Historical Dictionary of Mexico, 2nd Edition

  • Marvin Alisky
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0810866935
  • ISBN-13: 9780810866935
  • DDC: 972.003
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 708 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2007 | Published/Released November 2009
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2007
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

For almost three thousand years Mexico was the site of some of the most advanced Indian civilizations, most notably the Aztec and Mayan. In many ways, these civilizations were more advanced than their European contemporaries, especially in such spheres as astronomy, mathematics, and city organization. Upon seeing the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlán, for the first time, Spanish explorer Bernal Díaz del Castillo was awed by its beauty and confessed he had never seen a city in Spain that could match it. However, Díaz del Castillo's arrival coincided with that of Hernán Cortés, the Spanish conqueror of Mexico who captured the Aztec capital in 1521. Since then, it has been known as Mexico City.

Mexico's struggle - and eventual success - through the subsequent years to become an independent country is chronicled in the second edition of Historical Dictionary of Mexico. It covers the history of Mexico from its great Indian civilizations to the controversial election of Felipe Calderón in 2006. This is done through a detailed chronology, an introduction, a map, a bibliography, and hundreds of cross-referenced dictionary entries on some of the more significant persons, places, and events; institutions and organizations; and political, economic, social, cultural, and religious facets.

About the Author:
Marvin Àlisky has published over 200 magazine, encyclopedia, and yearbook articles, mostly on Latin America (mainly Mexico) - including newspaper articles for the Wall Street Journal and Christian Science Monitor. He has published eight books and co-authored ten other volumes, mostly collections of studies on Latin American topics. In 1974, he was President Ford's advisor at his meeting with President Echeverría at the Arizona-Sonora border.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Historical Dictionaries of Latin America.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Editor's Foreword.
Acronyms and Abbreviations.
Map.
Chronology.
Introduction.
1: Abad Y Queipo, Manuel (1751?–1825).
2: Abanicar ("Fan a Breeze").
3: Abarca Alarcón, Raimundo (1906– ).
4: Abasolo, Mariano (1783–1816).
5: Abortion.
6: Abu-Jamal, Mumia (1954– ).
7: Aburto, Mario.
8: Academia de San Carlos.
9: Academia Mexicana de la Historia.
10: Academia Mexicana de la Lengua Castellana.
11: Acamapichtli ("Tuft of Grey Hair") (1350?–1403?).
12: Acapulco.
13: Acatita de Baján.
14: Acatlán.
15: Aceves Parra, Salvador (1904–1978).
16: Acolhúas.
17: Acordada Revolt.
18: Acordada, Tribunal del.
19: Acosta Romo, Fausto (c.1917– ).
20: Aculco ("Twisted Water," Perhaps from Its Meandering River).
21: Aculco, Battle of.
22: Acuña [Y Bejarano], Juan de Marqués de Escalona Y Casafuerte (1658–1734).
23: Administrative Law.
24: Aeromexico.
25: African Slavery.
26: Agave.
27: Agencia Federal de Investigación (A.F.I.).
28: Agiotista ("Usurer," "Profiteer").
29: Agramont Cota, Félix (1917– ).
30: Agrarian Reform.
31: Agrarian Reform Ministry (Secretaría de la Reforma Agraria–SRA).
32: Agriculture.
33: Agriculture Ministry.
34: Agua Prieta ("Dark Water").
35: Agua Prieta, Plan of.
36: Aguas Blancas.
37: Aguascalientes ("Hot Waters").
38: Aguascalientes, Convention of.
39: Aguascalientes State.
40: Aguilar, Candido (1888–1960).
41: Aguilar, Jerónimo de (1489–1531).
42: Aguilar, Martín.
43: Aguilar Álvarez, Ernesto (1910– ).
44: Aguilar Talamantes, Rafael (1940– ).
45: Aguilar Y Maya, José (1897–1966).
46: Aguilera Azpeitia, Juan.
47: Agustín, José (1944– ).
48: Agustín I, Emperor.
49: Ahome.
50: Ahuítzotl ("Water Dog") (14??–1502).
51: Ahumada Y Villalón, Agustín, Marqués de Las Amarillas (17??–1760).
52: Air Force.
53: Air Transport.
54: Airports.
55: Alamán Y Escalada, Lucas (1792–1853).
56: Alameda ("Grove of Poplars").
57: Álamo, El ("The Poplar Tree").
58: Alanis Fuentes García, Agustín (1930– ).
59: Alarcón Y Mendoza, Juan Ruiz de (1580–1639).
60: Alba Pérez, Pedro del (1887–1960).
61: Albarrada, la.
62: Albuquerque.
63: Alcabala.
64: Alcalá Quintero, Francisco (1913– ).
65: Alcalde.
66: Aldama.
67: Aldama, Ignacio M. (1769?–1811).
68: Aldama, Juan (1744–1811).
69: Aldana Ibarra, Miguel (1945?– ).
70: Aldrete, Alberto V. (1881–1959).
71: Alegre, Francisco Javier (1729–1788).
72: Alejo López, Francisco Javier (1941– ).
73: Alemán Valdés, Miguel (1902–1983).
74: Alemán Velasco, Miguel (1932?– ).
75: Alhóndiga De Granaditas.
76: Alijos Rocks (Escollos Alijos).
77: All Hallows.
78: All Souls' Day.
79: Allende.
80: Allende Y Unzaga, Ignacio María (1779–1811).
81: Almazán, Juan Andreu (1891–1965).
82: Almojarifazgo.
83: Almonte, Juan Nepomuceno (1803?–1869).
84: Alta California.
85: Altamira.
86: Altamirano.
87: Altamirano Basilio, Ignacio Manuel (1834–1893).
88: Altiplanicie (or Altiplano).
89: Altos Hornos de México, S.A. (AHMSA).
90: Alvarado.
91: Alvarado Contreras Y Mesia, Pedro de (1485?–1541).
92: Álvarez Álvarez, Luis Héctor (1919?– ).
93: Álvarez Guerrero, Alejandro (1925– ).
94: Álvarez Hurtado, Juan (1790–1867).
95: Alzate Y Ramírez, José Antonio de (1737–1799).
96: American-British Cowdray Hospital.
97: American Revolutionary War.
98: Americano ("American").
99: Amerindian (Amerindio).
100: Amilpa, Fernando (1898–1952).
101: Amoros, Roberto (1914–1973).
102: Amparo ("Protection").
103: Anáhuac (Nahuátl: "Place in the Middle of the Circle," "Place of Waters").
104: Anaya, Pedro María (1795–1854).
105: Ancona, Eligio (1835–1893).
106: Anderson Nevárez, Hilda Josefina (1938– ).
107: Andrade de Del Rosal, Martha (19??–2000?).
108: Anexo ("Addition").
109: Angelópolis.
110: Angostura, Battle of la.
111: Anguiano, RaúL (1915–2005).
112: Anián, Strait of.
113: Antequera.
114: Antuñano, Estéban de (1792–1847).
115: Anza, Juan de (1734–1788).
116: Apache.
117: Aparicio, Sebastián de (1502–1600).
118: Apatzingán.
119: Apatzingán Congress.
120: Apatzingán de la Constitución.
121: Apellido ("Surname").
122: Apista.
123: Arbenz Guzmán, Jacobo (1913–1971).
124: Archaeology.
125: Archbishops of Mexico.
126: Architecture.
127: Area.
128: Arellano, Alonso de.
129: Arellano Tapia, Alicia (1932– ).
130: Argentina, Relations with.
131: Arijis, Homero (1940– ).
132: Arista, Mariano (1802–1855).
133: Arizona.
134: Arizona-Sonora Commission.
135: Armada (i.e., Marina Armada).
136: Armendáriz, Pedro (1912–1964).
137: Army.
138: Arreola, Juan José (1918?–2001).
139: Arriaga.
140: Arriaga, Ponciano (1811–1865).
141: Arriaga Rivera, Agustín (1925– ).
142: Arroyo Marroquín, Romarico Daniel (1942– ).
143: Art.
144: Arteaga Y Bazán, Ignacio Fernando de (1731–1783).
145: Asain, Rodolfo (1907–1963).
146: Asamblea Popular de los Pueblos de Oaxaca (APPO).
147: Asociación Latinoamericana de Integración (ALADI).
148: Asociación Mexicana de Instituciones de Seguros (AMIS).
149: Asociación Nacional de Importadores Y Exportadores de La República Mexicana (Anierm).
150: Aspe Armella, Pedro Carlos (1950– ).
151: Ateneo de la Juventud ("Atheneum of Youth").
152: Atoyac.
153: Attorney General.
154: Audiencia.
155: Auditoria Superior de la Federación.
156: Augustinians.
157: Austin, Stephen Fuller (1793–1836).
158: Austrian Succession, War of.
159: Automex.
160: Automobiles.
161: Avante.
162: Aviation Pioneers.
163: Ávila Camacho, Manuel (1897–1955).
164: Ávila Camacho, Maximino (?–1945).
165: Ávila-Cortés Conspiracy.
166: Axayácatl ("Visage of Water").
167: Ayala, Plan of.
168: Ayuntamiento.
169: Ayutla.
170: Ayutla de los Libres.
171: Ayutla, Plan of.
172: Azanza, Miguel José de (1746–1826).
173: Azcapotzalco.
174: Azcárraga Jean, Emilio (1968– ).
175: Azcárraga Milmo, Emilio (1930–1997).
176: Azcárraga Vidaurrota, Emilio (1895–1972).
177: Aznar Zetina, [ADMIRAL] Antonio J. (1904–19??).
178: Aztec ("From Aztlán").
179: Aztec "Emperors"(Tlatoanis).
180: Azteca T.V..
181: Aztlán ("Place of Herons").
182: Azuela, Arturo (1938– ).
183: Azuela González, Mariano (1873–1952).
184: Azuela Rivera, Mariano (1904–1993).
185: B.
186: Badillo García, Román (1895–1963).
187: Baeza, Florencio.
188: Baeza, Guillermo (1937– ).
189: Baeza Meléndez, Fernando (1942– ).
190: Baja California.
Front Cover.
Historical Dictionaries of Latin America.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Editor's Foreword.
Acronyms and Abbreviations.
Map.
Chronology.
Introduction.
1: Abad Y Queipo, Manuel (1751?–1825).
2: Abanicar ("Fan a Breeze").
3: Abarca Alarcón, Raimundo (1906– ).
4: Abasolo, Mariano (1783–1816).
5: Abortion.
6: Abu-Jamal, Mumia (1954– ).
7: Aburto, Mario.
8: Academia de San Carlos.
9: Academia Mexicana de la Historia.
10: Academia Mexicana de la Lengua Castellana.
11: Acamapichtli ("Tuft of Grey Hair") (1350?–1403?).
12: Acapulco.
13: Acatita de Baján.
14: Acatlán.
15: Aceves Parra, Salvador (1904–1978).
16: Acolhúas.
17: Acordada Revolt.
18: Acordada, Tribunal del.
19: Acosta Romo, Fausto (c.1917– ).
20: Aculco ("Twisted Water," Perhaps from Its Meandering River).
21: Aculco, Battle of.
22: Acuña [Y Bejarano], Juan de Marqués de Escalona Y Casafuerte (1658–1734).
23: Administrative Law.
24: Aeromexico.
25: African Slavery.
26: Agave.
27: Agencia Federal de Investigación (A.F.I.).
28: Agiotista ("Usurer," "Profiteer").
29: Agramont Cota, Félix (1917– ).
30: Agrarian Reform.
31: Agrarian Reform Ministry (Secretaría de la Reforma Agraria–SRA).
32: Agriculture.
33: Agriculture Ministry.
34: Agua Prieta ("Dark Water").
35: Agua Prieta, Plan of.
36: Aguas Blancas.
37: Aguascalientes ("Hot Waters").
38: Aguascalientes, Convention of.
39: Aguascalientes State.
40: Aguilar, Candido (1888–1960).
41: Aguilar, Jerónimo de (1489–1531).
42: Aguilar, Martín.
43: Aguilar Álvarez, Ernesto (1910– ).
44: Aguilar Talamantes, Rafael (1940– ).
45: Aguilar Y Maya, José (1897–1966).
46: Aguilera Azpeitia, Juan.
47: Agustín, José (1944– ).
48: Agustín I, Emperor.
49: Ahome.
50: Ahuítzotl ("Water Dog") (14??–1502).
51: Ahumada Y Villalón, Agustín, Marqués de Las Amarillas (17??–1760).
52: Air Force.
53: Air Transport.
54: Airports.
55: Alamán Y Escalada, Lucas (1792–1853).
56: Alameda ("Grove of Poplars").
57: Álamo, El ("The Poplar Tree").
58: Alanis Fuentes García, Agustín (1930– ).
59: Alarcón Y Mendoza, Juan Ruiz de (1580–1639).
60: Alba Pérez, Pedro del (1887–1960).
61: Albarrada, la.
62: Albuquerque.
63: Alcabala.
64: Alcalá Quintero, Francisco (1913– ).
65: Alcalde.
66: Aldama.
67: Aldama, Ignacio M. (1769?–1811).
68: Aldama, Juan (1744–1811).
69: Aldana Ibarra, Miguel (1945?– ).
70: Aldrete, Alberto V. (1881–1959).
71: Alegre, Francisco Javier (1729–1788).
72: Alejo López, Francisco Javier (1941– ).
73: Alemán Valdés, Miguel (1902–1983).
74: Alemán Velasco, Miguel (1932?– ).
75: Alhóndiga De Granaditas.
76: Alijos Rocks (Escollos Alijos).
77: All Hallows.
78: All Souls' Day.
79: Allende.
80: Allende Y Unzaga, Ignacio María (1779–1811).
81: Almazán, Juan Andreu (1891–1965).
82: Almojarifazgo.
83: Almonte, Juan Nepomuceno (1803?–1869).
84: Alta California.
85: Altamira.
86: Altamirano.
87: Altamirano Basilio, Ignacio Manuel (1834–1893).
88: Altiplanicie (or Altiplano).
89: Altos Hornos de México, S.A. (AHMSA).
90: Alvarado.
91: Alvarado Contreras Y Mesia, Pedro de (1485?–1541).
92: Álvarez Álvarez, Luis Héctor (1919?– ).
93: Álvarez Guerrero, Alejandro (1925– ).
94: Álvarez Hurtado, Juan (1790–1867).
95: Alzate Y Ramírez, José Antonio de (1737–1799).
96: American-British Cowdray Hospital.
97: American Revolutionary War.
98: Americano ("American").
99: Amerindian (Amerindio).
100: Amilpa, Fernando (1898–1952).
101: Amoros, Roberto (1914–1973).
102: Amparo ("Protection").
103: Anáhuac (Nahuátl: "Place in the Middle of the Circle," "Place of Waters").
104: Anaya, Pedro María (1795–1854).
105: Ancona, Eligio (1835–1893).
106: Anderson Nevárez, Hilda Josefina (1938– ).
107: Andrade de Del Rosal, Martha (19??–2000?).
108: Anexo ("Addition").
109: Angelópolis.
110: Angostura, Battle of la.
111: Anguiano, RaúL (1915–2005).
112: Anián, Strait of.
113: Antequera.
114: Antuñano, Estéban de (1792–1847).
115: Anza, Juan de (1734–1788).
116: Apache.
117: Aparicio, Sebastián de (1502–1600).
118: Apatzingán.
119: Apatzingán Congress.
120: Apatzingán de la Constitución.
121: Apellido ("Surname").
122: Apista.
123: Arbenz Guzmán, Jacobo (1913–1971).
124: Archaeology.
125: Archbishops of Mexico.
126: Architecture.
127: Area.
128: Arellano, Alonso de.
129: Arellano Tapia, Alicia (1932– ).
130: Argentina, Relations with.
131: Arijis, Homero (1940– ).
132: Arista, Mariano (1802–1855).
133: Arizona.
134: Arizona-Sonora Commission.
135: Armada (i.e., Marina Armada).
136: Armendáriz, Pedro (1912–1964).
137: Army.
138: Arreola, Juan José (1918?–2001).
139: Arriaga.
140: Arriaga, Ponciano (1811–1865).
141: Arriaga Rivera, Agustín (1925– ).
142: Arroyo Marroquín, Romarico Daniel (1942– ).
143: Art.
144: Arteaga Y Bazán, Ignacio Fernando de (1731–1783).
145: Asain, Rodolfo (1907–1963).
146: Asamblea Popular de los Pueblos de Oaxaca (APPO).
147: Asociación Latinoamericana de Integración (ALADI).
148: Asociación Mexicana de Instituciones de Seguros (AMIS).
149: Asociación Nacional de Importadores Y Exportadores de La República Mexicana (Anierm).
150: Aspe Armella, Pedro Carlos (1950– ).
151: Ateneo de la Juventud ("Atheneum of Youth").
152: Atoyac.
153: Attorney General.
154: Audiencia.
155: Auditoria Superior de la Federación.
156: Augustinians.
157: Austin, Stephen Fuller (1793–1836).
158: Austrian Succession, War of.
159: Automex.
160: Automobiles.
161: Avante.
162: Aviation Pioneers.
163: Ávila Camacho, Manuel (1897–1955).
164: Ávila Camacho, Maximino (?–1945).
165: Ávila-Cortés Conspiracy.
166: Axayácatl ("Visage of Water").
167: Ayala, Plan of.
168: Ayuntamiento.
169: Ayutla.
170: Ayutla de los Libres.
171: Ayutla, Plan of.
172: Azanza, Miguel José de (1746–1826).
173: Azcapotzalco.
174: Azcárraga Jean, Emilio (1968– ).
175: Azcárraga Milmo, Emilio (1930–1997).
176: Azcárraga Vidaurrota, Emilio (1895–1972).
177: Aznar Zetina, [ADMIRAL] Antonio J. (1904–19??).
178: Aztec ("From Aztlán").
179: Aztec "Emperors"(Tlatoanis).
180: Azteca T.V..
181: Aztlán ("Place of Herons").
182: Azuela, Arturo (1938– ).
183: Azuela González, Mariano (1873–1952).
184: Azuela Rivera, Mariano (1904–1993).
185: B.
186: Badillo García, Román (1895–1963).
187: Baeza, Florencio.
188: Baeza, Guillermo (1937– ).
189: Baeza Meléndez, Fernando (1942– ).
190: Baja California.