eBook Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology, 3rd Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1410317811
  • ISBN-13: 9781410317810
  • DDC: 150.3
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 1343 Pages | eBook
  • Previous Editions: 2001
  • Original Copyright 2016 | Published/Released March 2016
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2016
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About

Overview

This two-volume, accessible resource covers the entire spectrum of psychology, including: notable people, theories and terms; 40 landmark case studies and experiments; over 30 primary source materials; applications of psychology in advertising, medicine and sports; and career information. More than 800 articles -- 150 of those are entirely new and 650 are updated since the last edition. Each article ranges from 25 to 1,500 words, covering the topics researchers want to know about, including: Advertising psychology, Alzheimer's disease, Autism, Deep brain stimulation, Sigmund Freud, Meditation, Posttraumatic stress disorder (PSTD), Benjamin Spock, Sports psychology, Stanford Prison experiment, Test anxiety, Unconscious motivation, and Workplace violence. In addition to that there are more than 200 photographs, charts and graphs, students will also find Key Terms and Further reading sections, as well as an expanded glossary, an updated organizations appendix and an in-depth two-level index.

Features and Benefits

  • 789 entries.
  • Primary Sources.
  • Case Studies.
  • Supports AP Psychology curriculum.
  • List of Organizations.
  • Glossary.

What's New

  • 150 new entries.
  • Key Terms sidebars.
  • Case studies sidebars.
  • Primary source sidebars.

Alternate Formats

  • Casebound Edition

    ISBN-10: 1414412045 | ISBN-13: 9781414412047

Table of Contents

Ability.
Abnormal psychology.
Abortion.
Absolute threshold.
Acculturation.
Achievement tests.
Ackerman, Nathan Ward.
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
Action potential.
Adaptation.
Addiction/Addictive personality.
Adjustment disorders.
Adler, Alfred.
Adolescence.
Adolescent depression.
Adoption.
Advertising psychology.
Affect.
Affiliation.
Aggression.
Aging.
Ainsworth, Mary.
Alcohol dependence and abuse.
Alienation.
Allport, Gordon Willard.
Altruism.
Alzheimer's disease.
American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
American Psychiatric Association.
American Psychological Association (APA).
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).
Ames Room.
Amnesia.
Anastasi, Anne.
Anger.
Animal experimentation.
Anorexia.
Antianxiety drugs.
Antidepressant drugs.
Antipsychotic drugs.
Antisocial behavior.
Antisocial personality disorder.
Anxiety/Anxiety disorders.
Apgar score.
Aphasia.
Applied psychology.
Approach versus avoidance.
Archetype.
Art therapy.
Artificial intelligence.
Asperger syndrome.
Assessment, psychological.
Assimilation.
Association for Psychological Science (APS).
Associationism.
Attachment.
Attention.
Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Attitude and behavior.
Attitudes and attitude change.
Attraction, interpersonal.
Attribution theory.
Authoritarian personality.
Autism.
Autoeroticism.
Autonomic nervous system.
Aversive conditioning.
Avoidance learning.
Bandura, Albert.
Battered child syndrome.
Bayley Scales of Infant Development.
Bayley, Nancy.
Beck, Aaron T..
Beers, Clifford.
Behavior modification.
Behavior therapy.
Behaviorism.
Bender-Gestalt Test.
Bettelheim, Bruno.
Bilateral cingulotomy.
Bilingualism/bilingual education.
Binet, Alfred.
Binocular depth cues.
Biofeedback.
Bipolar disorder.
Birth.
Birth order.
Birth trauma.
Bisexuality.
Body dysmorphic disorder.
Body image.
Bonding.
Borderline personality.
Boredom.
Boss, Medard.
Bowen, Murray.
Bowlby, John.
Brain.
Brain disorders.
Brain injuries.
Brainwashing.
Brazelton, T. Berry.
Breuer, Josef.
Brief reactive psychosis.
Broca, Pierre Paul.
Bruner, Jerome S..
Bulimia.
Bullies.
Bystander effect.
Caffeine-related disorders.
Calkins, Mary Whiton.
Cannabis-related disorders.
Career counseling.
Case study methodologies.
Catharsis.
Cathexis.
Cattell, James McKeen.
Cattell, Raymond Bernard.
Central nervous system.
Central tendency measures.
Character.
Charcot, Jean Martin.
Child abuse.
Child development.
Child psychology.
Childhood.
Chi-Square Test.
Chomsky, Noam.
Circadian rhythms.
Clark, Kenneth Bancroft.
Classical conditioning.
Client-centered therapy.
Clinical psychology.
Cliques.
Codependence.
Cognition.
Cognitive behavior therapy.
Cognitive development.
Cognitive dissonance.
Cognitive psychology.
Cognitive therapy.
Cognitivism.
Coles, Robert Martin.
Color vision.
Coma.
Combat neurosis.
Communication skills and disorders.
Comparative psychology.
Competence to stand trial.
Competition.
Compulsions.
Computer simulation (modeling).
Concept formation.
Conditioned response.
Conditioned stimulus.
Conditioning.
Conduct disorder.
Confidence interval.
Confidentiality and legal privilege.
Conflict resolution.
Conformity.
Conscience.
Conscious and unconscious motivations.
Consciousness.
Constructivism.
Consumer psychology.
Contrast.
Control group.
Convergent thinking.
Conversion reaction.
Coping behavior.
Correctional psychology.
Correlation method.
Counseling psychology.
Counterconditioning.
Covert sensitization.
Creativity.
Creativity tests.
Criminal profiling.
Crisis intervention.
Critical period.
Cross-cultural psychology.
Cross-sectional study.
Cults.
Cultural-historical psychology.
Culture-fair test.
Darwin, Charles Robert.
Daydreaming.
Deductive reasoning.
Deep brain stimulation.
Defense mechanisms.
Delay of gratification.
Delayed response.
Delirium.
Delusion/Delusional disorders.
Dementia.
Dendrite.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).
Dependent personality disorder.
Dependent variable.
Depression.
Depth perception.
Descartes, Rene.
Descriptive psychology.
Desensitization.
Determinism.
Developmental delay.
Developmental stages, theories of.
Dewey, John.
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5).
Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT).
Differential psychology.
Direct Observation Tests.
Disability.
Dissociation/Dissociative disorders.
Dissociative identity disorder.
Divergent thinking.
Divorce.
Down syndrome.
Draw-a-person test.
Dreams.
Drive reduction theory.
Drug therapy.
Dysfunctional family.
Dyslexia.
Eating disorders.
Ebbinghaus, Hermann.
Eccles, John C.
Echolalia.
Ecological systems theory.
Educational psychology.
Effector.
Ego.
Elective mutism.
Electrical stimulation of the brain (ESB).
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT).
Electroencephalograph (EEG).
Elkind, David.
Ellis, Albert.
Emotion.
Emotional development.
Emotional intelligence.
Empathy.
Empiricism.
Encounter group.
Enculturation.
Endocrine glands.
Environment.
Environmental psychology.
Equilibrium sense.
Erikson, Erik.
Ethical treatment of animals.
Ethnocentrism.
Ethology.
Etiology.
Eugenics.
Evolutionary psychology.
Exhibitionism.
Existential psychology.
Experimental design.
Experimental group.
Experimental psychology.
Expert testimony.
Extinction.
Extroversion.
Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR).
Eysenck, Hans Juergen.
Facial recognition.
False memory syndrome.
Familial retardation.
Family.
Family size.
Family therapy.
Fantasy.
Fear.
Fechner, Gustav Theodor.
Feral children.
Festinger, Leon.
Fetal alcohol effect (FAE) and syndrome (FAS).
Fight/Flight reaction.
Figure-ground perception.
Fine motor skills.
Fixation.
Flavell, John Hurley.
Food addiction.
Forensic psychology.
Forgetting curve.
Frank, Waldo David.
Frankl, Viktor E.
Free association.
Free-recall learning.
Frequency (auditory).
Frequency distribution.
Freud, Anna.
Freud, Sigmund.
Friendship.
Fromm, Erich.
Fugue.
Functional disorder.
Functional fixedness.
Functionalism.
Gage, Phineas.
Galen.
Galton, Francis.
Gangs.
Gardner, Howard Earl.
Gender bias.
Gender constancy.
Gender dysphoria disorder.
Gender identity.
General adaptation syndrome.
Genius.
Geriatric psychology.
Gesell, Arnold.
Gestalt principles of organization.
Gestalt psychology.
Gestalt therapy.
Gibson, Eleanor J.
Gibson, James Jerome.
Giftedness.
Goal-setting theory.
Grief.
Gross motor skills.
Group dynamics.
Group therapy.
Guilt.
Guthrie, Edwin Ray.
Habituation.
Haley, Jay.
Halfway house.
Hall, Granville Stanley.
Hallucinations.
Hallucinogens.
Halo effect.
Handedness.
Hand-eye coordination.
Harlow, Harry F.
Health psychology.
Hearing.
Hebb, Donald O.
Heider, Fritz.
Helmholtz, Hermann von.
Heredity.
Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory.
Heterosexuality.
Heuristics.
High-intelligence.
High-risk participant studies.
Hilgard, Ernest R.
Hinde, Robert Aubrey.
Histrionic personality disorder.
Hoarding.
Holtzman inkblot technique.
Hooker, Evelyn.
Hormones.
Horney, Karen.
Hostility.
Howe, Ethel Dench Puffer.
Hull, Clark Leonard.
Human potential movement.
Humanistic psychology.
Hume, David.
Humor.
Hypnosis.
Hypochondria.
Hypothalamus.
Hypothesis testing.
Id.
Identification with the aggressor.
Identity/Identity formation.
Imagination.
Imitation.
Imprinting.
Impulse control disorders.
Incentive theory.
Incest.
Independent variable.
Inductive reasoning.
Industrial psychology.
Infancy.
Inferiority complex.
Information-processing theory.
Informed consent.
Inhelder, Barbel.
Insanity defense.
Instinct.
Institutionalization.
Instrumental behavior.
Insulin shock therapy.
Intellectual disability.
Intelligence.
Intelligence quotient.
Intelligence testing.
Interdisciplinary treatment.
Interest inventory.
Intermittent explosive disorder.
Internet-based therapy.
Interpersonal therapy.
Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation.
Intrinsic motivation and the 16 basic desires theory.
Introversion.
Irrational beliefs.
James, William.
Janet, Pierre Marie Felix.
Jealousy.
Jensen, Arthur R..
Johnson, Virginia E..
Jukes family.
Jung, Carl.
Just noticeable difference.
Juvenile delinquency.
Kagan, Jerome.
Kallikak family.
Kelly, George Alexander.
Kinesthetic sense.
Kinsey, Alfred Charles.
Kleptomania.
Koffka, Kurt.
Kohlberg, Lawrence.
Kohs block test.
Kraepelin, Emil.
Ladd-Franklin, Christine.
Laing, Ronald David.
Language delay.
Language development.
Language disorder.
Lashley, Karl Spencer.
Late-life psychosis.
Latent inhibition.
Law of effect.
Lazarus, Arnold Allan.
Leadership.
Learned helplessness.
Learning.
Learning associative.
Learning curve.
Learning dialogic learning.
Learning disability.
Learning e-learning and augmented learning.
Learning episodic.
Learning formal and informal.
Learning meaningful learning.
Learning mutlimedia learning.
Learning non-associative.
Learning theory.
Learning-to-learn.
Left-brain hemisphere.
Leukotomy (prefrontal lobotomy).
Lewin, Kurt.
Libido.
Lie detection.
Linehan, Marcia.
Localization (brain function).
Localization (sensory).
Locke, John.
Locus of control.
Loevinger, Jane.
Logical thinking.
Logotherapy.
Longitudinal study.
Lorenz, Konrad.
Luria, Aleksandr Romanovich.
Maccoby, Eleanor Emmons.
Malingering.
Mania.
Marijuana.
Marriage counseling.
Maslow, Abraham.
Masters, William.
May, Rollo.
McDougall, William.
Mead, Margaret.
Mean.
Measurement.
Media psychology.
Median.
Meditation.
Meehl, Paul J.
Melancholia.
Memory.
Mental age.
Mental health.
Mental hospitals.
Mental illness.
Mental imagery.
Merrill-Palmer scales of mental tests.
Mesmer, Franz Anton.
Metapsychology.
Meyer, Adolf.
Middle years.
Milgram, Stanley.
Milgram's obedience experiment.
Military mental health.
Miller, Alice.
Minimal brain dysfunction.
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory.
Minuchin, Salvador.
Mnemonic strategies.
Mob psychology.
Mode.
Modeling.
Monist and pluralistic motivational theories.
Montessori, Maria.
Mood.
Mood stabilizers.
Moral development.
Morgan, Christiana Drummond.
Motion perception.
Motivation.
Multicultural counseling.
Multivariate methods.
Murray, Henry Alexander.
Music therapy.
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator.
Narcissism.
Narcolepsy.
Narcotic drugs.
National Association of School Psychologists.
National Institute of Mental Health.
Nature-nurture controversy.
Naumburg, Margaret.
Near-death experience.
Negativism.
Neocortex.
Nerve.
Nervous system.
Neural transmission: excitatory and inhibitory synapses.
Neuroimaging.
Neuron.
Neuroplasticity.
Neuropsychological tests.
Neurosis.
Neurotransmitter.
Night terrors.
Nightmares.
Norm.
Normal.
Normal distribution.
Obesity.
Objective tests.
Observational study.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Occupational therapist.
Oedipus complex.
Operant conditioning.
Oppositional-defiant disorder.
Organic disorder.
Organismic psychology.
Otis, Arthur.
Overachiever.
Pain.
Paired-associate learning.
Panic/Panic disorders.
Paranoia.
Paraphilia.
Parapsychology.
Parent-child relationships.
Parkinson's disease.
Passive-aggressive personality.
Pavlov, Ivan.
Pedophilia.
Peer acceptance.
Peer groups.
Peer mediation.
Peer pressure.
Penfield, Wilder Graves.
Perfectionism.
Perls, Frederick S.
Personality.
Personality development.
Personality disorders.
Personality inventory.
Pervasive developmental disorder (PDD).
Phenomenological psychology.
Philosophical psychology.
Phobia.
Phrenology.
Physiological psychology.
Piaget, Jean.
Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development.
Pinel, Philippe.
Placebo effect.
Play.
Play therapy.
Pleasure principle.
Pornography.
Postpartum depression.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Power.
Preconscious.
Prejudice and discrimination.
Premarital counseling.
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS).
Primal therapy.
Priming.
Probability.
Process psychology.
Programmed learning.
Projective tests.
Propaganda.
Prospective cohort study.
Psyche.
Psychiatry/Psychiatrist.
Psychoanalysis.
Psychodynamic psychotherapy.
Psychohistory.
Psychological disorder.
Psychologist/psychology.
Psychology of self.
Psychometrics.
Psychopharmacology.
Psychophysics.
Psychosexual stages.
Psychosis.
Psychosocial development.
Psychosomatic disorders.
Psychosurgery.
Psychotherapy.
Psychotic disorders.
Puberty.
Punishment.
Pyromania.
Qualitative methods.
Race and intelligence.
Racism.
Radical behaviorism.
Rank, Otto.
Rape.
Rapid eye movement (REM).
Rating scale.
Rational motivations.
Rational-emotive behavior therapy.
Reaction time.
Readiness test.
Reading disability.
Reality therapy.
Recovered memories.
Reflective listening.
Reflexes.
Rehabilitation.
Rehearsal.
Reich, Wilhelm.
Reinforcement.
Relational therapy.
Research methodology.
Residential treatment.
Resilience.
Retrospective cohort study.
Ribonucleic acid (RNA).
Right-brain hemisphere.
Risk-taking behavior.
Rogers, Carl.
Role playing/psychodrama.
Rorschach technique.
Rosenzweig picture frustration study.
Rote learning.
Rotter, Julian B.
Rush, Benjamin.
Sampling methods.
Satanic ritual abuse.
Satir, Virginia M.
Savant syndrome.
Scapegoating.
Schizophrenia.
Scholastic Assessment Test.
School phobia/School refusal.
School psychology.
Scientific method.
Seasonal affective disorder.
Security objects.
Self-actualization.
Self-concept.
Self-conscious emotions.
Self-control strategies.
Self-esteem.
Self-fulfilling prophecy.
Self-help groups.
Self-report inventory.
Semantic memory.
Sensation.
Sensitivity training.
Sensitization.
Sensory deprivation.
Sensory modalities.
Separation anxiety.
Serial learning.
Serial position function.
Sex differences.
Sex offenders.
Sex roles.
Sex therapies.
Sexological tests.
Sexual abuse.
Sexual dysfunction.
Sexual identity.
Shakow, David.
Shaping.
Sheldon, William Herbert.
Shinn, Milicent W.
Shyness.
Signal detection theory.
Significance level.
Skinner, B. F.
Sleep.
Sleep disorders.
Smell.
Smoking behavior.
Social cognition.
Social competence.
Social influence.
Social learning theory.
Social media and social media studies.
Social perception.
Social psychology.
Socialization.
Somatotherapy.
Somnambulism.
Spatial memory.
Spearman, Charles Edward.
Speech perception.
Speech-language pathology.
Spence, Janet Taylor.
Spence, Kenneth W..
Split-brain technique.
Spock, Benjamin.
Sports psychology.
Stalking.
Standard Error of Measurement.
Standard progressive matrices (SPM).
Standardized test.
Stanford-Binet intelligence scales.
Statistical significance.
Statistics in psychology.
Stereotype.
Sternberg, Robert J..
Stimulant drugs.
Strange Situation.
Stranger anxiety.
Stress.
Structuralism.
Subliminal influence.
Suicide/Suicidal behavior.
Sullivan, Harry Stack.
Superego.
Superstition.
Survey.
Synapse.
Systems psychology.
Tangential learning.
Taste.
Temperament.
Temporal Motivation Theory.
Terman, Lewis.
Test anxiety.
Testing bias.
Thalamus.
Thematic Apperception Test.
Thorndike, Edward.
Tolman, Edward Chace.
Torture.
Touch.
Tourette syndrome.
Transactional analysis.
Transference.
Transpersonal psychology.
Twins.
Unconscious.
Unconscious motivation.
Underachiever.
Validity.
Violence.
Vision.
Vocational Aptitude Test.
Washburn, Margaret Floy.
Watson, John Broadus.
Wechsler David.
Wechsler Intelligence Scales.
Weight control.
Wernicke, Carl.
Wertheimer, Max.
Withdrawal behavior.
Wolpe, Joseph.
Word association test.
Workplace violence.
Wundt, Wilhelm Max.
Yerkes, Robert.
Zigler, Edward F.
Zone of proximal development.