eBook The Use and Abuse of Police Power in America: Historical Milestones and Current Controversies, 1st Edition

  • Gina Robertiello
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1440843732
  • ISBN-13: 9781440843730
  • DDC: 363.2
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 370 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2017 | Published/Released December 2017
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2017
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

An authoritative resource for understanding modern law enforcement and its relationship with American communities, this volume addresses subjects including the legal underpinnings of various law enforcement actions and practices; the so-called militarization of police departments; the increased use of force and surveillance to combat crime and terrorism, and to generally "keep the peace"; and the perspectives of Black Lives Matter activists and other critics of American law enforcement. The entries provide readers with expert analysis of current topics related to the intensifying debate about the American police state; examine the scope of law enforcement issues that have existed for centuries, and explain why they continue to exist; and cover new mandates for exercising police power, enabling readers to critically analyze what is presented to them in the media. Included throughout the book are excerpts from important laws, speeches, reports, and studies pertaining to the subject of the use and abuse of police power in the United States.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Preface.
Acknowledgments.
Legal and Societal Limits to Police Power in Early America (1600s–1800s).
1: Fourth Amendment.
2: Fifth Amendment.
3: Sixth Amendment.
4: Sir Robert Peel and Principles of Modern Policing.
5: Bow Street Runners.
6: Southern Slave Patrols.
7: Colonial Night Watches.
8: Pinkerton Detective Agency and Private Policing.
9: Law Enforcement in the Wild West.
10: International Association of Chiefs of Police.
11: Crime Control Versus Due Process.
Technological Advances and the Rise of Organized Crime (1900–1950).
12: Charles Becker (1870–1915).
13: Gangsters of the 1900s.
14: Secret Service.
15: Teddy Roosevelt’s Fight Against Police Corruption.
16: ACLU.
17: J. Edgar Hoover (1895–1972), Director of the FBI.
18: Wickersham Report on Soaring Crime During Prohibition.
19: Brown v. Mississippi.
20: National Firearms Act.
21: Police Misconduct During the L.A. Zoot Suit Riots.
22: Uniform Crime Reports.
23: Wiretapping.
Law Enforcement in an Era of Political and Social Upheaval (1950–1975).
24: Miranda v. Arizona.
25: Mapp v. Ohio.
26: Terry v. Ohio.
27: Kerner Commission Report on Race Riots and Police Response.
28: Chicago Police During the 1968 Democratic National Convention.
29: Increase in Violent Crime Rate and Risk to Law Enforcement.
30: Control Theory.
31: Knapp Commission.
32: Frank Serpico (1936–).
33: Summerdale Scandal.
34: Church Committee Investigation of Fbi Surveillance.
35: Police Authority to Detain.
36: Corruption.
37: RICO Act.
A New Mandate for Exercising Police Power (1975–2000).
38: Wilson And Kelling’s Broken Windows Theory.
39: Fleeing Felon Legislation.
40: Rodney King Beating and Riots.
41: “Law And Order” As A Popular Political Slogan.
42: William Bratton (1947–), Police Commissioner.
43: Ruby Ridge and the Waco Siege.
44: Zero Tolerance Policy.
45: “Thin Blue Line”: Police As a Guard Against Anarchy.
46: Impact of the War on Drugs.
47: Christopher Commission.
48: Abner Louima Case.
49: Amadou Diallo Case.
Intensive Debate about the “American Police State” (2000–Present).
50: Deadly Force.
51: Police Accountability.
52: Police Brutality.
53: Police Mistreatment in Cases of Civil Disobedience.
54: Timothy Thomas’s Death.
55: Militarization of Public and Campus Police Departments.
56: Civil Asset Forfeiture As A Source of Department Funding.
57: Deaths in the Line of Duty.
58: Sean Bell Shooting.
59: PTSD and Family Issues Among Officers.
60: Trayvon Martin Shooting.
61: Michael Brown Shooting and the Aftermath in Ferguson.
62: Eric Garner Case in New York City and Subsequent Tensions.
63: Variations in Law Enforcement Attitudes About Gun Control Laws.
64: Understanding Probable Cause.
65: Boardwalk Empire.
66: Dashcam Videos.
67: Body Cameras.
68: Community Policing Today.
69: Ezell Ford Shooting.
70: Tamir Rice Shooting in Cleveland.
71: Freddie Gray Case.
72: Walter Scott Shooting.
73: Sandra Bland Death in Texas.
74: Use of Tasers.
75: Police Ethics.
76: Racial Profiling.
77: Recidivism.
78: Constitutional Mandates.
79: Crime Prevention Techniques.
80: Perceptions of Police Today.
About the Editor and Contributors.
Index.