Encyclopedia of Geographic Information Science, 1st Edition

  • Published By: SAGE
  • ISBN-10: 1412953960
  • ISBN-13: 9781412953962
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 558 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2008 | Published/Released February 2008
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2008

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Geographic information science (GIScience) is an emerging field that combines aspects of many different disciplines. Spatial literacy is rapidly becoming recognized as a new, essential pier of basic education, alongside grammatical, logical and mathematical literacy. By incorporating location as an essential but often overlooked characteristic of what we seek to understand in the natural and built environment, geographic information science (GIScience) and systems (GISystems) provide the conceptual foundation and tools to explore this new frontier.

The Encyclopedia of Geographic Information Science covers the essence of this exciting, new, and expanding field in an easily understood but richly detailed style. In addition to contributions from some of the best recognized scholars in GIScience, this volume contains contributions from experts in GIS' supporting disciplines who explore how their disciplinary perspectives are expanded within the context of GIScience--what changes when consideration of location is added, what complexities in analytical procedures are added when we consider objects in 2, 3 or even 4 dimensions, what can we gain by visualizing our analytical results on a map or 3D display?

Key Themes

  • Conceptual Foundations
  • Cartography and Visualization
  • Design Aspects
  • Data Manipulation
  • Data Modeling
  • Geocomputation
  • Geospatial Data
  • Societal Issues
  • Spatial Analysis
  • Organizational and Institutional Aspects

Reviews

"this volume will serve most students and researchers as an excellent introduction to geographic information studies." --Lawrence Looks at Books, March 2008

— Lawrence Looks at Books

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Editorial Board.
List of Entries.
Reader's Guide.
About the Editor and Advisory Board.
Contributors.
Introduction.
1: Access to Geographic Information.
2: Accuracy.
3: Address Standard, U.S..
4: Agent–Based Models.
5: Aggregation.
6: Analytical Cartography.
7: Association of Geographic Information Laboratories for Europe (AGILE).
8: Attributes.
9: BLOB.
10: Cadastre.
11: Canada Geographic Information System (CGIS).
12: Cartograms.
13: Cartographic Modeling.
14: Cartography.
15: Cellular Automata.
16: Census.
17: Census, U.S..
18: Chorley Report.
19: Choropleth Map.
20: Classification, Data.
21: Cognitive Science.
22: Computer–Aided Drafting (CAD).
23: Coordinate Systems.
24: Coordination of Information on the Environment (CORINE).
25: Copyright and Intellectual Property Rights.
26: COSIT Conference Series.
27: Cost–Benefit Analysis.
28: Cost Surface.
29: Critical GIS.
30: Cybergeography.
31: Data Access Policies.
32: Database, Spatial.
33: Database Design.
34: Database Management System (DBMS).
35: Data Conversion.
36: Data Integration.
37: Data Mining, Spatial.
38: Data Modeling.
39: Data Structures.
40: Data Warehouse.
41: Datum.
42: Density.
43: Diffusion.
44: Digital Chart of the World (DCW).
45: Digital Earth.
46: Digital Elevation Model (DEM).
47: Digital Library.
48: Direction.
49: Discrete Versus Continuous Phenomena.
50: Distance.
51: Distributed GIS.
52: Ecological Fallacy.
53: Economics of Geographic Information.
54: Effects, First– and Second–Order.
55: Elevation.
56: Enterprise GIS.
57: Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc. (ESRI).
58: ERDAS.
59: Error Propagation.
60: Ethics in the Profession.
61: Evolutionary Algorithms.
62: Experimental Cartography Unit (ECU).
63: Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis (ESDA).
64: Extensible Markup Language (XML).
65: Extent.
66: Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC).
67: First Law of Geography.
68: Fractals.
69: Fragmentation.
70: Framework Data.
71: Fuzzy Logic.
72: Gazetteers.
73: Generalization, Cartographic.
74: Geocoding.
75: Geocomputation.
76: Geodemographics.
77: Geodesy.
78: Geodetic Control Framework.
79: Geographical Analysis Machine (GAM).
80: Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR).
81: Geographic Information Law.
82: Geographic Information Science (GISci) .
83: Geographic Information Systems (GIS).
84: Geography Markup Language (GML).
85: Geomatics.
86: Geometric Primitives.
87: Geoparsing.
88: Georeference.
89: Georeferencing, Automated.
90: Geospatial Intelligence.
91: Geostatistics.
92: Geovisualization.
93: GIS/LIS Consortium and Conference Series.
94: Global Positioning System (GPS).
95: Google Earth.
96: GRASS.
97: Harvard Laboratory for Computer Graphics and Spatial Analysis.
98: Historical Studies, GIS for.
99: IDRISI.
100: Image Processing.
101: Index, Spatial.
102: Integrity Constraints.
103: Intergraph.
104: Interoperability.
105: Interpolation.
106: Intervisibility.
107: Isoline.
108: Isotropy.
109: Kernel.
110: Land Information Systems.
111: Layer.
112: Legend.
113: Liability Associated with Geographic Information.
114: Licenses, Data and Software.
115: LiDAR.
116: Life Cycle.
117: Linear Referencing.
118: Location–Allocation Modeling.
119: Location–Based Services (LBS).
120: Logical Expressions.
121: Manifold GIS.
122: MapInfo.
123: Mathematical Model.
124: Mental Map.
125: Metadata, Geospatial.
126: Metaphor, Spatial and Map.
127: Metes and Bounds.
128: MicroStation.
129: Minimum Bounding Rectangle.
130: Minimum Mapping Unit (MMU).
131: Modifiable Areal Unit Problem (MAUP).
132: Multicriteria Evaluation.
133: Multidimensional Scaling (MDS).
134: Multiscale Representations.
135: Multivalued Logic.
136: Multivariate Mapping.
137: National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis (NCGIA).
138: National Geodetic Survey (NGS).
139: National Map Accuracy Standards (NMAS).
140: National Mapping Agencies.
141: Natural Area Coding System (NACS).
142: Needs Analysis.
143: Network Analysis.
144: Network Data Structures.
145: Neural Networks.
146: Nonstationarity.
147: Normalization.
148: Object Orientation (OO).
149: Ontology.
150: Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC).
151: Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGF).
152: Open Standards.
153: Optimization.
154: Ordnance Survey (OS).
155: Outliers.
156: Pattern Analysis.
157: Photogrammetry.
158: Polygon Operations.
159: Postcodes.
160: Precision.
161: Privacy.
162: Projection.
163: Public Participation GIS (PPGIS).
164: Qualitative Analysis.
165: Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC).
166: Quantitative Revolution.
167: Raster.
168: Regionalized Variables.
169: Remote Sensing.
170: Representation.
171: Sampling.
172: Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG).
173: Scale.
174: Scales of Measurement.
175: Semantic Interoperability.
176: Semantic Network.
177: Shaded Relief.
178: Simulation.
179: Slope Measures.
180: Software, GIS.
181: Spatial Analysis.
182: Spatial Autocorrelation.
183: Spatial Cognition.
184: Spatial Data Architecture.
185: Spatial Data Infrastructure.
186: Spatial Data Server.
187: Spatial Decision Support Systems.
188: Spatial Econometrics.
189: Spatial Filtering.