Poverty in the United States: A Documentary and Reference Guide, 1st Edition

  • John R. Burch Jr.
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1440858500
  • ISBN-13: 9781440858505
  • DDC: 344.7303
  • 448 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2018 | Published/Released March 2019
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2018

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Poverty has always been a part of the fabric of American life, and this installment in the Documentary and Reference Guides series fills the gaps left by most educational treatments of the subject, beginning with an examination of poverty at the state and local levels as it was during the early 19th century. A federal plan for addressing poverty was not devised until Franklin Delano Roosevelt launched the New Deal in the 1930s. As these 70 chronologically arranged documents illustrate, the unfinished business of the New Deal, interrupted by World War II, culminated in new legislation during John F. Kennedy's New Frontier and Lyndon B. Johnson's War on Poverty; progress, however, fell victim to the Vietnam War, ushering in decades of rollbacks under presidents of both parties. Noted scholar and librarian John R. Burch Jr. provides thorough coverage of these and contemporary events throughout which poverty has endured, including the Great Recession of 2008-2009, the minimum wage debate, and the Affordable Care Act and attempts to repeal it.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Recent Titles in Documentary and Reference Guides.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Reader’s Guide to Related Documents and Sidebars.
Preface.
Introduction.
Native Americans.
1: “To Provide for an Exchange of Lands with the Indians Residing in Any of the States or Territories”.
2: “To Provide for the Allotment of Lands in Severalty to Indians on the Various Reservations”.
3: “An Overwhelming Majority of the Indians Are Poor, Even Extremely Poor”.
4: “To Conserve and Develop Indian Lands and Resources”.
5: “The Following Named Indian Tribes and Individual Members Thereof, Should Be Freed from Federal Supervision and Control”.
6: “The Prolonged Federal Domination of Indian Service Programs Has Served to Retard Rather Than Enhance the Progress of Indian People and Their Communities”.
Early Local and State Perspectives.
7: “There Must Be, in the Nature of Things, Numerous and Minute Shades of Difference Between, the Pauper, Who, Through Impotency, Can Do Absolutely Nothing, and the Pauper, Who Is Able to Do Something, but That, Very Little.”.
8: “Very Clear and Decided Evidence of, the Success of the Poor House System”.
9: “Consider the Case of Those Whose Services Are So Inadequately Remunerated”.
10: “I Refer to Idiots and Insane Persons, Dwelling in Circumstances Not Only Adverse to Their Own Physical and Moral Improvement, but Productive of Extreme Disadvantages to All Other Persons Brought into Association with Them”.
11: “The Boundary Line of the Other Half Lies through the Tenements”.
12: “To Regulate the Treatment and Control of Dependent, Neglected and Delinquent Children”.
13: “The Tenement House System Has Become Fraught with So Much Danger to the Welfare of the Community”.
14: “The Wealth of the Rich Is Their Strong City; the Destruction of the Poor Is Their Poverty”.
15: “The Poor Creature Who Clung So Desperately to Her Chest of Drawers Was Really Clinging to the Last Remnant of Normal Living—a Symbol of All She Was Asked to Renounce.”.
16: “To Provide for the Determination of Minimum Wages for Women and Minors”.
17: “To Provide for the Partial Support of Mothers Whose Husbands Are Dead or Have Become Permanently Incapacitated for Work by Reason of Physical or Mental Infirmity”.
The Civil War to The Roaring 1920s.
18: An Act to Grant Pensions.
19: An Act to Secure Homesteads to Actual Settlers on the Public Domain.
20: An Act to Establish a Bureau for the Relief of Freedmen and Refugees.
21: “To Defray the Expense of Regulating Immigration under This Act, and for the Care of Immigrants Arriving in the United States”.
22: “The Investigation into the Slums of Cities”.
23: “The Interests of the Nation Are Involved in the Welfare of This Army of Children”.
24: “To Prevent Interstate Commerce in the Products of Child Labor”.
25: “Tax on Employment of Child Labor”.
26: “These Studies Have No Class Basis—They Include Every Baby Born in a Given Town in a Given Year”.
27: “For the Promotion of the Welfare and Hygiene of Maternity and Infancy”.
28: “To Limit, Regulate, and Prohibit the Labor of Persons Under 18 Years of Age”.
The Great Depression and The New Deal.
29: “The Economic Consequences of Previous Crashes under a Much Less Secured Financial System Created Unwarranted Pessimism and Fear”.
30: “To Establish and Maintain Such Balance between the Production and Consumption of Agricultural Commodities”.
31: “Relieving the Hardship and Suffering Caused by Unemployment”.
32: “An Act for the Relief of Unemployment through the Performance of Useful Public Work”.
33: “To Provide for the Agricultural and Industrial Development of Said Valley”.
34: “An Act to Provide for the General Welfare”.
35: “To Provide for the Establishment of Fair Labor Standards in Employments in and Affecting Interstate Commerce”.
36: “Interstate Commerce Should Not Be Made the Instrument of Competition in the Distribution of Goods Produced under Substandard Labor Conditions”.
37: “We Have Come to a Clear Realization of the Fact That True Individual Freedom Cannot Exist without Economic Security and Independence”.
38: “It Gives Servicemen and Women the Opportunity of Resuming Their Education or Technical Training after Discharge”.
The Post-World War II Era Through The Carter Administration.
39: “The Right to Adequate Medical Care and the Opportunity to Achieve and Enjoy Good Health”.
40: “Strengthening the Nation through Better Nutrition for Our School Children”.
41: “The Goal of a Decent Home and a Suitable Living Environment for Every American Family”.
42: “In Order That the Nation May Meet the Staffing Requirements of the Struggle for Freedom”.
43: “This Economic Distress of the Appalachian Region is a Matter of Serious Concern”.
44: “This Administration Today, Here and Now, Declares Unconditional War on Poverty”.
45: “Conquest of Poverty Is Well within Our Power”.
46: “For the First Time in All the History of the Human Race, a Great Nation Is Able to Make and Is Willing to Make a Commitment to Eradicate Poverty among Its People”.
47: “To Insure Equal Employment Opportunities for Federal Employees without Discrimination because of Race, Color, Religion, Sex or National Origin”.
48: “The Appalachian Region of the United States, while Abundant in Natural Resources and Rich in Potential, Lags behind the Rest of the Nation in Its Economic Growth”.
49: “To Assist in the Provision of Housing for Low- and Moderate-Income Families”.
50: “It Is Imperative That We Give First Attention to Our Opportunities—and Our Obligations—for Advancing the Nation’s Health”.
51: “This Child Nutrition Act of 1966 Will Make It Possible to Close the Nutrition Gap among Children in School”.
52: “Income Guarantees and Supplements Are Feasible and Compatible with Our Economic System”.
53: “Our Nation Is Moving toward Two Societies, One Black, One White—Separate and Unequal”.
54: “To Protect the Consumer against Inaccurate and Unfair Credit Billing and Credit Card Practices”.
55: “Aid to Families with Dependent Children Shall Be Furnished with Reasonable Promptness to All Eligible Individuals”.
56: “The OEO Has Been a Valuable Fount of Ideas and Enthusiasm, but It Has Suffered from a Confusion of Roles”.
57: “Nowhere Has the Failure of Government Been More Tragically Apparent in Past Years than in Its Efforts to Help the Poor”.
58: “This Is a New and Undesirable Welfare Type Program”.
59: “To Eliminate the Requirement that Households Buy Their Food Stamps”.
The Reagan Revolution Through The Clinton Administration.
60: “America Is Coming Back and Is More Confident than Ever about the Future”.
61: “The Hospital Must Provide for an Appropriate Medical Screening Examination within the Capability of the Hospital’s Emergency Department”.
62: “To Engender Respect for the Human Dignity of the Homeless”.
63: “To Encourage and Assist Needy Children and Parents under the New Program to Obtain the Education, Training, and Employment Needed to Avoid Long-Term Welfare Dependence”.
64: “To Assess the Dietary and Nutritional Status of the United States Population”.
65: “To Increase the Flexibility of States in Operating a Program”.
The New Millennium.
66: “An Act to Close the Achievement Gap with Accountability, Flexibility, and Choice, So that No Child Is Left Behind”.
67: “A New Optional Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit Program”.
68: “All Americans Must Be Part of the System and Must Have Coverage”.
69: “Pay Workers a Living Wage”.
70: “To Seek the Prompt Repeal of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act”.
Chronology.
Bibliography.
Index.
About The Author.