Enduring Controversies in Military History: Critical Analyses and Context, 1st Edition

  • Spencer C. Tucker Texas Christian University
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1440841209
  • ISBN-13: 9781440841200
  • DDC: 355.00923
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 946 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2017 | Published/Released January 2018
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2017

  • Price:  Sign in for price



This provocative examination of major controversies in military history enables readers to learn how scholars approach controversial topics and provides a model for students in the study and discussion of other historical events.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Ancient Greece and Rome (500 BCE–500 CE).
1: What Was the Primary Cause of the Peloponnesian War?.
2: Perspective Essay 1. Greek Fears over Growing Athenian Power.
3: Perspective Essay 2. The Significance of Cultural and Economic Differences.
4: Perspective Essay 3. The Impact of Cultural and Political Change on Athenian-Spartan Rivalry.
5: Why Did Alexander the Great’S Empire Fall Apart So Soon After His Death?.
6: Perspective Essay 1. Alexander’s Obsession with Conquest.
7: Perspective Essay 2. Deep-Seated Cultural Differences in Alexander’s Empire.
8: Perspective Essay 3. The Problem of Succession.
9: Why Was the Carthaginian General Hannibal So Successful Against Roman Armies But Ultimately Defeated in His War Against Rome?.
10: Perspective Essay 1. The Flaws in Hannibal’s Great Enterprise.
11: Perspective Essay 2. Why Hannibal Failed to Win the Second Punic War.
12: Perspective Essay 3. Beyond Battlefield Success and Failure.
13: Why Did Julius Caesar Prevail in the Caesarian-Pompeian Civil War Yet Ultimately Lose Support to the Extent That He Was Assassinated by His Own People?.
14: Perspective Essay 1. Caesar’s Desire to Usurp Senatorial Powers Brought His Assassination.
15: Perspective Essay 2. Caesar’s Assassination Was Rooted in Roman Society and Politics.
16: Perspective Essay 3. Personality and Policies Doomed Caesar.
17: What Caused the Fall of the Roman Empire?.
18: Perspective Essay 1. The Long-Term Decline of the Roman Military.
19: Perspective Essay 2. A Series of Crises.
20: Perspective Essay 3. Transition into Byzantium.
The Middle Ages (500–1500).
21: What Is the Explanation for the Rapid Success of the Arab Conquests in the Hundred Years After the Death of Prophet Muhammad?.
22: Perspective Essay 1. On the Success of the Early Arab Conquests.
23: Perspective Essay 2. Arab Conquests and the Beginning of Empire.
24: Did Charles Martel’S Victory in the Battle of Tours Prevent the Islamic Conquest of Christian Europe?.
25: Perspective Essay 1. Part of a Larger Historical Process.
26: Perspective Essay 2. A Raid Rather Than a Conquest.
27: Why Did the Crusades Ultimately Fail to Retain Christian Control of the Holy Land?.
28: Perspective Essay 1. A Degree of Unity on the Muslim Side.
29: Perspective Essay 2. The Nature of the Crusader States.
30: Perspective Essay 3. Outnumbered and Surrounded.
31: Perspective Essay 4. The Ascendancy of Mongol Power.
32: How Did the Mongol Invaders Manage to Conquer and Rule Over Much of Asia in the 13th and 14th Centuries?.
33: Perspective Essay 1. Mongol Military Prowess and the Nature of Mongol Rule.
34: Perspective Essay 2. The Mongol Military Machine.
35: Perspective Essay 3. Mongol Conquests and Empire.
36: Perspective Essay 4. The Keys to Mongol Military Success.
37: Why Did Constantinople Fall to the Ottomans in 1453?.
38: Perspective Essay 1. The Last Days of the Byzantine Empire.
39: Perspective Essay 2. The Fall of Constantinople: Event and Process.
40: Why Did England Win the Major Battles But France Win the Hundred Years’ War?.
41: Perspective Essay 1. England’s Failure to Win the War.
42: Perspective Essay 2. French Governmental and Military Reforms.
43: Perspective Essay 3. Superior French Resources Turn the Tide.
The Emergence of Modern Europe and the Americas (1500–1825).
44: Was the English Civil War Primarily a Political Rebellion, a Constitutional Struggle, Or a Religious Conflict?.
45: Perspective Essay 1. A Crisis of Constitutional Reform.
46: Perspective Essay 2. A Religious Conflict.
47: Perspective Essay 3. A Rebellion against King Charles I.
48: Did the Inca Civil War Play An Important Role in the Spanish Conquest of the Inca Empire?.
49: Perspective Essay 1. The Inca-Spanish War Delayed Spanish Conquest.
50: Perspective Essay 2. The Inca Civil War Was Key to the Spanish Conquest.
51: Was the Thirty Years’ War a Religious Or Political Conflict?.
52: Perspective Essay 1. The Transition from Religion to Politics.
53: Perspective Essay 2. A Blend of Politics and Religion.
54: Perspective Essay 3. The Crisis of the Imperial Constitution.
55: Was “Taxation Without Representation” the Primary Cause of the American Revolution?.
56: Perspective Essay 1. Power, Rights, and Revolution.
57: Perspective Essay 2. Colonial Desire for Free Market Economy.
58: Perspective Essay 3. The Crown’s Arrogance.
59: Could the Patriot Side Have Prevailed in the American Revolutionary War Without French Assistance?.
60: Perspective Essay 1. The Myth of French Assistance.
61: Perspective Essay 2. Many Factors Lay behind the American Victory.
62: Was the French Revolution a Direct Result of the Enlightenment?.
63: Perspective Essay 1. A Complex and Controversial Relationship.
64: Perspective Essay 2. The Enlightenment and the Origins of the French Revolution.
65: Perspective Essay 3. The Financial Crisis Caused the French Revolution.
66: Does Napoleon Bonaparte Deserve His Reputation as a Major Military Innovator and Brilliant Field Commander?.
67: Perspective Essay 1. One of the Three Greatest Military Commanders.
68: Perspective Essay 2. A Well-Deserved and Enduring Reputation.
69: Perspective Essay 3. A Gift for Military Command.
70: Perspective Essay 4. Great Captain but Not a Military Innovator.
71: Which Side Won the War of 1812?.
72: Perspective Essay 1. A British Military Victory.
73: Perspective Essay 2. Fought to a Draw.
74: What Role Did the Enlightenment Play in Sparking the Latin American Revolutions?.
75: Perspective Essay 1. Conflicting Interpretations of the Enlightenment’s Role.
76: Perspective Essay 2. Simón Bolívar: Product and Instrument of the Enlightenment.
77: Perspective Essay 3. Spanish America’s Unenlightened Revolutions.
78: Was the Congress of Vienna a Diplomatic Success?.
79: Perspective Essay 1. The Beginning of Collective Security.
80: Perspective Essay 2. A Success for Some.
The Rise of Imperialism and Nationalism (1825–1914).
81: Was the United States Justified in Annexing Texas and Taking California From Mexico in Its Pursuit of Manifest Destiny?.
82: Perspective Essay 1. No Legitimate Claim for the United States.
83: Perspective Essay 2. Mexico Was Goaded into War.
84: Perspective Essay 3. U.S. Acquisition of Mexican Territory Justified.
85: Were the Opium Wars Decisive in the History of Modern China?.
86: Perspective Essay 1. The Most Important Event in Modern Chinese History.
87: Perspective Essay 2. A Central Event for Modern China.
88: Perspective Essay 3. Collapse of the Qing Dynasty Was the Most Important Event.
89: How Was a Relatively Small British Army Able to Conquer the Subcontinent of India?.
90: Perspective Essay 1. A Matter of Superior British Capabilities.
91: Perspective Essay 2. Diplomacy and Alliances Pave the Way.
92: Perspective Essay 3. British Military and Logistical Superiority.
93: What Was the Single Most Important Factor in Bringing About the Crimean War?.
94: Perspective Essay 1. Russia’s Determination to Secure Mediterranean Access.
95: Perspective Essay 2. Weakness and Vacillation by the British Government.
96: Perspective Essay 3. The Eastern Question.
97: Was Slavery the Principal Cause of the American Civil War?.
98: Perspective Essay 1. Other Factors Were Also at Play.
99: Perspective Essay 2. Slavery Had Deep Roots in American History.
100: Perspective Essay 3. The War of the Slaveholders’ Rebellion.
101: in What Ways Did African Americans Affect the Outcome of the American Civil War?.
102: Perspective Essay 1. From Enslaved to Liberators.
103: Perspective Essay 2. The African American Experience in the Civil War.
104: Perspective Essay 3. African Americans in the Union Army.
105: What Was the Primary Reason for the Confederate Defeat in the American Civil War?.
106: Perspective Essay 1. Ineffective Southern Military Strategy.
107: Perspective Essay 2. Economics Was the Primary Cause.
108: Perspective Essay 3. A Triumph of Northern Will and Power.
109: Was Otto Von Bismarck Largely Responsible for the Unification of Germany in 1871?.
110: Perspective Essay 1. The Father of German Unification.
111: Perspective Essay 2. German Unification Largely Bismarck’s Work.
112: Perspective Essay 3. German Unification Would Have Occurred Even without Bismarck.
113: Did the Unification of Germany Make a General European War Inevitable?.
114: Perspective Essay 1. Preservation versus Expansion: Otto von Bismarck and Wilhelm II.
115: Perspective Essay 2. General European War Not Inevitable.
116: Perspective Essay 3. Bismarck Sought Peace.
117: Did the American Indian Wars Constitute Genocide?.
118: Perspective Essay 1. Cultural Genocide of Native American Peoples.
119: Perspective Essay 2: A Clash of Incompatible Cultures.
120: Perspective Essay 3. Three Centuries of Genocide.
121: What Was the Primary Cause of the Spanish-American War?.
122: Perspective Essay 1. The First Press War.
123: Perspective Essay 2. Destined for Empire.
124: Perspective Essay 3. The Cuban Fight against Spanish Rule.
The World at War (1914–1945).
125: What Was the Primary Cause of World War I?.
126: Perspective Essay 1. The Expectation of War.
127: Perspective Essay 2. Fear and the Outbreak of War.
128: Perspective Essay 3. Strategic Miscalculation.
129: Was Germany’S World War I Submarine Warfare Campaign Against Nonmilitary Shipping Justified?.
130: Perspective Essay 1. A Necessary Step to Avoid Defeat.
131: Perspective Essay 2. A Justified Response to the British Naval Blockade.
132: Perspective Essay 3. Submarine Campaign Cost Germany Victory.
133: Is the Balfour Declaration of 1917 to Blame for the Long-Running Arab-Israeli Conflict?.
134: Perspective Essay 1. The Founding Document for the State of Israel.
135: Perspective Essay 2. Historic and Intellectual Factors Overshadow Declaration.
136: Perspective Essay 3. British Missteps Led to the Arab-Israeli Conflict.