Military Communications: From Ancient Times to the 21st Century, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1851097376
  • ISBN-13: 9781851097371
  • DDC: 358.2403
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 565 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2007 | Published/Released June 2010
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2007
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

From messengers on foot to carrier pigeons to satellites and Blackberries, methods of military communication have evolved side-by-side with technological breakthroughs. Indeed, military necessity has often been the motivating factor behind communication advances (such as the Internet) that were later adapted for civilian purposes.

Military Communications: From Ancient Times to the 21st Century is the first comprehensive reference work on the applications of communications technology to military tactics and strategy -- a field that is just now coming into its own as a focus of historical study. Ranging from ancient times to the war in Iraq, it offers over 300 alphabetically organized entries covering many methods and modes of transmitting communication through the centuries, as well as key personalities, organizations, strategic applications, and more.

Military Communications includes examples from armed forces around the world, with a focus on the United States, where many of the most dramatic advances in communications technology and techniques were realized. A number of entries focus on specific battles where communications superiority helped turn the tide, including Tsushima (1905), Tannenberg and the Marne (both 1914), Jutland (1916), and Midway (1942). The book also addresses a range of related topics such as codebreaking, propaganda, and the development of civilian telecommunications.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Editorial Advisory Board.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Contributors.
Preface.
Acknowledgments.
Introduction.
1: Air Force Communications Agency (AFCA, 1991-2006).
2: Air Force Communications Service (AFCS), Air Force Communications Command: (AFCC) (1961-1991).
3: Air Force Research Laboratory (Rome, New York).
4: Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS).
5: Airmobile Communications.
6: Airplanes.
7: Airships and Balloons.
8: Alaska Communications System.
9: Aldis Lamp.
10: Alexander, Edward Porter (1835-1910).
11: American Civil War (1861-1865).
12: American Telephone & Telegraph Co. (AT&T).
13: American Wars to 1860.
14: Ancient Signals.
15: Appalachian, USS.
16: Ardois Light.
17: Arlington Hall.
18: Armed Forces Communications & Electronics Association (AFCEA).
19: Armstrong, Edwin Howard (1890-1954).
20: Army Airways Communications System, Airways and Air Communications Service (AACS, 1938-1961).
21: Army Battle Command System (ABCS).
22: Army Signal Corps.
23: Artillery/Gunfire.
24: Association of Old Crows (AOC).
25: Atlantic, Battle of the (1939-1945).
26: Atlantic Wall.
27: Australia: Royal Australian Corps of Signals.
28: Automatic Digital Network (AUTODIN).
29: Automatic Secure Voice Communications (AUTOSEVOCOM).
30: Bain, Alexander (1811-1877).
31: Baltic Nations.
32: Banker, Grace (1892-1960).
33: Beardslee Telegraph.
34: Bell, Alexander Graham (1847-1922).
35: Bell Telephone Laboratories (BTL).
36: Berlin Airlift (1948-1949).
37: Blair, William Richards (1874-1962).
38: Blandford Camp.
39: Bletchley Park.
40: Boer War Wireless (1899-1902).
41: Britain, Battle of (1940).
42: Bull Run, Battle of (1861).
43: Bush, Vannevar (1890-1974).
44: Camp Crowder, Missouri.
45: Canada.
46: Canada: Communications Security Establishment (CSE).
47: Chappe, Claude (1763-1805).
48: Cher Ami and the “Lost Battalion”.
49: Chicksands.
50: China, People's Republic of.
51: Coast Defense.
52: Code, Codebook.
53: Code Breaking.
54: Code Talkers.
55: Color.
56: Combat Information Center (CIC).
57: Combat Information Transport System (CITS).
58: Commonwealth Communications Army Network (COMCAN).
59: Communication Satellites.
60: Communications Security (COMSEC).
61: Computer.
62: Computer Security (COMPUSEC).
63: Confederate Army Signal Corps.
64: Coston Signals.
65: Couriers.
66: Cuban Missile Crisis (1962).
67: DARPANET.
68: de Forest, Lee (1873-1961).
69: Deception.
70: Defence Communications Service Agency (DCSA).
71: Defence Fixed Telecommunications System (DFTS).
72: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
73: Defense Communications Agency (DCA, 1960-1991).
74: Defense Communications Board/ Board of War Communications (1940-1947).
75: Defense Communications System (DCS).
76: Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA).
77: Defense Message System (DMS).
78: Defense Switched Network (DSN).
79: Defiance, HMS.
80: Diego Garcia.
81: Dogs.
82: Driscoll, Agnes Meyer (1889-1971).
83: Eastern Europe.
84: Edelcrantz, Abraham (1754-1821).
85: Edison, Thomas A. (1847-1931).
86: Egypt.
87: Electric Cipher Machine (ECM Mark II, “SIGABA”).
88: Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP).
89: Electronic Countermeasures/ Electronic Warfare (ECM/EW).
90: E-Mail Systems.
91: Enigma.
92: European Late Nineteenth-Century Wars.
93: Facsimile/Fax.
94: Falklands Conflict (1982).
95: Fateful Day-25 June 1876.
96: Ferrié, Gustave-Auguste (1868-1932).
97: Fessenden, Reginald A. (1866-1932).
98: Fiber Optics.
99: Field, Cyrus W. (1819-1892).
100: Field Wire and Cable.
101: Fire/Flame/Torch.
102: Fiske, Bradley A. (1854-1942).
103: Flaghoist.
104: Flags.
105: Flagship.
106: Fleming, John Ambrose (1849-1945).
107: Fort Gordon, Georgia.
108: Fort Huachuca, Arizona.
109: Fort Meade, Maryland.
110: Fort Monmouth, New Jersey.
111: Fort Myer, Virginia.
112: France: Air Force (Armée de l'Air).
113: France: Army.
114: France: Navy (Marine Nationale).
115: Friedman, William F. (1891-1969).
116: Fullerphone.
117: Future Combat Systems (FCS).
118: German “Fish” Codes.
119: Germany: Air Force.
120: Germany: Army.
121: Germany: Military Communications School.
122: Germany: Naval Intelligence (B-Dienst).
123: Germany: Navy.
124: Global Command and Control System (GCCS).
125: Global Information Grid (GIG).
126: Global Positioning System (GPS).
127: Golden Arrow Sections.
128: Government Code & Cipher School (GC&CS, 1919-1946).
129: Great Wall of China.
130: Greece.
131: Greely, Adolphus W. (1844-1935).
132: Ground Radio.
133: Gulf War (1990-1991).
134: Hadrian's Wall.
135: Heliograph and Mirrors.
136: Hello Girls.
137: Heraldry/Insignia.
138: High-Frequency Direction Finding (HF DF).
139: High-Speed Morse.
140: Hooper, Stanford C. (1884-1955).
141: Horses and Mules.
142: Hotline/Direct Communications Link (DCL).
143: Howe, Admiral Lord Richard (1726-1799).
144: Human Signaling.
145: Identification, Friend or Foe (IFF).
146: India.
147: Information Revolution in Military Affairs (IRMA).
148: Infrared Signal Systems.
149: Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE).
150: Institution of Electrical Engineers (IEE).
151: Intelligence Ships.
152: International Code of Signals (ICS).
153: International Telecommunication Union (ITU).
154: Internet.
155: Iraq War (2003-Present).
156: Israel.
157: Jackson, Henry B. (1855-1929).
158: Jamming.
159: Japan: Air Force.
160: Japan: Army.
161: Japan: Navy (Nippon Teikoku Kaigun).
162: Joint Assault Signal Company (JASCO).
163: Joint Tactical Information Distribution System (JTIDS).
164: Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS).
165: Joint Task Force-Global Network Operations (JTF-GNO).
166: “Jungle Telegraph”.
167: Jutland, Battle of (1916).
168: Kilby, Jack St. Clair (1923-2005) and Noyce, Robert Norton (1927-1990).
169: Korean War (1950-1953).
170: Lamarr, Hedy (1913-2000).
171: Language Translation.
172: Laser.
173: Lights and Beacons.
174: Lincoln in the Telegraph Office.
175: Lowe, Thaddeus S. C. (1832-1913).
176: Magic.
177: Maginot Line.
178: Maori Signaling.
179: Marconi, Guglielmo (1874-1937).
180: Marne, Battle of (September 1914).
181: Mauborgne, Joseph Oswald (1881-1971).
182: Medal of Honor Winners, Signal Corps.
183: Medieval Military Signaling (500-1500 CE).
184: Mercury, HMS.
185: Meteor Burst Communications (MBC).
186: Mexican Punitive Expedition (1916-1917).
187: Microwave.
188: Midway, Battle of (3-6 June 1942).
189: Military Affiliate Radio System (MARS).
190: Military Communications-Electronics Board (MCEB).
Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Editorial Advisory Board.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Contributors.
Preface.
Acknowledgments.
Introduction.
1: Air Force Communications Agency (AFCA, 1991-2006).
2: Air Force Communications Service (AFCS), Air Force Communications Command: (AFCC) (1961-1991).
3: Air Force Research Laboratory (Rome, New York).
4: Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS).
5: Airmobile Communications.
6: Airplanes.
7: Airships and Balloons.
8: Alaska Communications System.
9: Aldis Lamp.
10: Alexander, Edward Porter (1835-1910).
11: American Civil War (1861-1865).
12: American Telephone & Telegraph Co. (AT&T).
13: American Wars to 1860.
14: Ancient Signals.
15: Appalachian, USS.
16: Ardois Light.
17: Arlington Hall.
18: Armed Forces Communications & Electronics Association (AFCEA).
19: Armstrong, Edwin Howard (1890-1954).
20: Army Airways Communications System, Airways and Air Communications Service (AACS, 1938-1961).
21: Army Battle Command System (ABCS).
22: Army Signal Corps.
23: Artillery/Gunfire.
24: Association of Old Crows (AOC).
25: Atlantic, Battle of the (1939-1945).
26: Atlantic Wall.
27: Australia: Royal Australian Corps of Signals.
28: Automatic Digital Network (AUTODIN).
29: Automatic Secure Voice Communications (AUTOSEVOCOM).
30: Bain, Alexander (1811-1877).
31: Baltic Nations.
32: Banker, Grace (1892-1960).
33: Beardslee Telegraph.
34: Bell, Alexander Graham (1847-1922).
35: Bell Telephone Laboratories (BTL).
36: Berlin Airlift (1948-1949).
37: Blair, William Richards (1874-1962).
38: Blandford Camp.
39: Bletchley Park.
40: Boer War Wireless (1899-1902).
41: Britain, Battle of (1940).
42: Bull Run, Battle of (1861).
43: Bush, Vannevar (1890-1974).
44: Camp Crowder, Missouri.
45: Canada.
46: Canada: Communications Security Establishment (CSE).
47: Chappe, Claude (1763-1805).
48: Cher Ami and the “Lost Battalion”.
49: Chicksands.
50: China, People's Republic of.
51: Coast Defense.
52: Code, Codebook.
53: Code Breaking.
54: Code Talkers.
55: Color.
56: Combat Information Center (CIC).
57: Combat Information Transport System (CITS).
58: Commonwealth Communications Army Network (COMCAN).
59: Communication Satellites.
60: Communications Security (COMSEC).
61: Computer.
62: Computer Security (COMPUSEC).
63: Confederate Army Signal Corps.
64: Coston Signals.
65: Couriers.
66: Cuban Missile Crisis (1962).
67: DARPANET.
68: de Forest, Lee (1873-1961).
69: Deception.
70: Defence Communications Service Agency (DCSA).
71: Defence Fixed Telecommunications System (DFTS).
72: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
73: Defense Communications Agency (DCA, 1960-1991).
74: Defense Communications Board/ Board of War Communications (1940-1947).
75: Defense Communications System (DCS).
76: Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA).
77: Defense Message System (DMS).
78: Defense Switched Network (DSN).
79: Defiance, HMS.
80: Diego Garcia.
81: Dogs.
82: Driscoll, Agnes Meyer (1889-1971).
83: Eastern Europe.
84: Edelcrantz, Abraham (1754-1821).
85: Edison, Thomas A. (1847-1931).
86: Egypt.
87: Electric Cipher Machine (ECM Mark II, “SIGABA”).
88: Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP).
89: Electronic Countermeasures/ Electronic Warfare (ECM/EW).
90: E-Mail Systems.
91: Enigma.
92: European Late Nineteenth-Century Wars.
93: Facsimile/Fax.
94: Falklands Conflict (1982).
95: Fateful Day-25 June 1876.
96: Ferrié, Gustave-Auguste (1868-1932).
97: Fessenden, Reginald A. (1866-1932).
98: Fiber Optics.
99: Field, Cyrus W. (1819-1892).
100: Field Wire and Cable.
101: Fire/Flame/Torch.
102: Fiske, Bradley A. (1854-1942).
103: Flaghoist.
104: Flags.
105: Flagship.
106: Fleming, John Ambrose (1849-1945).
107: Fort Gordon, Georgia.
108: Fort Huachuca, Arizona.
109: Fort Meade, Maryland.
110: Fort Monmouth, New Jersey.
111: Fort Myer, Virginia.
112: France: Air Force (Armée de l'Air).
113: France: Army.
114: France: Navy (Marine Nationale).
115: Friedman, William F. (1891-1969).
116: Fullerphone.
117: Future Combat Systems (FCS).
118: German “Fish” Codes.
119: Germany: Air Force.
120: Germany: Army.
121: Germany: Military Communications School.
122: Germany: Naval Intelligence (B-Dienst).
123: Germany: Navy.
124: Global Command and Control System (GCCS).
125: Global Information Grid (GIG).
126: Global Positioning System (GPS).
127: Golden Arrow Sections.
128: Government Code & Cipher School (GC&CS, 1919-1946).
129: Great Wall of China.
130: Greece.
131: Greely, Adolphus W. (1844-1935).
132: Ground Radio.
133: Gulf War (1990-1991).
134: Hadrian's Wall.
135: Heliograph and Mirrors.
136: Hello Girls.
137: Heraldry/Insignia.
138: High-Frequency Direction Finding (HF DF).
139: High-Speed Morse.
140: Hooper, Stanford C. (1884-1955).
141: Horses and Mules.
142: Hotline/Direct Communications Link (DCL).
143: Howe, Admiral Lord Richard (1726-1799).
144: Human Signaling.
145: Identification, Friend or Foe (IFF).
146: India.
147: Information Revolution in Military Affairs (IRMA).
148: Infrared Signal Systems.
149: Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE).
150: Institution of Electrical Engineers (IEE).
151: Intelligence Ships.
152: International Code of Signals (ICS).
153: International Telecommunication Union (ITU).
154: Internet.
155: Iraq War (2003-Present).
156: Israel.
157: Jackson, Henry B. (1855-1929).
158: Jamming.
159: Japan: Air Force.
160: Japan: Army.
161: Japan: Navy (Nippon Teikoku Kaigun).
162: Joint Assault Signal Company (JASCO).
163: Joint Tactical Information Distribution System (JTIDS).
164: Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS).
165: Joint Task Force-Global Network Operations (JTF-GNO).
166: “Jungle Telegraph”.
167: Jutland, Battle of (1916).
168: Kilby, Jack St. Clair (1923-2005) and Noyce, Robert Norton (1927-1990).
169: Korean War (1950-1953).
170: Lamarr, Hedy (1913-2000).
171: Language Translation.
172: Laser.
173: Lights and Beacons.
174: Lincoln in the Telegraph Office.
175: Lowe, Thaddeus S. C. (1832-1913).
176: Magic.
177: Maginot Line.
178: Maori Signaling.
179: Marconi, Guglielmo (1874-1937).
180: Marne, Battle of (September 1914).
181: Mauborgne, Joseph Oswald (1881-1971).
182: Medal of Honor Winners, Signal Corps.
183: Medieval Military Signaling (500-1500 CE).
184: Mercury, HMS.
185: Meteor Burst Communications (MBC).
186: Mexican Punitive Expedition (1916-1917).
187: Microwave.
188: Midway, Battle of (3-6 June 1942).
189: Military Affiliate Radio System (MARS).
190: Military Communications-Electronics Board (MCEB).