Organized Crime: From Trafficking to Terrorism, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1598841025
  • ISBN-13: 9781598841022
  • DDC: 364.1
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 1000 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2007 | Published/Released September 2010
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2007

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About

Overview

Despite its impact on international security and the world economy, organized crime is an unusual topic for a reference book. Difficult to research, the high-profit, high-risk subculture of drug lords, diamond smugglers, and sex slavers is rarely investigated by scholars. Organized Crime: An International Encyclopedia ventures behind the scenes into this hazardous territory.

In the first volume, expert contributors offer a global perspective on issues such as weapons and arms trafficking, high-tech and cyber crimes, the future of organized crime, and the connection between organized crime and armed conflicts. The second volume consists entirely of primary documents, national and international laws, and treaties that reflect the international community's many attempts -- largely ineffective -- to combat organized crime. Together the two volumes provide students and general readers with a road map to a shadow world with far-reaching impact on the world we know.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Acknowledgments.
Preface.
Introduction: Organized Crime 2006: A Global Overview of Current Events, Recent Trends, and Emerging Patterns.
1: Organized Crime, Criminal Groups, and National and Regional Threats.
2: A. Historical Antecedents of Organized Crime.
3: Organized Crime throughout History: Renaissance and Early Modern Period.
4: The History and Evolution of Organized Crime: United States.
5: American Mafia.
6: Ethnic Group Involvement in Organized Crime: Historical Perspectives and Emerging Trends.
7: The Historical Impact of Organized Crime on American Society.
8: Film and Television Portrayals of Organized Crime.
9: B. Organized Crime: Definitions, Theories, Concepts, Structure, and Function.
10: The Activities of Transnational Organized Crime.
11: Causation Theories and Concepts of Organized Criminal Behavior.
12: Characteristics and Operational Tactics of Organized Crime.
13: Concept of Transnational Organized Crime.
14: Defining Organized Crime: Economic, Legal, and Social Factors.
15: Difficulties in Applying Generic Conceptualizations of Organized Crime to Specific National Circumstances.
16: Structure and Functional Organization of Criminal Groups.
17: Traditional and Nontraditional Organized Crime Groups.
18: C. Global, Regional and National.
19: National and International Threats: Regional Profiles.
20: Organized Crime in Africa.
21: Organized Crime in Asia.
22: Triads and Tongs: Asian Organized Crime in America.
23: Organized Crime in Australia: Drug Trafficking and Human Smuggling.
24: Organized Crime in the Balkans and Implications for Regional Security.
25: Bosnia-Herzegovina: The Political-Criminal Nexus.
26: The Jogo Do Bicho: Brazil's Illicit Lottery.
27: Transnational Crime in the Caribbean Region.
28: Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean.
29: The Central Asian Republics.
30: Child Sex Trafficking in Cambodia.
31: Organized Crime in Eastern Europe.
32: Europe: Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Western Europe, the Baltic States, and the European Union.
33: Gang Crimes: Latino Gangs in America.
34: International Organized Crime and Its Impact on U.S. National Security.
35: Crime and Corruption in Japan: The Yakuza.
36: The Relationship between Politics and Organized Crime in Latin America.
37: North America.
38: Arms and Drug Trafficking: The Case of North Korea.
39: Drug Trafficking in Northern Ireland.
40: The International Arm of Russian Organized Crime: Russian Mafiya.
41: Organized Crime in South America.
42: Organized Criminal Activity in South America's Tri-Border Region.
43: Turkish Organized Crime: Heroin Trafficking and Money Laundering Operations.
44: Child Trafficking in West Africa.
45: Criminal Enterprises and Sources of Financing.
46: A. Criminal Enterprises: Trafficking and Other Illegal Business Activities of Organized Crime.
47: Bribery and Corruption of Police Officials.
48: Consumer-Driven Crimes: Drugs, Gambling, and Prostitution.
49: Criminal Copyright Infringement: Pirating of Electronics, Music, and Computer Software.
50: Criminal Motor Vehicle Theft and Trafficking.
51: Criminal Trafficking and Trade in Counterfeit Consumer Products.
52: Drug Trafficking and Organized Crime: The Rise and Evolution of International Drug Cartels.
53: Fuel Racketeering, Motor-Fuel Tax Fraud, and Illegal Export Smuggling.
54: Gambling: Numbers and Bookmaking.
55: The Global Sex Trade: Commercial Sex, Pornography, and International Sex Tourism, a Multibillion-Dollar Industry.
56: The Historical Involvement of Organized Crime in Labor Racketeering.
57: Illegal Gambling and Loan-Sharking.
58: Illegal Trading in Diamonds, Gems, and Precious Metals.
59: International Trafficking of Men, Women, and Children.
60: Murder for Hire: Assassination and Contract Killings.
61: Nontraditional Organized Crime: Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs.
62: The Relationship between Legitimate and Illegal Markets.
63: The RICO Statute: An Overview.
64: Trafficking in Persons and Human Organs.
65: Trafficking in Stolen Art, Antiques, and Cultural Property.
66: B. Financial Crimes, Fraud, and Money Laundering.
67: Computer Intrusions and Intellectual Property Theft.
68: Credit, Insurance, and Securities Fraud and Fraudulent Bankruptcies.
69: Foreign Economic Espionage: Theft of Trade and High-Tech Secrets.
70: Global Efforts to Combat Money Laundering: The Egmont Group and the Financial Action Task Force.
71: Health Care Fraud: An Emerging Criminal Enterprise.
72: Identity Theft, Fraud, and Criminal Activity.
73: International Money Laundering Control: Law Enforcement Issues.
74: Money Laundering and the Global Financial System.
75: Offshore Financial Services: Bank Secrecy Jurisdictions and Offshore Banking.
76: The Process of Money Laundering: Placement, Layering, and Integration.
77: Money Laundering, Tax Evasion, and Financial Havens.
78: Money Laundering: Typologies, Methods, and Current Trends.
79: Organized Theft Rings: Interstate Theft and Transportation of Stolen Property.
80: Product Counterfeiting Operations of Organized Criminal Groups.
81: Securities Fraud and Stock Manipulation Schemes.
82: Tax Evasion and Trust Schemes.
83: Trade, Banking, and Financial Institution Fraud.
84: The Global Impact of Organized Crime.
85: A. The Globalization of Crime.
86: Criminal Infiltration of Legitimate Businesses and Industries.
87: Economic, Political, and Social Impact of Transnational Organized Crime.
88: Environmental Crime: The Illegal Storage and Disposal of Hazardous and Toxic Waste.
89: Global Crime Victimization: Impact on Social Order and Democracy.
90: Internet Extortion and Information Security.
91: Strategic Alliances between Organized Crime Groups.
92: Transnational Crime and Its Impact on International Security.
93: B. Transporter Crime and Smuggling Networks and Piracy.
94: Attacks on Commercial Vessels: Piracy in the Malacca Strait and South China Sea.
95: Drugs, Guns, and Armed Conflict.
96: Human Smuggling and Trafficking of Migrants and Illegal Aliens: A Global Overview.
97: Maritime Smuggling of Migrants.
98: Organized Crime, the Russian Military, and Nuclear Smuggling.
99: Snakeheads and Human Migrant Smuggling: China's Fujian Province.
100: C. Illegal Drugs, Trade, and Trafficking.
101: Drug Production and Trafficking in the Western Hemisphere: The Andean Region of South America.
102: The Global Cocaine Trade: Coca Cultivation, Cocaine Production, and Distribution.
103: The Global Opium Trade: Cultivation, Production, and Distribution.
104: Mexican Organized Crime: Drug Cartels.
105: Social and Economic Impact of the Drug Trade: A Global Perspective.
106: Violence, Drugs, and Organized Crime.
107: D. Non-State Actors: International Criminals and Terrorists.
108: Drug Trafficking, Transnational Crime, and International Terrorist Groups.
109: Financial Networks of Global Terrorism.
110: Has Al-Qaeda Acquired Nuclear Weapons? The State of Existing Knowledge.
111: Organized Crime, Nonstate Actors, and Weak or Failed States.
112: Terrorism and Transnational Organized Crime in Comparative Perspective.
113: Underground Commerce: Black Markets.
114: E. International Measures to Combat Organized Crime and Corruption.
115: Combating Transnational Organized Crime: Technical and Legal Issues.
116: The Concept and Role of International Financial Intelligence Units.
117: The Criminal Intelligence Process and Organized Crime.
118: Current International Efforts to Combat Organized Crime.
119: Extradition and Mutual Legal Assistance Treaties.
120: Human Smuggling and Trafficking: The Limitations of Official Statistics.
121: International Efforts to Combat Human Trafficking.
122: International Initiatives Dealing with the Abuse and Trafficking of Illegal Drugs.
123: The 2000 United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (Palermo Convention).
124: F. National and International Law Enforcement and Intelligence Agencies.
125: Australian Crime Commission.
126: Canadian Security Intelligence Service.
127: Caribbean Financial Action Task Force.
128: Central Intelligence Agency.
129: Criminal Intelligence Service of Canada.
130: Direzione Investigativa Antimafia, Italy.
131: U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration.
132: Europol.
133: Federal Bureau of Investigation.
134: Financial Crimes Enforcement Network.
135: International AntiCounterfeiting Coalition (IACC).
136: International Atomic Energy Agency.
137: International Criminal Court.
138: International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol).
139: International Law Enforcement Academies.
140: National Crime Authority.
141: National Criminal Intelligence Service (United Kingdom).
142: Serious Organised Crime Agency (United Kingdom).
143: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.
144: Task Force to Fight Illicit Trafficking in Cultural Property Stolen in Iraq.
145: U.S. Customs and Border Protection.
146: G. Future Direction of Global Organized Crime and Its Control.
147: Organized Crime Control: The Merger of International Law Enforcement and Intelligence Operations.
148: Organized Crime Studies: An Agenda for Future Research.
149: Directory of Major Organized Criminal Groups.
150: Aboriginal-Based Criminal Groups, Canada.
151: Albanian Mafia.
152: Alperon Crime Organization (Israel).
153: Asian Gangs.
154: Azerbaijani Groups.
155: Balkan Crime Groups.
156: Big Circle Boys.
157: Black Gangster Disciples.
158: Born to Kill.
159: Cambodian Crime Groups.
160: Chechen Criminal Gangs.
161: Chinatown Gangs.
162: Chinese Triads.
163: Colombian Drug Cartels.
164: La Cosa Nostra (Sicilian Mafia) Italy.
165: Dragon Syndicates.
166: East European-Based Criminal Groups.
167: Fuk Ching.
168: Gang Crime (International Street and Prison Gangs).
169: Georgian Mafiya.
170: Great Circle Triad.
171: Jamaican Criminal Organizations: Shower Posse.
172: Khalil Kharfan Organization.
173: Kuratong Balaleng (Philippines).
174: Latino Gangs.
175: Malina Organizatsia.
176: Marielito Gangs.
177: Mexican Federation.
178: ‘Ndrangheta: The Calabrian Mafia (Italy).
179: Neapolitan Camorra (Italy).
180: Nigerian Criminal Organizations.
181: Odessa Mafiya.
182: Pentagon.
183: Russian Mafiya.
184: Sacra Corona Unita.
185: South African Crime Groups.
186: Sun Yee On.
187: Taiwan's Triads.
188: 14K (Hong Kong).
189: Tiendaomeng Crime Syndicate.
190: Turkish/Kurdish Gangs.
191: Turkish Mafia.
192: Ukrainian Mafia.