Historical Dictionary of United States - Middle East Relations, 1st Edition

  • Peter L. Hahn
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0810864568
  • ISBN-13: 9780810864566
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 205 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2007 | Published/Released June 2009
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2007

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

The current state of affairs between the United States and the Middle East is probably the most volatile and absorbing relationship the U.S. is involved in today. Prior to 1941, however, the U.S. preferred to limit its involvement with the Middle East to launching ministries of evangelism and social welfare across the region and investing in the pumping, refining, and transportation of oil to Western markets. It was not until World War II and the Cold War, when the threat of losing control of the region and therefore losing its natural resources, military bases, and lines of communication arose, that U.S. officials were motivated to take a greater interest. Since then, the increasing level of violence in the area has led to an increase in U.S. involvement, which - in most cases - has been far from positive: the Iran hostage crisis of 1979-1981, the Persian Gulf War of 1990-1991, and the U.S. invasion and occupation of Iraq in 2003.

The Historical Dictionary of United States - Middle East Relations is an essential tool to understanding how diplomatic relations deteriorated to this point. This volume concentrates on the history of diplomatic relations between the U.S. and the Middle East from the onset of the Cold War up to the present. This is accomplished through a chronology, an introduction, a bibliography, an appendix, and hundreds of cross-referenced dictionary entries on the countries involved, significant events, major crises, important figures, controversial issues, and doctrines and policies. For scholars, historians, and students interested in the diplomacy of these two regions, this is an essential reference.

About the Author:
Peter L. Hahn is professor of history at Ohio State University and executive director of the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations. He is author of four books and many articles on the history of U.S. diplomacy in the Middle East.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Historical Dictionaries of U.S. Diplomacy.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Dedication.
Contents.
Editor's Foreword.
Acknowledgments.
Acronyms and Abbreviations.
Map.
Chronology.
Introduction.
1: Abbas, Mahmoud (1935– ).
2: Abdullah, King of Saudi Arabia (1924– ).
3: Abdullah I, King of Jordan (1882–1951).
4: Abdullah II, King of Jordan (1962– ).
5: Acheson, Dean G (1893–1971).
6: Afghanistan, U.S. Invasion of (2001).
7: Ahmadinejad, Mahmoud (1956– ).
8: Al-Qaeda.
9: Albright, Madeleine K. (1932– ).
10: Allawi, Iyad (1946– ).
11: Alpha Peace Plan.
12: American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC).
13: American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC).
14: American University of Beirut (AUB).
15: American University in Cairo (AUC).
16: Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry Into the Problems of European Jewry and Palestine (AACOI).
17: Anti-Defamation League (ADL).
18: Aoun, Michel (1935– ).
19: Arab–Israeli Conflict.
20: Arab-Israeli War of 1948–1949.
21: Arab-Israeli War of 1967.
22: Arab-Israeli War of 1973.
23: Arab League.
24: Arab Oil Embargo.
25: Arabian-American Oil Company (ARAMCO).
26: Arafat, Yasser (1929–2004).
27: Al-Assad, Bashar (1965– ).
28: Al-Assad, Hafez (1930–2000).
29: Al-Badr, Muhammed (1929–1996).
30: Baghdad Pact.
31: Bahrain.
32: Baker, James A. (1930– ).
33: Barak, Ehud (1942– ).
34: Barzani, Massoud (1946– ).
35: Barzani, Mustapha (1903–1979).
36: Begin, Menachem (1913–1992).
37: Ben-Gurion, David (1886–1971).
38: Bernadotte, Folke (1895–1948).
39: Bernadotte Plan.
40: Bin Laden, Osama (1957– ).
41: Black September.
42: Bremer, L. Paul (1942– ).
43: Brzezinski, Zbigniew (1928– ).
44: Bunche, Ralph J. (1904–1971).
45: Bush Doctrine.
46: Bush, George H. W. (1924– ).
47: Bush, George W. (1946– ).
48: Camp David Accords.
49: Carter Doctrine.
50: Carter, Jimmy (1924– ).
51: Casey, William J. (1913–1987).
52: Chalabi, Ahmad (1945– ).
53: Chamoun, Camille (1900–1987).
54: Chehab, Fuad (1902–1973).
55: Cheney, Richard B. (1941– ).
56: Christian Zionism.
57: Christopher, Warren (1925– ).
58: Clifford, Clark M. (1906–1998).
59: Clinton, William Jefferson (1946– ).
60: Dayan, Moshe (1915–1981).
61: Democratization.
62: Disengagement Accords.
63: Dulles, Allen W. (1893–1969).
64: Dulles, John Foster (1888–1959).
65: Economic Survey Mission (ESM).
66: Egypt.
67: Egyptian Islamic Jihad (EIJ).
68: Eisenhower Doctrine.
69: Eisenhower, Dwight D. (1890–1969).
70: Eshkol, Levi (1895–1969).
71: Fahd, King, of Saudi Arabia (1923–2005).
72: Faisal, King, of Saudi Arabia (1905–1975).
73: Faisal I, King, of Iraq (1885–1933).
74: Faisal II, King, of Iraq (1935–1958).
75: Farouk, King, of Egypt (1920–1965).
76: Ford, Gerald R. (1913–2006).
77: Foreign Aid, U.S.
78: Forrestal, James (1892–1949).
79: Franks, Tommy (1945– ).
80: Garner, Jay (1938–).
81: Gemayel, Bashir (1947–1982).
82: Habib, Philip C. (1920–1992).
83: Haig, Alexander M. (1924– ).
84: Hariri, Rafik (1944–2005).
85: Heikal, Mohammed Hassanein (1923– ).
86: Henderson, Loy (1892–1986).
87: Herter, Christian A. (1895–1966).
88: Hizballah.
89: Hussein, King, of Jordan (1935–1999).
90: Hussein, Saddam (1937–2006).
91: Ibn Saud, King, of Saudi Arabia (ca. 1880–1953).
92: “Icebox Agreement”.
93: Idris, King, of Libya (1890–1983).
94: Intifada.
95: Iran.
96: Iran-Contra Scandal.
97: Iran Hostage Crisis.
98: Iran–Iraq War.
99: Iran's Nuclear Program.
100: Iraq.
101: Iraq Petroleum Company (IPC).
102: Iraq War (2003– ).
103: Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas).
104: Israel.
105: Jaafari, Ibrahim (1947– ).
106: Johnson, Joseph E. (1906–1990).
107: Johnson, Lyndon B. (1908–1973).
108: Jordan.
109: Jordan Valley Plan (JVP).
110: Kennedy, John F. (1917–1963).
111: Kerr, Malcolm (1931–1984).
112: Khalid, King, of Saudi Arabia (1913–1982).
113: Khalilzad, Zalmay (1951– ).
114: Khamenei, Ayatollah Seyed Ali (1939– ).
115: Khatami, Mohammed (1943– ).
116: Khomeini, Ayatollah Ruhollah (1902–1989).
117: King-Crane Commission.
118: Kissinger, Henry A. (1923– ).
119: Komer, Robert W. (1922–2000).
120: Kurds.
121: Kuwait.
122: Lebanon.
123: Lebanon, Israeli Invasion of.
124: Libya.
125: Madrid Conference.
126: Al-Maliki, Nuri (Jawad) (1950– ).
127: McFarlane, Robert C. (1937– ).
128: McGhee, George (1912–2005).
129: Meir, Golda (1898–1978).
130: Middle East Command (MEC).
131: Middle East Defense Organization (MEDO).
132: Middle East Free Trade Area (MEFTA).
133: Mitchell, George (1933– ).
134: Mossadegh, Mohammed (1882–1967).
135: Mubarak, Hosni (1928– ).
136: Murphy, Robert D. (1894–1978).
137: Naguib, Mohammed (1901–1984).
138: Nasser, Gamal Abdel (1918–1970).
139: National Association of Arab-Americans (NAAA).
140: National Security Strategy of the United States.
141: Netanyahu, Benjamin (1949– ).
142: 9/11.
143: Nixon Doctrine.
144: Nixon, Richard M. (1913–1994).
145: Noor, Queen, of Jordan (1951– ).
146: North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
147: North, Oliver (1943– ).
148: Olmert, Ehud (1945– ).
149: Oman.
150: Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC).
151: Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC).
152: Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).
153: Orientalism.
154: Oslo Accord.
155: Pahlavi, Mohammed Reza, Shah of Iran (1919–1980).
156: Pahlavi, Reza, Shah of Iran (1878–1944).
157: Palestine.
158: Palestine Conciliation Commission (PCC).
159: Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).
160: Palestinian National Authority (PNA).
161: Palestinian Refugees.
162: Partition of Palestine.
163: Peres, Shimon (1923– ).
164: Persian Gulf War.
165: Poindexter, John M. (1936– ).
166: Powell, Colin (1937– ).
167: Al-Qaddafi, Muammar (1942– ).
168: Qassim, Abdul Karim (1914–1963).
169: Qatar.
170: Qureia, Ahmed (1937– ).
171: Qutb, Sayyid (1906–1966).
172: Al-Quwatly, Shukry (1892–1967).
173: Rabin, Yitzhak (1922–1995).
174: Rafsanjani, Akbar Hashemi (1934– ).
175: Reagan Doctrine.
176: Reagan, Ronald (1911–2004).
177: Red Line Agreement.
178: Rice, Condoleezza (1954– ).
179: Richards, James P. (1894–1979).
180: Roadmap Peace Plan.
181: Rogers Plan.
182: Rogers, William P. (1913–2001).
183: Roosevelt, Franklin D. (1882–1945).
184: Ross, Dennis.
185: Rumsfeld, Donald H. (1932– ).
186: Al-Sadat, Anwar (1918–1981).
187: Al-Said, Nuri (1888–1958).
188: Saud, King, of Saudi Arabia (1902–1969).
Front Cover.
Historical Dictionaries of U.S. Diplomacy.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Dedication.
Contents.
Editor's Foreword.
Acknowledgments.
Acronyms and Abbreviations.
Map.
Chronology.
Introduction.
1: Abbas, Mahmoud (1935– ).
2: Abdullah, King of Saudi Arabia (1924– ).
3: Abdullah I, King of Jordan (1882–1951).
4: Abdullah II, King of Jordan (1962– ).
5: Acheson, Dean G (1893–1971).
6: Afghanistan, U.S. Invasion of (2001).
7: Ahmadinejad, Mahmoud (1956– ).
8: Al-Qaeda.
9: Albright, Madeleine K. (1932– ).
10: Allawi, Iyad (1946– ).
11: Alpha Peace Plan.
12: American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC).
13: American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC).
14: American University of Beirut (AUB).
15: American University in Cairo (AUC).
16: Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry Into the Problems of European Jewry and Palestine (AACOI).
17: Anti-Defamation League (ADL).
18: Aoun, Michel (1935– ).
19: Arab–Israeli Conflict.
20: Arab-Israeli War of 1948–1949.
21: Arab-Israeli War of 1967.
22: Arab-Israeli War of 1973.
23: Arab League.
24: Arab Oil Embargo.
25: Arabian-American Oil Company (ARAMCO).
26: Arafat, Yasser (1929–2004).
27: Al-Assad, Bashar (1965– ).
28: Al-Assad, Hafez (1930–2000).
29: Al-Badr, Muhammed (1929–1996).
30: Baghdad Pact.
31: Bahrain.
32: Baker, James A. (1930– ).
33: Barak, Ehud (1942– ).
34: Barzani, Massoud (1946– ).
35: Barzani, Mustapha (1903–1979).
36: Begin, Menachem (1913–1992).
37: Ben-Gurion, David (1886–1971).
38: Bernadotte, Folke (1895–1948).
39: Bernadotte Plan.
40: Bin Laden, Osama (1957– ).
41: Black September.
42: Bremer, L. Paul (1942– ).
43: Brzezinski, Zbigniew (1928– ).
44: Bunche, Ralph J. (1904–1971).
45: Bush Doctrine.
46: Bush, George H. W. (1924– ).
47: Bush, George W. (1946– ).
48: Camp David Accords.
49: Carter Doctrine.
50: Carter, Jimmy (1924– ).
51: Casey, William J. (1913–1987).
52: Chalabi, Ahmad (1945– ).
53: Chamoun, Camille (1900–1987).
54: Chehab, Fuad (1902–1973).
55: Cheney, Richard B. (1941– ).
56: Christian Zionism.
57: Christopher, Warren (1925– ).
58: Clifford, Clark M. (1906–1998).
59: Clinton, William Jefferson (1946– ).
60: Dayan, Moshe (1915–1981).
61: Democratization.
62: Disengagement Accords.
63: Dulles, Allen W. (1893–1969).
64: Dulles, John Foster (1888–1959).
65: Economic Survey Mission (ESM).
66: Egypt.
67: Egyptian Islamic Jihad (EIJ).
68: Eisenhower Doctrine.
69: Eisenhower, Dwight D. (1890–1969).
70: Eshkol, Levi (1895–1969).
71: Fahd, King, of Saudi Arabia (1923–2005).
72: Faisal, King, of Saudi Arabia (1905–1975).
73: Faisal I, King, of Iraq (1885–1933).
74: Faisal II, King, of Iraq (1935–1958).
75: Farouk, King, of Egypt (1920–1965).
76: Ford, Gerald R. (1913–2006).
77: Foreign Aid, U.S.
78: Forrestal, James (1892–1949).
79: Franks, Tommy (1945– ).
80: Garner, Jay (1938–).
81: Gemayel, Bashir (1947–1982).
82: Habib, Philip C. (1920–1992).
83: Haig, Alexander M. (1924– ).
84: Hariri, Rafik (1944–2005).
85: Heikal, Mohammed Hassanein (1923– ).
86: Henderson, Loy (1892–1986).
87: Herter, Christian A. (1895–1966).
88: Hizballah.
89: Hussein, King, of Jordan (1935–1999).
90: Hussein, Saddam (1937–2006).
91: Ibn Saud, King, of Saudi Arabia (ca. 1880–1953).
92: “Icebox Agreement”.
93: Idris, King, of Libya (1890–1983).
94: Intifada.
95: Iran.
96: Iran-Contra Scandal.
97: Iran Hostage Crisis.
98: Iran–Iraq War.
99: Iran's Nuclear Program.
100: Iraq.
101: Iraq Petroleum Company (IPC).
102: Iraq War (2003– ).
103: Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas).
104: Israel.
105: Jaafari, Ibrahim (1947– ).
106: Johnson, Joseph E. (1906–1990).
107: Johnson, Lyndon B. (1908–1973).
108: Jordan.
109: Jordan Valley Plan (JVP).
110: Kennedy, John F. (1917–1963).
111: Kerr, Malcolm (1931–1984).
112: Khalid, King, of Saudi Arabia (1913–1982).
113: Khalilzad, Zalmay (1951– ).
114: Khamenei, Ayatollah Seyed Ali (1939– ).
115: Khatami, Mohammed (1943– ).
116: Khomeini, Ayatollah Ruhollah (1902–1989).
117: King-Crane Commission.
118: Kissinger, Henry A. (1923– ).
119: Komer, Robert W. (1922–2000).
120: Kurds.
121: Kuwait.
122: Lebanon.
123: Lebanon, Israeli Invasion of.
124: Libya.
125: Madrid Conference.
126: Al-Maliki, Nuri (Jawad) (1950– ).
127: McFarlane, Robert C. (1937– ).
128: McGhee, George (1912–2005).
129: Meir, Golda (1898–1978).
130: Middle East Command (MEC).
131: Middle East Defense Organization (MEDO).
132: Middle East Free Trade Area (MEFTA).
133: Mitchell, George (1933– ).
134: Mossadegh, Mohammed (1882–1967).
135: Mubarak, Hosni (1928– ).
136: Murphy, Robert D. (1894–1978).
137: Naguib, Mohammed (1901–1984).
138: Nasser, Gamal Abdel (1918–1970).
139: National Association of Arab-Americans (NAAA).
140: National Security Strategy of the United States.
141: Netanyahu, Benjamin (1949– ).
142: 9/11.
143: Nixon Doctrine.
144: Nixon, Richard M. (1913–1994).
145: Noor, Queen, of Jordan (1951– ).
146: North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
147: North, Oliver (1943– ).
148: Olmert, Ehud (1945– ).
149: Oman.
150: Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC).
151: Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC).
152: Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).
153: Orientalism.
154: Oslo Accord.
155: Pahlavi, Mohammed Reza, Shah of Iran (1919–1980).
156: Pahlavi, Reza, Shah of Iran (1878–1944).
157: Palestine.
158: Palestine Conciliation Commission (PCC).
159: Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).
160: Palestinian National Authority (PNA).
161: Palestinian Refugees.
162: Partition of Palestine.
163: Peres, Shimon (1923– ).
164: Persian Gulf War.
165: Poindexter, John M. (1936– ).
166: Powell, Colin (1937– ).
167: Al-Qaddafi, Muammar (1942– ).
168: Qassim, Abdul Karim (1914–1963).
169: Qatar.
170: Qureia, Ahmed (1937– ).
171: Qutb, Sayyid (1906–1966).
172: Al-Quwatly, Shukry (1892–1967).
173: Rabin, Yitzhak (1922–1995).
174: Rafsanjani, Akbar Hashemi (1934– ).
175: Reagan Doctrine.
176: Reagan, Ronald (1911–2004).
177: Red Line Agreement.
178: Rice, Condoleezza (1954– ).
179: Richards, James P. (1894–1979).
180: Roadmap Peace Plan.
181: Rogers Plan.
182: Rogers, William P. (1913–2001).
183: Roosevelt, Franklin D. (1882–1945).
184: Ross, Dennis.
185: Rumsfeld, Donald H. (1932– ).
186: Al-Sadat, Anwar (1918–1981).
187: Al-Said, Nuri (1888–1958).
188: Saud, King, of Saudi Arabia (1902–1969).