Explorers of the American East: Mapping the World through Primary Documents, 1st Edition

  • Kelly K. Chaves
  • Oliver C. Walton
  • Jay H. Buckley
  • Jeffery D. Nokes
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 144083931X
  • ISBN-13: 9781440839313
  • DDC: 970.01
  • 372 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2019 | Published/Released March 2019
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2019

  • Price:  Sign in for price



This text covers 280 years of North American exploration and colonization efforts, ranging geographically from Florida to the Arctic. Arranged thematically and mononationally, the work focuses on a selection of 10 explorers who represent the changing course of North American exploration during the early modern period. The use of biography to narrate this history draws in readers and makes the work accessible to both a specialized and general audience. The dozens of primary source documents in this guided source reader span travel accounts, autobiographies, letters, official reports, memoirs, patents, and articles of agreement. This wide variety of primary sources serves to bring to life the failures and triumphs of exploring a newly discovered continent in the early modern period. This work focuses on ten explorers, including those who are well known, including John Cabot, John Smith, Jacques Cartier, and Samuel de Champlain, as well as discoverers who have slipped from our modern historical consciousness, such as George Waymouth, John Lawson, and J.F.W. Des Barres. The documents that narrate the voyages of these adventurers are arranged chronologically, vividly telling the story of historical events and presenting different voices to the reader. This variety of viewpoints serves to heighten readers' critical engagement with historical source material. The vast variety of primary source materials present students with the opportunity to read and engage critically with different types of historical documents, thereby growing their analytical skillsets.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Recent Titles in Mapping the World through Primary Documents.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Introduction The Significance of Exploration.
John Cabot’s Expeditions, 1497–1499.
1: King Henry VII of England Grants John Cabot a Letters Patent to Explore.
2: Initial Reports of John Cabot’s Discovery of Land to the West.
3: Raimondo di Soncino Reports on Cabot’s Discoveries in Detail to His Master, the Duke of Milan, December 18, 1497.
4: Soncino Reports of John Cabot’s Plans for His 1498 Voyage, December 18, 1497.
5: Grant for and Petition to Pay John Cabot’s Pension.
6: Second Letters Patent to John Cabot, February 3, 1498.
7: Spanish Reactions.
8: Bristol Custom Rolls.
9: Sebastian Cabot’s Account of His Father and His Subsequent Voyages.
10: Uses and Abuses of Cabot’s Legacy, September 11, 1718.
Jacques Cartier’s Expeditions, 1534–1536 Jay H. Buckley and Jeffery D. Nokes.
11: Island of Birds, May 1534.
12: The Geography of Newfoundland, June 1534.
13: Trade with Beothuk People, July 1534.
14: The Mi’kmaq, July 1534.
15: Discovery of the St. Lawrence River, August–September 1535.
16: Beluga Whales and Other Marine Life, August 1535.
17: Lord of Canada, September 1535.
18: Hochelaga, October 1535.
19: St. Lawrence Iroquoian Culture in Stadacona, October 1535.
20: Sassafras, March 1536.
Hernando de Soto’s Expedition, 1539–1543.
21: An Official Report on de Soto’s Preparations in Cuba.
22: De Soto Reports from Florida.
23: Garcilaso de la Vega: The Battle of Vitachuco (or Napituca).
24: Encountering the Mississippian Culture of the Southern Appalachian Region.
25: The Wealth of Cofitachequi.
26: Encountering the Peoples of the Tennessee Valley.
27: Different Perspectives on the Spanish Capture of Slaves.
28: The Battle of Mabila.
29: Elvas: The Aftermath of the Battle at Mabila.
30: Ranjel: Chicasa and Onward.
Sir Walter Ralegh’s Roanoke Expeditions, 1584–1590.
31: Ralegh’s Letters Patent for Exploring and Founding a Colony.
32: Arthur Barlowe: Landfall in Virginia and First Contact.
33: Arthur Barlowe: Exploring and Meeting the Secotan.
34: Account from the Tiger: The Voyage to Plant the Colony.
35: Ralph Lane: Exploration from Roanoke.
36: Ralph Lane: Relations with Native Tribes.
37: Thomas Hariot: Commodities and Crops.
38: Thomas Hariot: Description of the Native Peoples Near Roanoke.
39: John White: Founding the Second Colony at Roanoke.
40: John White: The Relief Voyage of 1590.
Samuel de Champlain Explores Acadia, New France, and Northern New England, 1603–1635.
41: Dedication to the Queen Regent.
42: Champlain’s View of Colonial History.
43: Funding the Colony.
44: Describing Indigenous Life in Acadia.
45: The Ordre de Bon Temps.
46: Founding of Quebec.
47: Preparing for the First Battle with the Iroquois.
48: The First Battle with the Iroquois.
49: Champlain’s Moral View of His Indigenous Allies.
50: Religious Conversion Practices in New France.
George Waymouth Explores the Northwest Passage, 1602, and New England, 1605.
51: The East India Company Determines to Search for the Northwest Passage, November 1601.
52: Conditions and Protests in the American Arctic, July 1602.
53: Waymouth Discovers a Route West and Turns Back, July 1602.
54: Committee of the East India Company Reviews the Expedition, October 1602.
55: Establishing a Base for Exploration Off the New England Coast, May 1605.
56: Meeting the Almouchiquois, June 1605.
57: Observing Almouchiquois Society, June 1605.
58: Trade and Betrayal, June 1605.
59: The Virtues of North Virginia, June 1605.
60: Cataloging the New World, 1605.
John Smith Explores Virginia and New England and Champions English Colonies, 1606–1631.
61: First Charter of Virginia, 1606.
62: Description of Virginia, 1608.
63: The Capture of the Captain.
64: Edward Maria Wingfield: John Smith’s Capture.
65: The Question of Pocahontas.
66: A Description of Virginia, 1624.
67: A Description of New England, 1614.
68: The Description of New England, 1621 Revision.
69: Smith Reminisces on His Career.
70: Smith’s Justification for English Colonialism.
Henry Hudson’s Expeditions to New Netherland, 1609, and the Northwest Passage, 1610.
71: Robert Juet: Hudson’s Third Voyage Reaches Maine, July 1609.
72: Robert Juet: Exploring Lower New York Bay.
73: Robert Juet: Exploring the Hudson River.
74: Van Meteren’s Historie der Nederlanden (1614): Hudson’s View of the Expedition.
75: Johannes de Laet’s Nieuwe Werelt (1625): Hudson’s View of the New World.
76: An Abstract of Hudson’s Logbook: Navigating the Hudson Strait.
77: Abacuk Prickett’s Discourse: Navigating the Hudson Strait.
78: Abacuk Prickett’s Discourse: Winter in Hudson Bay.
79: Abacuk Prickett’s Discourse: The Mutiny.
80: Samuel Purchas: A Note by Thomas Wydowse, and Addendum by Purchas.
John Lawson in the Carolinas, 1700–1711 Jay H. Buckley and Jeffery D. Nokes.
81: A Feast with the Waxsaw Nation.
82: Sapona Town: A “Delicious Country”.
83: Hatteras Inlet and the Outer Banks.
84: Cape Fear River.
85: The Present State of Carolina.
86: The Carolina Climate.
87: Of the Vegetables of Carolina: The Red Cedar and Cypress.
88: The Beasts of Carolina.
89: The Alligator.
90: Native American Sociality.
Joseph Frederick Wallet Des Barres and the Atlantic Neptune, 1763–1784.
91: Spry Persuades the Admiralty of the Idea of a Survey of Nova Scotia, 1762–1763.
92: The Survey Commences: Commodore Colvill’s Journal, May–June 1764.
93: Survey Techniques: Letter from Des Barres to Colvill, May 27, 1765.
94: The Isle of Sable: Letter by Des Barres to Lord Colvill, July 23, 1766.
95: Practical Challenges: Commodore Hood Reports to the Secretary of the Admiralty, September 5, 1767.
96: Knowledge and Resources: Des Barres Writes to the Secretary of the Admiralty, November 13, 1769.
97: Soundings Offshore: Extract from Knight’s Log of the Diligent, July 11–14, 1770.
98: Cross-Fertilization with Holland’s General Survey: Des Barres to Hood, August 13, 1770.
99: Fears for the Last Phase of the Survey: Des Barres to Hood, August 13, 1770.
100: The Atlantic Neptune: Chart of Egmont Harbor.
General Bibliography.
About the Authors.