Encyclopedia of Caves, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0080547893
  • ISBN-13: 9780080547893
  • DDC: 551.44
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 654 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2004 | Published/Released October 2007
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2004

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About

Overview

Caves are fascinating and interesting from many perspectives. They are unique biological and geological environments, and they often provide clues to past climates and life forms. They come in a wide variety of sizes and shapes, and can be formed by a variety of geological processes. They harbor many unique life forms, most of which have no eyes or pigment. They have also played an important role in human history as habitations, as sources of minerals and as religious sites. Caves continue to be important because of their connection to ground water; finally, they are well-known recreational resources.

Encyclopedia of Caves brings together these disparate topics with scientifically uncompromising and yet accessibly written essays by the world's leading scholars of caves.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Contents by Subject Area.
Contributors.
Guide to the Encyclopedia.
Foreword.
Preface.
1: Adaptation to Darkness.
2: Adaptation to Low Food.
3: Adaptation to Low Oxygen.
4: Adaptive Shifts.
5: Anchialine Caves, Biodiversity in.
6: Anchialine Caves.
7: Bats.
8: Beetles.
9: Behavioral Adaptations.
10: Breakdown.
11: Burnsville Cove, Virginia.
12: Camps.
13: Castleguard Cave, Canada.
14: Cave, Definition of.
15: Cave Dwellers in the Middle East.
16: Chemoautotrophy.
17: Clastic Sediments in Caves.
18: Closed Depressions.
19: Coastal Caves.
20: Contamination of Cave Waters by Heavy Metals.
21: Contamination of Cave Waters by Nonaqueous Phase Liquids.
22: Cosmogenic Isotope Dating.
23: Crustacea.
24: Databases.
25: Dinaric Karst, Diversity in.
26: Diversity Patterns in the Tropics.
27: Diversity Patterns in the United States.
28: Diversity Patterns in Australia.
29: Diversity Patterns in Europe.
30: Early Humans in the Mammoth Cave Area.
31: Ecotones.
32: Entranceless Caves, Discovery of.
33: Entranceless Caves, Geophysics of.
34: Entrances.
35: Epikarst.
36: Epikarstic Communities.
37: Evolution of Lineages.
38: Exploration and Light Sources.
39: Fish.
40: Flooding.
41: Food Sources.
42: Friars Hole Cave System, West Virginia.
43: Glacier Caves.
44: Guano Communities.
45: Gypsum Caves.
46: Gypsum Flowers and Related Speleothems.
47: Hydrogeology of Karst Aquifers.
48: Hydrothermal Caves.
49: Invasion, Active versus Passive.
50: Jewel Cave, South Dakota.
51: Karren.
52: Karst Water Tracing.
53: Kazumura Cave, Hawaii.
54: Krubera (Voronja) Cave.
55: Lechuguilla Cave, New Mexico.
56: Life History Evolution.
57: Mammoth Cave System.
58: Mapping Subterranean Biodiversity.
59: Marine Regressions.
60: Maya Caves.
61: Microbes.
62: Minerals.
63: Modeling Karst Aquifers.
64: Molluscs.
65: Morphological Adaptations.
66: Multilevel Caves and Landscape Evolution.
67: Mulu Caves, Malaysia.
68: Myriapods.
69: Myth and Legend, Caves in.
70: Natural Selection.
71: Neutral Mutation.
72: Nitrate Contamination in Karst Groundwater.
73: Nullarbor Caves, Australia.
74: Paleomagnetic Record in Cave Sediments.
75: Paleontology of Caves: Pleistocene Mammals.
76: Passages.
77: Passage Growth and Development.
78: Pits and Shafts.
79: Population Structure.
80: Postojna–Planinska Cave System, Slovenia.
81: Protecting Caves and Cave Life.
82: Recreational Caving.
83: Rescues.
84: Root Communities in Lava Tubes.
85: Salamanders.
86: Saltpetre Mining.
87: Show Caves.
88: Siebenhengste Cave System, Switzerland.
89: Sinking Streams and Losing Streams.
90: Sistema Huautla, Mexico.
91: Soil Piping and Sinkhole Failures.
92: Solution Caves in Regions of Moderate Relief.
93: Solutional Sculpturing.
94: Species Interactions.
95: Speleothem Deposition.
96: Speleothems: Helictites and Related Forms.
97: Spiders and Related Groups.
98: Springs.
99: Stalactites and Stalagmites.
100: Sulfuric Acid Caves.
101: Ukrainian Giant Gypsum Caves.
102: Vertebrate Visitors—Birds and Mammals.
103: Vicariance and Dispersalist Biogeography.
104: Volcanic Caves.
105: Wakulla Spring Underwater Cave System, Florida.
106: Water Chemistry in Caves.
107: Worms.
Glossary.
Subject Index.