Encyclopedia of Volcanoes, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0080547982
  • ISBN-13: 9780080547985
  • DDC: 551.21
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 1417 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2000 | Published/Released December 2007
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2000

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About

Overview

Volcanoes are unquestionably one of the most spectacular features of the physical world. Our paradoxical fascination with them stems from their majestic beauty and powerful, if sometimes deadly, destructiveness.

Encyclopedia of Volcanoes summarizes our present knowledge of these awe-inspiring phenomena. Through its thematic organization around the melting of the earth, it provides a comprehensive source of information on the multidisciplinary influences of volcanic eruptions -- both the destructive as well as the beneficial aspects.

Chapters focus on the geoscience-related aspects of volcanism, as well as the multidisciplinary aspects: the history of volcanology, geothermal energy resources, interaction with the oceans and atmosphere, health aspects of volcanism, mitigation of volcanic disasters and more.

Beyond its appeal to educators, students and professional and amateur scientists, Encyclopedia of Volcanoes will be an important information resource to administrators, and officials responsible for developing and implementing volcanic hazard mitigation around the world.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Article Index.
Contributors.
Foreword.
Preface.
Guide to the Encyclopedia.
Introduction.
1: The History of Volcanology.
2: Origin and Transport of Magma.
3: Mantle of the Earth.
4: Melting the Mantle.
5: Migration of Melt.
6: Plate Tectonics and Volcanism.
7: Composition of Magmas.
8: Origin of Magmas.
9: Volatiles in Magmas.
10: Physical Properties of Magma.
11: Magma Chambers.
12: Rates of Magma Ascent.
13: Plumbing Systems.
14: Magma Ascent at Shallow Levels.
15: Eruption.
16: Earth’s Volcanoes and Eruptions: An Overview.
17: Sizes of Volcanic Eruptions.
18: Volcanic Episodes and Rates of Volcanism.
19: Effusive Volcanism.
20: Basaltic Volcanoes and Volcanic Systems.
21: Lava Flows and Flow Fields.
22: Lava Domes and Coulees.
23: Lava Fountains and Their Products.
24: Basaltic Volcanic Fields.
25: Flood Basalt Provinces.
26: Submarine Lavas and Hyaloclastite.
27: Seamounts and Island Building.
28: Subglacial Eruptions.
29: Explosive Volcanism.
30: Magmatic Fragmentation.
31: Phreatomagmatic Fragmentation.
32: Hawaiian and Strombolian Eruptions.
33: Vulcanian Eruptions.
34: Plinian and Subplinian Eruptions.
35: Surstseyan and Related Phreatomagmatic Eruptions.
36: Phreatoplinian Eruptions.
37: Volcanic Plumes.
38: Pyroclast Transport and Deposition.
39: Pyroclastic Fall Deposits.
40: Pyroclastic Surges and Blasts.
41: Ignimbrites and Block-And-Ash Flow Deposits.
42: Lahars.
43: Debris Avalanches.
44: Volcaniclastic Sedimentation around Island Arcs.
45: Calderas.
46: Composite Volcanoes.
47: Scoria Cones and Tuff Rings.
48: Extraterrestrial Volcanism.
49: Volcanism on the Moon.
50: Volcanism on Io.
51: Volcanism on Venus.
52: Volcanism on Mars.
53: Cryovolcanism in the Outer Solar System.
54: Volcanic Interactions.
55: Volcanic Gases.
56: Geothermal Systems.
57: Surface Manifestations of Geothermal Systems with Volcanic Heat Sources.
58: Deep Ocean Hydrothermal Vents.
59: Volcanic Lakes.
60: Mineral Deposits Associated with Volcanism.
61: Volcanic Hazards.
62: Volcanic Ash Hazards to Aviation.
63: Volcanic Aerosol and Global Atmospheric Effects.
64: Hazards from Pyroclastic Flows and Surges.
65: Lava Flow Hazards.
66: The Hazard from Lahars and Jökulhlaups.
67: Hazards of Volcanic Gases.
68: Volcanic Tsunamis.
69: Volcanic Seismicity.
70: Impacts of Eruptions on Human Health.
71: Volcanic Contributions to the Carbon and Sulfur Geochemical Cycles and Global Change.
72: The Ecology of Volcanoes: Recovery and Reassembly of Living Communities.
73: Volcanism and Biotic Extinctions.
74: Eruption Response and Mitigation.
75: Seismic Monitoring.
76: Ground Deformation, Gravity, and Magnetics.
77: Gas, Plume, and Thermal Monitoring.
78: Synthesis of Volcano Monitoring.
79: Volcano Warnings.
80: Volcanic Crises Management.
81: Volcanic Hazards and Risk Management.
82: Risk Education and Intervention.
83: Economic Benefits and Cultural Aspects of Volcanism.
84: Exploitation of Geothermal Resources.
85: Volcanic Soils.
86: Volcanic Materials in Commerce and Industry.
87: Volcanoes and Tourism.
88: Archaeology and Volcanism.
89: Volcanoes in Art.
90: Volcanoes in Literature and Film.
Common Units and Conversion Factors.
Catalog of Historically Active Volcanoes on Earth.
Acknowledgments.
Index.