Historical Dictionary of Pakistan, 3rd Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0810859378
  • ISBN-13: 9780810859371
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 581 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2006 | Published/Released July 2007
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2006

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About

Overview

The Islamic Republic of Pakistan gained its independence from the United Kingdom on August 14, 1947 and since then it has become the sixth most populous country in the world. Furthermore, Pakistan has the seventh largest army in the world, and is one of eight nations that have declared themselves nuclear powers. Pakistan's tense relations with its neighboring country of India, the recent earthquake that killed tens of thousands of its people, and the trouble it's had with the Taliban are all covered in this third edition of the Historical Dictionary of Pakistan.

This extensively expanded and updated edition covers this country's history through a chronology, a list of acronyms and abbreviations, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and some 500 cross-referenced dictionary entries presenting the more important persons, places, and events as well as salient aspects of the economy, society, culture, and religion.

About the Author
Shahid Javed Burki, a long-time official at the World Bank, served as minister in charge of finance planning and economic affairs in the interim government of Pakistan from 1996-1997.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Other Frontmatter.
Contents.
Editor's Foreword.
Acknowledgments.
Reader's Note.
Acronyms and Abbreviations.
Map.
Chronology.
Introduction.
1: Abdali, Ahmad Shah (1722–1773).
2: Abedi, Agha Hasan (1922–1985).
3: Advani, Lal Krishna (1927–).
4: Afaq Ahmed (1954–).
5: Afghani, Abdus Sattar (1952–).
6: Afghanistan-Pakistan Relations.
7: Agricultural Tax.
8: Agriculture.
9: Ahmad, Mirza Ghulam (1835–1908).
10: The Ahmadiyas.
11: Ahsen, Vice-Admiral S. M. (1920–1990).
12: Aid to Pakistan Consortium.
13: Akbar, Said (c1925–1951).
14: Akbar Khan, Major General (1920–1994).
15: Akhtar Abdur Rahman Khan, General (1926–1988).
16: Akhtar Hussain (1914–1986).
17: Akhtar Khan, Humayun (1954–).
18: Al-Faran.
19: Al-Huda Institute of Islamic Education for Women.
20: Al-Zawahiri, Ayman (1951–).
21: Al-Zulfikar.
22: Ali, Babar (1927–).
23: All-Pakistan Muhajir Students Organization (APMSO).
24: All-Pakistan Women's Association (APWA).
25: All Parties Hurriyat Conference (APHC).
26: Alliance for the Restoration of Democracy (ARD).
27: Allied Bank Limited.
28: Altaf Hussain (1953–).
29: Amendment to the Constitution of 1973, Thirteenth.
30: Amendment to the Constitution (Proposed), Fifteenth.
31: Amendment to the Constitution, Seventeenth.
32: Anti-Terrorism Act of 1997.
33: Anwar, Khurshid (1912–1984).
34: Anwarul Haq, Chief Justice Sheikh (1925–1995).
35: Arif, General (Retired) Khalid Mahmud (1930–).
36: Article 58.2(b) of the Constitution of 1973.
37: Asghar Khan, Air Marshal (Retired) (1928–).
38: Ashraf, Javed (1951–1996).
39: Asia Cooperation Dialogue.
40: Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC).
41: Asian-African Strategic Partnership, New.
42: Asian Development Bank (ADB).
43: Asif Nawaz, General (1937–1993).
44: Askari, Hasan (1924–2005).
45: Asma Jahangir (1951–).
46: Association of Pakistani Physicians in North America (APPNA).
47: Association of Pakistani Scientists and Engineers in North America (APSENA).
48: Attiqur Rahman, Lieutenant General (Retired) (1928–1996).
49: Aurat Foundation.
50: Awami League (AL).
51: Awami National Party (ANP).
52: Ayodhya Mosque.
53: Ayub, Gohar (1937–).
54: Ayub Khan, Field Marshal Muhammad (1907–1974).
55: Azad Kashmir.
56: Azam Khan, Lieutenant General Muhammad (1908–1994).
57: Aziz, Sartaj (1929–).
58: Aziz, Shaukat (1949–).
59: Aziz Khan Kaka, Abdul (1906–1987).
60: Babar, Emperor (1483–1530).
61: Babar, Lieutenant General (Retired) Naseerullah Khan (1929–).
62: Babar, Zaheer (1928–1998).
63: Badr, Jehangir (1948–).
64: Baglihar Dam.
65: Bahauddin (1170–1270).
66: Bahawalpur.
67: Bait-ul-Maal.
68: Baksh, Dr. Ilahi (1904–1960).
69: Balawal Zardari (1988–).
70: Balochistan.
71: Bangladesh.
72: Bank of Punjab.
73: Banking.
74: Basic Democracies (BD).
75: Basic Principles Report.
76: Beg, General (Retired) Mirza Aslam (1931–).
77: Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).
78: Bhashani, Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan (1885–1976).
79: Bhatti, Razia (1955–1996).
80: Bhutto, Benazir (1953–).
81: Bhutto, Ghinwa (1958–).
82: Bhutto, Mir Murtaza (1954–1996).
83: Bhutto, Mumtaz Ali (1936–).
84: Bhutto, Nusrat (1928–).
85: Bhutto, Shahnawaz (1956–1986).
86: Bhutto, Shirin Amir Begum (1931–2003).
87: Bhutto, Zulfikar Ali (1928–1979).
88: Bijarani, Khizar Khan (1948–).
89: Bimstec.
90: Bin Laden, Osama (1957–).
91: Bogra, Muhammad Ali (1901–1963).
92: Bonded Labor Liberation Front (BLLF).
93: Bonus Voucher Scheme, Export.
94: Bri-Kot-Ghawandai.
95: The Brown Amendment.
96: Burki, Lieutenant General Wajid Ali Khan (1899–1989).
97: Burki, Shahid Javed (1938–).
98: Cabinet Mission Plan, 1946.
99: Caroe, Sir Olaf (1901–1992).
100: Census of 1941.
101: Census of 1951.
102: Census of 1961.
103: Census of 1972.
104: Census of 1981.
105: Census of 1998.
106: Censuses, Population.
107: Charar Sharief.
108: Chatta, Hamid Nasir (1950–).
109: Chaudhry, Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad (1947–).
110: Chhor.
111: China-Pakistan Relations.
112: Chisti, Hazrat Khwaja Muinuddin Hasan (c. 1232).
113: Christians in Pakistan.
114: Chundrigar, Ismail Ibrahim (1897–1960).
115: Citizen's Voice.
116: Civil Service of Pakistan (CSP).
117: Combined Opposition Party (COP).
118: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).
119: Conference of Muslim Women Parliamentarians.
120: Constituent Assembly, First.
121: Constituent Assembly, Second.
122: Constituent Assembly, Third.
123: Constitution of 1956.
124: Constitution of 1962.
125: Constitution of 1973.
126: Convention Muslim League.
127: Cornelius, Justice A. R. (1903–1991).
128: Cotton.
129: Council for Defense and National Security (CDNS).
130: Council Muslim League.
131: Cricket.
132: Cunningham, Sir George (1888–1974).
133: Dacoits of Sindh.
134: Daewoo.
135: Dams.
136: Daulatana, Mian Mumtaz Muhammad Khan (1916–1995).
137: The Dawoods.
138: Debt.
139: Defense.
140: Democratic Action Committee (DAC).
141: Diasporas.
142: Direct Action Day (16 August 1946).
143: Doctrine of Necessity.
144: Durand Line.
145: Dyarchy.
146: Earthquake of 8 October 2005.
147: East India Company.
148: Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO).
149: Economic Reform Order of 1972.
150: The Economy.
151: Edhi, Abdul Sattar (1946–).
152: Education.
153: Ehetasab.
154: Elections of 1954, East Bengal.
155: Elections of 1970.
156: Elections of 1977.
157: Elections of 1985.
158: Elections of 1988.
159: Elections of 1990.
160: Elections of 1993.
161: Elections of 1997.
162: Elections of 2002.
163: Employment.
164: Energy.
165: Environment.
166: Eqbal Ahmad (1933–1999).
167: F-16 Aircraft.
168: Faisalabad.
169: Faiz Ahmad Faiz (1911–1984).
170: Faizul Islam.
171: Family Laws Ordinance of 1961.
172: Family Planning Association of Pakistan (FPA).
173: Fazal Mahmood (1927–2005).
174: Fazle Haq, Lieutenant General (1929–1992).
175: Fazli Husain, Sir Mian (1877–1936).
176: Fazlul Haq, Abul Kasem (1873–1962).
177: Federal Security Force (FSF).
178: Fiscal Deficit.
179: Five Year Plan, First (1955–1960).
180: Five Year Plan, Second (1960–1965).
181: Five Year Plan, Third (1965–1970).
182: Five Year Plan, Fourth (1970–1975).
183: Five Year Plan, Fifth (1978–1983).
184: Five Year Plan, Sixth (1983–1988).
185: Five Year Plan, Seventh (1988–1993).
186: Five Year Plan, Eighth (1993–1998).
187: Foreign Affairs.
188: Foreign Aid.
Front Cover.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Other Frontmatter.
Contents.
Editor's Foreword.
Acknowledgments.
Reader's Note.
Acronyms and Abbreviations.
Map.
Chronology.
Introduction.
1: Abdali, Ahmad Shah (1722–1773).
2: Abedi, Agha Hasan (1922–1985).
3: Advani, Lal Krishna (1927–).
4: Afaq Ahmed (1954–).
5: Afghani, Abdus Sattar (1952–).
6: Afghanistan-Pakistan Relations.
7: Agricultural Tax.
8: Agriculture.
9: Ahmad, Mirza Ghulam (1835–1908).
10: The Ahmadiyas.
11: Ahsen, Vice-Admiral S. M. (1920–1990).
12: Aid to Pakistan Consortium.
13: Akbar, Said (c1925–1951).
14: Akbar Khan, Major General (1920–1994).
15: Akhtar Abdur Rahman Khan, General (1926–1988).
16: Akhtar Hussain (1914–1986).
17: Akhtar Khan, Humayun (1954–).
18: Al-Faran.
19: Al-Huda Institute of Islamic Education for Women.
20: Al-Zawahiri, Ayman (1951–).
21: Al-Zulfikar.
22: Ali, Babar (1927–).
23: All-Pakistan Muhajir Students Organization (APMSO).
24: All-Pakistan Women's Association (APWA).
25: All Parties Hurriyat Conference (APHC).
26: Alliance for the Restoration of Democracy (ARD).
27: Allied Bank Limited.
28: Altaf Hussain (1953–).
29: Amendment to the Constitution of 1973, Thirteenth.
30: Amendment to the Constitution (Proposed), Fifteenth.
31: Amendment to the Constitution, Seventeenth.
32: Anti-Terrorism Act of 1997.
33: Anwar, Khurshid (1912–1984).
34: Anwarul Haq, Chief Justice Sheikh (1925–1995).
35: Arif, General (Retired) Khalid Mahmud (1930–).
36: Article 58.2(b) of the Constitution of 1973.
37: Asghar Khan, Air Marshal (Retired) (1928–).
38: Ashraf, Javed (1951–1996).
39: Asia Cooperation Dialogue.
40: Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC).
41: Asian-African Strategic Partnership, New.
42: Asian Development Bank (ADB).
43: Asif Nawaz, General (1937–1993).
44: Askari, Hasan (1924–2005).
45: Asma Jahangir (1951–).
46: Association of Pakistani Physicians in North America (APPNA).
47: Association of Pakistani Scientists and Engineers in North America (APSENA).
48: Attiqur Rahman, Lieutenant General (Retired) (1928–1996).
49: Aurat Foundation.
50: Awami League (AL).
51: Awami National Party (ANP).
52: Ayodhya Mosque.
53: Ayub, Gohar (1937–).
54: Ayub Khan, Field Marshal Muhammad (1907–1974).
55: Azad Kashmir.
56: Azam Khan, Lieutenant General Muhammad (1908–1994).
57: Aziz, Sartaj (1929–).
58: Aziz, Shaukat (1949–).
59: Aziz Khan Kaka, Abdul (1906–1987).
60: Babar, Emperor (1483–1530).
61: Babar, Lieutenant General (Retired) Naseerullah Khan (1929–).
62: Babar, Zaheer (1928–1998).
63: Badr, Jehangir (1948–).
64: Baglihar Dam.
65: Bahauddin (1170–1270).
66: Bahawalpur.
67: Bait-ul-Maal.
68: Baksh, Dr. Ilahi (1904–1960).
69: Balawal Zardari (1988–).
70: Balochistan.
71: Bangladesh.
72: Bank of Punjab.
73: Banking.
74: Basic Democracies (BD).
75: Basic Principles Report.
76: Beg, General (Retired) Mirza Aslam (1931–).
77: Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).
78: Bhashani, Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan (1885–1976).
79: Bhatti, Razia (1955–1996).
80: Bhutto, Benazir (1953–).
81: Bhutto, Ghinwa (1958–).
82: Bhutto, Mir Murtaza (1954–1996).
83: Bhutto, Mumtaz Ali (1936–).
84: Bhutto, Nusrat (1928–).
85: Bhutto, Shahnawaz (1956–1986).
86: Bhutto, Shirin Amir Begum (1931–2003).
87: Bhutto, Zulfikar Ali (1928–1979).
88: Bijarani, Khizar Khan (1948–).
89: Bimstec.
90: Bin Laden, Osama (1957–).
91: Bogra, Muhammad Ali (1901–1963).
92: Bonded Labor Liberation Front (BLLF).
93: Bonus Voucher Scheme, Export.
94: Bri-Kot-Ghawandai.
95: The Brown Amendment.
96: Burki, Lieutenant General Wajid Ali Khan (1899–1989).
97: Burki, Shahid Javed (1938–).
98: Cabinet Mission Plan, 1946.
99: Caroe, Sir Olaf (1901–1992).
100: Census of 1941.
101: Census of 1951.
102: Census of 1961.
103: Census of 1972.
104: Census of 1981.
105: Census of 1998.
106: Censuses, Population.
107: Charar Sharief.
108: Chatta, Hamid Nasir (1950–).
109: Chaudhry, Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad (1947–).
110: Chhor.
111: China-Pakistan Relations.
112: Chisti, Hazrat Khwaja Muinuddin Hasan (c. 1232).
113: Christians in Pakistan.
114: Chundrigar, Ismail Ibrahim (1897–1960).
115: Citizen's Voice.
116: Civil Service of Pakistan (CSP).
117: Combined Opposition Party (COP).
118: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).
119: Conference of Muslim Women Parliamentarians.
120: Constituent Assembly, First.
121: Constituent Assembly, Second.
122: Constituent Assembly, Third.
123: Constitution of 1956.
124: Constitution of 1962.
125: Constitution of 1973.
126: Convention Muslim League.
127: Cornelius, Justice A. R. (1903–1991).
128: Cotton.
129: Council for Defense and National Security (CDNS).
130: Council Muslim League.
131: Cricket.
132: Cunningham, Sir George (1888–1974).
133: Dacoits of Sindh.
134: Daewoo.
135: Dams.
136: Daulatana, Mian Mumtaz Muhammad Khan (1916–1995).
137: The Dawoods.
138: Debt.
139: Defense.
140: Democratic Action Committee (DAC).
141: Diasporas.
142: Direct Action Day (16 August 1946).
143: Doctrine of Necessity.
144: Durand Line.
145: Dyarchy.
146: Earthquake of 8 October 2005.
147: East India Company.
148: Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO).
149: Economic Reform Order of 1972.
150: The Economy.
151: Edhi, Abdul Sattar (1946–).
152: Education.
153: Ehetasab.
154: Elections of 1954, East Bengal.
155: Elections of 1970.
156: Elections of 1977.
157: Elections of 1985.
158: Elections of 1988.
159: Elections of 1990.
160: Elections of 1993.
161: Elections of 1997.
162: Elections of 2002.
163: Employment.
164: Energy.
165: Environment.
166: Eqbal Ahmad (1933–1999).
167: F-16 Aircraft.
168: Faisalabad.
169: Faiz Ahmad Faiz (1911–1984).
170: Faizul Islam.
171: Family Laws Ordinance of 1961.
172: Family Planning Association of Pakistan (FPA).
173: Fazal Mahmood (1927–2005).
174: Fazle Haq, Lieutenant General (1929–1992).
175: Fazli Husain, Sir Mian (1877–1936).
176: Fazlul Haq, Abul Kasem (1873–1962).
177: Federal Security Force (FSF).
178: Fiscal Deficit.
179: Five Year Plan, First (1955–1960).
180: Five Year Plan, Second (1960–1965).
181: Five Year Plan, Third (1965–1970).
182: Five Year Plan, Fourth (1970–1975).
183: Five Year Plan, Fifth (1978–1983).
184: Five Year Plan, Sixth (1983–1988).
185: Five Year Plan, Seventh (1988–1993).
186: Five Year Plan, Eighth (1993–1998).
187: Foreign Affairs.
188: Foreign Aid.