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Energy: Its Use and the Environment 5th Edition

Roger A. Hinrichs, Merlin H. Kleinbach

  • Published
  • Previous Editions 2006, 2002, 1996
  • 640 Pages

Overview

ENERGY: ITS USE AND THE ENVIRONMENT, Fifth Edition, emphasizes the physical principles behind energy and its effects on our environment. The text explains the basic physical principles behind the use of energy, including the study of mechanics, electricity and magnetism, thermodynamics, and atomic and nuclear physics. It also covers crucial environmental questions that currently are receiving much public attention, such as global warming, radioactive waste, municipal solid waste, and nuclear energy production materials. The text can be used in physics, technology, physical science, and environmental science courses for non-science majors. Many of the standard topics found in introductory physics textbooks are included. As a result, this book can be used as the text in a conceptual physics course with energy as the central theme. No math or other science prerequisite is necessary.

Roger A. Hinrichs, State University of New York, Oswego

Roger Hinrichs has been Professor of Physics and department chair at SUNY-Oswego, where he taught energy related courses for over 25 years. His training is in experimental nuclear physics, and his research involves studies of trace materials in environmental and biological samples using PIXE with Oswego's Van de Graaff particle accelerator. He has an interest in energy use in developing countries, and spent time in Kenya and India as well as a year as a Fulbright Scholar in the sultanate of Oman. He co-directs the Institute in Energy Education, a program for secondary school science and technology teachers. In its 20 years, this program has impacted over 500,000 students and has won numerous awards. Dr. Hinrichs also supports active inquiry-based learning in the classroom; some of the activities in this text come from, or are part of, his course "Physics for Elementary Education Majors." He has worked as a consultant at local, state, and national levels on matters of energy policy and energy technologies. Presently, he is a visiting professor at the Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar.

Merlin H. Kleinbach, State University of New York, Oswego

Merlin H. Kleinbach received his Bachelor's degree from Westmar College, IA; his Masters degree from Colorado State College, 1955; and a doctorate in education from the University of Missouri in 1959. He has taught high school science and industrial arts in Colorado, and college courses in woodworking technology, metals technology, and basic electronics as well as Professional Education graduate courses for seven years at Wayne State College in Nebraska. Given an opportunity to teach and travel overseas, he took a position at Haile Selassie I University in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, for four years (1966-1970), assisting in developing a teacher education program to prepare technology teachers for the newly developed comprehensive school program there. The University employed faculty from several dozen different countries from around the world, providing real insights into other cultures, their concerns, and potential. During this period, he and his family traveled extensively to countries in Europe, Africa, and Asia.
  • New features include new and revised content for better clarity and depth of information to support student understanding of key concepts, including:
  • Heat transfer basics are discussed in Chapters 4 and 5, then applied to questions of how to keep the heat in your house (Chapter 5) and solar heating (Chapter 6).
  • Basic electricity (circuits, statics) are discussed in Chapter 10 and applied to electric-powered vehicles (EVs) (Chapter 10) and photovoltaic (PV) and wind situations (Chapter 12).
  • Conservation of energy is developed in Chapters 2 and 3 and applied to energy examples of power plants and houses in Chapters 3 and 4.
  • Throughout initial chapters, examples of energy use in developing countries are used in Focus-On boxes: China (Chapter 1), India (Chapter 2), less developed countries (Chapter 3); and a look at air pollution (Chapter 8).
  • Basic ideas are strengthened through Activities that students can complete at home or in class. Examples include Energy Mechanics (Newton's Laws - Activity 2.2), Energy Conservation (Activity 3.1), Heat Transfer (Activity 5.1), Solar Collectors (Activity 6.2), and Electricity Statics (Activity 10.1).
  • Current design of nuclear power plants is discussed in Chapter 14, and the uses of radiation is discussed in Chapter 15 in a non-biased way.
  • The authors integrate the complex questions of energy policy and possible energy strategies. There are no simple answers or single alternatives that can provide all of our energy needs, preserve our economic prosperity, and protect our environment. Hence, questions (many unanswered) are brought up throughout the book to encourage readers to critically think ahead and begin to develop their own solutions.
  • The theme of energy conservation is emphasized with examples throughout, rather than in a separate chapter, because the efficient use of energy should be of utmost concern in every area. Practical suggestions inspire readers to evaluate their roles in using energy more effectively.
  • "Activities" provide hands-on opportunities to engage in experiments that reinforce the material covered. These are both integrated into the chapters and placed at their ends. Examples include the construction of a simple shoebox model to examine solar heating, an experiment to study heat transfer from insulated soda-pop cans, and an investigation of atmospheric particulates.
  • The environmental impact of fossil-fuel consumption is emphasized, in part by placing chapters that discuss fossil-fuel use, air pollution, and global warming material early in the text.
  • Residential use of energy is emphasized through many examples that are relevant to the home. Analysis of heat losses in the home and ways to reduce them are covered in Chapter 5, and a home-energy audit is included in the appendices.
  • The principles of nuclear power and the current debate over radioactive waste disposal are covered in depth to facilitate up-to-date understanding of the current debate over radioactive waste disposal.
  • International perspectives on energy are emphasized throughout. Although the book primarily focuses on the United States' use of energy, political events in other parts of the world can have important effects on domestic economy. Attention also is focused on those people who live in developing countries, where energy plays a critical role.
  • The "How Would You Choose" feature emphasizes the impact that energy issues have on personal affairs and electoral patterns. Introduced at the start of each chapter and revisited at the chapter's end, this feature asks students to create and support a valid critical argument on a relevant energy issue.
  • Fully revised and updated to reflect the most current material, including: the impact of the 2011 earthquake and tsunami in Japan, the 2005 U.S. energy policy bill, increased ethanol production from corn, the reawakening of nuclear power, new information on fuel cells and hydrogen economy, and an expanded discussion on global warming.
1. Introduction.
2. Energy Mechanics.
3. Conservation of Energy.
4. Heat and Work.
5. Home Energy Conservation and Heat-Transfer Control.
6. Solar Energy: Characteristics and Heating.
7. Energy from Fossil Fuels.
8. Air Pollution and Energy Use.
9. Global Warming and Thermal Pollution.
10. Electricity: Circuits and Superconductors.
11. Electromagnetism and the Generation of Electricity.
12. Electricity from Solar, Wind, and Hydro.
13. The Building Blocks of Matter:
14. Nuclear Power: Fission.
15. Effects and Uses of Radiation.
16. Future Energy Alternatives: Fusion.
17. Biomass: From Plants to Garbage.
18. Tapping the Earth's Heat: Geothermal Energy.
19. A National and Personal Commitment.
Appendix A: Units of Measurement and Powers of Ten Notation.
Appendix B: Conversions and Equivalencies.
Appendix C: Home Heating Analysis.
Appendix D: Insolation and Temperature Data for Selected U.S. Cities.
Appendix E: World Energy Consumption, 2009.
Appendix F: U.S. Consumption of Energy by Source, 1949–2009.
Appendix G: U.S. Energy Intensity, 1970–2009.
Glossary.
Index.

Textbook Only Options

Traditional eBook and Print Options

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  • ISBN-10: 1133785867
  • ISBN-13: 9781133785866
  • STARTING AT $17.99

  • STARTING AT $28.49

  • ISBN-10: 1111990832
  • ISBN-13: 9781111990831
  • Bookstore Wholesale Price $135.00
  • RETAIL $179.95

Cengage provides a range of supplements that are updated in coordination with the main title selection. For more information about these supplements, contact your Learning Consultant.

FOR INSTRUCTORS

Online Instructor's Manual

ISBN: 9781133109075
Contains instructor’s notes, answers to selected end-of-chapter questions, classroom demonstrations, a test bank, and worksheets for complete mini-labs that can be printed and assigned.