklist: The Process of Writing a Cause and Effect Paragraph. Suggested Topics for Cause and Effect Paragraphs.
13. Persuasion.
Thinking and Writing Together. Checklist: The Process of Writing a Persuasive Paragraph. Suggested Topics for Persuasive Paragraphs. Unit 3 Writers'' Workshop: Give Advice to College Writers.
14. The Process of Writing an Essay.
Looking at the Essay. Writing the Thesis Statement. Generating Ideas for the Body. Organizing Ideas into an Outline. Ordering and Linking Paragraphs in the Essay. Writing and Revising Essays. Checklist: The Process of Writing an Essay. Suggested Topics for Essays.
15. The Introduction, the Conclusion, and the Title.
The Introduction. The Conclusion. The Title.
16. Types of Essays I.
The Illustration Essay. Student Essays. Critical Thinking and Viewing: Illustration. Planning and Writing the Illustration Essay. The Narrative Essay. Student Essays. Critical Thinking and Viewing: Narration. Planning and Writing the Narrative Essay. The Descriptive Essay. Student Essays. Critical Thinking and Viewing: Description. Planning and Writing the Descriptive Essay. The Process Essay. Student Essays. Critical Thinking and Viewing: Process. Planning and Writing the Process Essay. The Definition Essay. Student Essays. Critical Thinking and Viewing: Definition. Planning and Writing the Definition Essay.
17. Types of Essays II.
The Comparison and the Contrast Essay. Student Essays. Critical Thinking and Viewing: Comparison Contrast. Planning and Writing the Comparison and the Contrast Essay. The Classification Essay. Student Essays. Critical Thinking and Viewing: Classification. Planning and Writing the Classification Essay. The Cause and Effect Essay. Student Essays. Critical Thinking and Viewing: Cause and Effect. Planning and Writing the Cause and Effect Essay. The Persuasive Essay. Student Essays. Critical Thinking and Viewing: Persuasion. Planning and Writing the Persuasive Essay.
18. Summarizing, Quoting, and Avoiding Plagiarism.
Avoiding Plagiarism. Writing a Summary. Checklist: The Process of Writing a Summary. Using Direct and Indirect Quotation.
19. Strengthening an Essay with Research.
Improving an Essay with Research. Finding and Evaluating Outside Sources: Library and Internet. Adding Sources to Your Essay and Documenting Them Correctly.
20. Writing Under Pressure: The Essay Examination.
Budgeting Your Time. Reading and Understanding the Essay Question. Choosing the Correct Paragraph or Essay Pattern. Writing the Topic Sentence or the Thesis Statement. Checklist: The Process of Answering an Essay Question. Unit 4 Writers'' Workshop: Analyze a Social Problem.
21. Revising for Consistency and Parallelism.
Consistent Tense. Consistent Number and Person. Parallelism.
22. Revising for Sentence Variety.
Mix Long and Short Sentences. Use a Question, a Command, or an Exclamation. Vary the Beginnings of Sentences. Vary Methods of Joining Ideas. Avoid Misplaced and Confusing Modifiers. Review and Practice.
23. Revising for Language Awareness.
Exact Language: Avoiding Vagueness. Concise Language: Avoiding Wordiness. Fresh Language: Avoiding Triteness. Figurative Language: Similes and Metaphors.
24. Putting Your Revision Skills to Work.
Unit 5 Writers'' Workshop: Examine Something That Isn''t What It Appears to Be.
25. The Simple Sentence.
Defining and Spotting Subjects. Spotting Prepositional Phrases. Defining and Spotting Verbs.
26. Coordination and Subordination.
Coordination. Subordination. Semicolons. Conjunctive Adverbs. Review.
27. Avoiding Sentence Errors.
Avoiding Run-Ons and Comma Splices. Avoiding Fragments.
28. Present Tense (Agreement).
Defining Subject-Verb Agreement. Three Troublesome Verbs in the Present Tense: To Be, To Have, To Do. Special Singular Constructions. Separation of Subject and Verb. Sentences Beginning with There and Here. Agreement in Questions. Agreement in Relative Clauses.
29. Past Tense.
Regular Verbs in the Past Tense. Irregular Verbs in the Past Tense. A Troublesome Verb in the Past Tense: To Be. Troublesome Pairs in the Past Tense: Can/Could, Will/Would.
30. The Past Participle.
Past Participles of Regular Verbs. Past Participles of Irregular Verbs. Using the Present Perfect Tense. Using the Past Perfect Tense. Using the Passive Voice (To Be and the Past Participle). Using the Past Participle as an Adjective.
31. Nouns.
Defining Singular and Plural. Signal Words: Singular and Plural. Signal Words with of.
32. Pronouns.
Defining Pronouns and Antecedents. Making Pronouns and Antecedents Agree. Referring to Antecedents Clearly. Special Problems of Case. Using Pronouns with -self and –selves.
33. Prepositions.
Working with Prepositional Phrases. Prepositions in Common Expressions.
34. Adjectives and Adverbs.
Defining and Using Adjectives and Adverbs. The Comparative and the Superlative. A Troublesome Pair: Good/Well.
35. The Apostrophe.
The Apostrophe for Contractions. The Apostrophe for Ownership. Special Uses of the Apostrophe.
36. The Comma.
Commas for Items in a Series. Commas with Introductory Phrases, Transitional Expressions, and Parentheticals. Commas for Appositives. Commas with Nonrestrictive and Restrictive Clauses. Commas for Dates and Addresses. Minor Uses of the Comma.
37. Mechanics.
Capitalization. Titles. Direct Quotations. Minor Marks of Punctuation.
38. Putting Your Proofreading Skills to Work.
Unit 6 Writers'' Workshop: Adopt a New Point of View.
39. Spelling.
Suggestions for Improving Your Spelling. Computer Spell Checkers. Spotting Vowels and Consonants. Doubling the Final Consonant (in Words of One Syllable). Doubling the Final Consonant (in Words of More Than One Syllable). Dropping or Keeping the Final E. Changing or Keeping the Final Y. Adding -S or –ES. Choosing IE or EI. Spelling Lists.
40. Look-Alikes/Sound-Alikes.
Unit 7 Writers'' Workshop: Discuss a Time When You Felt Blessed.
Reading Strategies for Writers. How Sunglasses Spanned the World. Hunger, Nilsa Mariano. The Flip Side of Internet Fame, Jessica Bennett. A Brother''s Murder, Brent Staples. Dear Dads: Save Your Sons, Christopher N. Bacorn. Only Daughter, Sandra Cisneros. Good Grammar Gets the Girl, Elissa Englund. A Risk-Free Life, Leonard Pitts, Jr. When Greed Gives Way to Giving, Ana Veciana-Suarez. Two Ways to Belong in America, Bharati Mukherjee. Cell Yell: Thanks for (Not) Sharing, Eric A. Taub. Driving While Stupid, Dave Barry. Book War, Wang Ping. Four Types of Courage, Karen Castellucci Cox. On the Rez, Ian Frazier. Why the M Word Matters to Me, Andrew Sullivan. The Case for Torture, Michael Levin. Beauty: When the Other Dancer Is the Self, Alice Walker.
Quotation Bank.
Appendix: Some Guidelines for Students of English as a Second Language.
Rhetorical Index.

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