Education in China

  • Yuan Guiren
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 9814698059
  • ISBN-13: 9789814698054
  • 0 Pages | Print | Hardcover
  • © 2015 | Published



China has a long cultural and educational tradition for over 5,000 years. Ancient schools began to take shape before the year 1100 BC. In the early 20th century, the governments of the Qing Dynasty and the Republic of China established the classroom education system after reviewing similar systems in Japan and the United States. Before the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, over 80% of the country’s population was illiterate and the enrollment rate of primary school-age children was as low as around 20%. Education in China seeks to present a comprehensive overview of the Chinese educational system at all levels, from primary and secondary schools to vocational schools, colleges and universities, covering important topics, such as educational legislation, administration, management, student admission and employment, and continuing education, that took place in Chinese educational institutions over a span of 60 years (1949–2009). The book examines how each educational system was adapted to meet the issues encountered, both domestic and foreign, at different stages of development. The book also describes how education is provided for the ethnic minorities and special groups, and one chapter is devoted to the nongovernmental education system. Topics such as the training and development of teachers, research in education, the application of information technology in all aspects of education, and international exchanges at each level of the education system are described toward the end of the book.

Meet the Author

Author Bio

Yuan Guiren

Yuan Guiren was born in Anhui Province in November 1950. He is a full professor with master’s and bachelor’s degrees in philosophy from Beijing Normal University (BNU). He started his academic career as a lecturer and deputy dean of BNU’s department of philosophy. Between 1998 and 1999, he was the Assistant Mayor of Beijing and Director-General of the Beijing Municipal Education Commission. Professor Yuan served as BNU’s Executive Vice President from 1995 to 1996 and President from 1999 to 2001. In 2001, he was appointed Vice Minister of Education. He was appointed Minister of Education in 2009 and was re-elected in 2013. He is a member of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC), a member of the 17th Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the CPC, and a deputy to the National Committee of the 9th and 10th Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference.