Half Title Page.
Introduction: Organized Crime 2006: A Global Overview of Current Events, Recent Trends, and Emerging Patterns.
1: Organized Crime, Criminal Groups, and National and Regional Threats.
2: A. Historical Antecedents of Organized Crime.
3: Organized Crime throughout History: Renaissance and Early Modern Period.
4: The History and Evolution of Organized Crime: United States.
5: American Mafia.
6: Ethnic Group Involvement in Organized Crime: Historical Perspectives and Emerging Trends.
7: The Historical Impact of Organized Crime on American Society.
8: Film and Television Portrayals of Organized Crime.
9: B. Organized Crime: Definitions, Theories, Concepts, Structure, and Function.
10: The Activities of Transnational Organized Crime.
11: Causation Theories and Concepts of Organized Criminal Behavior.
12: Characteristics and Operational Tactics of Organized Crime.
13: Concept of Transnational Organized Crime.
14: Defining Organized Crime: Economic, Legal, and Social Factors.
15: Difficulties in Applying Generic Conceptualizations of Organized Crime to Specific National Circumstances.
16: Structure and Functional Organization of Criminal Groups.
17: Traditional and Nontraditional Organized Crime Groups.
18: C. Global, Regional and National.
19: National and International Threats: Regional Profiles.
20: Organized Crime in Africa.
21: Organized Crime in Asia.
22: Triads and Tongs: Asian Organized Crime in America.
23: Organized Crime in Australia: Drug Trafficking and Human Smuggling.
24: Organized Crime in the Balkans and Implications for Regional Security.
25: Bosnia-Herzegovina: The Political-Criminal Nexus.
26: The Jogo Do Bicho: Brazil's Illicit Lottery.
27: Transnational Crime in the Caribbean Region.
28: Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean.
29: The Central Asian Republics.
30: Child Sex Trafficking in Cambodia.
31: Organized Crime in Eastern Europe.
32: Europe: Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Western Europe, the Baltic States, and the European Union.
33: Gang Crimes: Latino Gangs in America.
34: International Organized Crime and Its Impact on U.S. National Security.
35: Crime and Corruption in Japan: The Yakuza.
36: The Relationship between Politics and Organized Crime in Latin America.
37: North America.
38: Arms and Drug Trafficking: The Case of North Korea.
39: Drug Trafficking in Northern Ireland.
40: The International Arm of Russian Organized Crime: Russian Mafiya.
41: Organized Crime in South America.
42: Organized Criminal Activity in South America's Tri-Border Region.
43: Turkish Organized Crime: Heroin Trafficking and Money Laundering Operations.
44: Child Trafficking in West Africa.
45: Criminal Enterprises and Sources of Financing.
46: A. Criminal Enterprises: Trafficking and Other Illegal Business Activities of Organized Crime.
47: Bribery and Corruption of Police Officials.
48: Consumer-Driven Crimes: Drugs, Gambling, and Prostitution.
49: Criminal Copyright Infringement: Pirating of Electronics, Music, and Computer Software.
50: Criminal Motor Vehicle Theft and Trafficking.
51: Criminal Trafficking and Trade in Counterfeit Consumer Products.
52: Drug Trafficking and Organized Crime: The Rise and Evolution of International Drug Cartels.
53: Fuel Racketeering, Motor-Fuel Tax Fraud, and Illegal Export Smuggling.
54: Gambling: Numbers and Bookmaking.
55: The Global Sex Trade: Commercial Sex, Pornography, and International Sex Tourism, a Multibillion-Dollar Industry.
56: The Historical Involvement of Organized Crime in Labor Racketeering.
57: Illegal Gambling and Loan-Sharking.
58: Illegal Trading in Diamonds, Gems, and Precious Metals.
59: International Trafficking of Men, Women, and Children.
60: Murder for Hire: Assassination and Contract Killings.
61: Nontraditional Organized Crime: Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs.
62: The Relationship between Legitimate and Illegal Markets.
63: The RICO Statute: An Overview.
64: Trafficking in Persons and Human Organs.
65: Trafficking in Stolen Art, Antiques, and Cultural Property.
66: B. Financial Crimes, Fraud, and Money Laundering.
67: Computer Intrusions and Intellectual Property Theft.
68: Credit, Insurance, and Securities Fraud and Fraudulent Bankruptcies.
69: Foreign Economic Espionage: Theft of Trade and High-Tech Secrets.
70: Global Efforts to Combat Money Laundering: The Egmont Group and the Financial Action Task Force.
71: Health Care Fraud: An Emerging Criminal Enterprise.
72: Identity Theft, Fraud, and Criminal Activity.
73: International Money Laundering Control: Law Enforcement Issues.
74: Money Laundering and the Global Financial System.
75: Offshore Financial Services: Bank Secrecy Jurisdictions and Offshore Banking.
76: The Process of Money Laundering: Placement, Layering, and Integration.
77: Money Laundering, Tax Evasion, and Financial Havens.
78: Money Laundering: Typologies, Methods, and Current Trends.
79: Organized Theft Rings: Interstate Theft and Transportation of Stolen Property.
80: Product Counterfeiting Operations of Organized Criminal Groups.
81: Securities Fraud and Stock Manipulation Schemes.
82: Tax Evasion and Trust Schemes.
83: Trade, Banking, and Financial Institution Fraud.
84: The Global Impact of Organized Crime.
85: A. The Globalization of Crime.
86: Criminal Infiltration of Legitimate Businesses and Industries.
87: Economic, Political, and Social Impact of Transnational Organized Crime.
88: Environmental Crime: The Illegal Storage and Disposal of Hazardous and Toxic Waste.
89: Global Crime Victimization: Impact on Social Order and Democracy.
90: Internet Extortion and Information Security.
91: Strategic Alliances between Organized Crime Groups.
92: Transnational Crime and Its Impact on International Security.
93: B. Transporter Crime and Smuggling Networks and Piracy.
94: Attacks on Commercial Vessels: Piracy in the Malacca Strait and South China Sea.
95: Drugs, Guns, and Armed Conflict.
96: Human Smuggling and Trafficking of Migrants and Illegal Aliens: A Global Overview.
97: Maritime Smuggling of Migrants.
98: Organized Crime, the Russian Military, and Nuclear Smuggling.
99: Snakeheads and Human Migrant Smuggling: China's Fujian Province.
100: C. Illegal Drugs, Trade, and Trafficking.
101: Drug Production and Trafficking in the Western Hemisphere: The Andean Region of South America.
102: The Global Cocaine Trade: Coca Cultivation, Cocaine Production, and Distribution.
103: The Global Opium Trade: Cultivation, Production, and Distribution.
104: Mexican Organized Crime: Drug Cartels.
105: Social and Economic Impact of the Drug Trade: A Global Perspective.
106: Violence, Drugs, and Organized Crime.
107: D. Non-State Actors: International Criminals and Terrorists.
108: Drug Trafficking, Transnational Crime, and International Terrorist Groups.
109: Financial Networks of Global Terrorism.
110: Has Al-Qaeda Acquired Nuclear Weapons? The State of Existing Knowledge.
111: Organized Crime, Nonstate Actors, and Weak or Failed States.
112: Terrorism and Transnational Organized Crime in Comparative Perspective.
113: Underground Commerce: Black Markets.
114: E. International Measures to Combat Organized Crime and Corruption.
115: Combating Transnational Organized Crime: Technical and Legal Issues.
116: The Concept and Role of International Financial Intelligence Units.
117: The Criminal Intelligence Process and Organized Crime.
118: Current International Efforts to Combat Organized Crime.
119: Extradition and Mutual Legal Assistance Treaties.
120: Human Smuggling and Trafficking: The Limitations of Official Statistics.
121: International Efforts to Combat Human Trafficking.
122: International Initiatives Dealing with the Abuse and Trafficking of Illegal Drugs.
123: The 2000 United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (Palermo Convention).
124: F. National and International Law Enforcement and Intelligence Agencies.
125: Australian Crime Commission.
126: Canadian Security Intelligence Service.
127: Caribbean Financial Action Task Force.
128: Central Intelligence Agency.
129: Criminal Intelligence Service of Canada.
130: Direzione Investigativa Antimafia, Italy.
131: U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration.
133: Federal Bureau of Investigation.
134: Financial Crimes Enforcement Network.
135: International AntiCounterfeiting Coalition (IACC).
136: International Atomic Energy Agency.
137: International Criminal Court.
138: International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol).
139: International Law Enforcement Academies.
140: National Crime Authority.
141: National Criminal Intelligence Service (United Kingdom).
142: Serious Organised Crime Agency (United Kingdom).
143: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.
144: Task Force to Fight Illicit Trafficking in Cultural Property Stolen in Iraq.
145: U.S. Customs and Border Protection.
146: G. Future Direction of Global Organized Crime and Its Control.
147: Organized Crime Control: The Merger of International Law Enforcement and Intelligence Operations.
148: Organized Crime Studies: An Agenda for Future Research.
149: Directory of Major Organized Criminal Groups.
150: Aboriginal-Based Criminal Groups, Canada.
151: Albanian Mafia.
152: Alperon Crime Organization (Israel).
153: Asian Gangs.
154: Azerbaijani Groups.
155: Balkan Crime Groups.
156: Big Circle Boys.
157: Black Gangster Disciples.
158: Born to Kill.
159: Cambodian Crime Groups.
160: Chechen Criminal Gangs.
161: Chinatown Gangs.
162: Chinese Triads.
163: Colombian Drug Cartels.
164: La Cosa Nostra (Sicilian Mafia) Italy.
165: Dragon Syndicates.
166: East European-Based Criminal Groups.
167: Fuk Ching.
168: Gang Crime (International Street and Prison Gangs).
169: Georgian Mafiya.
170: Great Circle Triad.
171: Jamaican Criminal Organizations: Shower Posse.
172: Khalil Kharfan Organization.
173: Kuratong Balaleng (Philippines).
174: Latino Gangs.
175: Malina Organizatsia.
176: Marielito Gangs.
177: Mexican Federation.
178: ‘Ndrangheta: The Calabrian Mafia (Italy).
179: Neapolitan Camorra (Italy).
180: Nigerian Criminal Organizations.
181: Odessa Mafiya.
183: Russian Mafiya.
184: Sacra Corona Unita.
185: South African Crime Groups.
186: Sun Yee On.
187: Taiwan's Triads.
188: 14K (Hong Kong).
189: Tiendaomeng Crime Syndicate.
190: Turkish/Kurdish Gangs.
191: Turkish Mafia.
192: Ukrainian Mafia.