American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Board of Directors, 2016–2017.
Introduction and Overview of Cases.
1: The Epidemiology of Spine Injuries in Athletes.
2: Biomechanics of the Spine in Sports and Prevention Considerations.
3: Rehabilitation of Athletes After Spine Injury and Spine Surgery.
4: On-Field Evaluation and Transport of the Injured Athlete.
5: Spinal Cord Injury: Pharmacologic Agents, Thermal Cooling, and Timing of Interventions.
6: Diagnostic Imaging of Sports-Related Spinal Disorders.
7: Spine Injuries in Pediatric Athletes.
8: Role of the Spine Surgeon with Professional Sports Teams, Agents, and Coaches.
Cervical Spine Injuries in Athletes.
9: Differential Diagnosis of Upper Extremity Disorders (Neck and Arm Pain).
10: Stingers and Burners.
11: Cervical Cord Neurapraxia.
12: Cervical Disk Herniation in Athletes.
13: Congenital Cervical Anomalies and Special Needs Athletes.
14: Degenerative Disorders of the Cervical Spine and Cervical Stenosis.
15: Fractures of the Cervical Spine and Spinal Cord Injuries.
16: Incidence of Low Back Pain in Athletes and Differential Diagnosis and Evaluation of Athletes with Back or Leg Pain.
17: Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis in Immature and Adult Athletes.
18: Lumbar Disk Herniation in Immature and Adult Athletes.
19: Lumbar Degenerative Disk Disease and Spinal Stenosis in Athletes.
20: Piriformis Syndrome, Sacral Stress Fractures, and Hip Labral Disorders.
21: Lumbar Spine Disorders in Aging Athletes.
22: Thoracic Injuries and Pain Syndromes in Athletes.
23: Concussion: Introduction—The Controversy.
24: Definitions of Sports Concussion, Initial Diagnosis, and On-Field Evaluation.
25: Determining Short-Term Prognosis and Return to Play.
26: Neuropsychological Testing in the Treatment and Management of Sport-Related Concussion.
27: Postconcussion Syndrome.
28: Concussion: Long Term Sequelae—The Controversy.
Roundtable Discussion of the Experts.
29: Spine and Sports: A Roundtable Discussion.