Encyclopedia of Public Health, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1402056141
  • ISBN-13: 9781402056147
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 1601 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2007 | Published/Released April 2009
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2007

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

  • Comprehensive: Includes over 2,500 entries – review-style articles, in-depth essays and short definitions, plus numerous figures and tables
  • Accessible and user-friendly: A to Z format provides easy access to the content of this relevant and extensive reference tool
  • Clear language makes the contents accessible

    From disaster relief to AIDS education, we see public health efforts in action around the world. While the field of medicine deals with the diagnosis and treatment of individual patients, public health focuses on population-level measures aimed at preventing disease and promoting the health of the society at large. Public health research, practice and policy are based on multidisciplinary activities, drawing from fields such as sociology, statistics, economics, psychology, social work, and clinical medicine.

    The Encyclopedia of Public Health is a summary of current knowledge in the field of public health. The work includes more than 2,500 entries in two volumes, written by international experts across the public health sciences. Entries consist of review-style articles (synopses), detailed essays and short definitions. Extensive cross referencing and hyperlinking offer an easy to use reference in Public Health.

    Solidly structured and inclusive, this two-volume reference is an invaluable tool for clinical scientists and practitioners in academia, health care and industry, as well as students and teachers.

  • Table of Contents

    Front Cover.
    Half Title Page.
    Title Page.
    Copyright Page.
    Dedication.
    Preface.
    Acknowledgement.
    Field Editors.
    List of Contributors.
    1: Aboriginal.
    2: Abortion.
    3: Abortive Plague.
    4: Absenteeism.
    5: Absolute Risk.
    6: Absorption.
    7: Accelometer.
    8: Accuracy.
    9: Acid Rain.
    10: Acquiring Social Identity.
    11: Active Noise Control.
    12: Active Smoking.
    13: Active Surveillance.
    14: Activities of Daily Living.
    15: Activity.
    16: Activity-Based Bugdets.
    17: Acute Care Bed.
    18: Acute Health Effects.
    19: Acute Intoxication.
    20: Acute Life-Threatening Infections.
    21: Acute and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
    22: Acute Stress Disorder.
    23: Acute Stress Reaction.
    24: Adaptation.
    25: Adaptive Capacity.
    26: Adiposity.
    27: Adjusted Rates.
    28: Adjustment Disorders.
    29: Administrative Act.
    30: Administrative Law and Public Health.
    31: Adolescence.
    32: Adolescent Health and Development.
    33: Adoption Studies.
    34: Advanced Reproductive Technologies.
    35: Adverse Drug Reaction.
    36: Adverse Effect.
    37: Adverse Events.
    38: Adverse Selection.
    39: Advertising.
    40: Advocacy.
    41: Advocacy for Health.
    42: Advocate.
    43: Affective Disorders.
    44: Aftermath Risk Awareness, Perception, Assessment, and Communication.
    45: Age-Dependency Ratio.
    46: Agency Theory.
    47: Agenda 21.
    48: Agent (of Disease).
    49: Age-Specific Fertility Rate (ASFR).
    50: Aging and Health.
    51: Agoraphobia.
    52: Agreement.
    53: AHRQ.
    54: AIDS.
    55: AIDS-Defining Symptoms.
    56: Ailment.
    57: Air Quality and Pollution.
    58: Albertus Magnus (1200–1280).
    59: Alcohol Consumption.
    60: Alcoholism.
    61: Alexithymia.
    62: Allele.
    63: Alliance.
    64: Alpha Error.
    65: Alternative Hypothesis.
    66: Alternative Medicine.
    67: Altitude Sickness.
    68: Alveolar Process.
    69: Ambulatory Surgery.
    70: Amebiasis.
    71: Amebic Dysentery.
    72: American Trypanosomiasis.
    73: Aminoglycoside Antibiotics.
    74: Amnesic Syndrome.
    75: ANAES.
    76: Analgesics.
    77: Analysis of Frequencies.
    78: ANCOVA.
    79: Ancylostomiasis.
    80: Anemia.
    81: Anesthesiology.
    82: Anopheles Mosquito.
    83: Anorexia Nervosa.
    84: ANOVA.
    85: Antagonism.
    86: Anthelminthic Therapy.
    87: Anthrax Infection.
    88: Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria.
    89: Antibodies.
    90: Antimycotics.
    91: Antioxidants.
    92: Antiseptic.
    93: Anxiety Disorders.
    94: Approximal Surfaces.
    95: Aquinas, Thomas.
    96: Aristoteles.
    97: Arithmetical Skills Disorder.
    98: Artemether/Lumefantrine (Riamet®).
    99: Arthritis.
    100: Artificial Neural Network.
    101: Ascariasis.
    102: Assessment of Work Ability.
    103: Assessment of Workplace Hazards.
    104: Assisted Living Facilities.
    105: Association.
    106: Association Studies.
    107: Atheism.
    108: Atovaquon + Proguanil (Malarone®).
    109: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
    110: Attributable Risk (AR).
    111: Attributable Risk Fraction.
    112: Attributable Risk Proportion.
    113: Atypical Anorexia Nervosa.
    114: Atypical Bulimia Nervosa.
    115: Audiogram.
    116: Autochthonous.
    117: Autochthonous Population.
    118: Autologous.
    119: Autonomy.
    120: Avian Influenza.
    121: Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) Vaccination.
    122: Background Meanings.
    123: Basic Immunization.
    124: Basic Reproduction Rate.
    125: Bayes' Theorem.
    126: Bayesian Network.
    127: Behavioral Patterns.
    128: Behavior of Nutrition.
    129: Belmont Report.
    130: Beneficence.
    131: Beta Error.
    132: Bias.
    133: Binge-Eating Disorder.
    134: Binomial Distribution.
    135: Bioactive Substances.
    136: Bioconcentration.
    137: Bioethics.
    138: Bioinformatics.
    139: Biomedical Research.
    140: Biopiracy.
    141: Bioremediation.
    142: Biostatistical Design.
    143: Biostatistical Software.
    144: Biostatistics.
    145: Biotechnology.
    146: Bioterrorism.
    147: Bipolar Affective Disorder.
    148: Blinding.
    149: Bloodpoisoning.
    150: Bloodstream Infections.
    151: Body Fluid Balance.
    152: Body Fluid and Electrolyte Balance.
    153: Body Fluid Household.
    154: Body Function.
    155: Body Lice.
    156: Body Mass Index (BMI).
    157: Body Parts.
    158: Body Structure.
    159: Bone Marrow Cells.
    160: Bonesetter.
    161: Bonfferoni Correction.
    162: Bootstrapping.
    163: BORG Scale / RPE Scores.
    164: Bottom-Up Approach (For Cost-Estimation).
    165: Breastfeeding.
    166: Bridges.
    167: Bronchial Asthma.
    168: Bronchiolitis.
    169: Bronchoconstriction.
    170: Brucellosis.
    171: Brundtland-Commission.
    172: BSE.
    173: Bubonic Plague.
    174: Buddhism.
    175: Bulimia Nervosa.
    176: Burden of Disease.
    177: Business Intelligence Tools.
    178: Caisson Disease.
    179: Calculus.
    180: Cancer.
    181: Cancer Palliative Care.
    182: Canonical Correlation Analysis.
    183: Capitation.
    184: Carbohydrate Metabolism.
    185: Cardiac Surgery.
    186: Cardiovascular Diseases.
    187: Caregiver Burden.
    188: Caries Decline.
    189: Carlowitz, Hans Carl von.
    190: Case.
    191: Case Cohort Study.
    Front Cover.
    Half Title Page.
    Title Page.
    Copyright Page.
    Dedication.
    Preface.
    Acknowledgement.
    Field Editors.
    List of Contributors.
    1: Aboriginal.
    2: Abortion.
    3: Abortive Plague.
    4: Absenteeism.
    5: Absolute Risk.
    6: Absorption.
    7: Accelometer.
    8: Accuracy.
    9: Acid Rain.
    10: Acquiring Social Identity.
    11: Active Noise Control.
    12: Active Smoking.
    13: Active Surveillance.
    14: Activities of Daily Living.
    15: Activity.
    16: Activity-Based Bugdets.
    17: Acute Care Bed.
    18: Acute Health Effects.
    19: Acute Intoxication.
    20: Acute Life-Threatening Infections.
    21: Acute and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
    22: Acute Stress Disorder.
    23: Acute Stress Reaction.
    24: Adaptation.
    25: Adaptive Capacity.
    26: Adiposity.
    27: Adjusted Rates.
    28: Adjustment Disorders.
    29: Administrative Act.
    30: Administrative Law and Public Health.
    31: Adolescence.
    32: Adolescent Health and Development.
    33: Adoption Studies.
    34: Advanced Reproductive Technologies.
    35: Adverse Drug Reaction.
    36: Adverse Effect.
    37: Adverse Events.
    38: Adverse Selection.
    39: Advertising.
    40: Advocacy.
    41: Advocacy for Health.
    42: Advocate.
    43: Affective Disorders.
    44: Aftermath Risk Awareness, Perception, Assessment, and Communication.
    45: Age-Dependency Ratio.
    46: Agency Theory.
    47: Agenda 21.
    48: Agent (of Disease).
    49: Age-Specific Fertility Rate (ASFR).
    50: Aging and Health.
    51: Agoraphobia.
    52: Agreement.
    53: AHRQ.
    54: AIDS.
    55: AIDS-Defining Symptoms.
    56: Ailment.
    57: Air Quality and Pollution.
    58: Albertus Magnus (1200–1280).
    59: Alcohol Consumption.
    60: Alcoholism.
    61: Alexithymia.
    62: Allele.
    63: Alliance.
    64: Alpha Error.
    65: Alternative Hypothesis.
    66: Alternative Medicine.
    67: Altitude Sickness.
    68: Alveolar Process.
    69: Ambulatory Surgery.
    70: Amebiasis.
    71: Amebic Dysentery.
    72: American Trypanosomiasis.
    73: Aminoglycoside Antibiotics.
    74: Amnesic Syndrome.
    75: ANAES.
    76: Analgesics.
    77: Analysis of Frequencies.
    78: ANCOVA.
    79: Ancylostomiasis.
    80: Anemia.
    81: Anesthesiology.
    82: Anopheles Mosquito.
    83: Anorexia Nervosa.
    84: ANOVA.
    85: Antagonism.
    86: Anthelminthic Therapy.
    87: Anthrax Infection.
    88: Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria.
    89: Antibodies.
    90: Antimycotics.
    91: Antioxidants.
    92: Antiseptic.
    93: Anxiety Disorders.
    94: Approximal Surfaces.
    95: Aquinas, Thomas.
    96: Aristoteles.
    97: Arithmetical Skills Disorder.
    98: Artemether/Lumefantrine (Riamet®).
    99: Arthritis.
    100: Artificial Neural Network.
    101: Ascariasis.
    102: Assessment of Work Ability.
    103: Assessment of Workplace Hazards.
    104: Assisted Living Facilities.
    105: Association.
    106: Association Studies.
    107: Atheism.
    108: Atovaquon + Proguanil (Malarone®).
    109: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
    110: Attributable Risk (AR).
    111: Attributable Risk Fraction.
    112: Attributable Risk Proportion.
    113: Atypical Anorexia Nervosa.
    114: Atypical Bulimia Nervosa.
    115: Audiogram.
    116: Autochthonous.
    117: Autochthonous Population.
    118: Autologous.
    119: Autonomy.
    120: Avian Influenza.
    121: Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) Vaccination.
    122: Background Meanings.
    123: Basic Immunization.
    124: Basic Reproduction Rate.
    125: Bayes' Theorem.
    126: Bayesian Network.
    127: Behavioral Patterns.
    128: Behavior of Nutrition.
    129: Belmont Report.
    130: Beneficence.
    131: Beta Error.
    132: Bias.
    133: Binge-Eating Disorder.
    134: Binomial Distribution.
    135: Bioactive Substances.
    136: Bioconcentration.
    137: Bioethics.
    138: Bioinformatics.
    139: Biomedical Research.
    140: Biopiracy.
    141: Bioremediation.
    142: Biostatistical Design.
    143: Biostatistical Software.
    144: Biostatistics.
    145: Biotechnology.
    146: Bioterrorism.
    147: Bipolar Affective Disorder.
    148: Blinding.
    149: Bloodpoisoning.
    150: Bloodstream Infections.
    151: Body Fluid Balance.
    152: Body Fluid and Electrolyte Balance.
    153: Body Fluid Household.
    154: Body Function.
    155: Body Lice.
    156: Body Mass Index (BMI).
    157: Body Parts.
    158: Body Structure.
    159: Bone Marrow Cells.
    160: Bonesetter.
    161: Bonfferoni Correction.
    162: Bootstrapping.
    163: BORG Scale / RPE Scores.
    164: Bottom-Up Approach (For Cost-Estimation).
    165: Breastfeeding.
    166: Bridges.
    167: Bronchial Asthma.
    168: Bronchiolitis.
    169: Bronchoconstriction.
    170: Brucellosis.
    171: Brundtland-Commission.
    172: BSE.
    173: Bubonic Plague.
    174: Buddhism.
    175: Bulimia Nervosa.
    176: Burden of Disease.
    177: Business Intelligence Tools.
    178: Caisson Disease.
    179: Calculus.
    180: Cancer.
    181: Cancer Palliative Care.
    182: Canonical Correlation Analysis.
    183: Capitation.
    184: Carbohydrate Metabolism.
    185: Cardiac Surgery.
    186: Cardiovascular Diseases.
    187: Caregiver Burden.
    188: Caries Decline.
    189: Carlowitz, Hans Carl von.
    190: Case.
    191: Case Cohort Study.
    Front Cover.
    Half Title Page.
    Title Page.
    Copyright Page.
    Dedication.
    Preface.
    Acknowledgement.
    Field Editors.
    List of Contributors.
    1: Aboriginal.
    2: Abortion.
    3: Abortive Plague.
    4: Absenteeism.
    5: Absolute Risk.
    6: Absorption.
    7: Accelometer.
    8: Accuracy.
    9: Acid Rain.
    10: Acquiring Social Identity.
    11: Active Noise Control.
    12: Active Smoking.
    13: Active Surveillance.
    14: Activities of Daily Living.
    15: Activity.
    16: Activity-Based Bugdets.
    17: Acute Care Bed.
    18: Acute Health Effects.
    19: Acute Intoxication.
    20: Acute Life-Threatening Infections.
    21: Acute and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
    22: Acute Stress Disorder.
    23: Acute Stress Reaction.
    24: Adaptation.
    25: Adaptive Capacity.
    26: Adiposity.
    27: Adjusted Rates.
    28: Adjustment Disorders.
    29: Administrative Act.
    30: Administrative Law and Public Health.
    31: Adolescence.
    32: Adolescent Health and Development.
    33: Adoption Studies.
    34: Advanced Reproductive Technologies.
    35: Adverse Drug Reaction.
    36: Adverse Effect.
    37: Adverse Events.
    38: Adverse Selection.
    39: Advertising.
    40: Advocacy.
    41: Advocacy for Health.
    42: Advocate.
    43: Affective Disorders.
    44: Aftermath Risk Awareness, Perception, Assessment, and Communication.
    45: Age-Dependency Ratio.
    46: Agency Theory.
    47: Agenda 21.
    48: Agent (of Disease).
    49: Age-Specific Fertility Rate (ASFR).
    50: Aging and Health.
    51: Agoraphobia.
    52: Agreement.
    53: AHRQ.
    54: AIDS.
    55: AIDS-Defining Symptoms.
    56: Ailment.
    57: Air Quality and Pollution.
    58: Albertus Magnus (1200–1280).
    59: Alcohol Consumption.
    60: Alcoholism.
    61: Alexithymia.
    62: Allele.
    63: Alliance.
    64: Alpha Error.
    65: Alternative Hypothesis.
    66: Alternative Medicine.
    67: Altitude Sickness.
    68: Alveolar Process.
    69: Ambulatory Surgery.
    70: Amebiasis.
    71: Amebic Dysentery.
    72: American Trypanosomiasis.
    73: Aminoglycoside Antibiotics.
    74: Amnesic Syndrome.
    75: ANAES.
    76: Analgesics.
    77: Analysis of Frequencies.
    78: ANCOVA.
    79: Ancylostomiasis.
    80: Anemia.
    81: Anesthesiology.
    82: Anopheles Mosquito.
    83: Anorexia Nervosa.
    84: ANOVA.
    85: Antagonism.
    86: Anthelminthic Therapy.
    87: Anthrax Infection.
    88: Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria.
    89: Antibodies.
    90: Antimycotics.
    91: Antioxidants.
    92: Antiseptic.
    93: Anxiety Disorders.
    94: Approximal Surfaces.
    95: Aquinas, Thomas.
    96: Aristoteles.
    97: Arithmetical Skills Disorder.
    98: Artemether/Lumefantrine (Riamet®).
    99: Arthritis.
    100: Artificial Neural Network.
    101: Ascariasis.
    102: Assessment of Work Ability.
    103: Assessment of Workplace Hazards.
    104: Assisted Living Facilities.
    105: Association.
    106: Association Studies.
    107: Atheism.
    108: Atovaquon + Proguanil (Malarone®).
    109: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
    110: Attributable Risk (AR).
    111: Attributable Risk Fraction.
    112: Attributable Risk Proportion.
    113: Atypical Anorexia Nervosa.
    114: Atypical Bulimia Nervosa.
    115: Audiogram.
    116: Autochthonous.
    117: Autochthonous Population.
    118: Autologous.
    119: Autonomy.
    120: Avian Influenza.
    121: Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) Vaccination.
    122: Background Meanings.
    123: Basic Immunization.
    124: Basic Reproduction Rate.
    125: Bayes' Theorem.
    126: Bayesian Network.
    127: Behavioral Patterns.
    128: Behavior of Nutrition.
    129: Belmont Report.
    130: Beneficence.
    131: Beta Error.
    132: Bias.
    133: Binge-Eating Disorder.
    134: Binomial Distribution.
    135: Bioactive Substances.
    136: Bioconcentration.
    137: Bioethics.
    138: Bioinformatics.
    139: Biomedical Research.
    140: Biopiracy.
    141: Bioremediation.
    142: Biostatistical Design.
    143: Biostatistical Software.
    144: Biostatistics.
    145: Biotechnology.
    146: Bioterrorism.
    147: Bipolar Affective Disorder.
    148: Blinding.
    149: Bloodpoisoning.
    150: Bloodstream Infections.
    151: Body Fluid Balance.
    152: Body Fluid and Electrolyte Balance.
    153: Body Fluid Household.
    154: Body Function.
    155: Body Lice.
    156: Body Mass Index (BMI).
    157: Body Parts.
    158: Body Structure.
    159: Bone Marrow Cells.
    160: Bonesetter.
    161: Bonfferoni Correction.
    162: Bootstrapping.
    163: BORG Scale / RPE Scores.
    164: Bottom-Up Approach (For Cost-Estimation).
    165: Breastfeeding.
    166: Bridges.
    167: Bronchial Asthma.
    168: Bronchiolitis.
    169: Bronchoconstriction.
    170: Brucellosis.
    171: Brundtland-Commission.
    172: BSE.
    173: Bubonic Plague.
    174: Buddhism.
    175: Bulimia Nervosa.
    176: Burden of Disease.
    177: Business Intelligence Tools.
    178: Caisson Disease.
    179: Calculus.
    180: Cancer.
    181: Cancer Palliative Care.
    182: Canonical Correlation Analysis.
    183: Capitation.
    184: Carbohydrate Metabolism.
    185: Cardiac Surgery.
    186: Cardiovascular Diseases.
    187: Caregiver Burden.
    188: Caries Decline.
    189: Carlowitz, Hans Carl von.
    190: Case.
    191: Case Cohort Study.