American Prisons and Jails: An Encyclopedia of Controversies and Trends, 1st Edition

  • Vidisha Barua Worley
  • Robert M. Worley
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1610695011
  • ISBN-13: 9781610695015
  • DDC: 365
  • 832 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2019 | Published/Released March 2019
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2019

  • Price:  Sign in for price



This encyclopedia provides a rigorous and comprehensive summary of correctional systems and practices and their evolution throughout US history. Topics include sentencing norms and contemporary developments; differences between local jails and prisons and regional, state, and federal systems; violent and nonviolent inmate populations; operations of state and federal prisons, including well-known prisons such as Alcatraz and Leavenworth; privately run, for-profit prisons and the companies that run them; inmate culture, including prisoner-generated social hierarchies, prisoner slang, gangs, drug use, and violence; prison trends and statistics, including racial, ethnic, age, gender, and educational breakdowns; the death penalty; and post-incarceration outcomes, including recidivism. Showcases contributions from leading scholars in the fields of correctional systems and practices and is a valuable resource for learning more about American prisons, jails, and community corrections.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
1: Access to the Courts.
2: Activism.
3: Administration.
4: AIDS/HIV among Inmates.
5: Alcatraz.
6: American Prison Designs.
7: Angola.
8: Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996.
9: Arts Programs.
10: Attica.
11: Auburn System of Penology.
12: Australia, Prisons in.
13: Baltimore City Detention Center.
14: Beccaria, Cesare (1738–1794).
15: Bell v. Wolfish (1979).
16: Benefit of Clergy.
17: Biosocial Findings to Increase the Effectiveness of Treatment Programs.
18: Boot Camps.
19: Building Tenders.
20: Canada, Prisons in.
21: Capital Punishment, Collateral Consequences of.
22: Castration as a Deterrent to Sexual Offending.
23: Cell Phones in Prison.
24: China, Prisons in.
25: Civil Commitment and Postcriminal Sanctions for Sex Offenders.
26: Civil Disabilities.
27: Cleanliness in Prison.
28: Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies in Prison.
29: Commissary.
30: Compassionate Release.
31: Conjugal Visits.
32: Consensual Sex between Inmates.
33: Constitution as a Source for Prisoners’ Rights, The.
34: Continuum of Sanctions.
35: Convict Criminology.
36: Convict Lease System.
37: Cooking in Prison.
38: Correctional Case Management.
39: Correctional Counseling.
40: Correctional Employees and Administrators, Job Satisfaction of.
41: Correctional Officer Subculture.
42: Correctional Officer Training.
43: Correctional Officer Unions.
44: Correctional Officers, Job Stress among.
45: Correctional Officers, Typology of.
46: Correctional Officers and Discretion.
47: Correctional Officers with Military Experience.
48: Cost of Prisons.
49: Custody Levels.
50: Death Penalty in the Middle East.
51: Death Penalty Legal Issues.
52: Death Row Correctional Officers.
53: Death Row Inmates.
54: Deliberate Indifference.
55: Deprivation Model.
56: Determinate versus Indeterminate Sentencing.
57: Disciplinary Hearings.
58: DNA Exonerees.
59: Drug Use in Prison.
60: Economics of Crossing Over, The.
61: Education in Prison.
62: Elderly Offenders in Prison.
63: England, Prisons in.
64: Enlightenment and Punishment.
65: Environmentally Friendly (“Green”) Prisons.
66: Equine-Facilitated Prison-Based Programs.
67: Escapes.
68: Ethical Issues in Prison Counseling.
69: Evidence-Based Practice in Corrections.
70: Evolving Standards of Decency.
71: Execution Methods.
72: Fathers behind Bars.
73: Federal Sentencing Guidelines.
74: Florence ADX.
75: Folsom State Prison.
76: France, Prisons in.
77: Furloughs.
78: General Strain Theory and Incarceration.
79: Genetics in Sentencing, Role of.
80: Good Time.
81: Gossip and Rumors.
82: Guantanamo Bay.
83: Habeas Corpus Writs.
84: Halfway Houses.
85: Health Care in Prison Populations.
86: Health Promotion in Prison Settings.
87: Hunger Strikes.
88: Importation Model.
89: Inappropriate Correctional Employee–Inmate Relationships.
90: Incarcerated Veterans.
91: Incarceration, Factors Contributing to the Growth in.
92: Incarceration, Impact of Social Progressives on (1900s–1920s).
93: Incarceration, Social Costs of High Rates of.
94: Incarceration of Undocumented Immigrants.
95: Incarceration Rates.
96: Incarceration Rates, Trends in the United States.
97: Incarceration Rates and Race.
98: Incarceration Rates in the United States Compared to Other Countries.
99: Informal Methods of Control Utilized by Correctional Officers.
100: Inmate Classification.
101: Inmate Dental Care.
102: Inmate Subculture.
103: Inmate-on-Inmate Sexual Abuse.
104: Inmates, Transportation of.
105: Inmates and Freedom of Religion.
106: Inmates with Co-Occurring Disorders.
107: Inmates with Intellectual Disabilities.
108: Inmates’ Perceptions of Prison versus Alternative Sanctions.
109: Innocence Project.
110: Inside-Out Prison Exchange Program.
111: Inside-Outside Relationships.
112: Jailhouse Lawyers.
113: Jails Compared to Prisons.
114: Judicial Involvement in Prison Administration.
115: Juvenile Detention Centers.
116: Juveniles in Corrections, Landmark Cases Involving.
117: Leavenworth.
118: Leaving Prison.
119: Legitimate Penological Interests.
120: Lockups.
121: Maconochie, Alexander (1787–1860).
122: Male Prisoners’ Perceptions of Female Officers.
123: Masturbation in Prison.
124: Maximum Security.
125: Medical Experiments on Inmates.
126: Mental Health Issues and Jails.
127: Mentally Ill Prisoners.
128: Methadone Maintenance for Prisoners.
129: Misconduct by Correctional Employees.
130: Misconduct by Prisoners.
131: Mitchell, Joyce (1965–).
132: Muslim Inmates.