Historical Dictionary of Rwanda, 1st Edition

  • Aimable Twagilimana
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0810864266
  • ISBN-13: 9780810864269
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 229 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2007 | Published/Released June 2009
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2007
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Blessed with natural beauty and rich vegetation, Rwanda is often called the "land of a thousand hills" (le pays des mille collines). A proud people, the Banyarwanda (Rwandans) possess a centric view of the world, believing that Imana (God) favors Rwanda, as conveyed through the saying "Imana yirirwa ahandi igataha i Rwanda" (God spends the day some place else but goes back home to Rwanda to sleep) and the fact that Rwanda means "the universe." However, this idyllic view of Rwanda sharply contrasts with the sad history of ethnic strife that has unfolded in the country since the 1950s: the 1959 Hutu Revolution followed by years of anti-Tutsi pogroms, undemocratic regimes, the civil war of 1990-1994, and, more significantly, the April-July 1994 genocide against the Tutsi and Hutu who opposed the killings.

This new edition of Historical Dictionary of Rwanda, through its chronology, introductory essays, appendixes, maps, bibliography, and hundreds of cross-referenced dictionary entries on important persons, places, events, and institutions and significant political, economic, social, and cultural aspects, provides an important reference on this central African country.

About the Author:
Aimable Twagilimana, a native of Rwanda, is Professor of English at the University at Buffalo.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Historical Dictionaries of Africa.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Editor's Foreword.
Acknowledgments.
Reader's Note.
Acronyms and Abbreviations.
Maps.
Chronology.
Introduction.
1: Abiru.
2: Act of Berlin.
3: Administrative Restructuring of 1 January 2006.
4: Administrative Structures 1997–2005.
5: African Champions League.
6: African Cup.
7: African Union (AU).
8: Africare.
9: Agriculture.
10: AIDS.
11: Akayesu (Akayezu), Jean-Paul (1955– ).
12: Akayesu Case.
13: Akazi.
14: Akazu.
15: Albright, Madeleine.
16: Amahoro.
17: Amasasu.
18: Amavubi (Wasps).
19: Annan, Kofi A. (1938– ).
20: Anthem.
21: APR FC.
22: Arusha Peace Agreement.
23: Association Pour la Promotion Sociale de la Masse (Aprosoma).
24: Bagambiki, Emmanuel (1948– ).
25: Bagogwe.
26: Bagosora, Theonéste (1941– ).
27: Banks.
28: Bantu.
29: Barayagwiza, Jean-Bosco (1950– ).
30: Baril, Joseph Gérard Maurice (1943– ).
31: Beardsley, Brent.
32: Belgian Colonial Administration (1916–1962).
33: Belgium.
34: Berlin Conference.
35: Bicamumpaka, Balthazar.
36: Bicamumpaka, Jérôme (1957– ).
37: Bilingualism.
38: Bisesero.
39: Bizimana, Augustin (1954– ).
40: Bizimungu, Augustin (1952– ).
41: Bizimungu, Casimir (1951– ).
42: Bizimungu, Pasteur (1950– ).
43: Booh-Booh, Jacques-Roger.
44: Boutros-Ghali, Boutros (1922– ).
45: Broad-Based Transitional Government (BBTG).
46: Brussels Conference of 1910.
47: Bugesera.
48: Bugesera Massacres, March 1992.
49: Buhanga.
50: Bukunzi.
51: Burundi.
52: Bushiru.
53: Butare.
54: Byumba.
55: Camp Bigogwe.
56: Camp Kanombe (Kanombe Barracks).
57: Camp Kigali (Kigali Barracks).
58: Canada.
59: Catholic Church.
60: Catholic Relief Services (CRS).
61: Child Health.
62: China, People's Republic of.
63: Christianity.
64: Cholera.
65: Civil War of 1990–1994.
66: Claes, Willy (1938– ).
67: Clan.
68: Clan De Madame.
69: Classe, Léon (1874–1945).
70: Climate.
71: Clinton, Bill (1946– ).
72: Coalition Pour la Défense de la République (CDR).
73: Coffee.
74: Common Development Fund (CDF).
75: Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA).
76: Commonwealth.
77: Communauté Economique Des Pays Des Grands Lacs (CEPGL).
78: Commune.
79: Congo, Democratic Republic of.
80: Conseil National de Développement (CND).
81: Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda.
82: Cooperatives.
83: Corruption.
84: Coup D'état de Gitarama.
85: Coup D'état de Rucunshu.
86: Coup D'état Du 5 Juillet 1973.
87: Culture.
88: Currency.
89: Cyangugu.
90: Dallaire, Roméo Alain (1946– ).
91: Decentralization.
92: Démocratie Responsable.
93: District.
94: Eastern Province.
95: Ecole Supérieur Militaire (ESM).
96: Economy.
97: Education.
98: Elections.
99: Employment.
100: English.
101: Environment.
102: Ethnic Conflict.
103: Ethnic Groups.
104: Fishing.
105: Flag.
106: Food Self-Sufficiency.
107: Football.
108: Forces Armées Rwandaises (FAR).
109: Foreign Policy.
110: Fossey, Dian (1932–1985).
111: France.
112: French.
113: Gacaca Courts.
114: Gatabazi, Félicien (?–1994).
115: Genocidaires.
116: Genocide.
117: German Colonial Administration.
118: Gikongoro.
119: Gisenyi.
120: Gisozi Memorial Site.
121: Gitarama.
122: Government of National Unity.
123: Great Britain.
124: Groupe Scolaire D'Astrida.
125: Guhakwa.
126: Habyarimana, Agathe (1942– ).
127: Habyarimana, Juvénal (1937–1994).
128: Hamitic Hypothesis.
129: Health.
130: Hotel Chez Lando.
131: Hotel Des Mille Collines.
132: Hotel Rwanda.
133: Human Rights.
134: Hutu.
135: Hutu Power.
136: Hutu Revolution.
137: Ibuka.
138: Ibyitso.
139: Identity Cards.
140: Igihirahiro.
141: Imana.
142: Impuzamugambi.
143: Indirect Rule.
144: Inka.
145: Inkotanyi.
146: Interahamwe.
147: Interim Government (April 1994–July 1994).
148: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR).
149: Intore.
150: Inyangarwanda.
151: Inyenzi.
152: Islam.
153: Itsembabwoko.
154: Itsembambaga.
155: Itsembatsemba.
156: Judicial System.
157: Kabuga, Félicien (1935– ).
158: Kagame, Alexis (1912–1981).
159: Kagame, Jeannette (1962– ).
160: Kagame, Paul (1957– ).
161: Kajelijeli, Juvénal (1951– ).
162: Kajuga, Jelly Robert.
163: Kamarampaka.
164: Kambanda, Jean (1955– ).
165: Kamuhanda, Jean De Dieu (1953– ).
166: Kandt, Richard (1867–1918).
167: Kanguka.
168: Kangura.
169: Kanyabashi, Joseph (1937– ).
170: Kanyarengwe, Alexis (1938–2006).
171: Karemera, Edouard (1951– ).
172: Kavaruganda, Joseph (?–1994).
173: Kayibanda, Grégoire (1924–1976).
174: Kayishema, Clément (1954– ).
175: Kibungo.
176: Kibuye.
177: Kigali.
178: Kigali-Ngali.
179: Kigeri.
180: Kinyarwanda.
181: Kiyovu Sports.
182: Kubandwa.
183: Kunywana.
184: Lafourcade, Jean-Claude.
185: Lake Kivu.
186: Languages.
187: League of Nations.
188: Legal and Constitutional Commission.
Front Cover.
Historical Dictionaries of Africa.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Editor's Foreword.
Acknowledgments.
Reader's Note.
Acronyms and Abbreviations.
Maps.
Chronology.
Introduction.
1: Abiru.
2: Act of Berlin.
3: Administrative Restructuring of 1 January 2006.
4: Administrative Structures 1997–2005.
5: African Champions League.
6: African Cup.
7: African Union (AU).
8: Africare.
9: Agriculture.
10: AIDS.
11: Akayesu (Akayezu), Jean-Paul (1955– ).
12: Akayesu Case.
13: Akazi.
14: Akazu.
15: Albright, Madeleine.
16: Amahoro.
17: Amasasu.
18: Amavubi (Wasps).
19: Annan, Kofi A. (1938– ).
20: Anthem.
21: APR FC.
22: Arusha Peace Agreement.
23: Association Pour la Promotion Sociale de la Masse (Aprosoma).
24: Bagambiki, Emmanuel (1948– ).
25: Bagogwe.
26: Bagosora, Theonéste (1941– ).
27: Banks.
28: Bantu.
29: Barayagwiza, Jean-Bosco (1950– ).
30: Baril, Joseph Gérard Maurice (1943– ).
31: Beardsley, Brent.
32: Belgian Colonial Administration (1916–1962).
33: Belgium.
34: Berlin Conference.
35: Bicamumpaka, Balthazar.
36: Bicamumpaka, Jérôme (1957– ).
37: Bilingualism.
38: Bisesero.
39: Bizimana, Augustin (1954– ).
40: Bizimungu, Augustin (1952– ).
41: Bizimungu, Casimir (1951– ).
42: Bizimungu, Pasteur (1950– ).
43: Booh-Booh, Jacques-Roger.
44: Boutros-Ghali, Boutros (1922– ).
45: Broad-Based Transitional Government (BBTG).
46: Brussels Conference of 1910.
47: Bugesera.
48: Bugesera Massacres, March 1992.
49: Buhanga.
50: Bukunzi.
51: Burundi.
52: Bushiru.
53: Butare.
54: Byumba.
55: Camp Bigogwe.
56: Camp Kanombe (Kanombe Barracks).
57: Camp Kigali (Kigali Barracks).
58: Canada.
59: Catholic Church.
60: Catholic Relief Services (CRS).
61: Child Health.
62: China, People's Republic of.
63: Christianity.
64: Cholera.
65: Civil War of 1990–1994.
66: Claes, Willy (1938– ).
67: Clan.
68: Clan De Madame.
69: Classe, Léon (1874–1945).
70: Climate.
71: Clinton, Bill (1946– ).
72: Coalition Pour la Défense de la République (CDR).
73: Coffee.
74: Common Development Fund (CDF).
75: Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA).
76: Commonwealth.
77: Communauté Economique Des Pays Des Grands Lacs (CEPGL).
78: Commune.
79: Congo, Democratic Republic of.
80: Conseil National de Développement (CND).
81: Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda.
82: Cooperatives.
83: Corruption.
84: Coup D'état de Gitarama.
85: Coup D'état de Rucunshu.
86: Coup D'état Du 5 Juillet 1973.
87: Culture.
88: Currency.
89: Cyangugu.
90: Dallaire, Roméo Alain (1946– ).
91: Decentralization.
92: Démocratie Responsable.
93: District.
94: Eastern Province.
95: Ecole Supérieur Militaire (ESM).
96: Economy.
97: Education.
98: Elections.
99: Employment.
100: English.
101: Environment.
102: Ethnic Conflict.
103: Ethnic Groups.
104: Fishing.
105: Flag.
106: Food Self-Sufficiency.
107: Football.
108: Forces Armées Rwandaises (FAR).
109: Foreign Policy.
110: Fossey, Dian (1932–1985).
111: France.
112: French.
113: Gacaca Courts.
114: Gatabazi, Félicien (?–1994).
115: Genocidaires.
116: Genocide.
117: German Colonial Administration.
118: Gikongoro.
119: Gisenyi.
120: Gisozi Memorial Site.
121: Gitarama.
122: Government of National Unity.
123: Great Britain.
124: Groupe Scolaire D'Astrida.
125: Guhakwa.
126: Habyarimana, Agathe (1942– ).
127: Habyarimana, Juvénal (1937–1994).
128: Hamitic Hypothesis.
129: Health.
130: Hotel Chez Lando.
131: Hotel Des Mille Collines.
132: Hotel Rwanda.
133: Human Rights.
134: Hutu.
135: Hutu Power.
136: Hutu Revolution.
137: Ibuka.
138: Ibyitso.
139: Identity Cards.
140: Igihirahiro.
141: Imana.
142: Impuzamugambi.
143: Indirect Rule.
144: Inka.
145: Inkotanyi.
146: Interahamwe.
147: Interim Government (April 1994–July 1994).
148: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR).
149: Intore.
150: Inyangarwanda.
151: Inyenzi.
152: Islam.
153: Itsembabwoko.
154: Itsembambaga.
155: Itsembatsemba.
156: Judicial System.
157: Kabuga, Félicien (1935– ).
158: Kagame, Alexis (1912–1981).
159: Kagame, Jeannette (1962– ).
160: Kagame, Paul (1957– ).
161: Kajelijeli, Juvénal (1951– ).
162: Kajuga, Jelly Robert.
163: Kamarampaka.
164: Kambanda, Jean (1955– ).
165: Kamuhanda, Jean De Dieu (1953– ).
166: Kandt, Richard (1867–1918).
167: Kanguka.
168: Kangura.
169: Kanyabashi, Joseph (1937– ).
170: Kanyarengwe, Alexis (1938–2006).
171: Karemera, Edouard (1951– ).
172: Kavaruganda, Joseph (?–1994).
173: Kayibanda, Grégoire (1924–1976).
174: Kayishema, Clément (1954– ).
175: Kibungo.
176: Kibuye.
177: Kigali.
178: Kigali-Ngali.
179: Kigeri.
180: Kinyarwanda.
181: Kiyovu Sports.
182: Kubandwa.
183: Kunywana.
184: Lafourcade, Jean-Claude.
185: Lake Kivu.
186: Languages.
187: League of Nations.
188: Legal and Constitutional Commission.