eBook Mental Health in America: A Reference Handbook, 1st Edition

  • Donna R. Kemp
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1851097945
  • ISBN-13: 9781851097944
  • DDC: 362.2
  • Grade Level Range: 12th Grade - College Senior
  • 314 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2007 | Published/Released September 2010
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2007
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Culturally deviant. Possessed by the devil. Sick. Genetically disturbed. Biochemically imbalanced. Throughout American history, attitudes toward mental illness have vacillated from sympathy and support to disdain and neglect. Numerous Americans from all walks of life are diagnosed with a mental health condition each year. Why are the attention and resources allotted to this policy area disproportionately low?

Mental Health in America: A Reference Handbook examines the evolution of mental health policy in America from the almshouses of colonial times and the dawn of psychoanalysis in the early 1900s to the community mental health revolution in the 1960s and the insurance problems plaguing the field today.

Addressing such conditions as Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia, anxiety, dementia, bipolar disorder, and depression, this work explores the changing definitions and explanations of mental illness and provides detailed analyses of treatments and their effects, including electroshock therapy, lobotomy, and psychotropic drugs. Readers will meet such key players as Horace Mann, who called for the insane to be made wards of the state, and assemblywoman Helen Thomson, an involuntary-treatment advocate referred to by her opponents as "Nurse Ratchett."

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Selected Titles in ABC-CLIO's Contemporary World Issues Series.
Other Frontmatter.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Preface.
1: Background and History.
2: The Twenty-First Century: Problems, Controversies, and Solutions.
3: Worldwide Perspective.
4: Chronology.
5: Biographies.
6: Karl Abraham (1877-1925).
7: Nathan W. Ackerman (1908-1971).
8: Alfred Adler (1870-1937).
9: Franz Gabriel Alexander (1891-1964).
10: Gregory Bateson (1904-1980).
11: Clifford W. Beers (1876-1943).
12: Eric Berne (1910-1970).
13: Eugene B. Brody (1921-).
14: George W. Bush (1946-).
15: Rosalyn Carter (1927-).
16: Jean Martin Charcot (1825-1893).
17: Bill Clinton (1946-).
18: Albert Deutsch (1905-1961).
19: Albert Ellis (1913-).
20: Erik Homburger Erikson (1902-1979).
21: Anna Freud (1895-1982).
22: Sigmund Freud (1856-1939).
23: Erich Fromm (1900-1980).
24: William Glasser (1925-).
25: Erving Goffman (1922-1982).
26: Mike Gorman (1948-1989).
27: Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961).
28: John F. Kennedy (1917-1963).
29: R. D. Laing (1927-1989).
30: Abraham Harold Maslow (1908-1970).
31: David Mechanic (1936-).
32: Fritz Perls (1891-1970).
33: Otto Rank (1894-1939).
34: Ronald Reagan (1911-2004).
35: B. F. Skinner (1904-1990).
36: Thomas Szasz (1910-).
37: E. Fuller Torrey (1937-).
38: Facts and Statistics.
39: Documents, Reports, and Nongovernmental Organizations.
40: Achieving the Promise: Transforming Mental Health Care in America, 2003.
41: Epidemiological Studies: Epidemiological Catchment Area (ECA) Study 1980-1985, National Comorbidity Study 1990-1992, and NCS-Replication Released 2005.
42: Free to Choose: Transforming Behavioral Health Care to Self-Direction: Report of the 2004 Consumer Direction Initiative Summit.
43: Global Burden of Disease.
44: Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General—Executive Summary.
45: National Alliance for the Mentally III.
46: National Mental Health Association.
47: National Strategy for Suicide Prevention: Goals and Objectives for Action.
48: Rosenhan Study.
49: World Federation for Mental Health.
50: World Health Report 2001— Mental Health: New Understanding, New Hope.
51: References.
52: Legislation and Court Cases.
53: Organizations.
54: Professional Societies and Nonprofit Issue and Advocacy Associations.
55: Government Agencies.
56: International Organizations.
57: Selected Print and Nonprint Resources.
Glossary.
Index.
About the Author.
Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Selected Titles in ABC-CLIO's Contemporary World Issues Series.
Other Frontmatter.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Preface.
1: Background and History.
2: The Twenty-First Century: Problems, Controversies, and Solutions.
3: Worldwide Perspective.
4: Chronology.
5: Biographies.
6: Karl Abraham (1877-1925).
7: Nathan W. Ackerman (1908-1971).
8: Alfred Adler (1870-1937).
9: Franz Gabriel Alexander (1891-1964).
10: Gregory Bateson (1904-1980).
11: Clifford W. Beers (1876-1943).
12: Eric Berne (1910-1970).
13: Eugene B. Brody (1921-).
14: George W. Bush (1946-).
15: Rosalyn Carter (1927-).
16: Jean Martin Charcot (1825-1893).
17: Bill Clinton (1946-).
18: Albert Deutsch (1905-1961).
19: Albert Ellis (1913-).
20: Erik Homburger Erikson (1902-1979).
21: Anna Freud (1895-1982).
22: Sigmund Freud (1856-1939).
23: Erich Fromm (1900-1980).
24: William Glasser (1925-).
25: Erving Goffman (1922-1982).
26: Mike Gorman (1948-1989).
27: Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961).
28: John F. Kennedy (1917-1963).
29: R. D. Laing (1927-1989).
30: Abraham Harold Maslow (1908-1970).
31: David Mechanic (1936-).
32: Fritz Perls (1891-1970).
33: Otto Rank (1894-1939).
34: Ronald Reagan (1911-2004).
35: B. F. Skinner (1904-1990).
36: Thomas Szasz (1910-).
37: E. Fuller Torrey (1937-).
38: Facts and Statistics.
39: Documents, Reports, and Nongovernmental Organizations.
40: Achieving the Promise: Transforming Mental Health Care in America, 2003.
41: Epidemiological Studies: Epidemiological Catchment Area (ECA) Study 1980-1985, National Comorbidity Study 1990-1992, and NCS-Replication Released 2005.
42: Free to Choose: Transforming Behavioral Health Care to Self-Direction: Report of the 2004 Consumer Direction Initiative Summit.
43: Global Burden of Disease.
44: Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General—Executive Summary.
45: National Alliance for the Mentally III.
46: National Mental Health Association.
47: National Strategy for Suicide Prevention: Goals and Objectives for Action.
48: Rosenhan Study.
49: World Federation for Mental Health.
50: World Health Report 2001— Mental Health: New Understanding, New Hope.
51: References.
52: Legislation and Court Cases.
53: Organizations.
54: Professional Societies and Nonprofit Issue and Advocacy Associations.
55: Government Agencies.
56: International Organizations.
57: Selected Print and Nonprint Resources.
Glossary.
Index.
About the Author.