eBook Vaccination and Its Critics: A Documentary and Reference Guide, 1st Edition

  • Lisa Rosner Richard Stockton College of New Jersey
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1440841845
  • ISBN-13: 9781440841842
  • DDC: 614.4
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 385 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2017 | Published/Released May 2017
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2017
  • Price:  Sign in for price



This book provides a comprehensive overview of the scientific breakthrough known as vaccination and the controversy surrounding its opposition. A timeline of discoveries trace the medical and societal progression of vaccines from the early development of this medical preventive to the eradication of epidemics and the present-day discussion about its role in autism. The content presents compelling parallels across different time periods to reflect the ongoing concerns that have persisted throughout history regarding vaccination.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Recent Titles in Documentary and Reference Guides.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Reader’s Guide to Related Documents.
How Vaccines Work.
1: A Mother’s View of Vaccination.
2: Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, Letter Written to a Friend in Great Britain. Though This Letter Was not Published Until After Her Death in 1762, It Probably Circulated in Manuscript Form..
3: A Scientist’s View of Vaccination.
4: Edward Jenner, First Published in An Inquiry Into the Causes and Effects of the Variolae Vaccinae, or Cowpox.
5: Vaccination and the Public Health.
6: Memorial of Joseph G. Nancrede, Vaccine Physician, Philadelphia, Presented to Congress.
7: A Century of Vaccination Progress.
8: William Osler, A Lay Sermon, Presented to the University of Edinburgh in Conjunction with the Edinburgh Meeting of the National Association for the Prevention of Tuberculosis.
9: A Microscopic View of Immunity.
10: Eula Biss, On Immunity: An Inoculation.
Nature’s Way And The Beginning Of Immunization (1500s–1790s).
11: Smallpox as Childhood Disease.
12: Abu Bakr Muhammad Ibn Zakariya Al-Razi, Known as Rhazes, A Treatise on the Smallpox and Measles.
13: Measles in Children.
14: Thomas Sydenham, “Of the Measles of 1670”.
15: A Doctor Describes Smallpox Inoculation.
16: Emanuel Timonius, “An Account, or History, of the Procuring the Small Pox by Incision, or Inoculation; As it Has for Some Time Been Practised at Constantinople,” Communicated by John Woodward.
17: Rash Innovation or New Discovery?.
18: William Wagstaffe, A Letter to Dr. Friend, Shewing the Danger and Uncertainty in Inoculating the Smallpox.
19: Charles Maitland, Maitland’s Account of Inoculating the Smallpox Vindicated, from Dr. Wagstaffe’s Misrepresentations of That Practice.
20: God’s Judgment or God’s Blessing?.
21: Samuel Grainger, The Imposition of Inoculation as a Duty Religiously Considered.
22: William Douglass, Inoculation of the Smallpox as Practised in Boston.
23: Zabdiel Boylston, Some Account of What Is Said of Inoculating or Transplanting the Small Pox.
24: Disturbing the Peace and Quiet of His Majesty’s Subjects.
25: “An Act to Regulate the Inoculation of the Small-Pox within This Colony”.
26: George Washington Orders Compulsory Inoculation of the Continental Army.
27: Letter from George Washington to Dr. William Shippen.
Vaccination By Design: Smallpox (1790s–1830s).
28: Dr. Jenner’s Vaccination Rewarded By Parliament.
29: George C. Jenner, Evidence at Large, as Laid Before the Committee of the House of Commons, Respecting Dr. Jenner’s Discovery of Vaccine Inoculation.
30: “It is Passing Over a Safe Bridge”.
31: Philadelphia Dispensary, A Comparative View of the Natural Small-Pox, Inoculated Small-Pox, and Vaccination in Their Effects on Individuals and Society.
32: Spreading Vaccination Worldwide.
33: Extracts, Philadelphia Medical Museum, John Redman Coxe, Editor.
34: “Distracted With Doubt, and Labouring Under Gloomy Apprehensions”.
35: Benjamin Moseley, A Treatise on Sugar with Miscellaneous Medical Observations.
36: “Review of a Treatise on the Lues Bovilla, or Cow Pox,” Published in The Critical Review.
37: John Birch, An Appeal to the Public on the Hazard and Peril of Vaccination, Otherwise Cow Pox.
38: Who Should Be Authorized to Vaccinate?.
39: Report from the Academy of Medicine.
40: Antoine Barthelemy Clot, “On the Medical Institutions of Cairo”.
Epidemics In The Industrial Age (1840s–1860s).
41: Making the Case for Experimental Medicine.
42: Claude Bernard, An Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine.
43: Experiment and Observation in Action: Differential Diagnosis of Diphtheria.
44: Pierre Bretonneau, Memoirs on Diphtheria.
45: Can We Experiment on Disease?.
46: Abraham Jacobi, “Rudolf Virchow”.
47: Yellow Fever Spreads Through the Atlantic World.
48: James Ormiston McWilliam, “Some Account of the Yellow Fever Epidemy by Which Brazil Was Invaded in the Latter Part of the Year 1849”.
49: Cholera Spread Through Trade.
50: Duane Simmons, Cholera Epidemics in Japan.
51: Slavery and the Spread of Infectious Disease.
52: Solomon Northup, Twelve Years a Slave.
53: Quarantine Controversies.
54: Gavin Milroy, The Cholera Not to be Arrested by Quarantine.
55: Thomas Spencer Wells, “On the Practical Results of Quarantine”.
56: Soldiers’ Health and Infectious Disease in the Civil War.
57: Henry Bellows, Notes of a Preliminary Sanitary Survey of the Forces of the United States, Washington, 1861.
58: A Report to the Secretary of War on the Operations of the Sanitary Commission, and upon the Sanitary Condition of the Volunteer Army.
59: Civil War Nursing.
60: Cornelia Hancock, Letter from the Army of the Potomac.
The Germ Theory And Vaccination (1870–1900).
61: The Germ Theory and the Science of Immunology.
62: Louis Pasteur, “Prevention of Rabies”.
63: Growing Cholera in the Laboratory.
64: George Lewis, “The Methods to be Employed in the Cultivation and Detection of the Comma Bacillus of Asiatic Cholera”.
65: Yellow Fever and Mosquitoes.
66: Walter Reed, “The Prevention of Yellow Fever”.
67: Medical Scientist as International Hero.
68: “A Thirtieth Anniversary—Pasteur and Rabies”.
69: William Ford, “The Life and Work of Robert Koch”.
70: William Gorgas, Report, Office of Chief Sanitary Officer, Havana.
71: Vaccination Made Compulsory in the German Empire.
72: German Vaccination Law of April 8, 1874.
73: Decrees of the Federal Council Dated June 28, 1899, Concerning Vaccination.
74: Political Warfare Over Smallpox Treatment in Milwaukee, 1894.
75: Milwaukee Common Council Public Health Ordinance.
76: Smallpox Epidemic in Muncie, Indiana.
77: Hugh Cowing, “Notes on the Epidemic of Smallpox in Muncie,” read before the Academy of Medicine of Cincinnati.
Vaccines And Everyday Life (1900–1940).
78: “The People Informing the Doctors That They Preferred Smallpox to Tetanus”.
79: “Tetanus Following Vaccination,” The Medical News.
80: “Smallpox in New Jersey,” The Philadelphia Medical News.
81: Official Report of the Camden Board of Health, Printed in The Sanitarian.
82: Quality Control and Damage Control.
83: “Tetanus Following Vaccination and Injection of Antitoxin,” North American Journal of Homeopathy.
84: “The Diphtheria Antitoxin and Tetanus Outbreak in St. Louis,” The Sanitarian.
85: U.S. Government Regulates Vaccine Production.
86: Biologics Control Act.
87: Impact of Federal Regulation.
88: Federal Control of Vaccine Virus, Western Druggist.
89: Vaccines in World War I.
90: “Keeping the Army Fit,” Harper’s Pictorial Library of the World War.
91: Vaccination on Vacation.
92: “Prevent Tetanus by Using Tetanus Antitoxin” and “Anti Typhoid Vaccination for Vacationists,” Weekly Report of the Department of Health of the City of New York.
93: Vaccines and Children’s Literature.
94: Carl Sandburg, Rootabaga Stories.
95: Diphtheria Goes to School.
96: Wilfred Kellogg, “Immunization Against Diphtheria” and Louis Olsen, “Palo Alto Enlisting Parents’ Cooperation”.
97: Dog Teams Save the Children of Nome.
98: Dr. Curtis Welch, Telegram.
99: Report of the Governor of Alaska to the Secretary of the Interior.
100: Lice and Typhus.
101: Code of Federal Regulations of the United States of America, Title 35: Panama Canal.
Do We Trust Our Doctors? Vaccination, Patients’ Rights, And Consumer Advocacy (1940–Present).
102: Origin of the March of Dimes.
103: Franklin Delano Roosevelt, “Radio Address for the Fifth Birthday Ball”.
104: “The Only Way You Can Keep Going is If You’ve Got a Sense of Humour”.
105: Marshall Barr, interviewer, “The Iron Lung—A Polio Patient’s Story”.
106: Kissing Elvis.
107: Joanne Kelly, Interview with the Elvis Information Network.
108: Vaccines’ Finest Hour.
109: Polio Vaccination Assistance Act.
110: Can Patients Trust Medical Research?.
111: Henry Beecher, “Ethics in Clinical Research”.
112: Can Patients Trust the Food and Drug Administration?.
113: Frances Kelsey, “Autobiographical Reflections,” Food and Drug Administration Oral History Interviews.
114: “Vaccinating on Time Means Healthier Children, Families, and Communities”.
115: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “Vaccines for Children Program”.
116: Can Patients Trust Vaccines?.
117: Barbara Loe Fisher, “Vaccine Safety Research Priorities: Engaging the Public”.
118: Paul Offit, Vaccine Schedule.
119: Keri Russell, “Protecting Her Newborn from Pertussis”.
120: Medical Fraud and the Autism Scare.
121: Statement from Henry Waxman on “The Status of Research into Vaccine Safety and Autism,” U.S. House of Representatives.
122: “You’Re Putting Other Children at Risk”.
123: Rich Harris et al., “Watch How the Measles Outbreak Spreads When Kids Get Vaccinated—and When They Don’t”.
124: Seth Mnookin, Interview by Sarah Moughty, Frontline.
Global Vaccination Ideals And Reality (2000–Present).
125: Essential Vaccinations for Children.
126: World Health Organization, Model List of Essential Medicines for Children.
127: The End of Smallpox.
128: Kathy Nellis and Jason Weisfeld, “Smallpox Eradication: Memories and Milestones”.
129: “I’M Going to Give You an Elephant”.
130: Mary Guinan and Melissa McSwigan, “Mary Guinan Oral History—India”.
131: The End of Polio.
132: “Ending an Outbreak: The Importance of Strong Surveillance”.
133: “The People at the Heart of Polio Eradication in Afghanistan”.
134: New Epidemics, New Vaccines?.
135: Brant Goode, “Stories from the Field”.
About the Author.