Surveillance in America: An Encyclopedia of History, Politics, and the Law, 1st Edition

  • Pam Dixon
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1440840555
  • ISBN-13: 9781440840555
  • DDC: 342.7308
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 808 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2016 | Published/Released August 2016
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2016

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

This book examines the key issues surrounding government surveillance and privacy in 21st-century America, covering topics ranging from the surveillance conducted during colonial days, which inspired the Fourth Amendment, to the new high-tech developments that pose unprecedented potential challenges to the privacy of millions of Americans. Readers will gain insight into the complex challenge of interpreting the Fourth Amendment protections against warrantless, unreasonable government searches and understand how changes in the methods by which the U.S. government carries out counterterrorism and law enforcement activities influence its relationship with American citizens and businesses.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Reader's Guide to Related Topics and Primary Documents.
Preface.
Introduction.
Chronology.
1: Administrative Searches.
2: Alexander, Keith B. (1951–).
3: Alien Registration Act.
4: American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU).
5: American Civil Liberties Union v. Clapper (2015).
6: American Civil Liberties Union v. National Security Agency (2007).
7: Anonymization and De-identification.
8: Antiwiretapping Statutes.
9: Arizona v. Evans (1995).
10: Ashcroft, John (1942–).
11: Automobile Stops and Searches.
12: Background Checks (Employment and Volunteerism).
13: Bamford, James (1946–).
14: Banking and Financial Records.
15: Bartnicki v. Vopper (2001).
16: Biometrics.
17: Boyd v. United States (1886).
18: Brandeis, Louis (1856–1941).
19: Cable Communications Policy Act of 1984.
20: California v. Ciraolo (1986).
21: California v. Greenwood (1988).
22: Carnivore.
23: Cellular Phones.
24: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
25: Church Committee.
26: Civil Rights and Liberties during Wartime.
27: Clapper, James R. (1941–).
28: Clapper v. Amnesty International USA (2013).
29: Clipper and Capstone Chips.
30: Cloud Computing.
31: Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act (CALEA).
32: Consent Searches.
33: Constitutional Protections.
34: Crypto Wars.
35: Data Brokers.
36: Data Collection, Online.
37: Data Mining.
38: Davis v. Mississippi (1969).
39: Deep Packet Inspection (DPI).
40: Delaware v. Prouse (1979).
41: Douglas, William O. (1898–1980).
42: Drones.
43: Due Process Clause.
44: Echelon.
45: Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA).
46: Electronic Mail.
47: Electronic Surveillance.
48: Encryption.
49: Espionage Act of 1917.
50: E-Verify.
51: Exclusionary Rule.
52: Executive Order 9066.
53: Executive Order 12333.
54: Fair Information Practices.
55: Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).
56: Firearms Registration.
57: Firewalls.
58: Five Eyes.
59: Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA).
60: Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court (FISC).
61: Fourth Amendment.
62: Freedom of Information Act (FOIA).
63: Fusion Centers.
64: “Good-Faith” Exception.
65: Greenwald, Glenn (1967–).
66: Griswold v. Connecticut (1965).
67: Hayden, Michael (1945–).
68: Health Information Privacy.
69: Hemisphere Project.
70: Hepting v. AT&T (2009).
71: Hoover, J. Edgar (1895–1972).
72: House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC).
73: Illinois v. Krull et al. (1987).
74: Illinois v. Lidster (2004).
75: Inevitable Discovery.
76: Internal Security Act of 1950.
77: Jewel v. National Security Agency (2015).
78: Klayman v. Obama (2013).
79: Klein, Mark.
80: Leahy, Patrick (1940–).
81: McCarthyism.
82: Michigan Department of State Police v. Sitz (1990).
83: National Identity Cards.
84: National Security Letters (NSLs).
85: National Security Agency (NSA).
86: Next Generation Identification (NGI).
87: 9/11 Commission.
88: Orwell, George (1903–1950).
89: Persistent Online Tracking.
90: Plain View Doctrine.
91: Police Militarization.
92: President's Surveillance Program (PSP).
93: PRISM.
94: Privacy Act of 1974.
95: Privacy Advocacy Organizations.
96: Privacy, Informational.
97: Profiling.
98: Reasonable Expectation of Privacy.
99: Right to Financial Privacy Act (RFPA).
100: Search Warrants.
101: Sex Offender Registries.
102: Snowden, Edward (1983–).
103: Stingray Tracking Technology.
104: Stop and Frisk.
105: Surveillance.
106: Surveillance Cameras.
107: Surveillance-Industrial Complex.
108: Terrorism, War on.
109: Third-Party Doctrine.
110: Transportation Security Administration (TSA).
111: United States v. Davis (2015).
112: United States v. U.S. District Court (1972).
113: USA Patriot Act.
114: Vernonia School District v. Acton (1995).
115: Warrantless Searches.
116: Warrantless Wiretapping.
117: Zero Days.