NEW

Conflict in the Modern Middle East: An Encyclopedia of Civil War, Revolutions, and Regime Change, 1st Edition

  • Jonathan K. Zartman
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1440865035
  • ISBN-13: 9781440865039
  • DDC: 956.05
  • 440 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2020 | Published/Released September 2020
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2020

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

This important reference offers readers a thorough understanding of the nature of the various conflicts that have erupted in the Middle East and North Africa following the Arab Spring. Clear, concise explanations of important concepts related to Islam, ideology, and ethnicity and the economic, social, and cultural forces propelling conflict and revolution in the region offer insight into key developments there. Biographical and organizational profiles combined with succinct overviews of each country provide a strong research foundation for students. Offers detailed descriptions of minority groups that have suffered violence from both the countries and the societies around them, sometimes generating refugee flows that engage neighboring states in security issues. Also discusses the role of women in the region during these turbulent times. Primary source documents and a chronology highlight political struggles to reach agreements and develop institutions to meet basic human needs.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Alphabetical List of Entries.
Geographical List of Entries.
List of Primary Documents.
Preface.
Introduction.
1: A.
2: Abbas, Mahmoud.
3: Abdullah II, King of Jordan.
4: Academics for Peace in Turkey.
5: Against Compulsory Hijab.
6: Ahmadinejad, Mahmoud.
7: Ahrar al-Sham Brigades.
8: AKP-PKK Peace Talks (2005–2015).
9: Al-Abadi, Haider.
10: Al-Ahmar, Ali Muhsin.
11: Al-Assad, Bashar.
12: Alawites (Nusayris).
13: Al-Awlaki, Anwar.
14: Alevis.
15: Algeria, The People’s Democratic Republic of.
16: Algerian Protests (2011).
17: Al-Islah (Reform Party).
18: Al Jazeera.
19: Al-Maliki, Nouri.
20: Al Manar Television.
21: Al-Qaeda Central.
22: Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP).
23: Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM).
24: Al-Sadr, Muqtada.
25: Al-Sharif, Manal.
26: Ammar, Rachid.
27: Ansar al-Sharia in Libya.
28: Ansar Beit al Maqdis.
29: April 6 Youth.
30: Arab Nationalism.
31: Arab Spring Movements (2011).
32: Armed Islamic Group (GIA).
33: Armenians.
34: Army of Islamic Salvation (AIS).
35: Ashrawi, Hanan.
36: Authoritarianism.
37: B.
38: Ba’athism.
39: Badawi, Raif.
40: Bahrain, Kingdom of.
41: Barzani, Masoud.
42: Basij.
43: Battle of Sirte in 2011.
44: Battle of Sirte in 2016.
45: Belhaj, Abdul Hakim.
46: Belmokhtar, Mokhtar.
47: Ben Ali, Zine al-Abidine.
48: Benghazi Attack.
49: Benkirane, Abdelilah.
50: Berbers (Imazighen).
51: Black October Riots (1988).
52: Black September.
53: Bouazizi, Tarek el-Tayeb Mohamed.
54: Bouteflika, Abdelaziz.
55: C.
56: Cedar Revolution (2005).
57: Civil Wars.
58: Clientelism (Patrimonialism).
59: Constitutional Drafting Assembly.
60: Coptic Orthodox Church.
61: Corruption.
62: Coup of 2016.
63: D.
64: Dahiya Doctrine.
65: Demirtas, Selahattin.
66: Democracy Deficit.
67: Demographics (Youth Bulge).
68: Development.
69: Druze.
70: E.
71: Economic Protests (2017–2018).
72: Egypt, Arab Republic of.
73: El-Sisi, Abdel Fattah Saeed Hussein Khalil.
74: Ennahda Movement.
75: Erdogan, Recep Tayyip.
76: Ergenekon Scandal.
77: F.
78: Fatah Party.
79: Fayyad, Salam.
80: February 17th Revolution.
81: February 20 Movement.
82: Fikri, Mouhcine.
83: Foreign Fighters.
84: Framing Model.
85: Free Syrian Army.
86: G.
87: General National Congress.
88: General People’s Congress.
89: Gezi Park Protests (2013).
90: Ghannouchi, Rachid.
91: Ghonim, Wael.
92: Ghouta Chemical Weapons Attack of 2013.
93: Ghouta Chemical Weapons Attack of 2018.
94: Greed Model.
95: Green Movement (2009).
96: Grievance Model.
97: Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).
98: H.
99: Hadi, Abdu Rabbu Mansour.
100: Haftar, Khalifa Belqasim.
101: Hamas.
102: Hamas-Fatah Conflict.
103: Hariri, Saad.
104: Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS).
105: Hezbollah.
106: Hizmet (Gülen) Movement.
107: Houla Massacre (2012).
108: Houthis (Ansar Allah).
109: I.
110: Ibadi Doctrine.
111: Intifadas (I, II, and Knife).
112: Iran, Islamic Republic of.
113: Iranian Azerbaijanis.
114: Iraq, Republic of.
115: Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC).
116: Islamic Salvation Front (FIS).
117: Islamic State (Daesh).
118: Islamism.
119: Israel.
120: Israeli Invasion of Lebanon (2006).
121: J.
122: Jasmine Revolution.
123: Jihad.
124: Jordan, Hashemite Kingdom of.
125: Jordanian Protests (2011).
126: Jumblatt, Walid.
127: Justice and Development Party (Morocco).
128: Justice and Development Party (Turkey).
129: K.
130: Khamenei, Ayatollah Sayyid Ali.
131: Khatami, Mohammad.
132: Khomeini, Ayatollah Sayyid Ruhollah Mūsavi.
133: Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG).
134: Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK).
135: Kurds.
136: Kuwait, State of.
137: L.
138: Labor Migration: Receiving Countries.
139: Labor Migration: Sending Countries.
140: Lebanese Republic.
141: Libya, State of.
142: Libya Dawn Coalition.
143: Libyan Civil War.
144: Local Coordination Committees.
145: M.
146: Maronites.
147: Middle East Road Map (2003).
148: Military Coups.
149: Minorities.
150: Modernization.
151: Mohammed VI, King of Morocco.
152: Morocco, Kingdom of.
153: Morsi, Mohamed.
154: Mubarak, Muhammad Hosni Sayyid.
155: Mujahedin-e Khalq (MEK).
156: Muslim Brotherhood.
157: Muslim Brotherhood in Jordan.
158: N.
159: Nakhla, Rami.
160: Nasrallah, Hassan Abdel Karim.
161: National Action Charter.
162: National Liberation Front (FLN).
163: National Transition Council.
164: Nezzar, Khaled.
165: O.
166: Ocalan, Abdullah.
167: Oman, Sultanate of.
168: Oman Protests (2011).
169: Operation Cast Lead.
170: Operation Decisive Storm.
171: P.
172: Palestine.
173: Palestine Liberation Organization.
174: Palestinian Islamic Jihad.
175: Party of Authenticity and Modernity.
176: Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK).
177: Pearl Roundabout Protests.
178: Political Decision-Making in Iran.
179: Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF).
180: Q.
181: Qaboos bin Said bin Taimur Al Said.
182: Qaddafi, Muammar.
183: Qatar.
184: Quds Force.
185: R.
186: Rabi’a al-Adawiya Massacre.
187: Rafsanjani, Ali Akbar Hashemi.
188: Rajab, Nabeel.
189: Rally for Culture and Democracy (RCD).
190: Refugees.