Drugs in American Society: An Encyclopedia of History, Politics, Culture, and the Law, 1st Edition

  • Editor: Nancy E. Marion, Willard M. Oliver
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1610695968
  • ISBN-13: 9781610695961
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 1192 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2015 | Published/Released October 2015
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2015

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Despite decades of effort and billions of dollars spent to combat the problem, illicit drug use in the United States is still rampant and shows no sign of abating. Covering illegal drugs ranging from marijuana and LSD to cocaine and crystal meth, this authoritative reference work examines patterns of drug use in American history, as well as drug control and interdiction efforts from the nineteenth century to the present. This encyclopedia provides a multidisciplinary perspective on the various aspects of the American drug problem, including the drugs themselves, the actions taken in attempts to curb or stop the drug trade, the efforts at intervention and treatment of those individuals affected by drug use, and the cultural and economic effects of drug use in the United States. More than 450 entries descriptively analyze and summarize key terms, trends, concepts, and people that are vital to the study of drugs and drug abuse, providing readers of all ages and backgrounds with invaluable information on domestic and international drug trafficking and use. The set provides special coverage of shifting societal and legislative perspectives on marijuana, as evidenced by Colorado and Washington legalizing marijuana with the 2012 elections.

Contributors

Contributors

  • Nancy E. Marion
  • Willard M. Oliver

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Guide to Related Topics.
Preface.
Introduction.
Chronology: Significant Events in Drug and Alcohol Use through History.
1: Addiction.
2: Addiction Liability.
3: Addiction Medications.
4: Addictive Personality.
5: Adolescent Tobacco Use.
6: Advisory Commission on Narcotic and Drug Abuse.
7: African Americans and Drug Use.
8: Al-Anon.
9: Alateen.
10: Alcohol Bootlegging and Smuggling.
11: Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Reorganization Act (ADAMHA) (1992).
12: Alcohol Mutual Aid Societies.
13: Alcohol to Subdue Victims.
14: Alcohol Use.
15: Alcohol-Facilitated Sexual Assault.
16: Alcoholics Anonymous (AA).
17: Alcoholism.
18: Alpert, Richard (Ram Dass; 1931– ).
19: Alternative Addiction Treatment.
20: American Association for the Study and Cure of Inebriety (AASCI).
21: American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM).
22: American Temperance Society (ATS).
23: Amphetamines.
24: Analgesics.
25: Andean Trade Preference Act (1991).
26: Anslinger, Harry J. (1892–1975).
27: Antidepressants.
28: Anti-Drug Abuse Acts.
29: Anti-Saloon League (ASL).
30: Anxiety Disorders.
31: Armstrong, Lance (1971– ).
32: Asset Forfeiture.
33: Association Against the Prohibition Amendment (AAPA).
34: Authors and Drug Use.
35: Aviation Drug-Trafficking Control Act (1984).
36: Bad Boys.
37: Barbiturates.
38: Barnes, Nicky (1933– ).
39: Barry, Marion S. (1936– ).
40: Bath Salts and Synthetic Cannabis (“K2” or “Spice”).
41: Beatniks.
42: Behavioral Addictions.
43: Belushi, John (1949–1982).
44: Bennett, William (1943– ).
45: Betty Ford Center.
46: Bias, Len (1963–1986).
47: Binge Drinking.
48: Biological and Psychological Reasons for Substance Abuse.
49: Black Tar Heroin.
50: Blanco, Griselda (1943–2012).
51: Blood-Alcohol Content (BAC).
52: Blow.
53: Boggs Act (1951).
54: Boylan Act (1914).
55: Brown, Bobby (1969– ).
56: Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF).
57: Bureau of Drug Abuse Control.
58: Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs.
59: Bush, George H. W. (1924– ).
60: Bush, George W. (1946– ).
61: Cabinet Committee on International Narcotics Control.
62: Caffeine.
63: Cali Drug Cartel.
64: Califano, Joseph, Jr. (1931– ).
65: Camarena Salazar, Enrique (1958–1985).
66: Campaign against Marijuana Planting (CAMP).
67: Cannabis.
68: Carter, Jimmy (1924– ).
69: Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP).
70: Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA).
71: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
72: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), United States.
73: Child Sexual Abuse and Substance Abuse.
74: Children of Alcoholics.
75: China and the Chinese and Drugs.
76: Cigarettes.
77: Cigars.
78: Cipollone v. Liggett Group, Inc. et al..
79: Clinton, Bill (1946– ).
80: Cobain, Kurt (1967–1994).
81: Coca.
82: Coca-Cola.
83: Cocaine and Crack.
84: Cocaine Anonymous (CA).
85: Cocaine Cowboys (2006).
86: Codeine.
87: Codependency.
88: Colombian Cartels.
89: Combat Methamphetamine Act (2005).
90: Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse.
91: Committee on Drug Addiction (1928–1938).
92: Committee on Drug Addictions (1921–1928).
93: Common Sense for Drug Policy.
94: Compassionate Use Act (1996).
95: Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act (1970).
96: Comprehensive Methamphetamine Control Act (1996).
97: Compulsions and Impulses.
98: Conant v. Walters (2003).
99: Controlled Substances Act (CSA) (1970).
100: Council for Tobacco Research.
101: The Counterculture and Drugs.
102: Crack Epidemic.
103: Crime Control Act (1990).
104: Crime Victims and Drugs.
105: Crop Eradication.
106: Cross-Addiction and Cross-Tolerance.
107: Dadeland “Massacre” (Miami, Florida) (1979).
108: Dai, Bingham (1899–1996).
109: Date Rape Drugs.
110: Decriminalization.
111: Demand Reduction.
112: Dependence.
113: Depressants.
114: Designer Drugs.
115: Dimethyltryptamine (DMT).
116: Disease Model of Addiction.
117: Dole, Vincent (1913–2006).
118: Domestic Abuse and Alcohol.
119: Domestic Abuse and Drugs.
120: Drug Abuse.
121: Drug Abuse and Treatment Act (1972).
122: Drug Abuse Control Amendments (1965).
123: Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE).
124: Drug Abuse Warning Network.
125: Drug Addiction and Public Policy.
126: Drug Cartels.
127: Drug Classes.
128: Drug Courts.
129: Drug Czar.
130: Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA).
131: Drug Interdiction and International Cooperation Act (1986).
132: Drug Intervention Programs.
133: Drug Kingpin Death Penalty Act (1988, 1994).
134: Drug Nomenclature.
135: Drug Paraphernalia.
136: Drug Policy Alliance Network.
137: Drug Possession.
138: Drug Purity.
139: Drug Reform Act (1986).
140: Drug Screening and Testing.
141: Drug Sentencing.
142: Drug Smuggling.
143: Drug Tolerance.
144: Drug Trade.
145: Drug Trafficking.
146: Drug Trafficking and Organized Crime.
147: Drug Trafficking Networks.
148: Drug Typologies.
149: Drug Use Forecasting.
150: Drug Watch International.
151: Drug-Facilitated Rape.
152: Drug-Free America Act (1986).
153: Drug-Free America Foundation.
154: Drug-Free Federal Workplace.
155: Drug-Free School Zones.
156: Drug-Free Schools and Community Act (1988–1989).
157: Drugged Driving.
158: Drug-Related Asset Seizures.