Campaign and Election Reform: A Reference Handbook, 1st Edition

  • Glenn H. Utter
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1598840703
  • ISBN-13: 9781598840704
  • DDC: 324.70973
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 371 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2008 | Published/Released May 2010
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2008

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Voting may be the quintessential democratic right, but designing a fair campaign and election system has always been a problem. From the days of the three-fifths compromise to the hanging chads of the new millennium, Americans have confronted a variety of electoral problems and abuses, and met each new problem with an attempt at reform.

Emphasizing the major electoral reforms since 2000, this second edition of Campaign and Election Reform investigates the development of the American electoral system from colonial times to the present. It chronicles efforts to expand suffrage, reform campaign financing, and prevent vote fraud, and traces the development of election technology from the paper ballot to the lever voting machine, from the punch-card ballot to the optical-scan and touch-screen systems.

The book also explores alternative voting systems, such as preference voting and proportional representation, and compares the U.S. electoral process with the voting systems of selected European democracies. Campaign and Election Reform, Second Edition is essential reading for any citizen who wants to understand the U.S. electoral system, what's wrong with it, and how it might be fixed.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Selected Titles in ABC-CLIO's Contemporary World Issues Series.
Other Frontmatter.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Preface.
1: Background and History.
2: Problems, Controversies, and Solutions.
3: Campaigns and Elections in Selected Western European Democracies.
4: Chronology.
5: Biographical Sketches.
6: Herbert E. Alexander (b. 1927).
7: Douglas J. Amy (b. 1951).
8: Susan Brownell Anthony (1820–1906).
9: Kathleen L. Barber (b. 1924).
10: Kimball William Brace (b. 1951).
11: Richard A. Cloward (1926–2001).
12: Chandler Davidson (b. 1936).
13: David L. Dill (b. 1957).
14: Richard L. Engstrom (b. 1946).
15: Russ Feingold (b. 1953).
16: Bernard N. Grofman (b. 1944).
17: Lani Guinier (b. 1950).
18: Stanley A. Halpin Jr. (b. 1940).
19: Bev Harris (b. 1951).
20: Paul Jacob (b. 1960).
21: David B. Magleby (b. 1949).
22: Michael J. Malbin (b. 1943).
23: Thomas E. Mann (b. 1944).
24: John S. McCain III (b. 1936).
25: Laughlin McDonald (b. 1938).
26: Louise Overacker (1891–1982).
27: Mark P. Petracca (b. 1955).
28: Richard H. Pildes (b. 1957).
29: Frances Fox Piven (b. 1932).
30: Trevor Potter (b. 1955).
31: Robert “Rob” Richie (b. 1962).
32: Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815–1902).
33: Edward Still (b. 1946).
34: Fred Wertheimer (b. 1939).
35: Data and Documents.
36: Campaign Finance Law.
37: Public Attitudes Toward Campaign Finance Laws.
38: Electoral and Voting Controversies.
39: Public Attitudes Toward the Electoral and Voting Processes.
40: Major U.S. Supreme Court Decisions on Campaign Finance.
41: U.S. Supreme Court Decisions on Political Participation.
42: U.S. Supreme Court Decisions on Redistricting.
43: The Costs of Elections.
44: Voter Turnout and Voter Registration.
45: Quotations.
46: References.
47: Directory of Organizations.
48: Accurate: Center for Correct, Usable, Reliable, Auditable, and Transparent Elections.
49: American Association of Political Consultants (AAPC).
50: American Enterprise Institute (AEI) for Public Policy Research/Brookings Institution: Election Reform Project.
51: Americans to Limit Congressional Terms.
52: Ballot Initiative Strategy Center (BISC).
53: Black Box Voting.
54: Brennan Center for Justice.
55: Caltech/MIT Voting Technology Project.
56: Campaign Finance Institute (CFI).
57: Campaign Legal Center (CLC).
58: Center for Democracy and Citizenship (CDCC).
59: Center for Democracy and Election Management (CDEM).
60: Center for Individual Freedom Foundation (CFIF).
61: Center for Public Integrity (CPI).
62: Center for Representative Government (CRG).
63: Center for Responsive Politics (CRP).
64: Center for the Study of the American Electorate (CSAE).
65: Center for Voting and Democracy.
66: Century Foundation (CF).
67: Cincinnatus Political Action Commmittee.
68: Citizen Advocacy Center (CAC).
69: Citizens' Debate Commission (CDC).
70: Citizens for a Fair Vote Count.
71: Citizens for Term Limits (CTL).
72: Citizens in Charge Foundation.
73: Citizens' Research Foundation.
74: Coalition for Free and Open Elections (COFOE).
75: Commission on Presidential Debates (CPD).
76: Committee for the Study of the American Electorate.
77: Common Cause (CC).
78: Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility (CPSR).
79: Congressional Quarterly (CQ).
80: Council of State Governments (CSG).
81: Democracy Matters (DM).
82: Democracy 21.
83: Election Administration Research Center (EARC).
84: Election Assistance Commission (EAC).
85: Election Center (EC).
86: Election Crimes Branch (ECB).
87: Election Data Services (EDS).
88: Election Reform Information Project.
89: Election Science Institute (ESI).
90: Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF).
91: E-Voter Institute.
92: Fair Vote: The Center for Voting and Democracy.
93: Federal Election Commission (FEC).
94: Federal Voting Assistance Program (FVAP).
95: Funders' Committee for Civic Participation (FCCP).
96: Global Exchange (GE).
97: Harvard Institute of Politics (HIP).
98: Honest Ballot Association (HBA).
99: Immigrant Voting Project (IVP).
100: Institute for the Study of Civic Values (ISCV).
101: Institute on Money in State Politics (IMSP).
102: International Association of Clerks, Recorders, Election Officials, and Treasurers (IACREOT).
103: International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES).
104: International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA).
105: Justice at Stake (JS).
106: Kids Voting USA (KVUSA).
107: Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights under Law.
108: Leadership Conference on Civil Rights (LCCR).
109: League of Women Voters (LWV).
110: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
111: National Association of Counties (NACo).
112: National Association of County Recorders, Election Officials, and Clerks (NACRC).
113: National Association of Secretaries of State (NASS).
114: National Association of State Election Directors (NASED).
115: National Coalition on Black Civic Participation (NCBCP).
116: National Committee for an Effective Congress (NCEC).
117: National Committee for Voting Integrity (NCVI).
118: National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL).
119: National Initiative for Democracy (NI4D).
120: National Organization on Disability (NOD).
121: National Voting Rights Institute (NVRI).
122: Open Debates.
123: Open Voting Consortium (OVC).
124: Philadelphia II.
125: Political Research Foundation.
126: Project Vote.
127: Project Vote Smart.
128: Public Campaign Action Fund.
129: Public Citizen.
130: ReclaimDemocracy.org (Restoring Citizen Authority Over Corporations).
131: Reform Institute.
132: S.A.V.E. Democracy (Secure, Accurate, and Verifiable Elections).
133: Southwest Voter Registration Education Project (SVREP).
134: Students for Clean Elections.
135: 2020 Vision.
136: U.S. Term Limits (USTL).
137: Vanishing Voter Project.
138: Verified Voting Foundation (VVF).
139: VoteTrustUSA.
140: Votewatch.
141: Voting Section, Civil Rights Division.
142: White House Project (WHP).
143: Young Voter Strategies (YVS).
144: Youth Leadership Initiative (YLI).
145: Resources.
Glossary.
Index.
About the Authors.