Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures, 2nd Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1402044259
  • ISBN-13: 9781402044250
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 2416 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2007 | Published/Released August 2008
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2007

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Overview

Contains entries dealing with the history of the scientific, technological and medical accomplishments of cultures outside of the United States and Europe. Includes intercultural articles on broad topics such as mathematics and astronomy as well as philosophical articles on concepts and ideas related to the study of non-Western science, such as rationality, objectivity, and method.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Editor-in-Chief.
Editorial Board.
Advisory Board.
Personal Note from the Editor.
Other Frontmatter.
Dedication.
List of Contributors.
Acknowledgements.
Introduction to the Second Edition.
1: Abacus.
2: Abortion.
3: Abraham Bar Ḥiyya (Savasorda).
4: Abraham Ibn Ezra.
5: Abū Jaʿfar al-Khāzin.
6: Abū Kāmil.
7: Abū 'I-Barakāt.
8: Abū'l-Fidāʾ.
9: Abū'l-Ṣalt.
10: Abū'l-Wafāʾ.
11: Abū Maʿshar.
12: Acoustics in Chinese Culture.
13: Acupuncture.
14: Acyuta Piṣāraṭi.
15: Agriculture: Ancient Methods.
16: Agriculture in Africa.
17: Agriculture of the Ancient Maya.
18: Agriculture in China.
19: Agriculture in India.
20: Agriculture in the Islamic World.
21: Agriculture in Japan.
22: Agriculture in the Pacific.
23: Agriculture in South and Central America.
24: Agroforestry in Africa.
25: Agroforestry: Agri-Silviculture.
26: Agroforestry: Field-and-Grove Systems.
27: Agroforestry: Field-and-Interstitial Support Trees.
28: Agroforestry: Harmonic Swiddens.
29: Agroforestry: Special Systems.
30: Agroforestry: Systems with Animals and Grasses.
31: Agroforestry in the Pacific Islands.
32: Aida Yasuaki.
33: Ajima Naonobu.
34: Al-Battānī.
35: Al-Bīrūnī.
36: Al-Bīrūnī and Geography.
37: Al-Biṭrūjī.
38: Alchemy in China.
39: Alchemy in Islam.
40: Al-Damīrī.
41: Al-Farghānī.
42: Al-Fazārī.
43: Alfonso X.
44: Algebra, Surveyors'.
45: Algebra in China.
46: Algebra in India: Bījagaṇita.
47: Algebra in Islamic Mathematics.
48: Algebra in the Malay World: A Case Study of Islamic Mathematics.
49: Al-Ḥajjāj.
50: Al-Hamdānī.
51: Al-Hāshimī.
52: Al-Idrīsī.
53: Al-Jawharī.
54: Al-Jazarī.
55: Al-Jurjānī.
56: Al-Karajī.
57: Al-Kāshī.
58: Al-Khalīlī.
59: Al-Kharaqī.
60: Al-Khāzinī.
61: Al-Khujandī.
62: Al-Khwārizmī.
63: Al-Kindī.
64: Almagest: Its Reception and Transmission in the Islamic World.
65: Al-Māhānī.
66: Al-Majrīṭī.
67: Al-Ma͗mūn.
68: Al-Māridīnī, Jamāl al-Dīn, and Badr al-Dīn.
69: Al-Masʿūdī (Abuʾ 'l Ḥasan ʿAlī Ibn al-Ḥusayn al-Masʿūdī).
70: Al-Muqaddasī.
71: Al-Muʾtaman ibn Hūd.
72: Al-Nayrīzī.
73: Alphabet.
74: Al-Qalaṣādī.
75: Al-Qūhī (or Al-Kūhī).
76: Al-Rāzī.
77: Al-Ṣāghānī.
78: Al-Samarqandī.
79: Al-Shīrāzī.
80: Al-Sijzī.
81: Al-Ṣūfī.
82: Al-Suyūṭī.
83: Al-Ṭabarī.
84: Al-Uqlīdisī.
85: Al-ʿUrḍī.
86: Anatomy in Ancient India.
87: Ancient Egypt.
88: Animal Domestication.
89: Animal Mummies.
90: Approximation Formulae in Chinese Mathematics.
91: Archaeoastronomy of North Africa.
92: Architectural Decoration in Islam: History and Techniques.
93: Architecture in Africa, with Special Reference to Indigenous Akan Building Construction.
94: Architecture in Java.
95: Architecture and Landscape in India.
96: Architecture of the Maori People.
97: Architecture in Mesoamerica.
98: Architecture in Palestine.
99: Arithmetic in India: Pāṭīgaṇita.
100: Arithmetic in Islamic Mathematics.
101: Armillary Spheres in China.
102: Armillary Spheres in India.
103: Āryabhaṭa.
104: Asada Goryu.
105: Astrolabe.
106: Astrology in Babylonia.
107: Astrology in China.
108: Astrology in India.
109: Astrology in Islam.
110: Astronomical Instruments in India.
111: Astronomical Instruments in the Islamic World.
112: Astronomical Instruments in Japan.
113: Astronomical Instruments in Korea.
114: Astronomical Monuments in Polynesia and Micronesia.
115: Astronomy.
116: Astronomy of the Australian Aboriginal People.
117: Astronomy in China.
118: Astronomy in Egypt.
119: Astronomy in Hawai'i.
120: Astronomy of the Hebrews.
121: Astronomy in India.
122: Astronomy: Indian Astronomy in China.
123: Astronomy in the Indo-Malay Archipelago.
124: Astronomy in the Islamic World.
125: Astronomy in Japan: A Cultural History.
126: Astronomy in Mainland Southeast Asia.
127: Astronomy in Mesoamerica.
128: Astronomy in Native North America.
129: Astronomy in Sub-Saharan Africa.
130: Astronomy in Tibet.
131: Atomism in Islamic Thought.
132: Ātreya.
133: Aztec Science.
134: Bakhshālī Manuscript.
135: Balkhī School of Arab Geographers.
136: Bamboo.
137: Banū Mūsā.
138: Basketry in Ancient Egypt.
139: Baudhāyana.
140: Beads.
141: Ben Cao Gang Mu.
142: Bhāskara I.
143: Bhāskara II.
144: Bian Que.
145: Bitumen in China.
146: Bone Technology in Africa.
147: Brahmagupta.
148: Bread in Africa.
149: Brewing in Africa.
150: Buddhism and Science.
151: Building Construction.
152: Cakravala Method.
153: Calculus.
154: Calendars in East Asia.
155: Calendars in Egypt.
156: Calendars in India.
157: Calendars in Islam.
158: Calendars in Mesoamerica.
159: Calendars in South America.
160: Candraśekhara Sāmanta.
161: Caraka.
162: Cashewnut Processing on the Malabar Coast.
163: Celestial Vault and Sphere.
164: Ceramics, Mimbres.
165: Ceramics in Africa.
166: Ceramics in China.
167: Ceramics in Korea.
168: Ceramics: Maya Pottery.
169: Ceramics: Olmec Pottery.
170: Ceramics in Southeast Asia.
171: Chao Yuanfang.
172: Chemistry in China.
173: Chen Yan.
174: Childbirth.
175: Childbirth in India.
176: Chinese Science.
177: Cities and Towns in Ancient Israel (Bronze and Iron Ages).
178: Cities and Towns in East Africa.
179: Cities and Towns of the Olmec.
180: Cities and Towns in West Africa.
181: City Planning in Ancient India.
182: City Planning: Aztec City Planning.
183: City Planning: Inca City Planning.
184: City Planning: Maya City Planning.
185: Clocks: Astronomical Clocks in China.
186: Clocks and Watches.
187: Coir in India: History of Technology.
Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Editor-in-Chief.
Editorial Board.
Advisory Board.
Personal Note from the Editor.
Other Frontmatter.
Dedication.
List of Contributors.
Acknowledgements.
Introduction to the Second Edition.
1: Abacus.
2: Abortion.
3: Abraham Bar Ḥiyya (Savasorda).
4: Abraham Ibn Ezra.
5: Abū Jaʿfar al-Khāzin.
6: Abū Kāmil.
7: Abū 'I-Barakāt.
8: Abū'l-Fidāʾ.
9: Abū'l-Ṣalt.
10: Abū'l-Wafāʾ.
11: Abū Maʿshar.
12: Acoustics in Chinese Culture.
13: Acupuncture.
14: Acyuta Piṣāraṭi.
15: Agriculture: Ancient Methods.
16: Agriculture in Africa.
17: Agriculture of the Ancient Maya.
18: Agriculture in China.
19: Agriculture in India.
20: Agriculture in the Islamic World.
21: Agriculture in Japan.
22: Agriculture in the Pacific.
23: Agriculture in South and Central America.
24: Agroforestry in Africa.
25: Agroforestry: Agri-Silviculture.
26: Agroforestry: Field-and-Grove Systems.
27: Agroforestry: Field-and-Interstitial Support Trees.
28: Agroforestry: Harmonic Swiddens.
29: Agroforestry: Special Systems.
30: Agroforestry: Systems with Animals and Grasses.
31: Agroforestry in the Pacific Islands.
32: Aida Yasuaki.
33: Ajima Naonobu.
34: Al-Battānī.
35: Al-Bīrūnī.
36: Al-Bīrūnī and Geography.
37: Al-Biṭrūjī.
38: Alchemy in China.
39: Alchemy in Islam.
40: Al-Damīrī.
41: Al-Farghānī.
42: Al-Fazārī.
43: Alfonso X.
44: Algebra, Surveyors'.
45: Algebra in China.
46: Algebra in India: Bījagaṇita.
47: Algebra in Islamic Mathematics.
48: Algebra in the Malay World: A Case Study of Islamic Mathematics.
49: Al-Ḥajjāj.
50: Al-Hamdānī.
51: Al-Hāshimī.
52: Al-Idrīsī.
53: Al-Jawharī.
54: Al-Jazarī.
55: Al-Jurjānī.
56: Al-Karajī.
57: Al-Kāshī.
58: Al-Khalīlī.
59: Al-Kharaqī.
60: Al-Khāzinī.
61: Al-Khujandī.
62: Al-Khwārizmī.
63: Al-Kindī.
64: Almagest: Its Reception and Transmission in the Islamic World.
65: Al-Māhānī.
66: Al-Majrīṭī.
67: Al-Ma͗mūn.
68: Al-Māridīnī, Jamāl al-Dīn, and Badr al-Dīn.
69: Al-Masʿūdī (Abuʾ 'l Ḥasan ʿAlī Ibn al-Ḥusayn al-Masʿūdī).
70: Al-Muqaddasī.
71: Al-Muʾtaman ibn Hūd.
72: Al-Nayrīzī.
73: Alphabet.
74: Al-Qalaṣādī.
75: Al-Qūhī (or Al-Kūhī).
76: Al-Rāzī.
77: Al-Ṣāghānī.
78: Al-Samarqandī.
79: Al-Shīrāzī.
80: Al-Sijzī.
81: Al-Ṣūfī.
82: Al-Suyūṭī.
83: Al-Ṭabarī.
84: Al-Uqlīdisī.
85: Al-ʿUrḍī.
86: Anatomy in Ancient India.
87: Ancient Egypt.
88: Animal Domestication.
89: Animal Mummies.
90: Approximation Formulae in Chinese Mathematics.
91: Archaeoastronomy of North Africa.
92: Architectural Decoration in Islam: History and Techniques.
93: Architecture in Africa, with Special Reference to Indigenous Akan Building Construction.
94: Architecture in Java.
95: Architecture and Landscape in India.
96: Architecture of the Maori People.
97: Architecture in Mesoamerica.
98: Architecture in Palestine.
99: Arithmetic in India: Pāṭīgaṇita.
100: Arithmetic in Islamic Mathematics.
101: Armillary Spheres in China.
102: Armillary Spheres in India.
103: Āryabhaṭa.
104: Asada Goryu.
105: Astrolabe.
106: Astrology in Babylonia.
107: Astrology in China.
108: Astrology in India.
109: Astrology in Islam.
110: Astronomical Instruments in India.
111: Astronomical Instruments in the Islamic World.
112: Astronomical Instruments in Japan.
113: Astronomical Instruments in Korea.
114: Astronomical Monuments in Polynesia and Micronesia.
115: Astronomy.
116: Astronomy of the Australian Aboriginal People.
117: Astronomy in China.
118: Astronomy in Egypt.
119: Astronomy in Hawai'i.
120: Astronomy of the Hebrews.
121: Astronomy in India.
122: Astronomy: Indian Astronomy in China.
123: Astronomy in the Indo-Malay Archipelago.
124: Astronomy in the Islamic World.
125: Astronomy in Japan: A Cultural History.
126: Astronomy in Mainland Southeast Asia.
127: Astronomy in Mesoamerica.
128: Astronomy in Native North America.
129: Astronomy in Sub-Saharan Africa.
130: Astronomy in Tibet.
131: Atomism in Islamic Thought.
132: Ātreya.
133: Aztec Science.
134: Bakhshālī Manuscript.
135: Balkhī School of Arab Geographers.
136: Bamboo.
137: Banū Mūsā.
138: Basketry in Ancient Egypt.
139: Baudhāyana.
140: Beads.
141: Ben Cao Gang Mu.
142: Bhāskara I.
143: Bhāskara II.
144: Bian Que.
145: Bitumen in China.
146: Bone Technology in Africa.
147: Brahmagupta.
148: Bread in Africa.
149: Brewing in Africa.
150: Buddhism and Science.
151: Building Construction.
152: Cakravala Method.
153: Calculus.
154: Calendars in East Asia.
155: Calendars in Egypt.
156: Calendars in India.
157: Calendars in Islam.
158: Calendars in Mesoamerica.
159: Calendars in South America.
160: Candraśekhara Sāmanta.
161: Caraka.
162: Cashewnut Processing on the Malabar Coast.
163: Celestial Vault and Sphere.
164: Ceramics, Mimbres.
165: Ceramics in Africa.
166: Ceramics in China.
167: Ceramics in Korea.
168: Ceramics: Maya Pottery.
169: Ceramics: Olmec Pottery.
170: Ceramics in Southeast Asia.
171: Chao Yuanfang.
172: Chemistry in China.
173: Chen Yan.
174: Childbirth.
175: Childbirth in India.
176: Chinese Science.
177: Cities and Towns in Ancient Israel (Bronze and Iron Ages).
178: Cities and Towns in East Africa.
179: Cities and Towns of the Olmec.
180: Cities and Towns in West Africa.
181: City Planning in Ancient India.
182: City Planning: Aztec City Planning.
183: City Planning: Inca City Planning.
184: City Planning: Maya City Planning.
185: Clocks: Astronomical Clocks in China.
186: Clocks and Watches.
187: Coir in India: History of Technology.