The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Global Medieval Life and Culture, 1st Edition

  • James L. Fitzsimmons
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0313081239
  • ISBN-13: 9780313081231
  • DDC: 940.1
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 1500 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2008 | Published/Released June 2010
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2008

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

The period we know as the Middle Ages, roughly the years 400-1400, saw the formation of ideas and institutions that mark modern societies. Developments as disparate as the foundation of Islam and the emergence of the middle class occurred during this pivotal millennium. Although historical study of the Middle Ages has traditionally focused on Western Europe, modern historians recognize the complex global nature of this era. For all major world regions, this three-volume work offers in-depth essays on broad themes, short entries on specific topics, and carefully selected primary documents to help readers more fully understand this critically important period.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Preface for Users of Global Medieval Life and Culture.
1: Europe.
2: Chronology.
3: Maps.
4: Overview and Topical Essays.
5: 1. Historical Overview.
6: 2. Religion.
7: 3. Economy.
8: 4. The Arts.
9: 5. Society.
10: 6. Science and Technology.
11: 7. Global Ties.
12: Short Entries: People, Ideas, Events, and Terms.
13: Agriculture.
14: Alfred the Great (849–899).
15: Architecture.
16: Bede the Venerable (c. 672–735).
17: Bernard of Clairvaux (1090–1153).
18: Boccaccio, Giovanni (1313–1375).
19: Bubonic Plague (Black Death).
20: Castles.
21: Champagne Fairs.
22: Charlemagne (742–814).
23: Chaucer, Geoffrey (c. 1342–1400).
24: Chivalry.
25: Conciliar Movement.
26: Courtly Love.
27: Crusades.
28: Dante Alighieri (1265–1321).
29: Dramatic Performance.
30: Education.
31: Eleanor of Aquitaine (c. 1122–1204).
32: Fathers of the Church.
33: Food.
34: Francis of Assisi (c. 1182–1226).
35: Guilds.
36: Heresies.
37: Hildegard of Bingen (1098–1179).
38: Hundred Years War.
39: Iconoclasm.
40: Inquisition.
41: Investiture Controversy.
42: Jews.
43: Justinian (c. 483–565).
44: Law, Feudal.
45: Law, Germanic.
46: Law, Roman and Canon.
47: Marco Polo (c. 1254–1324).
48: Marriage.
49: Medicine.
50: Military Orders.
51: Money.
52: Mysticism.
53: Parliament.
54: Peasant Revolts.
55: Scholasticism.
56: Warfare.
57: Women.
58: Primary Documents.
59: 1. Augustine Writes of Childhood Sinning, 397.
60: 2. Ordeals under the Law.
61: 3. King Clovis Kills His Kinsmen (fifth and sixth centuries).
62: 4. A Historian Slanders Empress Theodora (sixth century).
63: 5. Bede Describes the Conversion of the English (sixth and seventh centuries).
64: 6. Documents of Feudal Law (seventh and eighth centuries).
65: 7. Charlemagne Promotes Education (eighth and ninth centuries).
66: 8. A Jewish Merchant Writes to His Wife.
67: 9. Lords Create Markets (ninth and tenth centuries).
68: 10. Asser's Life of Alfred the Great, King of Wessex (tenth century).
69: 11. Serfs Struggle for Freedom (tenth and thirteenth centuries).
70: 12. Vikings Trade with Natives in North America (eleventh century).
71: 13. The Pope Claims Supremacy in the Investiture Controversy (eleventh century).
72: 14. Anna Comnena Describes the First Crusade (twelfth century).
73: 15. The Founding and Decline of the Knights Templars (twelfth century).
74: 16. The Great Pilgrimage Church of Saint James in Spain (twelfth century).
75: 17. The Life of Godric, Merchant Saint (twelfth century).
76: 18. Hildegard of Bingen Discusses Marriage (twelfth century).
77: 19. Guibert of Nogent Studies at Home (twelfth century).
78: 20. The Legendary King Arthur Is Born (twelfth century).
79: 21. Bernard of Clairvaux Condemns Abelard and Scholasticism, 1140.
80: 22. An Agricultural Instruction Manual (thirteenth century).
81: 23. Crusaders Besiege a Tower during the Fifth Crusade (thirteenth century).
82: 24. Marco Polo Describes Religious Toleration in the Mongol Empire, 1271.
83: 25. Marco Polo Describes the Mongol Capital, 1271.
84: 26. Giovanni Boccaccio Describes the Plague, 1350.
85: 27. Jean Froissart Describes a Peasant Revolt, the Jacquerie in France (fourteenth century).
86: 28. John Hus Is Burnt for Heresy, 1415.
87: 29. Margery Kempe Has a Vision of Jesus, 1436.
88: Dynasties of Medieval Europe.
89: The Americas.
90: Chronology.
91: Maps.
92: Overview and Topical Essays.
93: 1. Historical Overview.
94: 2. Religion.
95: 3. Economy.
96: 4. The Arts.
97: 5. Society.
98: 6. Science and Technology.
99: 7. Global Ties.
100: Short Entries: People, Ideas, Events, and Terms.
101: Acutuba.
102: Ancestor Veneration.
103: Atlatl.
104: Avonlea.
105: Ayllu.
106: Aztlan.
107: Ballgame.
108: Batán Grande.
109: Cacao.
110: Cahokia.
111: Calakmul.
112: Calmecac.
113: Calpolli.
114: Casas Grandes.
115: Chaco Canyon.
116: Chichén Itzá.
117: Chimor.
118: Chinampas.
119: Codex.
120: Copan.
121: Corvée Labor.
122: Cotzumalhuapa.
123: Crow Creek.
124: Curaca.
125: Cuzco.
126: Cyclical Time.
127: Divine Kingship.
128: Dorset.
129: Eight Deer Jaguar Claw (1063–1115).
130: “Flowery Wars”.
131: Fremont.
132: Huaca.
133: Iroquois.
134: Itzcoatl (d. 1440).
135: Ixiptla.
136: Jasaw Chan K'awiil I (d. 734).
137: K'inich Janaab' Pakal (d. 683).
138: Kiva.
139: L'Anse aux Meadows.
140: Lineage Organization.
141: Los Buchillones.
142: Marajóara.
143: Maya Collapse.
144: Mesa Verde.
145: Mesoamérican Calendar.
146: Metallurgy.
147: Mitla.
148: Moche.
149: Monte Albán.
150: Moundville.
151: Naymlap.
152: Nazca Lines.
153: Nezahualcoyotl (1402–1472).
154: Overking.
155: Pachacamac.
156: Palenque.
157: Patolli.
158: Pleiades.
159: Popol Nah.
160: Popol Vuh.
161: Pulque.
162: Quetzalcoatl.
163: Quipu.
164: Rivas.
165: Shabik'eschee.
166: Sipán.
167: Snaketown.
168: Southern Cult.
169: Spiro.
170: Staff God.
171: Stela.
172: Sweat Bath or Sweat Lodge.
173: Talud-Tablero.
174: Tawantinsuyu.
175: Tayasal.
176: Tenochtitlán.
177: Teotihuacán.
178: Terra Preta.
179: Thule.
180: Tikal.
181: Tiwanaku.
182: Tlaloc.
183: Tlatoani.
184: Toltec.
185: Triple Alliance.
186: Tula.
187: Tumbaga.
188: Tzintzuntzan.
189: Upper Xingu.
190: Utatlán.
191: Venus.
192: Wari.
193: Primary Documents.
194: 1. Leif Erikson's Exploration of North America: Coming to Vinland (c. C.E. 1003).