Women in the American Political System: An Encyclopedia of Women as Voters, Candidates, and Office Holders, 1st Edition

  • Dianne G. Bystrom
  • Barbara Burrells
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1610699742
  • ISBN-13: 9781610699747
  • DDC: 320.082
  • 848 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2019 | Published/Released March 2019
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2019

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

This book provides an encyclopedic sourcebook on the evolution of women's involvement in American politics from the colonial era to the present, covering all of the individuals, organizations, cultural forces, political issues, and legal decisions that have collectively served to elevate the role of women at the ballot box, on the campaign trail, in Washington, and in state- and city-level political offices across the country. The in-depth essays document and examine the rising prominence of women as voters, candidates, public officials, and lawmakers, enabling readers to understand how U.S. political processes and institutions have been--and will continue to be--shaped by women and their perspectives on American life and values. The entries cover a range of women politicians and officials; female activists and media figures; relevant organizations and interest groups, such as Emily's List, League of Women Voters, and National Right to Life; key laws, court cases, and events, such as the Nineteenth Amendment, the Equal Rights Amendment, the Seneca Falls Convention, the passage of Title IX, and Roe v. Wade; and other topics, like media coverage of appearance, women's roles as campaign strategists/fundraisers, gender differences in policy priorities, and the gender gap in political ambitions. The text is supplemented by sidebars that highlight selected landmarks in women's political history in the United States, such as the 2012 election of Tammy Baldwin, the first openly gay U.S. senator.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Preface.
Women as Voters.
Women as Political Candidates.
Women in Elected Office.
Women as Political Appointees.
Women in the Judiciary.
Guide to Related Topics.
Chronology.
A.
1: Abramson, Jill 1954–.
2: Abzug, Bella 1920–1998.
3: Adams, Abigail (1744–1818).
4: Addams, Jane 1860–1935.
5: Adkins V. Children’s Hospital (261 U.S. 525) (1923).
6: Affirmative-Action Policy, Gender-Based.
7: Albright, Madeleine K. 1937–.
8: “Alice Doesn’t Day” Strike October 29, 1975.
9: American Association of University Women (AAUW) 1881–.
10: American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA) 1869–1890.
11: Anthony, Susan B. 1820–1906.
12: Antimiscegenation Statutes.
13: Antisuffrage Movement.
14: Ayotte, Kelly 1968–.
B.
15: Bachmann, Michele 1956–.
16: Baldwin, Tammy 1962–.
17: Birth Control Movement.
18: Black Women’s Club Movement.
19: Blackburn, Marsha 1952–.
20: Blackwell, Alice Stone 1857–1950.
21: Blatch, Harriot Stanton 1856–1940.
22: Bloomer, Amelia Jenks 1818–1894.
23: Bly, Nellie 1864–1922.
24: Boxer, Barbara 1940–.
25: Braun, Carol Moseley 1947–.
26: Brzezinski, Mika 1967–.
27: Burns, Lucy 1879–1966.
28: Burwell V. Hobby Lobby Stores (573 U.S._) 2014.
C.
29: Califano V. Westcott (443 U.S. 76) 1979.
30: Campaign Communication, Gender Differences in.
31: Campaign Finance, Gender Differences in.
32: Campaign Strategy, Gender Differences in.
33: Cantwell, Maria 1958–.
34: Capito, Shelley Moore 1953–.
35: Carter, Rosalynn 1927–.
36: Catt, Carrie Lane Chapman 1859–1947.
37: Chao, Elaine 1953–.
38: Child Care Policy.
39: Chisholm, Shirley 1924–2005.
40: Clinton, Hillary Rodham 1947–.
41: CODEPINK 2002–.
42: Collins, Susan 1952–.
43: Combahee River Collective (CRC) 1974–1980.
44: Comparable Worth (Pay Equity).
45: Comstock Act 1873.
46: Concerned Women for America (CWA) 1979–.
47: Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) 1979.
48: Convention on the Political Rights of Women 1953.
49: Cortez Masto, Catherine 1964–.
50: Cotera, Martha P. 1938–.
51: Coverture.
52: Critical Mass Theory.
53: Crowley, Candy 1948–.
D.
54: Daughters of Bilitis (DOB) 1955–1995.
55: Daughters of the American Revolution 1890–.
56: Descriptive Representation of Women.
57: Dole, Elizabeth Hanford 1936–.
58: Dothard V. Rawlinson (433 U.S. 321) 1977.
59: Duckworth, Tammy 1968–.
E.
60: Eisenstadt V. Baird (405 U.S. 438) 1972.
61: Emily’s List (Early Money is Like Yeast) 1985–.
62: Equal Credit Opportunity Act 1974.
63: Equal Pay Act 1963.
64: Equal Pay Day.
65: Equal Rights Amendment (ERA).
66: Equal Rights Party.
67: Ernst, Joni 1970–.
F.
68: Fair Labor Standards Act 1938.
69: Family and Medical Leave Act 1993.
70: Feinstein, Dianne 1933–.
71: Feminist Majority 1987–.
72: Ferraro, Geraldine 1935–2011.
73: Fetal Protection Policies.
74: First-Wave Feminism.
75: Fischer, Deb 1951–.
76: Ford, Betty 1918–2011.
77: Friedan, Betty 1921–2005.
G.
78: Gag Rule.
79: Gender-Balance Legislation.
80: Gender Gap in Voting.
81: Gender Stereotypes in Politics.
82: General Electric Company V. Gilbert (429 U.S. 125) 1976.
83: Gillibrand, Kirsten 1966–.
84: Ginsburg, Ruth Bader 1933–.
85: Glass Ceiling.
86: Gonzales V. Carhart (550 U.S. 124) 2007.
87: Grasso, Ella 1919–1981.
88: Griswold V. Connecticut (381 U.S. 479) 1965.
H.
89: Haley, Nikki 1972–.
90: Harris V. McRae (448 U.S. 297) 1980.
91: Harris, Kamala 1964–.
92: Harris, Patricia Roberts 1924–1985.
93: Hassan, Margaret “Maggie” 1958–.
94: Heitkamp, Mary Kathryn “Heidi” 1955–.
95: Hill, Anita 1956–.
96: Hirono, Mazie 1947–.
97: Hispanas Organized for Political Equality (HOPE) 1989–.
98: Hoover, Lou 1874–1944.
99: Howe, Julia Ward 1819–1910.
100: Huffington, Arianna 1950–.
101: Hutchison, Kay Bailey 1943–.
I.
102: Ifill, Gwen 1955–2016.
103: Independent Women’s Forum (IWF) 1992–.
104: International Women’s Day March 8.
105: Intersectionality.
J.
106: Johnson V. Transportation Agency, Santa Clara (480 U.S. 616) 1987.
107: Johnson, Lady Bird 1912–2007.
108: Jones, Mary Harris “Mother” 1830–1930.
109: Jordan, Barbara Charline 1936–1996.
K.
110: Kagan, Elena 1960–.
111: Kassebaum, Nancy Landon 1932–.
112: King, Coretta Scott 1927–2006.
113: Kirkpatrick, Jeane J. 1926–2006.
114: Klobuchar, Amy 1960–.
L.
115: Leadership Styles, Gender Differences in.
116: League of Women Voters (LWV) 1920–.
117: Ledbetter V. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co., Inc. (550 U.S. 618) 2007.
118: Lesbian Political Action Committee (LPAC) 2012–.
119: Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009.
120: Lockwood, Belva 1830–1917.
121: Love, Mia 1975–.
122: Loving V. Virginia (388 U.S. 1) 1967.
123: Low, Juliette Gordon 1860–1927.
M.
124: Maddow, Rachel 1973–.
125: Malcolm, Ellen R. 1947–.
126: Mankiller, Wilma 1945–2010.
127: Mansfield, Arabella 1846–1911.
128: March for Women’s Lives 1992, 2004.
129: Married Women’s Property Act 1848.
130: Martinez, Susana 1959–.
131: McCaskill, Claire 1953–.
132: McMorris Rodgers, Cathy 1969–.
133: Media Coverage of Women Candidates and Officeholders.
134: Medicaid.
135: Medicare.
136: Meritor Savings Bank V. Vinson (477 U.S. 57) 1986.
137: Mikulski, Barbara 1936–.
138: Milholland, Inez 1886–1916.
139: Mink, Patsy 1927–2002.
140: Minor V. Happersett (88 U.S. 162) 1875.
141: Mott, Lucretia 1793–1880.
142: Muller V. Oregon (208 U.S. 412) 1908.
143: Murkowski, Lisa 1957–.
144: Murray, Patty 1950–.
145: Myers, Dee Dee 1961–.