Gangs: A Reference Handbook, 1st Edition

  • Karen L. Kinnear
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1598841262
  • ISBN-13: 9781598841268
  • DDC: 364.106
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 303 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2008 | Published/Released June 2010
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2008

  • Price:  Sign in for price



In the last decade, law enforcement's ability to counter the illegal activities of gangs has improved dramatically. But the problem of gangs is growing more complex -- and more globalized. With an increasingly diverse membership estimated in the millions worldwide, a number of today's gangs bear a closer resemblance to criminal business empires than to the stereotypical "hoods on the street corner" image.

Gangs: A Reference Handbook, Second Edition offers an eye-opening look at modern gangs -- their history, their ability to attract members from a widening social pool, as well as efforts by community and political leaders to stop gang-related crime and weaken the grip that gangs have on our culture.

This timely update shows that while genuine progress has been made, the world of gangs is evolving in fascinating and dangerous ways. The second edition features a wealth of new information, new statistical data, and new insights into the ways gangs operate in cities large and small. It also offers expanded coverage of gangs specific to other countries as well as those that have become genuinely international in nature.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Editorial Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Dedication Page.
1: Background and History.
2: Problems, Controversies, and Solutions.
3: Worldwide Perspective.
4: Chronology.
5: Biographical Sketches.
6: Daniel “Nane” Alejandrez (dates unknown).
7: David Barksdale (1947–1974).
8: Leon Bing (b. 1950).
9: Anne Campbell (b. 1951).
10: Richard Cloward (1926–2001).
11: Albert K. Cohen (b. 1918).
12: G. David Curry (b. 1948).
13: Sandra Davis (dates unknown).
14: Jeffrey Fagan (dates unknown).
15: Antonio “King Tone” Fernandez (dates unknown).
16: Jeff Fort (b. 1947).
17: Arnold Goldstein (1933–2002).
18: John Hagedorn (b. 1947).
19: Larry Hoover (b. 1950).
20: Ruth Horowitz (b. 1947).
21: C. Ronald Huff (dates unknown).
22: Malcolm Klein (dates unknown).
23: George W. Knox (dates unknown).
24: Cheryl L. Maxson (dates unknown).
25: Walter B. Miller (1920–2004).
26: Joan W. Moore (dates unknown).
27: Lloyd Ohlin (b. 1918).
28: Joseph Oyoo (dates unknown).
29: Omar Portee (dates unknown).
30: Luis J. Rodriguez (b. 1954).
31: James F. Short (b. 1924).
32: Curtis Silwa (dates unknown).
33: Irving Spergel (b. 1924).
34: Carl S. Taylor (b. 1949).
35: Frederic M. Thrasher (1892–1962).
36: James Diego Vigil (b. 1938).
37: Raymond Lee Washington (1953–1979).
38: Stanley “Tookie” Williams (1953–2005).
39: Lewis Yablonsky (b. 1924).
40: Data and Documents.
41: Prevalence.
42: History of Major National Surveys (prior to 2000).
43: Scope of the Problem since 2000.
44: Demographics.
45: Gang Databases.
46: Gang Alliances.
47: Descriptions of Specific Gangs.
48: State Statutes.
49: Federal Government Involvement in Prevention and Intervention Activities.
50: Federal Legislation.
51: Gang-Related Definitions in Federal Statutes.
52: Gang-Related Definitions in State Statutes.
53: Summary of Significant Court Cases in U.S. Courts.
54: Directory of Organizations, Associations, and Agencies.
55: Private, State, and Local Governmental Organizations.
56: Federal Government Programs.
57: Selected Print and Nonprint Resources.
About the Author.