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A Concise Introduction to Logic 13th Edition

Patrick J. Hurley

  • Copyright 2018
  • Published
  • Available with:
  • MindTap
  • Aplia

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Overview

A CONCISE INTRODUCTION TO LOGIC is #1 in its market for good reason. In the thirteenth edition, Patrick Hurley and new co-author Lori Watson continue the lucid, focused, and accessible presentation of logic, both formal and informal. Extensive, carefully sequenced exercises guide students toward greater proficiency with the skills they are learning. The exercises' range and volume allow self-pacing, so students can build skills methodically and work up to more difficult problems. Also available: the MindTap® digital solution -- featuring gradable, interactive versions of many of this edition's exercises; the Aplia™ online homework solution; Learning Logic multimedia tutorials; video clips covering difficult topics; and a complete eBook.

Meet the Author

Patrick J. Hurley, University of San Diego

Patrick Hurley was born in Spokane, Washington in 1942. He received his bachelor's degree in mathematics (with a second major in philosophy and a physics minor) from Gonzaga University in 1964 and his Ph.D. in philosophy of science with an emphasis in history of philosophy from Saint Louis University in 1973. In 1972, he began teaching at the University of San Diego, where his courses included logic, philosophy of science, metaphysics, process philosophy, and legal ethics. In 1987, he received his J.D. from the University of San Diego, and he is currently a member of the California Bar Association. He retired from teaching in 2008, but continues his research and writing, including work on A Concise Introduction to Logic. His interests include music, art, opera, environmental issues, fishing, and skiing. He is married to Dr. Linda Peterson, who retired from teaching philosophy at the University of San Diego in 2015.

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Features & Benefits

  • Concise explanations, coupled with clear examples, reinforce learning and provide support in completing exercises.
  • Key terms, introduced in boldface type, are clearly defined. Central concepts are carefully explained and graphically illustrated in colored boxes throughout the book.
  • Many of the examples and exercises are taken from textbooks, newspapers and magazines to give the book a real-life flavor.
  • Biographical vignettes of prominent logicians appear throughout the book and give logic a human face.
  • A guide to important rules and argument forms is given both on the inside covers for ready access and on a detachable two-page card.
  • Dialogue exercises, which illustrate the application of logical principles to real-life situations, appear throughout the book.
  • Venn diagrams for syllogisms are presented in a novel and more effective way, using color to identify the relevant areas.
  • End-of-chapter summaries facilitate student review, and practice tests for each chapter appear in MindTap®.
  • Unmatched by other Logic titles, A Concise Introduction to Logic features a 600-page, author-generated test bank with machine-gradable questions - a great time-saver.
  • "Learning Logic," a multimedia interactive tutorial program, available on MindTap®, teaches the basics of the entire course in a user-friendly way. No other book offers anything like this feature. This feature has 10,000 individually recorded audio files and 2,000 exercises not found in the book.
  • The book is accompanied by Aplia™, an online homework solution designed specifically for use with Hurley's A CONCISE INTRODUCTION TO LOGIC. Aplia helps philosophy students improve their reasoning and critical-thinking skills with ample practice and detailed explanations. Grades are automatically recorded in the instructor's Aplia grade-book, saving instructors valuable time.
  • More than 2,700 carefully sequenced exercises give students ample practice and help them move from simple to complex logic skills.

Table of Contents

A Concise Introduction to Logic

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Part I: INFORMAL LOGIC.
1. Basic Concepts.
Arguments, Premises, and Conclusions. Exercise. Recognizing Arguments. Exercise. Deduction and Induction. Exercise. Validity, Truth, Soundness, Strength, Cogency. Exercise. Argument Forms: Proving Invalidity. Exercise. Extended Arguments. Exercise.
2. Language: Meaning and Definition.
Varieties of Meaning. Exercise. The Intension and Extension of Terms. Exercise. Definitions and Their Purposes. Exercise. Definitional Techniques. Exercise. Criteria for Lexical Definitions. Exercise.
3. Informal Fallacies.
Fallacies in General. Exercise. Fallacies of Relevance. Exercise. Fallacies of Weak Induction. Exercise. Fallacies of Presumption, Ambiguity, and Illicit Transference. Exercise. Fallacies in Ordinary Language. Exercise.
Part II: FORMAL LOGIC.
4. Categorical Propositions.
The Components of Categorical Propositions. Exercise. Quality, Quantity, and Distribution. Exercise. Venn Diagrams and the Modern Square of Opposition. Exercise. Conversion, Obversion, and Contraposition. Exercise. The Traditional Square of Opposition. Exercise. Venn Diagrams and the Traditional Standpoint. Exercise. Translating Ordinary Language Statements into Categorical Form. Exercise.
5. Categorical Syllogisms.
Standard Form, Mood, and Figure. Exercise. Venn Diagrams. Exercise. Rules and Fallacies. Exercise. Reducing the Number of Terms. Exercise. Ordinary Language Arguments. Exercise. Enthymemes. Exercise. Sorites. Exercise.
6. Propositional Logic.
Symbols and Translation. Exercise. Truth Functions. Exercise. Truth Tables for Propositions. Exercise. Truth Tables for Arguments. Exercise. Indirect Truth Tables. Exercise. Argument Forms and Fallacies. Exercise.
7. Natural Deduction in Propositional Logic.
Rules of Implication I. Exercise. Rules of Implication II. Exercise. Rules of Replacement I. Exercise. Rules of Replacement II. Exercise. Conditional Proof. Exercise. Indirect Proof. Exercise. Proving Logical Truths. Exercise.
8. Predicate Logic
Symbols and Translation. Exercise. Using the Rules of Inference. Exercise. Quantifier Negation Rule. Exercise. Conditional and Indirect Proof. Exercise. Proving Invalidity. Exercise. Relational Predicates and Overlapping Quantifiers. Exercise. Identity. Exercise.
Part III: INDUCTIVE LOGIC.
9. Analogy and Legal and Moral Reasoning.
Analogical Reasoning. Legal Reasoning. Moral Reasoning. Exercise.
10. Causality and Mill''s Methods.
"Cause" and Necessary and Sufficient Conditions. Mill''s Five Methods. Mill''s Methods and Science. Exercise.
11. Probability.
Theories of Probability. The Probability Calculus. Exercise.
12. Statistical Reasoning.
Evaluating Statistics. Samples. The Meaning of "Average." Dispersion. Graphs and Pictograms. Percentages. Exercise.
13. Hypothetical/Scientific Reasoning.
The Hypothetical Method. Hypothetical Reasoning: Four Examples from Science. The Proof of Hypotheses. The Tentative Acceptance of Hypotheses. Exercise.
14. Science and Superstition.
Distinguishing Between Science and Superstition. Evidentiary Support. Objectivity. Integrity. Concluding Remarks. Exercise.
Answers to Selected Exercises.
Glossary/Index.
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