NEW

Middle East Conflicts from Ancient Egypt to the 21st Century: An Encyclopedia and Document Collection, 1st Edition

  • Spencer C. Tucker Texas Christian University
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1440853533
  • ISBN-13: 9781440853531
  • DDC: 355.020956
  • 1896 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2019 | Published/Released October 2019
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2019

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

This authoritative, comprehensive encyclopedia covers all key wars, insurgencies, and battles that have occurred in the Middle East roughly between 3100 BCE and the early decades of the twenty-first century. It also discusses the evolution of military technology and the development and transformation of military tactics and strategy from the ancient world to the present. In addition to hundreds of entries on major conflicts, military engagements, and diplomatic developments, it also features entries on key military, political, and religious leaders; major empires and nations of the region; major periods under consideration; non-military subjects such as diplomacy, national and international politics, religion and sectarian conflict, cultural phenomena, genocide, international peacekeeping missions, social movements, and the rise to prominence of international terrorism. Includes primary sources on such diverse topics as the Greco-Persian Wars, Crusades, and the Arab-Israeli Wars.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Dedication.
About the Editors.
Contents.
List of Entries.
List of Maps.
Preface.
Introduction.
General Maps.
1: Abadi, Haider al- (1952–).
2: Abbas, Abu (1948–2004).
3: Abbas, Mahmoud (1935–).
4: Abbasid Caliphate (750–1258, 1261–1517).
5: Abbasid Revolution (747–751).
6: Abbas Mirza (1789–1833).
7: Abbas I the Great (1571–1629).
8: Abd Allah ibn al-Zubair (624–692).
9: Abdel-Rahman, Omar (1938–2017).
10: Abdulhamid II (1842–1918).
11: Abdullah I (1882–1951).
12: Abdullah II (1962–).
13: Abizaid, John Philip (1951–).
14: Aboukir, First Battle of (July 25, 1799).
15: Aboukir, Second Battle of (March 8, 1801).
16: Aboukir Bay, Battle of (August 1, 1798).
17: Abu Abbas (1948–2004).
18: Abu Ghraib.
19: Abulustayn, Battle of (April 15, 1277).
20: Abu Muslim Khorasani (718?–755).
21: Abu Nidal (1937–2002).
22: Achaemenid Empire (550–330 BCE).
23: Acre, Battle of (November 3, 1840).
24: Acre, 1189 Siege of (August 28, 1189–July 12, 1191).
25: Acre, 1291 Siege of (April 6–May 28, 1291).
26: Acre, 1799 Siege of (March 17–May 20, 1799).
27: Actium, Battle of (September 2, 31 BCE).
28: Adan, Avraham “Bren” (1926–2012).
29: Adana Massacre (April 1909).
30: Aden Emergency (1963–1967).
31: Adrianople, Battle of (August 9, 378).
32: Adrianople, Crusades Battle of (April 14–15, 1205).
33: Adrianople, 1444 Treaty of (June 12, 1444).
34: Adrianople, 1713 Treaty of (June 24, 1713).
35: Adrianople, 1829 Treaty of (September 14, 1829).
36: Aegospotami, Battle of (405 BCE).
37: Ager Sanguinis, Battle of (June 28, 1119).
38: Agha Muhammad Khan Qajar (1742–1797).
39: Agranat Commission (November 18, 1973–January 30, 1975).
40: Ajnadain, Battle of (July 30? 634).
41: Akkad.
42: Akroinon, Battle of (740).
43: Al-Adil (1145–1218).
44: Al-Afdal (?–1122).
45: Alam el Halfa, Battle of (August 31–September 7, 1942).
46: Al-Amin, Muhammad (787–813).
47: Al-Anfal Campaign (1987–1988).
48: al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades.
49: Al-Aqsa Mosque Massacre (October 8, 1990).
50: al-Atrash, Sultan (1891–1982).
51: Alawites.
52: Aleppo, Battle for (July 19, 2012–December 22, 2016).
53: Alexander I Balas (ca. 173–145 BCE).
54: Alexander III the Great (356–323 BCE).
55: Alexander III's Invasion of the Persian Empire (334–323 BCE).
56: Alexander Severus, Roman Emperor (ca. 208–235).
57: Alexandria, Bombardment of (July 11, 1882).
58: Alexandria, Sack of (October 9–12, 1365).
59: Alexandropol, Treaty of (December 2, 1920).
60: Alexios I Komnenos (1048–1118).
61: Alexios III Angelos (ca. 1153–1211).
62: Alexios V Doukas Mourtzouphlos (1140–1204).
63: Algiers Agreement (March 6, 1975).
64: Algiers Declaration (November 15, 1988).
65: Ali, Ahmad Ismail (1917–1974).
66: Ali Bey al-Kabir (1728–1773).
67: Ali ibn Abi Talib (ca. 600–661).
68: Aliya Bet.
69: Allawi, Ayad (1944–).
70: Allenby, Sir Edmund Henry Hynman (1861–1936).
71: Allon, Yigal (1918–1980).
72: Allon Plan (July 26, 1967).
73: Al-Mamun, Abd Allah (786–833).
74: Al-Nusra Front.
75: Alp Arslan (ca. 1030–1072).
76: Al Qaeda.
77: Al Qaeda in Iraq.
78: Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula.
79: Al-Sabah, Jaber al-Ahmad (1926–2006).
80: al-Sannabra, Battle of (June 28, 1113).
81: Altalena Incident (June 23, 1948).
82: Amalric of Jerusalem (1136–1174).
83: Amara, Battle of (June 3, 1915).
84: Amasya, Treaty of (May 29, 1555).
85: Ambush Alley.
86: Amer, Abdel Hakim (December 11, 1919–September 14, 1967).
87: Amiriyah Shelter Bombing (February 13, 1991).
88: Amman Campaign (March 21–September 25, 1918).
89: Amr ibn al-As (ca. 585–664).
90: Anbar Awakening Movement.
91: Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry (1946).
92: Anglo-Egyptian Treaty (August 26, 1936).
93: Anglo-Egyptian War (1882).
94: Anglo-Iranian Oil Crisis (1951–1953).
95: Anglo-Iraqi Treaties of 1922 and 1930.
96: Anglo-Jordanian Defense Treaty (March 15, 1948).
97: Anglo-Ottoman Treaty (1838).
98: Anglo-Ottoman War (1807–1809).
99: Anglo-Persian War (1856–1857).
100: Anglo-Sudan War (1883–1899).
101: Ankara, Battle of (July 20, 1402).
102: Ankara, Pact of (October 19, 1939).
103: Ansar al-Islam.
104: Anti-Arab Attitudes and Discrimination.
105: Antigonus I Monophthalmus (382–301 BCE).
106: Antioch, Principality of.
107: Antioch, Sieges of (1097–1098).
108: Antioch on the Meander, Battle of (1211).
109: Antiochus I Soter (ca. 324–261 BCE).
110: Antiochus III Megas (ca. 241–187 BCE).
111: Antiochus IV Epiphanes (ca. 215–164 BCE).
112: Antiochus VII Sidetes (ca. 159–129 BCE).
113: Antiochus Hierax (ca. 260–226 BCE).
114: Anti-Semitism.
115: Aoun, Michel (1935–).
116: Aqaba, Capture of (July 6, 1917).
117: Aqaba, Gulf of.
118: Arab Economic Boycott of Israel.
119: Arabi, Ahmed (1841–1911).
120: Arabia, Roman.
121: Arab-Jewish Communal War (November 30, 1947–May 14, 1948).
122: Arab League.
123: Arab Legion.
124: Arab Liberation Army.
125: Arab Nationalism.
126: Arab Oil Embargo (October 17, 1973–March 18, 1974).
127: Arab Revolt in Palestine (1936–1939).
128: Arab Revolt of World War I (June 5, 1916–October 31, 1918).
129: Arab Riots, Jerusalem (April 4–8, 1920).
130: Arab Spring (December 17, 2010–Mid-2012).
131: Arafat, Yasser (1929–2004).
132: Ardashir I (180–240).
133: Arif, Abd al-Salam (1921–1966).
134: Armenians and the Armenian Genocide.
135: Army of Islam.
136: Arrowhead Ripper, Operation (June 19–August 19, 2007).
137: Arsuf, Battle of (September 7, 1191).
138: Artah, Battle of (August 11, 1164).
139: Artaxerxes I (?–424 BCE).
140: Artaxerxes II (435 or 445–358).
141: Artaxerxes III (359–338 BCE).
142: Artemisia I (5th Century BCE).
143: Artuqid Dynasty (1101–1408).
144: Asabiyya.
145: Ascalon, Battle of (August 12, 1099).
146: Ashkenazic Judaism.
147: Ashurbanipal (ca. 693–627 BCE).
148: Assad, Bashar al- (1965–).
149: Assad, Hafez al- (1930–2000).
150: Assassins.
151: Assyrian Empire.
152: Ataturk, Mustafa Kemal (1881–1938).
153: Auchinleck, Sir Claude John Eyre (1884–1981).
154: Aurelian, Emperor (214–275).
155: Auspicious Incident (June 15, 1826).
156: Autumn Clouds, Operation (November 1–8, 2006).
157: Ayn Jalut, Battle of (September 3, 1260).
158: Ayyubid Dynasty.
159: Baath Party.
160: Babylon, Siege of (539–538 BCE).
161: Babylonian Empire, Neo- (626–539 BCE).
162: Babylonian Empire, Old (ca. 1894–911 BCE).
163: Badr, Battle of (March 15, 624).
164: Badr al-Jamali (1015–1094).
165: Baghavard, First Battle of (June 14, 1735).
166: Baghavard, Second Battle of (August 9, 1745).
167: Baghdad, Capture of (March 11, 1917).
168: Baghdad, 812–813 Siege of (August 812–September 813).
169: Baghdad, 1258 Siege of.
170: Baghdad, 1401 Siege of.
171: Baghdad, 1638 Siege of.
172: Baghdad, 1733 Battle of (July 19, 1733).
173: Baghdad, 2003 Battle of (April 5–10, 2003).
174: Baghdadi, Abu Bakr al- (1971–).
175: Baghdad Pact (February 4, 1955).
176: Bahrain.
177: Bakhchisarai, Treaty of (January 3, 1681).
178: Bakr, Ahmad Hassan al- (1914–1982).
179: Balak ibn Bahram ibn Ortok (?–1124).
180: Baldat al-Shaykh Massacre (January 31, 1947).
181: Baldwin I of Constantinople (1171–1206).
182: Baldwin I of Jerusalem (ca. 1061–1118).
183: Baldwin II of Constantinople (1217–1273).
184: Baldwin II of Jerusalem (1060–1131).
185: Baldwin III of Jerusalem (1130–1163).
186: Baldwin IV of Jerusalem (1161–1185).
187: Balfour Declaration (November 2, 1917).
188: Balkans, Ottoman Conquest of the (1350s–1593).