eBook Military Medicine: From Ancient Times to the 21st Century, 1st Edition

  • Jack E. McCallum
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1851096981
  • ISBN-13: 9781851096985
  • DDC: 616.9
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 385 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2008 | Published/Released October 2010
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2008
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

At the turn of the century, a deadly disease - yellow fever - threatened American soldiers stationed in Cuba, and fears that they would bring it home left the victorious American army trapped on the island. In response, President William McKinley sent U.S. Army Major Walter Reed to study yellow fever. Within less than three years, Reed and his Commission had deciphered the disease and learned how to control it. Service in Cuba became safe: For the first time in four hundred years the disease did not threaten the United States, making it possible to dig a canal across Panama. Military medicine had provided a military, a geopolitical, and a social victory.

Thanks to advances in field medicine and improved mobility and efficiency of medical units, the death rate of soldiers injured during battle has dramatically declined in the last 100 years. Nowadays, with forward medical stations operating close to battle lines and medical transports (ground and air) at hand, injured soldiers survive their battle wounds. Military Medicine: From Ancient Times to the 21st Century provides expert coverage of the key role medical advances and practices have played in the evolution of warfare, and how many of those advances and practices have been put to work saving and improving civilian lives as well.

Military Medicine surveys the development of military medicine from its prehistoric origins through modern threats and practice. That coverage is followed by over 200 of alphabetically organized entries with special emphasis placed on those areas with the most dramatic applications to civilian medicine, including triage and trauma management, treatment for infections, emergency surgical procedures, and more.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Dedication.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: Abdominal Injuries in War.
2: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
3: Aeromedical Evacuation.
4: Aesculapius (Asclepias in the Greek Form).
5: Albucasis (936–1013 or 1013–1106).
6: Alcoholism.
7: Ambulances and Transport.
8: American Field Service and Other World War I Volunteer Ambulance Services.
9: American Revolutionary War.
10: Amputation.
11: Anesthesiology.
12: Anthrax.
13: Antisepsis.
14: Archigenes of Apamea (ca. 75–129).
15: Asclepiades of Bithynia (ca. 124–40 B.C.).
16: Asepsis.
17: Atabrine.
18: Athens, Great Plague of.
19: Atropine.
20: Aviation Medicine.
21: Avicenna (Ibn Sena) (980–1037).
22: Bandaging and Wound Dressing.
23: Barber-Surgeons.
24: Baromedicine.
25: Barton, Clara (1821–1912).
26: Beaumont, William (1785–1853).
27: Bell, Charles (1774–1842).
28: Bergmann, Ernst von (1836–1907).
29: Biblical Military Medicine.
30: Billings, John Shaw (1838–1913).
31: Bilroth, Christian Albert Theodor (1829–1894).
32: Blane, Sir Gilbert (1749–1834).
33: Blast Injuries.
34: Boer War.
35: Botulism.
36: British Military Medicine.
37: Brunschwig, Hieronymus (ca. 1450–1533).
38: Bullet Wounds and Other Penetrating Injuries from Gunpowder Projectiles.
39: Carrel, Alexis (1873–1944).
40: Carrel-Dakin Irrigation.
41: Casualty Clearing Stations and Staged Evacuation.
42: Cauterization.
43: Celsus, Aulus Cornelius (Early First Century A.D.).
44: Chauliac, Guy de (ca. 1295–1368).
45: Chemical and Biological Warfare.
46: Chest Injuries and Surgery.
47: Chimborazo Hospital.
48: Cholera.
49: Church, Benjamin (1734–1776).
50: Civil War in the United States.
51: Classical Greek Military Medicine.
52: Clowes, William (1540–1604).
53: Cochran, John (1730–1807).
54: Cold Injury and Frostbite.
55: Colonial Military and Naval Medicine.
56: Combat Fatigue.
57: Crile, George Washington (1864–1943).
58: Crimean War.
59: Crusades.
60: Cushing, Harvey Williams (1869–1939).
61: Cutbush, Edward (1772–1843).
62: DDT (Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane).
63: Débridement.
64: Dengue Fever.
65: Dioscorides, Pedacius (First Century A.D.).
66: Disease and Mortality in Colonial America.
67: Dix, Dorothea Lynde (1802–1887).
68: Dodge Commission and the Typhoid Board.
69: Dooley, Thomas Anthony (1927–1961).
70: Drug Addiction.
71: Dysentery.
72: Egyptian Military Medicine.
73: Fabrizio d'Aquapendente Geronimo (1537–1619).
74: Fabry of Hilden, Wilhelm (1560–1634).
75: Fergusson, Sir William (1808–1877).
76: Field Hospitals.
77: Fleming, Sir Alexander (1881–1955).
78: Forceps and Extractors.
79: Fort Detrick.
80: Fracastro, Girolamo (1484–1553).
81: Fractures.
82: Franco-Prussian War.
83: Galen of Pergamum (A.D. 131–201 or A.D. 129–199).
84: Gas Gangrene.
85: Geneva Conventions.
86: Gersdorff, Hans von (16th Century).
87: Glanders.
88: Gonorrhea.
89: Görcke, Johann (1750–1822).
90: Gorgas, William Crawford (1854–1920).
91: Guillemeau, Jacques (1550–1612).
92: Gulf War.
93: Guthrie, George James (1785–1856).
94: Haitian Campaign (1801–1802).
95: Hammond, William (1828–1900).
96: Harvey, William (1578–1657).
97: Head Injury and Cranial Surgery.
98: Heister, Lorenz (1683–1758).
99: Hemostasis.
100: Hippocrates of Cos (ca. 460–370 B.C.).
101: Holtzendorff, Ernst Conrad (1688–1751).
102: Hospital Ships.
103: Hospital Trains.
104: Human Experimentation.
105: Hunter, John (1728–1793).
106: Imhotep (ca. 26th Century B.C.).
107: Indian Military Medicine.
108: Influenza.
109: Iraq and Afghan Wars.
110: Ireland, Major General Merritte Weber (1867–1952).
111: Ishii, Shiro (1892–1959).
112: Islamic Military Medicine.
113: Italian Campaign of 1859.
114: Jackson, Robert (1750–1827).
115: Japanese Military Medicine.
116: John of Arderne (ca. 1306–1390).
117: Jones, John (1729–1791).
118: Keen, William Williams (1837–1932).
119: Koch, Robert (1843–1910).
120: Korean Conflict.
121: Laennec, René-Théophile Hyacinthe (1781–1826).
122: Lanfranc of Milan (d. 1315).
123: Larrey, Baron Dominique-Jean (1766–1842).
124: Laveran, Charles Louis Alphonse (1845–1922).
125: Leishman, Sir William Boog (1865–1926).
126: Letterman, Jonathan (1824–1872).
127: Ligature.
128: Lind, James (1716–1794).
129: Lister, Lord Joseph (1827–1912).
130: Madagascar Campaign.
131: Magati, Cesare (1596–1647).
132: Malaria.
133: McGrigor, James (1771–1858).
134: Medieval Military Medicine.
135: Melioidosis (Whitmore's Disease).
136: Mesopotamian Military Medicine.
137: Mexican-American War.
138: Military Sanitation.
139: Minoan and Ancient Greek Military Medicine.
140: Mitchell, Silas Weir (1829–1914).
141: Mobile Army Surgical Hospitals in the Korean Conflict.
142: Mondeville, Henri de (1260–1320).
143: Monro, Alexander Primus (1697–1767).
144: Monro, Donald (1727–1802).
145: Moore, Samuel Preston (1813–1889).
146: Morgan, John (1735–1789).
147: Morphine.
148: Napoleonic Wars (1792–1815).
149: National Naval Medical Center.
150: Naval Medicine.
151: Nightingale, Florence (1820–1910).
152: Nuclear Warfare and Radiation Injury.
153: Nuremberg Code.
154: Nursing in the Military.
155: Omdurman Campaign (1896–1898).
156: Paracelsus (Aureolus Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim) (1493–1541).
157: Paré, Ambroise (1510–1590).
158: Pasteur, Louis (1822–1895).
159: Paul of Aegina (625–690).
160: Penicillin.
161: Percy, Baron Pierre François (1754–1825).
162: Pfolspeundt, Heinrich von (15th century).
163: Phlebotomy and Venesection.
164: Pirogoff, Nikolai Ivanovich (1810–1881).
165: Plague (Bubonic Plague, Black Death).
166: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
167: Pott, Percival (1714–1788).
168: Prehistoric Military Medicine.
169: Pringle, Sir John (1707–1782).
170: Prussian and German Military Medicine.
171: Purmann, Matthias (1648–1721 or 1649–1711).
172: Q Fever.
173: Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service.
174: Quesnay, François (1694–1774).
175: Quinine.
176: Red Cross and Red Crescent.
177: Reed, Walter (1851–1902).
178: Rehabilitation and Reconstructive Surgery.
179: Reyher, Carl (1846–1890).
180: Rhazes (Abu Bakr Mohammed ben Zakariah) (ca. 860–932).
181: Roman Military Medicine.
182: Ross, Sir Ronald (1857–1932).
183: Royal Army Medical Corps.
184: Royal Victoria Hospital (Netley).
185: Rush, Benjamin (1745–1813).
186: Russian Military Medicine.
187: Russo-Japanese War.
188: Salicetti, Guglielmo (William of Salicet) (1210–1277).
189: Saw.
190: Scabies.
191: Scalpel.
192: Scrub Typhus.
193: Scultetus, Johannes (Also Johannes Schultes) (1595–1645).
Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Dedication.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: Abdominal Injuries in War.
2: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
3: Aeromedical Evacuation.
4: Aesculapius (Asclepias in the Greek Form).
5: Albucasis (936–1013 or 1013–1106).
6: Alcoholism.
7: Ambulances and Transport.
8: American Field Service and Other World War I Volunteer Ambulance Services.
9: American Revolutionary War.
10: Amputation.
11: Anesthesiology.
12: Anthrax.
13: Antisepsis.
14: Archigenes of Apamea (ca. 75–129).
15: Asclepiades of Bithynia (ca. 124–40 B.C.).
16: Asepsis.
17: Atabrine.
18: Athens, Great Plague of.
19: Atropine.
20: Aviation Medicine.
21: Avicenna (Ibn Sena) (980–1037).
22: Bandaging and Wound Dressing.
23: Barber-Surgeons.
24: Baromedicine.
25: Barton, Clara (1821–1912).
26: Beaumont, William (1785–1853).
27: Bell, Charles (1774–1842).
28: Bergmann, Ernst von (1836–1907).
29: Biblical Military Medicine.
30: Billings, John Shaw (1838–1913).
31: Bilroth, Christian Albert Theodor (1829–1894).
32: Blane, Sir Gilbert (1749–1834).
33: Blast Injuries.
34: Boer War.
35: Botulism.
36: British Military Medicine.
37: Brunschwig, Hieronymus (ca. 1450–1533).
38: Bullet Wounds and Other Penetrating Injuries from Gunpowder Projectiles.
39: Carrel, Alexis (1873–1944).
40: Carrel-Dakin Irrigation.
41: Casualty Clearing Stations and Staged Evacuation.
42: Cauterization.
43: Celsus, Aulus Cornelius (Early First Century A.D.).
44: Chauliac, Guy de (ca. 1295–1368).
45: Chemical and Biological Warfare.
46: Chest Injuries and Surgery.
47: Chimborazo Hospital.
48: Cholera.
49: Church, Benjamin (1734–1776).
50: Civil War in the United States.
51: Classical Greek Military Medicine.
52: Clowes, William (1540–1604).
53: Cochran, John (1730–1807).
54: Cold Injury and Frostbite.
55: Colonial Military and Naval Medicine.
56: Combat Fatigue.
57: Crile, George Washington (1864–1943).
58: Crimean War.
59: Crusades.
60: Cushing, Harvey Williams (1869–1939).
61: Cutbush, Edward (1772–1843).
62: DDT (Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane).
63: Débridement.
64: Dengue Fever.
65: Dioscorides, Pedacius (First Century A.D.).
66: Disease and Mortality in Colonial America.
67: Dix, Dorothea Lynde (1802–1887).
68: Dodge Commission and the Typhoid Board.
69: Dooley, Thomas Anthony (1927–1961).
70: Drug Addiction.
71: Dysentery.
72: Egyptian Military Medicine.
73: Fabrizio d'Aquapendente Geronimo (1537–1619).
74: Fabry of Hilden, Wilhelm (1560–1634).
75: Fergusson, Sir William (1808–1877).
76: Field Hospitals.
77: Fleming, Sir Alexander (1881–1955).
78: Forceps and Extractors.
79: Fort Detrick.
80: Fracastro, Girolamo (1484–1553).
81: Fractures.
82: Franco-Prussian War.
83: Galen of Pergamum (A.D. 131–201 or A.D. 129–199).
84: Gas Gangrene.
85: Geneva Conventions.
86: Gersdorff, Hans von (16th Century).
87: Glanders.
88: Gonorrhea.
89: Görcke, Johann (1750–1822).
90: Gorgas, William Crawford (1854–1920).
91: Guillemeau, Jacques (1550–1612).
92: Gulf War.
93: Guthrie, George James (1785–1856).
94: Haitian Campaign (1801–1802).
95: Hammond, William (1828–1900).
96: Harvey, William (1578–1657).
97: Head Injury and Cranial Surgery.
98: Heister, Lorenz (1683–1758).
99: Hemostasis.
100: Hippocrates of Cos (ca. 460–370 B.C.).
101: Holtzendorff, Ernst Conrad (1688–1751).
102: Hospital Ships.
103: Hospital Trains.
104: Human Experimentation.
105: Hunter, John (1728–1793).
106: Imhotep (ca. 26th Century B.C.).
107: Indian Military Medicine.
108: Influenza.
109: Iraq and Afghan Wars.
110: Ireland, Major General Merritte Weber (1867–1952).
111: Ishii, Shiro (1892–1959).
112: Islamic Military Medicine.
113: Italian Campaign of 1859.
114: Jackson, Robert (1750–1827).
115: Japanese Military Medicine.
116: John of Arderne (ca. 1306–1390).
117: Jones, John (1729–1791).
118: Keen, William Williams (1837–1932).
119: Koch, Robert (1843–1910).
120: Korean Conflict.
121: Laennec, René-Théophile Hyacinthe (1781–1826).
122: Lanfranc of Milan (d. 1315).
123: Larrey, Baron Dominique-Jean (1766–1842).
124: Laveran, Charles Louis Alphonse (1845–1922).
125: Leishman, Sir William Boog (1865–1926).
126: Letterman, Jonathan (1824–1872).
127: Ligature.
128: Lind, James (1716–1794).
129: Lister, Lord Joseph (1827–1912).
130: Madagascar Campaign.
131: Magati, Cesare (1596–1647).
132: Malaria.
133: McGrigor, James (1771–1858).
134: Medieval Military Medicine.
135: Melioidosis (Whitmore's Disease).
136: Mesopotamian Military Medicine.
137: Mexican-American War.
138: Military Sanitation.
139: Minoan and Ancient Greek Military Medicine.
140: Mitchell, Silas Weir (1829–1914).
141: Mobile Army Surgical Hospitals in the Korean Conflict.
142: Mondeville, Henri de (1260–1320).
143: Monro, Alexander Primus (1697–1767).
144: Monro, Donald (1727–1802).
145: Moore, Samuel Preston (1813–1889).
146: Morgan, John (1735–1789).
147: Morphine.
148: Napoleonic Wars (1792–1815).
149: National Naval Medical Center.
150: Naval Medicine.
151: Nightingale, Florence (1820–1910).
152: Nuclear Warfare and Radiation Injury.
153: Nuremberg Code.
154: Nursing in the Military.
155: Omdurman Campaign (1896–1898).
156: Paracelsus (Aureolus Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim) (1493–1541).
157: Paré, Ambroise (1510–1590).
158: Pasteur, Louis (1822–1895).
159: Paul of Aegina (625–690).
160: Penicillin.
161: Percy, Baron Pierre François (1754–1825).
162: Pfolspeundt, Heinrich von (15th century).
163: Phlebotomy and Venesection.
164: Pirogoff, Nikolai Ivanovich (1810–1881).
165: Plague (Bubonic Plague, Black Death).
166: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
167: Pott, Percival (1714–1788).
168: Prehistoric Military Medicine.
169: Pringle, Sir John (1707–1782).
170: Prussian and German Military Medicine.
171: Purmann, Matthias (1648–1721 or 1649–1711).
172: Q Fever.
173: Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service.
174: Quesnay, François (1694–1774).
175: Quinine.
176: Red Cross and Red Crescent.
177: Reed, Walter (1851–1902).
178: Rehabilitation and Reconstructive Surgery.
179: Reyher, Carl (1846–1890).
180: Rhazes (Abu Bakr Mohammed ben Zakariah) (ca. 860–932).
181: Roman Military Medicine.
182: Ross, Sir Ronald (1857–1932).
183: Royal Army Medical Corps.
184: Royal Victoria Hospital (Netley).
185: Rush, Benjamin (1745–1813).
186: Russian Military Medicine.
187: Russo-Japanese War.
188: Salicetti, Guglielmo (William of Salicet) (1210–1277).
189: Saw.
190: Scabies.
191: Scalpel.
192: Scrub Typhus.
193: Scultetus, Johannes (Also Johannes Schultes) (1595–1645).