LGBTQ Americans in the U.S. Political System: An Encyclopedia of Activists, Voters, Candidates, and Officeholders, 1st Edition

  • Jason Pierceson
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1440852774
  • ISBN-13: 9781440852770
  • DDC: 920.0086
  • 720 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2020 | Published/Released January 2020
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2020

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

This work provides a broad and authoritative survey of the ways that gay Americans are influencing the tenor and trajectory of U.S. politics at local, state, and national levels. An encyclopedic section thoroughly covers the individuals, organizations, cultural forces, political issues, and legal decisions that have combined to elevate the role of LGBTQ people at the ballot box, on the campaign trail, in Washington, and in mayors' offices, city councils, and school boards across the country. Reference essays on the rising prominence of gay Americans as voters, candidates, public officials, lawmakers, and opinion leaders provide further context for understanding their impact on modern U.S. political processes and institutions from the perspective of liberals and conservatives alike. Includes important primary source documents that illuminate landmark events, examine gay policy priorities and preferences, and showcase beliefs and experiences of prominent LGBTQ Americans in politics.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Guide to Related Topics.
Preface.
Introduction.
Chronology.
Essays.
1: LGBTQ Candidates.
2: LGBTQ Elected Officials at the State and Local Level.
3: LGBTQ Officeholders at the Federal Level.
4: LGBTQ Voters.
A.
5: Abzug, Bella (1920–1998).
6: Achtenberg, Roberta (1950–).
7: Adams v. Howerton (1982).
8: Adoption/Foster Parenting Bans.
9: The Advocate.
10: AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power (ACT UP).
11: AIDS Crisis.
12: Amendment 2 (Colorado) (1992).
13: American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU).
14: American Foundation for Equal Rights (AFER).
15: American Psychiatric Association (APA), Removal of Homosexuality from List of Mental Disorders (1973).
16: Antidiscrimination Laws.
17: Apuzzo, Virginia (1941–).
B.
18: Baehr v. Lewin (1993).
19: Baker, Jack and Michael McConnell (1942–), (1942–).
20: Baker v. Nelson (1972).
21: Baker v. State of Vermont (1999).
22: Baldwin, James (1924–1987).
23: Baldwin, Tammy (1962–).
24: Ballot Measures.
25: Bell, Simone.
26: BiNet USA.
27: Birch, Elizabeth (1956–).
28: Bisexual Rights.
29: Boston Marriages.
30: Bottoms v. Bottoms (1995).
31: Boutilier v. INS (1967).
32: Bowers v. Hardwick (1986).
33: Boykin, Keith (1965–).
34: Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000).
35: Braschi v. Stahl Associates (1989).
36: Briggs Initiative (1978).
37: Brown, Kate (1960–).
38: Brown, Rita Mae (1944–).
39: Bunch, Charlotte (1944–).
40: Buttigieg, Peter (1982–).
C.
41: Californians.
42: California's AB 1266 (2013).
43: California's Proposition 8 (2008).
44: Call, Hal (1917–2000).
45: Cannon, Park (c. 1992–).
46: Cicilline, David (1961–).
47: Civil Unions and Domestic Partnerships.
48: Clinton, Bill, Presidency of (1993–2001).
49: Clinton, Hillary (1947–).
50: Coming Out.
51: Compton's Cafeteria Riot (San Francisco) (1966).
52: Contact Theory.
53: Conversion or Reparative Therapy Bans.
54: Craig, Angie (c. 1972–).
55: Cunningham, Phillipe (c. 1988–).
D.
56: Daughters of Bilitis.
57: Davids, Sharice (1980–).
58: Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) (1996).
59: Democratic Party.
60: Denny, Dallas (1949–).
61: Dewey's Restaurant Sit-In (Philadelphia) (1965).
62: DignityUSA.
63: Discrimination.
64: Doe et al. v. Regional School Unit 26 (2014).
65: “Don't Ask, Don't Tell” Policy.
66: Due Process/Fundamental Rights.
67: Durkan, Jenny (1958–).
E.
68: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) Rulings on Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation.
69: Equal Protection.
70: Equal Rights Amendment (ERA).
71: Equality Act/Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA).
72: Executive Order 10450 (1953).
F.
73: Federalism.
74: Feldblum, Chai (1959–).
75: First Amendment.
76: First Pride Parades.
77: Foster, Jim (1934–1990).
78: Frank, Barney (1940–).
79: Freedom to Marry.
80: Frye, Phyllis (c. 1946–).
G.
81: Garcia, Robert (1977–).
82: Gay Activists Alliance (GAA).
83: Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation (GLAAD).
84: Gay Liberation Front (GLF).
85: Gay Men's Health Crisis (GMHC).
86: Gender Dysphoria.
87: Gerber, Henry (1892–1972).
88: Ginsberg, Allen (1926–1997).
89: Gittings, Barbara (1932–2007).
90: GLBTQ Legal Advocates & Defenders (GLAD).
91: GLSEN (Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network).
92: Goodridge v. Department of Public Health (2003).
93: Griffin, Chad (1973–).
94: Grimm, Gavin (1999–).
95: Gunderson, Steve (1951–).
H.
96: Hallquist, Christine (1956–).
97: Harlem Renaissance.
98: Harris, Greg (1955–).
99: Hate-Crime Laws.
100: Hate Crimes.
101: Hay, Harry (1912–2002).
102: Healey, Maura (1971–).
103: Hernandez, Daniel, Jr. (1990–).
104: Hester, Rita, Murder of (1998).
105: Heteronormativity/Heterosexism.
106: Hill, Katie (c. 1988–).
107: Hirschfeld, Magnus (1868–1935).
108: HIV/AIDS.
109: HIV Criminalization Laws.
110: Hoey Committee Hearings/Report (1950).
111: Hollingsworth v. Perry (2013).
112: Homelessness.
113: Homophile Movement.
114: Homophile Pickets.
115: Hooker, Evelyn (1907–1996).
116: Hormel, James (1933–).
117: Houston Equal Rights Act (HERO) Ordinance Repeal (2015).
118: Human Rights Campaign (HRC).
119: Hurley v. Irish-American Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Group of Boston (1995).
I.
120: In re Marriage Cases (2008).
121: interACT.
122: Intersex Rights.
123: Intersex Society of North America/Accord Alliance.
124: Iwamoto, Kim Coco (1968–).
J.
125: Janus Society.
126: Jenkins, Andrea (1961–).
127: Johnson, Corey (1982–).
128: Johnson, Marsha P. (1945–1992).
129: Jones, Cleve (1954–).
130: Jorgensen, Christine (1926–1989).
131: Judicial Activism/Restraint.
K.
132: Kameny, Franklin (Frank) (1925–2011).
133: Kameny v. Brucker (1961).
134: Kendell, Kate (1960–).
135: Kennedy, Anthony (1936–).
136: King, Billie Jean (1943–).
137: Kinsey, Alfred (1894–1956).
138: Kinsey Report Publication (1948).
139: Knights of the Clocks.
140: Koch, Ed (1924–2013).
141: Kolbe, Jim (1942–).
142: Kozachenko, Kathy (1954–).
143: Kramer, Larry (1943–).
144: Kushner, Tony (1956–).
L.
145: The Ladder.
146: Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund.
147: Lavender Scare.
148: Lawrence v. Texas (2003).
149: Lawyers.
150: Lesbian Feminism.
151: LGBTQ Victory Fund.
152: Loving v. Virginia (1967).
153: Lyon, Phyllis and Del Martin (1924–), (1921–2008).